24.03.2014

Pregnancy diet app

A first prenatal visit, best done before the 12th week of pregnancy, may typically involve a physical exam, a pelvic exam, lab work (on blood and urine), sexually transmitted infection screening (to check for Hepatitis B, syphilis, chlamydia and HIV) and a Pap smear test. The more well-known physical changes associated with pregnancy include body weight, hair and nail texture, leg cramps, swelling of the feet and ankles, and body temperature.
Breastfeeding mothers should continue to take whatever prenatal vitamin supplement they took while they were pregnant. Women know about morning sickness in early pregnancy, but many first-time mothers say they had no idea about how tired they often feel at this stage, Lee said. One reason is that pregnancy can affect both the quantity of sleep a woman gets as well as the quality of it. As their body changes and pregnancy discomforts make it more difficult to fall and stay asleep, mothers-to-be should spend at least eight hours in bed each night so they can get at least seven hours of sleep, Lee recommended.
Researchers have found that not getting enough sleep during pregnancy could affect a woman in ways that go beyond feeling exhausted during the day, irritability and poor concentration.
Researchers are still trying to figure out the exact reasons why pregnancy causes a woman to feel so exhausted, Lee said. Besides the influence of hormones, some of the sleepiness that women feel early in pregnancy could also be physiological as the uterus gets bigger and the fetus grows, coupled with pregnancy-related weight gain and fluid accumulation in the body, Lee said. Here’s what to expect in terms of sleep changes during the three stages of pregnancy. In the early months of pregnancy, rising progesterone levels may not only make a woman feel drowsy, but they may also be partly to blame for the frequent need to pee, which can also disrupt sleep and worsen sleepiness. Women might also feel warm or hot when they sleep during pregnancy because of an increased metabolic rate, Lee said.
Because of the many possible disruptions to sleep during pregnancy, napping is a good idea as long as a woman can fall asleep that night, Lee said. But avoid using sleeping pills and even sleep-inducing supplements, such as melatonin, during pregnancy, Lee said. Sleeping on the left side with the knees bent may be a better position for women who are experiencing heartburn during pregnancy, Lee said. A lot of women say they have bizarre dreams related to their baby during pregnancy, Lee said.


As a woman’s belly increases and the fetus is getting bigger and more active, Lee suggested that pregnant women sleep in any comfortable position they can find.
The National Sleep Foundation recommends that pregnant women sleep on their left side, which may improve the flow of blood and nutrients to the developing fetus and to a woman’s heart, uterus and kidneys. Snoring is also a more common occurrence in the third trimester of pregnancy as a result of weight gain and more nasal congestion, Lee said.
One study found that women who began snoring while pregnant may be at greater risk of pregnancy-related high blood pressure and preeclampsia, a condition of high blood pressure during pregnancy, compared with mothers-to-be who did not snore. The secret is: the more prepared and informed Dad is the better equipped he will be to support and encourage you during pregnancy and birth. It may be difficult to get time off work, but try to attend some of your antenatal appointments together.
Medical experts say regular exercise and a healthy diet may help some women manage their glucose levels. Paris (AFP) – Women who are obese while pregnant may put their offspring at risk of childhood diabetes, a condition that requires lifelong insulin therapy, Swedish researchers said Tuesday.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1, and is believed to be caused by lifestyle factors, and controlled through healthy diet, exercise and medication. This blood provided nourishment for the baby during pregnancy, but once the baby is delivered, umbilical cord blood is no longer necessary. During the course of nine months of pregnancy, moms-to-be undergo common physical and emotional changes that lead to childbirth, from weight gain to mood swings. The effects of pregnancy are so influential, they affect the number of breaths per minute a woman takes. Both the physical discomforts of pregnancy as well as the emotional stress of this major life change can cause sleep problems and keep a mother-to-be awake at night. But women might be caught off guard by how worn out they feel in the early months of pregnancy.
Women need the extra rest, and they can’t keep going on the same amount of sleep they got before becoming pregnant, she pointed out. However, they should not cut back on drinking plenty of fluids during the day because water and other liquids are important to help prevent constipation and excessive swelling, two common pregnancy discomforts.


Snoring is common in pregnancy, and it can start in the first trimester in women who are already overweight or have allergies, Lee said. And some pregnant women, especially if they anemic and have low iron levels, may experience restless legs syndrome beginning in the evening hours of the second trimester and becoming more severe in the third trimester, Lee said. As pregnancy progresses and a woman’s uterus gets bigger, it may press on her stomach, making a burning sensation more common. Although many women report strange dreams, the results from her research did not show any differences in dreaming across the trimesters compared with dreaming before a woman becomes pregnant. On the one hand, this makes sense because it is the mother who bears the physical appearance of pregnancy and birth and the special connection to a child who was once part of her body. You should think about what vitamins you are getting through your diet when deciding whether to stop taking a prenatal vitamin and switch a regular vitamin. If you are at least 10 weeks pregnant, your health care provider might listen for the heartbeat. When you are breastfeeding, you have the same need for extra vitamins as you did while you were pregnant. You should also pay careful attention to your vitamin D levels, as well as your iron levels while pregnant, and while breastfeeding.
When a couple is expecting all the fuss centres on the mother but Dads need preparation, understanding and communication during pregnancy too. It is important to maintain those levels during pregnancy, not only to keep you and the baby healthy, but to ensure you levels will be steady after you give birth.
If possible, have your D and Iron levels tested during pregnancy to make sure you do not need a larger dose of either vitamin than what is already in your prenatal vitamin. This is only the case if the mother has had adequate levels throughout her pregnancy, and continues to take a prenatal while breastfeeding. If your levels are low, or if you had low levels during pregnancy, then it is usually recommended for your baby to take a small amount of iron, and spend some time every day in the sunshine.



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