21.09.2015

During pregnancy eating fish

Most women know that eating certain fish while pregnant is not advised given the risk of mercury poisoning to the unborn fetus. It’s understandable that moms-to-be may be weary of eating potentially harmful foods during pregnancy, but it’s important to keep in mind that not all fish are high in mercury and many are quite low and safe to consume.
Below is a list of high, medium, and low mercury fish to help you choose safe seafood low in mercury and high in IQ-boosting healthy fats.
While cravings usually don’t pose a health risk during pregnancy, food choices often can.
Here is a list of foods to avoid during your pregnancy—no matter how much you may crave them! Fish are low in fat and high in protein and essential Omega-3 fatty acids, which makes most fish an excellent nutritional choice during pregnancy. To avoid bacteria contamination, store all meats and fish in the refrigerator at or below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
The March of Dimes recommends cooking fish until it flakes easily with a fork and skipping the raw bar (oysters, clams, and mussels) entirely until after your baby is born. Washing fruits and vegetables before eating them is always a good idea, but it’s especially important during pregnancy.
But what many woman may not know is that eating fish during pregnancy may actually confer some very big benefits for their baby- and studies have been done to prove it.  One such study conducted on 11,875 pregnant women in England showed that children of mothers who consumed less than 12 ounces of fish a week were more likely to have “suboptimum performance” on developmental and social behavior tests compared to children whose mothers ate more than 12 ounces per week.


The FDA advises that pregnant women not consume swordfish, tilefish, king mackerel, and shark as the level of methylmercury is higher in these large fish. Everyone knows someone who craved a bizarre concoction during pregnancy: peanut butter and pickles for breakfast, lasagna with chocolate sauce for dinner, or tiramisu in the middle of the night.
Raw meat, chicken, and fish can be contaminated by salmonella and other disease-carrying bacteria. Pregnant women should forgo raw vegetable sprouts (such as alfalfa, clover, and radish) for the same reason. According to the University of Chicago Primary Care Group, the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for a pregnant woman calls for just 300 extra calories per day (the equivalent of a glass of orange juice and a bagel or a grilled chicken sandwich).
This may be because fish contains high levels of omega-3 fatty acids- long chain fatty acids considered essential for neurological development in pregnancy and early childhood. It’s ok to eat 12 ounces of other cooked fish and seafood during pregnancy such as canned fish, smaller ocean fish such as salmon and flounder, shellfish, or farm-raised fish. Excess weight gain can not only make you feel more tired and achy during your pregnancy, but studies have found that women who put on more than the recommended weight are at higher risk of being obese later in life—especially if they fail to take off the weight after childbirth. The researchers concluded that then beneficial effects of consuming at least 12 ounces a week of seafood during pregnancy far outweigh the risk when it comes to the baby’s development. Fishes are loaded with lots of vitamins and minerals and are potent source of Omega 3 fatty acids, which are essential for you and your growing baby in your womb.While some fish can be great for your heart health, some are rich in mercury.


Some fishes have DHA, which makes it ideal for your baby in the womb while some have toxic PCBs in it. If you are trying to get pregnant or already pregnant, you can consume the following types of fish in the amount mentioned below:1.
Tuna fish:You must control the amount of tuna fish while you are pregnant as it contains mercury in it. Oily fish:Pregnant women must eat oily fish in moderate amounts as it might contain several pollutants like PCBs and dioxins.
It is highly recommended you avoid raw shellfish at this time, as it would have contamination of virus, bacteria or other toxins, which is not safe for your baby.However, eating cooked shellfish is advisable, as the contaminants would be killed when the shellfish is cooked thoroughly. Whichever fish you eat, make sure it is cleaned and cooked thoroughly to avoid digestive issues or other, more serious, complications to you or your baby.



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