The powerful and durable model PTS 84 and PTS 82 pavement breakers are utilized for heavy duty demolition of heavy concrete, reinforced concrete, asphalt and rock. The best because a well maintained THOR tool is the most reliable tool, providing low cost long-term operation. Helstowski a loadmaster, and Lazzari, an Air Guard firefighter, are firemen in civilian life and both have recently distinguished themselves in their outside lives.
Lazzari, a member of the New York City Fire Department who is also a member of New York City’s urban search and rescue team, New York Task Force One, helped save the lives of six people following the January earthquake in Haiti. The Sunday, March 14 fire at 18 Grove Place was one of the worst Helstowski has ever responded to.
At the fire station, you never know what to expect; at the base, you do, Helstowski explained. As a member of Fire Department, New York he is assigned to Task Force 1, consisting 40 FDNY members and 40 members of the New York City Police Department. Lazzari said being picked to be a part of the task force was an extremely humbling experience. Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3.
In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers.
Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters. A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him. As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far. The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels. As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs.
As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river.
Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable.
My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream. But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for.
Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door. Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go.
When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for.
But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins. Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside! Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms. The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times. So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline?
I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame.
But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam.
The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him. A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible.
I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera. So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights. But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded? Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters. As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins. Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake.
Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft. Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda). This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps.
Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence.
After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago. Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995. 1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical. 34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995). It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry. 40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife.
44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a.
49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?. 50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project. Xie Xiaoyan, who has been involved in talks over the Iran nuclear situation and South Sudan, has just embarked on a demanding new mission - as China's first special envoy on the Syrian issue.
The 62-year-old, whose appointment was confirmed on March 29, said the post is a sign of China's greater involvement in resolving the issue and its willingness to contribute "wisdom and solutions".
Veteran diplomats said the increasing number of envoys comes from China's expanding involvement in global issues - including Syria - and its increasing national interests. Beijing has had a constant role in global efforts to tackle the Syria issue, communicating with both the Syrian government and the opposition to boost peace talks. Xie takes his new title at a time when "special envoy diplomacy" is playing an increasing role in China's foreign affairs. The United Nations and the United States have also appointed envoys - Staffan de Mistura and Michael Ratney respectively - to tackle the Syria issue, which has flared for five years. Gong Xiaosheng, special envoy on the Middle East issue, said there are five hot spots in the region and that the Syria issue is "of great complexity". Liu Guijin, a former special representative on African affairs, said, "The number of China's special envoys will continue to rise. Bill Jones with Executive Intelligence Review, a weekly US magazine, said US special envoys are often appointed "only for the duration of the 'crisis' or 'situation' for which he or she has been assigned". Jonathan Cristol, a fellow at the World Policy Institute, said special envoys "can be a very useful tool" for China to safeguard its global interests, and it is hoped that such envoys will "have wide-ranging personal relationships with multiple actors". 1956: China's "special envoy diplomacy" initiated as Vice-Premier He Long attends Iskander Mirza's inauguration as Pakistani president. 1984: Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Qian Qichen participates in the fourth round of governmental consultations between China and the Soviet Union as a special envoy. 1991: Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Yang Fuchang, as special envoy, visits several countries in the Middle East and expresses China's basic position on the Gulf War.
September 2002: Government appoints Wang Shijie as its first special envoy on the Middle East issue.
March 2016: Government appoints Xie Xiaoyan as special envoy on the Syrian issue, marking greater significance for the role. Most Chinese diplomats assigned as envoys on a specific issue or region have a wealth of experience and knowledge.
Wu Dawei, 70, the country's special representative on Korean Peninsula affairs, was appointed in 2010, shortly after finishing his previous job as vice-minister of foreign affairs. Hemay be one of China's busiest envoys, especially since February when nuclear tests by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea led to an escalation of tensions. He has embarked on at least three overseas trips since February, to Pyongyang, Seoul and Japan, according to the Foreign Ministry.
Liu Guijin, a former special representative on African affairs, said unlike Foreign Ministry spokesmen and women, who usually state positions concisely, envoys are expected to "elaborate and explain China's stance in their own words".
Another 50 interns are to join China's top court and spend six months helping judges there, increasing their understanding of the rule of law and building on the success of the first class of interns. The project to educate judicial talent and provide a bridge between legal studies and practice - much like the role of a law clerk in the United States - was written in to a work report for the Supreme People's Court this year. Xu Jiaxin, a court administrator who heads the project, said the first class of interns ended their service on March 29.
The second group, which was selected last week, will work at the court from May to October. Yuan Gang, an associate law professor at China University of Political Science and Law, praised the project as a key step in innovating legal education. However, unlike the Chinese interns, the US clerks attend face-to-face interviews with the judges they will assist and are paid for their work.
Yuan Ningning, a legal researcher at Beijing Normal University, said China's efforts to educate law students should be highlighted, as the country "is on the road to operating with a strong rule of law".
Niu Yang, an intern in the first group, said he was excited to earn a place at the top court in a competitive process. About 60 percent of applicants were eliminated during a review process, and about 50 students were granted interviews with the university principal, said Niu, who was selected as an intern at the top court's civil tribunal. Ran Rong, a court official who mentors the interns, said they worked as clerks initially, recording case hearings and learning how the court works. Xia Junli, another intern mentor at the top court's civil tribunal, said the second group of law students should be educated in line with what they are learning in college. Yu, the deputy chief of the seven-person station, has worked as a forest ranger for 22 years after inheriting the job from his father. Workers at the Chongqing Yunyang Yangtze River Shelter-Forest Farm, established in 1964, have planted more than 6,000 hectares of trees along 42 kilometers of riverbank to restore the ecological system on the Yangtze's upper reaches. The farm, which has 33 rangers at seven stations - each in charge of 200 hectares of forest - is the largest of its kind along the river.
The world's third-longest river, the Yangtze runs for 6,300 kilometers from the glaciers of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau eastward through Chongqing, Wuhan and Nanjing before reaching the East China Sea at Shanghai. The farm is known as the Leader Farm by the area's residents, as the late Chairman Mao Zedong gave the order to plant more trees there in 1958.
More than 400 million people get their drinking water from the Yangtze, and water security has become a major issue in China's development. Excessive deforestation means the foliage coverage rate on the river's upper reaches dropped from 30 percent in the 1950s to only 20 percent in the 1990s, according to the Chongqing Bureau of Forestry. With the river's ecosystem on the verge of collapse, a campaign was launched to protect it. Yunyang county, 310 km east of Chongqing, has been a vital ecological barrier on the upper reaches of the Yangtze, especially in the Three Gorges Reservoir area. In 1959, soon after Mao's order to plant more trees, thousands of farmers joined a voluntary tree-planting project. In 1964, the Chongqing forest farm was created to carry out professional forestry work, but funding was insufficient and the rangers were seldom paid. In 2009, Chongqing launched the Yangtze River Ecological Barrier Construction Project, with Yunyang county one of four pilot areas. During Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe's visit to Beijing, the Sri Lankan government sought more investment despite a compensation claim from a Chinese company involved in a major port project remaining unresolved. Wickremesinghe, who wrapped up his first visit to China over the weekend, said on Saturday that his government is giving special status to the Colombo Port City project and that the port's profitable future has attracted many Chinese investors.
The Port City project, contracted to State-owned China Communications Construction Co in 2013 with investment of $1.4 billion, is Sri Lanka's biggest single foreign investment.
The Chinese company, which has estimated that the suspension will cause losses of more than $380,000 a day, has sought compensation of $125 million, according to the Sri Lankan government, which has said it cannot pay and wants to negotiate. On Thursday, Premier Li Keqiang told Wickremesinghe that China will work with Sri Lanka to push for a resumption of the project.
Wickremesinghe said on Saturday that he did not discuss the compensation issue with Chinese leaders during his visit, as he did not think it was a major problem. He said the port city is a joint venture involving Chinese and Sri Lankan companies, but Indian companies would be welcome to join it. The port city is part of a plan for a "megalopolis" with a population of 8 million, and there will be more opportunities for infrastructure development by Chinese and other companies, Wickremesinghe said. Describing Sri Lanka as the most important country in the Indian Ocean for China's Belt and Road Initiative, Wickremesinghe said his nation is reviving its position as an Indian Oceanhub, which is connected to the China-proposed 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
Although his first book (a novella) took shape more than six decades ago, he had to wait about a dozen years before seeing his literary fortunes finally smile. More than a decade after his path-breaking novel, he was honored with the highest literary prize in the world. He began his acceptance speech by citing Florentine navigator Antonio Pigafetta, "who went with Magellan on his first voyage around the world" and wrote a "strictly accurate account" of his "passage through our southern lands of America" that "nonetheless resembles a venture into fantasy". The ignorance of the elites of the enlightened world, which is no longer limited to Europe and ironically also includes the northern part of the New World, seems to persist.
But today, when no land is left uncharted, how can anyone, European and American leaders included, plead ignorance? The refugees in Europe, as the wizard of magic realism said, are seeking a "new utopia of life, where no one will be able to decide for others how they die, where love will prove true and happiness be possible, and where races condemned to one hundred years of solitude will have, at last and forever, a second opportunity on earth".
When will the cries of children, wails of helpless women and silent pains of desperate men be heard?
Beijing plans to build thousands of charging stations this year to promote the use of electric vehicles, amid the city's efforts to curb air pollution, according to Beijing Electric Power Co. More than 10 major charging facilities are set to roll out in expressway service stations, with nearly 6,000 smaller units in urban areas, the company said. Roads across the country are expected to cater more to electric and green cars, which emit significantly less pollutants than gasoline-powered vehicles. In February, the State Council released new guidelines to spur the development of the new-energy vehicle industry. Today, the National Bureau of Statistics is scheduled to release the latest economic figures, including those related to the consumer price index and the producer price index for March. The China World E-commerce Conference is set to be held in Yiwu, Zhejiang province, today and tomorrow.
More senior citizens are learning how to use smartphones to connect to the internet, according to the latest industry reports. Beijing authorities are set to roll out the latest round of vehicle restrictions, which ban car owners from driving one day of the week based on the last digit of their license plates.
China's special envoy on the Middle East issue took up his post in September 2014 and said he is much busier now than when he was an ambassador. The 63-year-old served as director of the Chinese Office in Palestine from 2003 to 2005, as well as ambassador to Jordan from 2006 to 2008 and ambassador to Turkey from 2008 to 2014. What makes his work extremely hard, he said, is trying to settle disputes by taking a balanced stance, "as all parties in a dispute usually want China to support them against the other".
The diplomat said he also has trouble finding time for his family, even for the most important festivals for Chinese. The practice of deploying special envoys has a long history and is now widely seen as an effective approach to diplomacy. US President Barack Obama appointed Todd Stern as a special envoy for climate change, while Rachel Kyte, vice-president of the World Bank Group, is also the organization's special envoy for climate change. Experts have applauded the introduction of a blacklist for unruly air passengers, but caution has been urged in specifying targeted offenders.
Three people have been fined and placed on a no-fly list since the China Air Transport Association introduced the national system in February. The punishment means the trio cannot book flights on five major airlines, including Air China, China Southern and China Eastern, which together operate about 80 percent of routes in and out of China, for one to two years, depending on the severity of their offense. The Civil Aviation Administration of China last year laid out 11 kinds of behavior strictly prohibited on flights and at terminals, including creating disturbances at check-in counters, damaging airport security facilities, and intimidating or assaulting crew members. Li Xiaojin, a researcher at the Civil Aviation University of China, said a blacklist system is necessary, as conflicts over delays and disputes among passengers over trivial matters increasingly pose safety risks. In December 2014, a Chinese woman poured boiling water over a female flight attendant and punched the cabin windows on an AirAsia flight from Bangkok to Nanjing, Jiangsu province, due to a dispute over seating arrangements. On Jan 10 last year, police removed 25 passengers from a plane in Kunming, Yunnan province, after they quarreled with flight crew and opened emergency exits after growing angry over delays caused by bad weather. However, Qiu Baochang, a legal consultant for the China Consumer Association, said specifications of the blacklist system should be detailed to avoid infringements of consumer rights.
The new tax on imported goods purchased from e-commerce sites will not affect Chinese travelers who buy abroad, the Ministry of Finance said on Saturday.
Shoppers had expressed concern that a new tax on foreign products, which went into effect on Friday, would spell trouble for outbound tourists.
According to the authority, the rules for tourists returning from abroad remain unchanged, with purchases up to the value of 5,000 yuan ($770) exempt from duties. The policy is aimed at creating a "level playing field" for cross-border e-commerce sites and brick-and-mortar stores that sell imported goods. Cross-border e-commerce has boomed with the surge in demand for higher-quality products among China's middle class.
Operators of bonded areas, part of the e-commerce chain, also expressed concern about the tax change - as it came into effect only about two weeks after it was announced, some areas said they did not have enough time to clear inventories. Shoppers also have complained they must now pay higher taxes on low-priced overseas products. However, analysts noted that some luxury items, such as cosmetics priced up to 2,000 yuan, now have a lower tax, as the previous parcel tax was 50 percent. Fitch Ratings said in its latest report that China's restrictions on overseas purchases may narrow the price differential of luxury goods between China and the rest of the world, potentially boosting domestic consumption. When Chinese President Xi Jinping dropped in for a pint at an English country pub with British Prime Minister David Cameron in October, few could have predicted it would start yet another Chinese consumer craze. Within a few weeks, monthly China sales of the particular beer - Greene King IPA - soared from 6,000 bottles to 80,000 bottles a month.
The Chinese, who normally drink domestic lagers such as Tsingtao and Yanjing, had suddenly developed a taste for English bitter ale.
The brewer that makes the beer based in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk was the latest to benefit from the desire of Chinese consumers to have the latest thing. This often emotional and sometimes erratic behavior is "shaking the world", according to a recent article by Jeffrey Towson, professor of investment at Peking University's Guanghua School of Management, that went viral. Chinese consumers are a vital market for virtually all leading global consumer brands, yet their behavior is so volatile that trends are becoming increasingly difficult to forecast.
They do not often behave according to the more established and standard patterns of behavior they see in Western markets, according to experts.
So foreign multinationals - like Chinese companies that are just as desperate to capture their own domestic market - are having to adjust their business models so they can align them with the latest trends and fashions in the world's second-largest economy.
There was much interest last month therefore in the publication of the 2016 China Consumer Report, The Modernization of the Chinese Consumer, by McKinsey & Co.
It was the 11th such report produced by the international management consultants since 2005, and this year included interviews with 10,000 consumers. Daniel Zipser, partner at McKinsey's Shanghai office and the leader of its consumer and retail practice in Greater China, who was co-author of the report, says it is the speed of the consumer trends that presents the biggest challenge to companies. Despite the recent slowdown in the economy, Chinese consumers remain among the most confident in the world.
Those expecting their household income to increase significantly over the next five years was 55 percent in 2015, barely unchanged from the 57 percent in 2012. This contrasts with only 30 percent of British consumers and 32 percent US consumers, believing the same when they were last polled in 2011. With this level of buoyancy, China - and not the United States or Europe - has become the place for companies to launch new products and services. In February, Apple chose China to be the first country outside of the US to launch its Apple Pay mobile payments system, linking with Union Pay and Chinese banks.
Many leading automotive manufacturers now launch their new models first in China, the world's largest car market. Wang Qing, professor of marketing and innovation at Warwick Business School in the UK, says this is because Chinese consumers are always clamoring for something new.
Wang says that companies are being forced to respond to this and cannot take the Chinese market for granted like they may have done in the past.
The McKinsey report highlighted just how much consumerism has become a fundamental part of the fabric of life.
Those selling to China now also have to take into consideration that there is a move toward healthy living.
This could be bad news for international brands such as Coca-Cola and Pepsi with the percentage of those consuming carbonated soft drinks falling from 84 percent in 2012 to 63 percent in 2015.
One of the major trends, however, is that Chinese consumers now want to trade up to premium brands over mass market brands.
With cosmetics, 44 percent want to trade up, spirits 36 percent, milk 29 percent, hair care 26 percent and even rice 25 percent. Zipser says this can be far too easily dismissed as the sort of nouveau riche behavior seen in other fast-developing societies, but he believes it is a far more subtle than that. Where Chinese consumers, particularly younger ones, often differ from Western consumers is being heavily influenced by fashion trends in their Asian neighbor, South Korea.
Although the chart-topping Gangnam Style from the South Korean musician Psy may have permeated Western culture, everything to do with South Korea, from movies and soap operas to lipstick, is seen as cool in China. Eden Yin, senior lecturer at Judge Business School at the University of Cambridge, says what is seen as erratic behavior among Chinese consumers is often the result of a herd mentality.
Yin, who will be teaching a program, Strategies for Winning in China, at Cambridge next month, argues that this does not mean they are emotional. Mike Bastin, course leader of the MA in fashion marketing at the University of Southampton and a contributor to China Daily, says his recent research findings suggest Chinese consumers are driven less by a herd mentality. Bastin, currently on a nine-city guest lecture tour across China, says where Chinese are making more individual choices in fashion they are moving toward upmarket Chinese brands like Shanghai Tang, the brand that has tried to capture the city's 1920s and 1930s chic.
Whatever the idiosyncrasies of the Chinese market, attracting the attention of the Chinese middle class consumer is the holy grail in boardrooms across the world.
China and the UK will honor their most famous playwrights, Tang Xianzu and William Shakespeare, with a series of events this year. The dramatists were contemporaries who lived thousands of miles apart, and both died in 1616.

Professor Zou Yuanjiang gives a talk on Tang's masterpiece The Peony Pavilion at University of Leeds. Shakespeare's plays are a mainstay of the British school curriculum, while Tang's best-known opera, The Peony Pavilion, continues to be performed worldwide. Both were "great men in the circle of world drama", according to Aoki Masaru, the Japanese scholar and Sinologist, who many credit as being the first to link the Bard with Tang in his 1943 book A History of Chinese Literary Thought.
To mark the 400th anniversary of the writers' deaths, plays, seminars, book fairs and lectures will be held to celebrate their legacies in China and the United Kingdom. He added that they will play an essential role in promoting mutual understanding and trust between the two countries by deepening exchanges and cooperation in literature and drama.
The celebrations will include a special stage production, A Midsummer Night's Dream Under the Southern Bough, which has been billed as "when Shakespeare met Tang".
Aimed primarily at student audiences, the show is a mash-up of A Midsummer Night's Dream, the Bard's comedy of magic and mismatched love, and Tang's A Dream Under the Southern Bough, an opera about a soldier's fantastical journey through a kingdom of ants. The play will be staged in Leeds, Edinburgh, and three cities in China from July to September, and is organized by the University of Leeds Staging China, its Business Confucius Institute, and the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing. As the cast will mostly be made up of Western actors, the show will be a spoken word performance with musical accompaniment. This year's London Book Fair will also feature a discussion on Shakespeare and Tang and their impact on drama, to be staged at Olympia London on April 12, organized by China Universal Press and Publication Co.
In March, Zou Yuanjiang, a philosophy professor at the University of Wuhan and vice-president of the Tang Xianzu Research Society, was invited to talk on The Peony Pavilion at several British universities.
Such tours "not only illuminate the work of a legendary Chinese writer to audiences in the UK, but also have a great impact" among young Chinese people, according to Li Ruru, a professor of Chinese theater studies at the University of Leeds, who helped organize Zou's visit. By comparing the literary greats, "we're raising awareness among UK scholars and readers, so that they look more carefully at what is out there in terms of Chinese classics", adds Tian Yuan Tan with the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies, who coauthored the book 1616: Shakespeare and Tang Xianzu's China.
Adam Strickson, a fellow in theater and writing at the University of Leeds, who studied the works of Tang and Shakespeare, says both "shared a love for mixing low life or the bawdy with the sense of a tortuous moral journey of self-discovery".
They also use dense and layered poetry to go beyond the surface, he says, while the metaphor of the dream as a journey of confusion and enlightenment is central. The difference, he adds, is that the Bard's work represents people of all backgrounds and classes, whereas Tang's works seem to come from a more aristocratic and esoteric background. Laura Lian says Chinese consumers often display erratic consumer behavior because they are only just coming to terms with the concept of brands. The 25-year-old entrepreneur, who blogs on modern Chinese culture, insists there has been something of a revolution in a relatively short time. Lian, who was out shopping at The Place shopping center in Beijing's Central Business District, which boasts the city's only Marks and Spencer, says that even she, despite her relatively young age, was not aware of brands until she moved from her home area near Songyuan in Jilin province in the northeast of China, to Beijing, where she started university in 2008.
She believes many consumers are experimenting with living a modern lifestyle for the first time, and that is why many of their choices might be seen as less rational than the more conventional and established behavior of Western consumers. Feng Shuxia, 61, who was out browsing with her husband, Tian Shunsheng, also 61, agrees it is the younger generation that is driving consumer behavior.
The couple's 35-year-old daughter, who works for a bank, has bought Feng a Louis Vuitton and two Gucci handbags in recent years. Yu Zhipeng, a salesman for an IT company in Beijing originally from Shandong province, believes the Chinese buying behavior that is being picked up in research is deep seated in culture and what might be seen as erratic purchasing is just experimentation.
Zhao Na, 22, a part-time office worker who is studying horticulture at college, is typical of many young Chinese who are particularly attracted to South Korean products.
Zhao admits to being something of a follower of fashion, picking up ideas from various media. Her partner, Rao Xin, also 22 and a horticulture student, believes it is women and not men who are behind some of the volatile consumer behavior in China.
He says his recent major purchases such as the latest Nintendo 3DS games console was just a straightforward choice that a Western consumer of his age and demographic would make. Feng and Tian, the retired couple, like many Chinese now often make expensive purchases while holidaying abroad, particularly in Europe. Tian has a Loewe jacket that was bought in Spain in 2013 for the equivalent of 25,000 yuan, which he says would have been 35,000 yuan in China.
Jeffrey Towson says one of the major challenges for businesses around the world is to understand Chinese consumers. Even the Guanghua School of Management professor was taken aback by the response to an article, How China's Increasingly Emotional Consumers Are Shaking the World, that he posted on his LinkedIn profile last month. Within 24 hours it had some 50,000 hits as those who responded were seeking some insight into the Chinese buying public. Towson, coauthor with Jonathan Woetzel, a senior partner at McKinsey & Co in Shanghai, of the One Hour China Consumer Book, believes the response was just symptomatic of the global interest in the behavior of the middle class Chinese consumer, seen by many as a business mega trend.
He says the increasingly emotional behavior of Chinese consumers has got everybody in the commercial world - from Chinese companies to foreign multinationals - guessing as to what their right strategy needs to be in order to reach them. In his LinkedIn article, Towson cites two examples of Chinese consumers' emotional behavior. The second is how Bobbie Bear, a purple bear stuffed with lavender, made by Robert Ravenus on his farm in Tasmania as a retirement business, became a must-have product in China overnight. Towson, 45, believes the only option for businesses wanting to target the Chinese market and understand consumer trends is to get up close to Chinese consumers.
Towson, who was born in Walnut Creek in northern California, has been professor of investment at Peking University's Guanghua School of Management for the past six years. Apart from the book on Chinese consumers, he has also written the One Hour China Book, itself an instant hit, which came about after a US congressman asked him what he needed to know about China. Towson originally studied sciences and was a Fulbright scholar at the Karolinska Institute of Biotechnology in Sweden, before studying medicine at Stanford. From there he worked for Prince Al-Walid, then the fourth richest man in the world, and conducted business deals across the Middle East, Africa and Asia, from where he first developed a China connection. He believes that some of the "emotional" behavior of Chinese consumers is a result of them now being able to make choices.
He says the urban middle class are no longer "value hunters" as they are expected to have a disposable income of $8,000 a year by 2020, about the current level of South Korea. He believes the Chinese consumer market is proving to be even more dynamic than that of South Korea.
He says one of the complexities of the market also is the huge differences in life experiences between the generations. People who are now middle-aged have known real poverty and many lived through the "cultural revolution" (1966-76), which saw huge turmoil in the country. Because 70 percent of the population is now networked on the Chinese instant messaging service WeChat, which has far greater take up in China than Facebook's WhatsApp in the West, trends can take off very rapidly. He cites Meitu Xiu Xiu, a Chinese mobile app aimed at women which allows them to take selfies of themselves and also edit and improve the image, making them look perhaps slimmer or different in some other aspect. Towson says the challenge for any corporation is to reach people in China through social media, where a lot of consumer behavior is now determined. With the country's e-commerce increasing rapidly, its online retail and related delivery services are producing a virtual mountain of waste that adds to the country's environmental woes. China doesn't have a national system to regulate the packaging of goods purchased online - from freshly cooked soup and congee to frozen seafood. Zhu and his team cooperated with the State Post Bureau in 2014 to get a thorough picture of the garbage situation from courier services, and they continued research last year to estimate the amount of trash generated by the industry.
In 2014, the booming service industry generated about 14 billion parcels, the bureau's data showed. Chen Jian, who has worked in recycling services for 20 years in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, voiced similar concerns over the growing pollution from the booming courier services. Every year, at least 15,000 metric tons of paper boxes are used in Xi'an, of which only 60 percent are recycled, he told a local newspaper in the city of more than 8 million people.
The burning or dumping of such non-biodegradable plastic material could cause pollution to the surroundings, said Wei Maoquan, head of the Resource Recycling Association of Linyi, Shandong province. Wei said that plastic tape, for example, contains the chemical polyvinyl chloride, which could take at least 100 years to decompose in the soil. However, few delivery service providers have begun to use recyclable plastic and paper packaging materials. Xiang Feng, CEO of Shanghai YTO Express Co, conceded that most plastic materials now used are not biodegradable. The company began pilot projects in 2014 in some areas to recycle paper and plastic materials, "but we have many difficulties in expanding the recycling system", Xiang said.
Nonetheless, he said, it is necessary to improve the recycling system, reduce excessive packaging and promote environmentally friendly packaging materials. Sarah Wolfgang, founder of The Dog Cafe, had considered opening such a place in Los Angeles since 2014. Wolfgang checked with the Los Angeles Health Department, which told her such a cafe would be legal as long as the areas where patrons buy coffee and pet the dogs were kept separate. In Shanghai, a dog-themed cafe was opened in 2014 and has since been frequented by dog lovers.
However, cats seem to be more popular than dogs among those wanting to open a pet cafe in China. Tian Xiaofei, an office worker in Beijing who has two dogs, said she loves the idea of a dog-themed cafe and hopes that one might open in Beijing. Mansai Conner, 21, connects with a dog on the opening day of Dog Cafe, a coffee shop in Los Angeles, California, where people can adopt shelter dogs.
Homebuying regulations that took effect on March 25 in Shanghai and Shenzhen turned out to be quick fixes for the overheated residential markets, as trade volume shrank sharply in both cities, according to data from property agencies. Daily trade volume of new homes in Shanghai fell from 103,000 square meters in the week ending on March 27 to 45,000 sq m in the week ending on April 3 - a 56 percent week-on-week drop, according to property research agency China Real Estate Information Corp. In Shenzhen, deals were reached on 652 units of new homes in the week between March 28 and April 3, dropping 29.67 percent from a week earlier, data collected by SouFun Holdings Ltd showed. Housing prices surged in Beijing this year, but not by as much as in Shanghai and Shenzhen. Wang Fei, director of Shenzhen's Centaline Property Research Center, said Shenzhen's property market had been cooling down before the new policy was introduced. During the week after the new measures were announced on March 25, Shanghai's market for previously owned homes saw a drop of up to 40 percent in the number of deals and a huge decrease in the number of visits to available homes by interested parties, according to Shanghai Secondhand Housing Index Office, a consultancy that tracks the used-home market in Shanghai. Additionally, it said in a report, more than 30 percent of deals that already had been reached ended up with refunds due to the new restrictions on homebuying qualifications and tightened credit lines.
Wang Huiyao and her husband are among the families who were disqualified in Shanghai after the new rules were enforced. Under the new policy, would-be buyers without Shanghai permanent residency have to pay taxes in the city for at least five years in a row, compared with the previous requirement of two years in total.
Wang, who arrived in Shanghai in 2012, must wait another year before her family will be allowed to buy a home in the city, but she knows well what a year's wait in the ever-inflating property market means.
Hu Jun, a property agent in the Bagualing area of Shenzhen's Futian district, said he makes dozens of phone calls every day, but is still unable to find a buyer. The new policies will help rein in home price growth in gateway cities like Shanghai in the short term, but prices might not drop since demand is great, said Zhou Jing, head of the residential division of consultancy JLL Shanghai. Policymakers should not interfere too much, since price growth in these cities' property markets is mostly propelled by demand rather than speculative forces, Zhou added. China's sports establishment must learn the lessons from a corruption scandal involving a former deputy sports minister, continue to root out graft and curb a win-at-all costs mentality, the country's top graft-buster said on Friday. Corruption in international athletics has been in the spotlight due to US and Swiss probes into the soccer's world governing body, FIFA, as well as doping scandals that have rocked tennis and other sports. China, which is aggressively seeking to stamp out graft in the Party and government ranks, has also sought to eject corrupt elements from its sports establishment, particularly within soccer, which has been hit by match-fixing scandals.
China was hit by two new sports graft scandals last year, with a probe of deputy sports minister Xiao Tian, who sat on China's Olympic Committee, and another into the country's then-volleyball chief.
In a statement released following a meeting on learning the lessons from Xiao's case, the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said the sports sector needed to do more to tackle graft and not rest on its laurels. Liu Peng, head of the sports administration, warned last year that China had to abandon its obsession with gold medals if it wanted to weed out corruption.
Chinese athletes bagged the most gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, a feat accompanied by a wave of national pride and the culmination of China's "100 year dream" to host the world's most prestigious sporting event. At the London Olympics four years later, China came in second to the United States in the medals table. Beijing, along with the neighboring city of Zhangjiakou, will host the 2022 Winter Olympics. Last month, President Xi Jinping said China must hold a Winter Olympics that is "clean as the snow", in an indirect reference to the scandals with Xiao and another former top official linked to the Olympics bid.
If there isn't enough time to complete preparations by the school term that starts in September, the program will begin enrolling students next year, said Lu Chusheng, deputy dean of Guangzhou Electromechanical Technician College.
The drone specialty is expected to become a signature subject at the college and attract a large number of high school graduates in the years ahead, since it should be easy for students to find jobs upon graduation, Lu said.
Drones are being used in an increasing range of industries in the Pearl River Delta cities and the entire Guangdong province. Liang Rui'er, deputy director of the college's mechanical and electrical equipment industry division, said the new drone specialty is being established in cooperation with Beijing's Beihang University, which will send professors and instructors to give lectures.
About 3,000 drone operators were trained on the mainland last year, compared with between 30,000 and 40,000 in the United States, he added. According to Yang, operating a drone that weighs less than 7 kilograms and flies at an altitude of no more than 120 meters at a distance of less than 500 meters doesn't require a license. Guangzhou Electromechanical Technician College is expected to become the first to establish a drone specialty on the mainland, though many drone training centers have been set up across the country, Yang said.
The prices are a clear sign of encouragement to the market that has seen a cooling since 2012. Peach Blossom Spring, an ink-and-color painting by Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) fetched HK$270 million ($34.7 million), an auction record for the artist, at international auctioneer Sotheby's major spring auction on Tuesday. At the same sale, six other ink paintings - four by Zhang and two by modern masters Lin Fengmian and Wu Guanzhong - each sold above the threshold of $1 million to private Asian buyers.
On Monday, Wu Guanzhong's (1919-2010) oil canvas Zhouzhuang fetched HK$236 million in a sale by Poly Auction Hong Kong, setting an auction record for the modern pioneer of Chinese art. Zhao Xu, CEO of Poly Auction Hong Kong, said 10 bidders were competing for the painting when the bids surpassed HK$150 million. Zhao added that what lies behind the latest record-breaking spree is a stable group of collectors with deep pockets and a love of Chinese art.
The Chinese fine-art market suffered a downturn last year as it was also affected by a sour global economy and a slowdown in the domestic economy.
With last year's figure for Chinese art showing a decrease from $6.6 billion in 2014, China lost its top slot to the United States in the fine-arts market for the first time in six years.
Auctioneers sold fewer classic paintings and works of calligraphy, which typically account for a major slice of the Chinese art market, partly due to fewer works from important collections at home and abroad being put on sale, the report says.
Meanwhile, Xu Cuiyun, senior analyst at the Art Market Monitor of Artron, said that when the Chinese art market first took off before 2009, salesrooms used to be packed with buyers who sought instant profits from reselling, thus pushing up bids to unsustainable levels. Zhang's painting, for instance, came from the collection of Sandy Mactaggart, a Canadian philanthropist famed for his Asian art collection.
Wu Guanzhong's work also boasts a sound provenance: He created the piece on a commission from Kwee Swie Teng, an Indonesian entrepreneur and collector, who had displayed the work at his private Art Retreat Museum in Singapore since the late 1990s. The May 2013 photo (below) shows passengers lining up at a taxi stand outside the Beijing Railway Station.
In today's China, where mobile Internet is a big part of life, taxi-hailing applications have taken commuter convenience to a new level. It is highly regarded among major tool users for its low operating costs, trouble free operation and exceptional power to weight ratio. Anthony Helstowski rescues a young girl on March 14, 2010 in his civilian job as a Schenectady, New York firefighter. Integrity First, Service Before Self and Excellence In All You Do -- you bring that work ethic to the fire department.
From rescue specialists and structural specialists to logistics specialists and Hazmat tech specialists, which was Lazzari’s role. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions. My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door.
Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder.
So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone. We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge.
And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles. With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges. Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars.
Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook. Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole. The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures.
After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs. It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration.
If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam! Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet.
After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious. The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme. As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade!
Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country! When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it. They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself.
No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding.
After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures.
But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again.
If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit?
Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him. It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second. Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas.
We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff.
When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark. They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed.
I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no.
While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers. Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept. In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista. Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov. The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p.
Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine.
The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques. This heralds a new era for the position of envoy, from one of largely ceremonial activities, to one of enhanced responsibilities involving bilateral negotiations.
So you have no choice but to learn more and make full preparations if you are to answer their questions smoothly," he said. The 50, who were chosen from 32 universities nationwide, took part in a wide variety of court activities. They will work on every aspect of a lawsuit, from drafting documents, to collecting evidence and case materials, to offering their opinions on proposed verdicts.
When spring comes and the air dries, the rangers are on high alert for any signs of wildfire.
At a meeting earlier this year in Chongqing, he urged officials from provinces along the river to concentrate on ecological restoration and protection, and to avoid large-scale development. However, between 30 billion and 40 billion metric tons of sewage annually is discharged from petrochemical plants on the Yangtze, accounting for more than one-third of the nation's annual discharge.
The area of soil erosion increased from 360,0000 square km in the 1950s to 560,0000 square km in the 1980s.
Beijing also drafted a landmark program, to be launched this year, to restore the river's ecosystem. In Yunyang county, the forest coverage rate on the river's banks has reached 70 percent, according to Peng Ming, deputy director of the Yunyang Bureau of Forestry. However, the project was suspended in January last year after the new Sri Lankan government ordered a review. His administration has had discussions on the issue with the Chinese government and Chinese banks. Along with the literary giant Jorge Luis Borges and the Mexican magician Juan Rulfo, he changed the landscape of Latin American, nay world, literature. And by the time he walked up to receive it, he was prepared to tell his and Latin America's story in yet another novel way.
He said Pigafetta had recorded seeing "hogs with navels on their haunches, clawless birds whose hens laid eggs on the backs of their mates, and others still, resembling tongueless pelicans, with beaks like spoons".
Pigafetta, to be honest, cannot be faulted for not recognizing the "strange, exotic, misbegotten" animals and birds he saw in Latin America, for he had not even heard about, let alone seen, any of them before setting foot in the New World. The sector is set to receive incentives, and the government is encouraging enterprises, universities and research institutions to cooperate in traction battery research and development.

The CPI is the main gauge of inflation, while the PPI indicates changes in wholesale prices and a decline can reflect deflation in the industrial sector.
Officials, entrepreneurs and researchers from home and abroad are expected to discuss the latest trends in the sector, including a tax related to cross-border e-commerce. Many of these "silver surfers" are aiming to build online communities that offer mutual help in various areas. Vehicles with the last digits of 2 and 7 are banned on Monday, 3 and 8 banned Tuesday, 4 and 9 on Wednesday, 5 and 0 on Thursday, and 6 and 1 on Friday. The region is changing rapidly, but traditional issues like the Israeli-Palestinian conflict still exist, while hot spots like Syria, Libya, Iraq and Yemen also need to be addressed. In addition, the Chinese mission must change its working pattern according to who it is talking with and what the latest changes to a situation may be, he added. It takes on average nine hours to fly from Beijing to the Middle East, but things can take much longer, Gong said. Former prime minister Tony Blair was the United Nation's Middle East peace envoy for several years, while former Liberal Democrat leader Paddy Ashdown served as high representative for the UN in Bosnia and Herzogovena from 2002 to 2005.
However, the authority said on Friday that the bans were handed out for reckless behavior on board a flight or at an airport - namely, refusing to switch off a tablet PC while landing, hitting a checkpoint security officer with a milk can, and attacking airline personnel over a flight delay.
The new tax relates only to e-commerce platforms that allow consumers to order imported goods online to be delivered through postal services. It means overseas retail goods bought online are no longer treated as personal postal articles but as imported goods. For a time, websites have enjoyed an edge over other channels, such as onshore duty-free shops, as they did not need to pay tariffs, import value-added tax or consumption tax.
Tariffs are currently all set at zero, with a 30 percent discount on import VAT and consumption tax for purchases up to 2,000 yuan, and only if a consumer's annual gross transactions are under 20,000 yuan. Apart from the well-documented obsession with online shopping, some 64 percent of those asked said going shopping was now one of the best ways to spend time with their families, up from just 43 percent in 2012.
Perhaps reinforced by recent food scandals, some 50 percent of Chinese consumers are now focused on healthy eating. Consumption of Western fast foods is also down from 67 to 51 percent over the same period, and ice cream was down from 65 to 58 percent. It is something that has been talked about in our previous surveys going back more than a decade, but now it has actually happened," adds Zipser at McKinsey.
Conspicuous consumption and 'gaining face', for so long key drivers of Chinese consumer behavior, appear to be less common.
This has led numerous scholars to conduct comparative studies on their works, which remain hugely influential to this day. When Tian, who later also worked for a bank before his retirement, left the army in 1979 he was given 400 yuan in compensation and bought Feng a 270 yuan watch. He also spent 50,000 on an Omega watch (75,000 yuan in China) and two Louis Vuitton belts for 2,500 yuan each, which would cost double at home. She had just spent 500 yuan on some Uniqlo jeans and underwear as she found herself with some time on her hands.
One is their response to the 2012 Chinese box office comedy hit Lost In Thailand, directed by and starring Xu Cheng. Chinese model Zhang Xinyu posted a photo of the bear online and orders surged to more than 45,000. It doesn't tend to imply a big behavioral trend or change but Lost in Thailand was of a different order. You have to find out what people are saying around the dinner table, in their offices and online.
He switched to become a management consultant for what was then Booz, Allen & Hamilton in New York. But as the nation of more than 1.3 billion people increasingly shops online, casting off a huge amount of plastic bags and paper boxes, "garbage mountain, garbage sea" comes to mind. But the idea first occurred to her while volunteering at a shelter in South Korea when she was 14. We want to provide you with the opportunity to see these highly adoptable pooches in their true light," Wolfgang told LAist, a Los Angeles-area news and information website.
Additionally, its data showed that the average price softened by 4.17 percent week-on-week to 49,621 yuan ($7,670) per square meter. Average asking prices for previously owned properties have dropped by 16 to 20 percent over the past five weeks. Otherwise, operators need a license granted by the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association of China. The winner was Liu Yiqian, a billionaire collector from Shanghai, who bought the painting on behalf of Long Museum, which he founded with his wife Wang Wei. Cheung, the head of Sotheby's Chinese paintings department, said that it is not a bad thing that the art market is experiencing a reshuffling and that buyers are becoming more cautious in bidding.
The minivan taxi was popular because of its low price but was discontinued toward the end of the decade owing to emission issues and poor service. The country's taxi service has become efficient over time, and new types of vehicles are regularly introduced, including those that use alternative fuels. This model has superb power to weight ratio and is ideal for all extra heavy duty applications. This photo by Daily Gazette Photographer Peter Barber, is used by permission of the Daily Gazette. Because both jobs are so different, coming to drill gives him a break from the stresses that come along with being a firefighter, he said. As a lieutenant over there, I try to instill those values in the new recruits, and get them motivated," Helstowski said. 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2.
Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting. The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world.
Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness.
In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren. Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch! By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being.
A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary. We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself. Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr. He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)?
At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism.
I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah. We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall! Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw. After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows. For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet. And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives.
Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP.
Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him.
In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there.
But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance. My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset. We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague.
Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes. I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear.
By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance. The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia. Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage. Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it. 1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him). These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe. In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels. True, he hadn't written anything in the last 10 years of his life, but so long as he was alive we could expect another masterpiece at any time. He added that Pigafetta "wrote of having seen a misbegotten creature with the head and ears of a mule, a camel's body, the legs of a deer and the whinny of a horse". Or how can we pretend to be ignorant of the reality that is the Middle East, especially because the region that as we see it now is the making of the West? China Daily will track the latest developments in the field with in-depth stories in the days ahead. I got home just a day before Spring Festival, but I had to go on a trip right after," he said. The number of urban consumers participating in sporting activities, 73 percent, is now higher than the 70 percent in the US. We don't like that', 'Oh, this is really cool, let's do that' or 'You know I feel really cool when I buy this'. I was in Chiang Mai last year and it felt like 50 percent of the people were Chinese," he says.
Unmanned aircraft are widely used in fighting crime, fire control, rescues and agricultural industries. He said the current market transformation will bring in more collectors with a discerning eye, which demands that auction houses be more professional, making it a win-win situation for all sides.
Mike Lazzari, traditional Guard members assigned to the New York Air National Guard’s 109th Airlift Wing, service to country and community doesn’t stop at the end of the drill weekend. My partner and I took a hose line in, and saw the crews were doing a good job getting out the fire, so we went on with our search. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away.
As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies.
Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren. A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves.
It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business. Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive!
She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence.
Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone. That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony.
With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda. Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace. I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first!
Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively. After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy. Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself.
But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves.
No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free.
Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding.
As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings.
But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend.
La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter. In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr.
Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world.
As sellers become increasingly anxious, buyers are expected to gain more bargaining power," he said. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it. I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs.
For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art. The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed. I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority. Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam.
These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths.
If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job). Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him. I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world.
Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs. I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever. The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories. Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics.
After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits.
1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round. They are basically bored, and that is why they get excited by these fads and trends that suddenly sees everyone rushing to buy the same product," he says.
When we got there, the military had started taking over operations, as far as what aircraft were coming in or going out.
And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north! So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought.
If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables. So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader. From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking. Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced.
And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw?
Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter. Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p.
Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard.
When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair. Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again! Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate.
At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking.
Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994). Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table! Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap. Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics. Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s. This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods.
Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.

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