Sunlight plays a lot of roles in our lives, far more than just which plants will be successful a€“ and where. Using sun and shade to create passive heating and cooling by combining livestock and deciduous trees with a greenhouse, or locating coops and hutches beneath trees. When we look at shading, a lot of times we only look at trees, but buildings, fences, and walls come into play as well. Another school of thought a€“ especially in areas heavy on buildings and trees a€“ is to group tall things together and slope mature heights to create either a peak effect (tallest in a central area) or a valley effect (tallest things on the rims sloping down to the center).
All three have their proa€™s and cona€™s, and the slope of land, amount of irrigation, soil types, and purposes or function of the land play a big role in deciding which works best for us. If you are building a survival homestead, take advantage of the suna€™s natural path to position your home most effectively. Something to remember is that sunlight changes through the year and by location, with summer and winter, extreme elevations, and distance from the equator affecting not only the track the sun takes in our skies, but also the intensity of the light a€“ light quality, compared to light quantity. When wea€™re accounting for high-volume needs we need to take into account our own varied uses such as laundry, cooking, and cleaning our homes as well as direct consumption. There are two types of water catchment systems that can decrease the need for pumping water a€“ passive and active.
Active catchment includes things like water barrels and buckets, which can be highly complex or pretty darn simple, or rain-filled water catchment on towers and roofs a€“ both of which then disperse water through lines via gravity. There are all kinds of passive water systems, some of them overlapping with the sunlight and wind vectors that we take into account as incoming and outgoing factors on a site. Simple low spots or dug swales that increase the infiltration of water by slowing its loss, making water available longer after a rain. Arranging things for ready access is arguably the most important of the three factors, depending on the primary focus of site planning.
We can increase efficiency by locating things that need regular care close to our daily paths, like putting greenhouses and veggies near our homes. Tall hugelkultur beds increase our efficiency not only by decreasing water and fertilizer needs but also by increasing by 3-5 times the amount of growing space we have. We also want to leave space for things like sorting, curing, drying, and curing harvests of various types, running our chipper-shredders, PMa€™g and repairing our equipment, and to get out of sight of nosy neighbors for livestock culling and harvest. Something Ia€™ve seen lower harvests in both small-scale and large-scale is somebody cutting a corner with a wagon or tractor a little too close and wrecking the end of a row, or having room when everything is small and new or just seeded, but having no room to maneuver once perennials or large crops grow in.
The general rule of thumb when planning for access is that things that need the least care go farthest away and off beaten paths, while things that need the most care and attention go nearest the living space(s) and along walkways.
Dust masks are used to prevent the inhalation of airborne particles from such sources as fire, volcanic eruption or dust storm.
In the aftermath of a disaster gas explosion, earthquake, hurricane, volcano, tornado, tsunami, winter storm, terrorist attack, flood, fire, accident or other emergency, contaminants will be released into the air.


They do not feed on blood, and in a sense do not bite us so much as just dissolve our skin with their saliva and feed on the liquified skin tissues. Where we place things can increase or decrease our defensive abilities, success in growing, and how likely we are to see something a€“ which can be good or bad.
Sunlight can be manipulated to create passive heating and cooling, such as using deciduous trees to shade greenhouses, coops, homes and windows, and livestock in silvopasture.
One rule of thumb is to place the tallest things on a site to the north in the northern hemisphere, to allow the most light through.
Manually hauling water sucks big time, and so does hand pumping water if mechanical systems fail. Studying the sheep and cattle stations of the Australian outback, especially at the turn of the century, can provide a number of examples of how people survive near-desert conditions using active and passive water catchment systems. Another example of an active catchment includes old-style towers that are filled by pumping, but then provide a gravity-fed reservoir for use during dry periods. Alternatively, they could go near water sources, or be located beside chickens and pigs that till, turn compost, provide manure, and will be helping with garden clean-up. Tall beds also eliminate some of the stooping involved with veggie gardens, creating longevity in our growing systems.
Ideally, that space is conveniently located to the origin or destination, to water, and to where we collect and leave our tools for the tasks. Face masks are also helpful in preventing and aiding in the prevention and the spread of disease, flu, etc. It is important to have an air filtration mechanism such as a dust mask or particulate air filter. Today was a wonderful birding day--temps in the high 70's, clear skies, and excellent lighting. I used a Canon 10D digital camera with a Canon 100-400 L lens, a Canon 300 L lens and a Canon 400 5.6 L lens. However, the first instar nymph loiters in grassy areas and attaches to a passing animal, often finding people as the first food opportunity that goes by. How nasty is that, their saliva that causes that intense itching for days (and nights) following their feeding. It can also hugely impact the efficiency of a site, whether ita€™s a small suburban or urban lot or a large rural retreat. For example, access for ease and convenience might drop to the bottom of a list, but access for maintenance should stay near the top. Shading even just the entrance of a cellar can help dramatically reduce the amount of heat-cool transfer while loading it during harvest season. However, if we want that shading factor to limit our irrigation or keep our rabbits breeding longer without running fans, we can play with them, interspersing buildings and alleys of pasture to create the best fits for our needs.


Ideally we plan our site so that things with the greatest volume needs are nearest the pumps and catchment systems. The closer they are to a water source, the less time and labor (of any kind, manual or mechanical) is needed to provide that water for them.
With some foresight and planning, wea€™re able to reach them in the most efficient and economical way(s) available to us.
We dona€™t want to have to cross a yard to get tools and hoses and come all the way back to a garden plot, though. Leaving room for living space and accounting for where wea€™re creating shadows, damper areas, windbreaks, open sight lines, and cover or concealment for thieves and worse as we plot out our sites is also important.
Bull frogs were very common in the Shaker Trace Wetlands in the Miami Whitewater Forest area in SW Ohio. Since they get into shoes and lower areas of clothing it is the ankle area that gets the brunt of their attack, and they get under our clothing and seem to prefer to feed where clothing and skin make close contact, such as under the socks. That itching can be sooooo satisfying to scratch at, but this can also lead to causing sores on the skin that can worsen or get infected.
They do not suck blood, but feed on skin tissues, and their red color is just their color, not because of blood in them. While more space creates more options, planning for efficiency has major merits for any size site. We also want to bear in mind year-round needs, as opposed to seasonal like a garden with three months of growing season. In the best case, things are conveniently near each other as well as just being accessible, saving time and work transferring them.
Chiggers do not vector and diseases to people (yea!) probably because they go to us right out of the egg stage and do not feed on animals in subsequent stages of their lives. They cannot lay eggs in our skin because it is only the first instar that feeds on us, and adult mites (which are the egg layers) do not. On the flip side, opening canopies can not only increase availability of sunlight for plants during winter, it can help us dry up spring-bog areas and provide free lighting. Whether that work is manual or powered, using less time, labor and resources frees up our abilities elsewhere, allowing us to do more.



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