17.12.2013

Folic acid early pregnancy

Pregnancy and motherhood are the happiest moments of any woman’s life, and each woman deserves to enjoy and celebrate it to the fullest by being in the pink of health. Before discussing the essential nutrients that should be included in the daily diet during pregnancy it is important to know a few things about pregnancy itself. A pregnancy is of 9 months, and it is divided into three trimesters (each one has 3 months). Indian foods are rich in grains, pulses and vegetables and dairy and therefore it is easy to plan out a healthy Indian pregnancy diet that includes all the necessary nutrients. Folate or folic acid is one of the most important nutrients that are required during and after pregnancy in order to prevent miscarriage, preterm delivery and birth defects. Food sources of Folic Acid: The most important source of folic acid is 100% fortified cereals. It is important to include calcium in your diet during pregnancy because the growing baby draws it from the mother’s body for the growth and development of bones and teeth along with healthy development of the heart, nerves, muscles and improving blood clotting abilities.
Proteins are essential for promoting growth of the baby, especially during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Making smart food choices and following a few simple tips can help in a healthy pregnancy and safe child birth. Enjoy this special experience with all your heart and make your pregnancy a safe and happy one by incorporating these nutrients in your pregnancy diet. Many studies have shown that women who get 0.4 milligrams daily prior to conception and during early pregnancy reduce the risk that their baby will be born with a serious neural tube defect (a birth defect involving incomplete development of the brain and spinal cord) by up to 70%. All of these defects occur during the first 28 days of pregnancy — usually before a woman even knows she's pregnant. That's why it's so important for all women of childbearing age to get enough folic acid — not just those who are planning to become pregnant.


Doctors and scientists still aren't completely sure why folic acid has such a profound effect on the prevention of neural tube defects, but they do know that this vitamin is crucial in the development of DNA. If you talked to your doctor when you were trying to conceive, she probably told you to start taking a prenatal vitamin with folic acid. If you picked out your own prenatal vitamin, take it to your doctor once you're pregnant to make sure it has the recommended amounts of everything you need, including folic acid. If you've previously been pregnant with a baby with a neural tube defect, be sure your current providers are aware of this and schedule a visit before you try to get pregnant.
The good news is that this risk can be reduced significantly by taking a very large dose of folic acid.
Also talk to your doctor if you've already had a pregnancy that was affected by a neural tube defect. It is a vital prenatal vitamin and daily intake of folic acid before and during pregnancy helps in development of the neural tube of the baby into the brain and spinal cord and prevents neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
In the mother, it prevents bone erosion, improves bone density and keeps blood pressure under control throughout pregnancy.
This mineral is one of the most important nutrients when it comes to pregnancy as well, and almost all women are deficient in it. The amino acids present in proteins form the basis of the cells that makes up our bodies, and it is important for better growth and brain development of the baby. Folic acid, is mostly found in leafy green vegetables like kale and spinach, orange juice, and enriched grains. Only 50% of pregnancies are planned, so any woman who could become pregnant should make sure she's getting enough folic acid. As a result, folic acid plays a large role in cell growth and development, as well as tissue formation.


So it's important to have folic acid in your system during those early stages when your baby's brain and spinal cord are developing.
One study showed that women who took folic acid for at least a year before getting pregnant cut their chances of delivering early by 50% or more. With no intervention, women in this situation have a 2 to 5 percent chance of having another pregnancy complicated by an NTD.
If either of these situations applies to you, see your provider at least a month before trying to conceive to find out how much folic acid you should be taking and to monitor your condition in general. Some health care providers even recommend taking a folic acid supplement in addition to your regular prenatal vitamin.
He or she may recommend that you increase your daily intake of folic acid (even before getting pregnant) to lower your risk of having another occurrence.
Heidi explained everything so well, and the info she shared regarding the rest of my twin pregnancy is so vital. A well-planned pregnancy diet is important for proper growth and development of the baby and although the most common diet suggestion is to include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, proteins and healthy fats in the daily diet, it is important to include certain nutrients for benefits of both the mother and the baby.
Iron is used by the body to produce  hemoglobin which helps in supplying oxygen throughout the body and during pregnancy the body produces more blood that usual (almost 50% more than usual) and therefore it required more iron in order to produce hemoglobin.
If for some reason you don't want to take a multivitamin, you can take folic acid supplements. Deficiency of vitamin D during pregnancy can lead to growth retardation, skeletal deformities and low birth weight.



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