In her book, Hearne disproves the propaganda by dissecting what Common Core actually is in order to help parents and concerned citizens fight the federalization of education at the local level. Initially, the standards were drafted by teachers and leading experts across the country in order to identify criterion that is needed to prepare students for entry level careers, first year college courses and vocational training programs. There has been wide criticism about adopting these standards which has had a few states not join the bandwagon just yet. Here are some basics that parents should know about Common Core as they support the implementation for their children in their given state. Having national set of standards will allow states to compare standardized test scores much more accurately. The rigor of coursework will be raised as a result of these standards making students more prepared after graduation.
Teachers will have more accurate projections of student progress through the academic year.
The assessments will be more original than just a multiple choice, scantron based test as we have come to see in the past.
The standards will provide students and parents with clear expectations of what learning outcomes need to be mastered. There has been a lot of criticism for the Common Core Standards, even from the adopted states.
For parents, it is really important to understand how important pre-k programs and early childhood programs are going to be in setting their child up for success under this new system. For schools, this will be a costly transition at first as many textbooks will have to be realigned and replaced to reflect the new standards. Equipping students and parents with these fundamentals of Common Core standards is a good start in knowing what to expect and look for in your school and state.
Our children are in crowded classrooms (in part due to a lack of enforcement of our immigration laws) and a $2 billion bond is being proposed to construct new classrooms.
In fact, the total cost of Common Core is not merely the $3 billion, but the lack of quality education for a generation of students.
Assemblywoman Susan Bonilla, D-Concord and author of AB 631, noted in testimony before the Education Committee that the California Department of Education estimated several years ago that the cost of implementing Common Core would be upwards of $3 billion but so far only $1.25 billion has been dedicated to the work. The bill moved ahead without dissent, the action coming  a day after the nonpartisan Legislative Analyst released updated revenue projections suggesting the state could collect as much as $8 billion more than the Brown administration anticipated through June 2016.
The LAO raised concerns that because of Constitutional funding requirements outlined in Proposition 98, most of the additional money will have to go to K-12 schools and community colleges – a scenario that would make it harder for the Legislature to balance its budget in future years and to fund other state services. A surging stock market is largely responsible for the higher revenue collections because of the influence the capital gains tax plays in the California budget process. In the coming weeks, Brown will release his revised May budget which sets the stage for final negotiations over next year’s spending.
The Bonilla bill would establish the Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards Implementation Fund but allows districts, charter schools and county offices of education to use the money on a variety of expenses. She noted that her bill would add to the $1.1 billion Brown earmarked in his January budget for Common Core expenses – money he has also counted as paying down a debt the state owes in claims from schools for mandated programs.
The LAO’s main concern is that higher revenues in 2015-16 will permanently boost the Proposition 98 school funding guarantee as well as new requirements that the Legislature put a percentage of funds into a Rainy Day account. Or three, scrutinizing the administration’s spending estimates and proposals to ensure they reflect expected program costs for the coming year. Filed Under: Stephen Frank's California Political News And Views About Stephen FrankStephen Frank is the publisher and editor of California Political News and Views. CA will NEVER have really good teachers, not as long as the teacher’s union is in control! Teachers need more than just 4 years warming a chair before then can properly claim that title.
All those politician and rich a**’s should be prevented from making any critical decisions, of other peoples monies for life.
I have a neighbor that said she taught Common Core classes and she didn’t even know the subjects. I first ask: “How many of the children of the Assembly and Senate are in schools that teach Common Core? As for the Billion dollars, take it out of the salaries of every Assembly, Senate, and School Board member who supports Common Core.
It’s a battle for constitutional education with local decision making, versus nationalized education without representation. The standards do not meaningfully increase academic rigor, are not internationally benchmarked, do not adequately prepare students for 4-year universities, were never assessed by top curriculum research universities, were never voted upon by teachers nor the public, do not allow a voice for the individual; have no amendment process, and do rob states of control of education and students of privacy. Our Constitution was set up with a vital balance of powers between states and federal powers, and each maintains separate roles and authorities.  Nowhere is any authority given to the federal government to direct education.
So the Common Core standards are a set of national education standards which the federal government are forbidden, by law, to control or supervise.  Yet the standards were foisted upon the states by the federal government with the repeated assertion that they were state-led standards. If corporations were getting wealthy at taxpayer expense yet we had agreed to it, by a vote after thorough public vetting, that would be acceptable. But Common Core never had pre-adoption teacher or parent or media attention, had no public vetting, no vote, and now we see that some of the corporations providing implementation of the common core standards have alarming political agendas that will harm our children.  One example is Pearson, headed by Sir Michael Barber, with whom the Utah State Office of Education has multiple contracts. Students in our schools and universities are required to provide references for their reports.  Yet the information provided by official Common Core sites, as well as by our state office of education, is unreferenced and contains half truths and false claims about Common Core. The myth that Common Core solves educational problems is far-reaching and is far from being harmless. So anyone who for any reason opposes Common Core may not even stand in the candidates’ pool to run for this vital, elected position as a member of the state school board.
The third string tying us down, Gulliver-like, is the fact that we will never have a vote or a voice in the one-size-fits-all-standards. I asked a lawyer at the Utah State Office of Education what the process would be to amend the standards.  She told me, “Why would there need to be [an amendment process]? The fourth string tying us down, Gulliver-like, is nationalized, federally-supervised, compulsory testing.  It commits our dollars without our input.
The fifth string tying us down, Gulliver-like,  was wrought almost singlehandedly by one wrongheaded man with too much power, named David Coleman.
It was Coleman’s idea to make all children read 50% informational texts and 50% fiction in English classes, and then gradually to get rid of more and more fiction and classic literature, so that when a student is in 12th grade, he or she is reading 70% informational text and very little classic literature. If Coleman were to value a diamond, he would base its worth solely on the fact that it’s the hardest substance in nature.
Scholars have written extensively about these standards in reports published by Pioneer Institute and others. There is already evidence that book publishers’ revisions to texts that align with the standards are highly likely to be “inquiry-based”. Predestining kids:  Secretary Arne Duncan says the government needs to control education and teachers via data-driven decisions.
The Utah Data Alliance, SLDS system, and the federal Department of Education each seek data at all costs, even without parental consent.  Sec.
Duncan’s desire to grab private data is further illustrated by the changes Duncan has led in redefining key terms.
When I found out about this, I wanted to opt out for my children.  I asked the Utah State Office of Education myself whether it is even allowed to have a student attend a school without being tracked by the Utah Data Alliance and the federal SLDS. They finally gave me a straight answer, after I nagged them many a time, finally, and it was simply ”No.”No child, no citizen may escape tracking. Unknown to most parents, children’s data is being shared beyond the school district with six agencies inside the Utah Data Alliance and with UTREX, according to Utah Technology Director John Brandt. In America, a law is a representative thing.  Laws are made by people who either directly vote for that law, or who vote for a representative who votes for a law. But watch out for rules and regulations, which are not laws, and which come from unelected boards with appointed members who cannot be repealed by us. Our schools (teachers, adminstrators, and even State Office of Education workers) are being used:  used to collect private data, both academic and nonacademic, about our children and their families.
I choose the word “used” because I do not believe they are maliciously going behind parents’ backs. What it means: Courses taken, grades earned, every demographic piece of information, including family names, attitudes and income, can now legally be known by the government via schools. There are 12 elements that states had to share or they would not have received ARRA stimulus money.
While all this data gathering could theoretically, somehow, benefit a child, or community, it can definitely hurt a child. Furthermore, even psychometric and biometric data (such as student behavioral qualities, DNA, iris and fingerprints) are also acceptable data collection points, to the Dept. We may not be able to take back all the ground we have lost by allowing the federal government to dictate regulations to us in return for our own tax money.  But we must not allow them any further ground.
The states (except for the handful of states that rejected Common Core) are otherwise like the neighbor who does not know where his rights are and  can never know when they are taken and is thus unable to defend them.
Note: All sources used in this article will be displayed in blue as a link to either a document or an outside web page. This sample problem with solution was taken from a third grade textbook called enVision Math Common Core: Common Core Reteaching and Practice Workbook by Pearson.
The internet is full of pictures of various homework assignments and videos both supporting and opposing Common Core. Like the previous video, does seeing this image make you form a certain opinion about Common Core?
While the child’s answer may be funny, how do you know if this is an accurate example to give of Common Core?
Educational standards are the learning goals for what students should know and be able to do at each grade level.
You will learn, though, that this answer is not so black and white and our next question helps explain why.
The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) and the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium are the two bodies responsible for creating the assessments used in schools.
To take this one step further the PSAT, SAT and ACT have been aligned to Common Core as well. Educational Standards: In the case of Common Core, they are the learning goals for each grade.
Technically the Common Core State Standards, as copyrighted, are just that – standards. The truth is, when having a discussion about Common Core, you have to include more than just the standards. To clarify, these funds were allocated for the Obama Administration’s Race to the Top Program (R2TT). The Race to the Top Program is the vehicle used to institute the Common Core State Standards Initiative in schools across America.
An important point to remember is that at this stage in 2009 when the Recovery Act was passed and the Race to the Top Program was created, the actual standards themselves were not created yet.

The new tests will be aligned to the higher standards that were recently developed by governors and chief state school officers and have been adopted by 36 states. Needs addressed: Expanded teacher knowledge of formative processes, instructional practices, and assessment frameworks. Officially, the creation of the Common Core initiative was headed by the National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) is a non-governmental, non-profit organization that, like the NGA, is also funded by state taxpayers.
CCSSO meetings are closed to the public and attendance is by invitation only unless otherwise denoted. The National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers are both credited with the copyright to the Common Core State Standards as per its webpage, here. In 1983 The National Commission on Excellence in Education released a report called A Nation at Risk: An Imperative for Education Reform.
Marc Tucker is the founder and President of the National Center on Education and the Economy (NCEE). The STW program operates through a partnership between the Departments of Education and Labor. The School to Work Opportunities Act immediately brings Marc Tucker’s letter to Hillary Clinton to mind as it incorporates the early stages of what Tucker was proposing.
This brings us to the 1996 Educational Summit which was held by the National Governors Association along with some of the larger companies in the United States including IBM, AT&T, and Boeing.
The most notable outcome of that summit was the creation of another non-profit organization called Achieve Inc. 1996: At the 1996 Summit, the nation’s governors and business leaders pledged to work together, state by state, to raise standards and achievement in public schools.
Tim Barnicle is currently a senior advisor at Tucker’s National Center on Education and the Economy (NCEE).
David Hornbeck served as a Co-Director at the National Alliance for Restructuring Education. Andy Plattner operates Plattner Communications and Public Affairs whose services include providing public relations strategies. No information about Bill Spring and Susan McGuire has been found at the time of writing this article.
As you will learn, the formation of Achieve was the biggest step towards America’s newest version of education reform known as Common Core.
Achieve is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit education reform organization dedicated to working with states to raise academic standards and graduation requirements, improve assessments, and strengthen accountability. Simply put, Achieve is a non-profit organization that was created to facilitate the transition to Common Core. Align academic standards in high school with the knowledge and skills required for college and workplace success, using the ADP benchmarks as a starting point. Back-map standards to create a coherent, focused, grade-by-grade progression from kindergarten through high school graduation. American education must do a better job preparing students for the global demands of the 21st century economy, the nation’s governors concluded at the annual Governors Education Symposium, a joint initiative by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the James B. Our work doesn’t stop with the publication of reports; we have developed tools that help states change policies and practices. What view does the United States Department of Education have on Common Core and the current Education Reform? Up to this point we have been providing a lot of information from many different sources and directions regarding Common Core.
If we look at the many talking points, reports, websites and other information related to Common Core and its development you will see a common theme between them all. According to the best available evidence, the mastery of each standard is essential for success in college, career, and life in today’s global economy. The standards will be informed by the content, rigor, and organization of standards of high-performing countries so that all students are prepared for succeeding in our global economy and society. Moving to the Common Core may be a game changer for higher education — the shifts in the standards will result in better prepared students and enable us to be more successful in helping them graduate ready for success in the global economy. The Consortium involves educators, researchers, policymakers, and community groups in a transparent and consensus-driven process to help all students thrive in a knowledge-driven global economy. In 2001 The National Governors Association (NGA) along with the Council on Competitiveness formed a task force on State Leadership in the Global Economy.
This new approach to economic development is a major shift from the traditional approach… and represents a more effective strategy for competing in the global economy. In 2004 the NGA released a report titled The Next Generation of Workforce Development Project.
In order to achieve long-term economic success in the 21st Century and compete in a global economy, governors and state policymakers must create, attract and retain an educated and skilled workforce.
Department of Education official under President Reagan is warning parents that Common Core is all about thought control. In the USA, the Common Core Standards are getting a lot of attention nationwide for different reasons.
The Common Core standards are aimed to help students hone in on critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytic skills in order to be better prepared after high school.
Ideally, the new standards are going to support teachers in measuring student progress through the academic year and subsequent years.
Based on the ranking from PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment), the US ranked 27 in math, 17 in reading and 20 in science. This is looked at as an advantage because assessments can be used to determine national level decisions regarding education needs. With the Common Core implementation, cost associated with test development, scoring and reporting of data for states will decrease significantly.
Many students entering community and state level colleges and universities have to enroll in remediation courses because they are not prepared for the rigor of college level coursework. There will be optional pretests and monitoring assets that teachers can take advantage of providing a more personalized approach in assessing student progress.
The process of how the student arrived at their answer is more of the focus with assessments than just whether the answer was right or wrong. With so many states adopting the standards, a student who lives in one state and has to move to another, will still be expected to follow within the same framework.
As a result, students will be more invested in their learning because they understand the purpose through the standards. Skills that traditionally were focused on second or third grade will now take center stage as early as Kindergarten. This can be challenging for schools with funding issues but the government is providing some additional grants and funding for implementation.
Parents should get involved more through their parent associations and teacher conferences by having conversations on Common Core. The total cost of that bond is $4 billion—the State instead is spending one billion on an untried, non-piloted, not proven scheme of a billionaire, Bill Gates.
Let them pay for their actions against their constituents and the chidren whose lives they are helping to destroy. It’s a battle between states retaining the freedom to soar, versus having mediocre sameness of education across states. We have had one of the most intellectually diverse public education systems in the world.  But this is changing dramatically.
Michael Kirst of Stanford University pointed out that the standards define college readiness as being the same for 4-year, 2-year, and vocational colleges, essentially dumbing down expectations for university students.
Yet, the myth that Common Core solves educational problems is so widespread that most teachers and principals fear raising concerns.  We are experiencing a huge Spiral of Silence.
While the Common Core math standards may be an improvement over previous standards in some states, they are deficient for most, including for Utah. This approach has never been successfully used but Common Core imposes this experiment on the  country. This effectively redefines “college-readiness” to mean readiness for a nonselective community college, as a member of the Common Core writing team acknowledged in his testimony before the Massachusetts Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. Discovery and group learning approaches to math have had poor results when they have been used in classrooms across the country. It begins with the fact that Utah built a State Longitudinal Database System (SLDS) system, as required by the federal government in exchange for money.  The SLDS  was supposed to be a benefit to Utahns. The student data is further to be “mashed” with federal databases, according to federal Education Dept.
Dept of Education, as we noted earlier, have radically redefined terms and widened the window of groups who can access private data without parental consent.
Denial of future opportunities, based on ancient academic or behavioral history, comes to mind.
This neighbor believes he owns a piece of ground which his neighbor also claims, but he doesn’t know its boundaries. Clicking or tapping on the blue word will open the document or web page in a new tab in your browser.
Educational standards help teachers ensure their students have the skills and knowledge they need to be successful, while also helping parents understand what is expected of their children. That is why these standards establish what students need to learn but do not dictate how teachers should teach. But, while Common Core may only be a “clear set of standards”, there are 2 major testing consortia in the United States that have been aligned to them. This means that while the new state standards are technically just “standards” as we have mentioned, all standardized tests and college placement tests have been or are being realigned to Common Core. Both of these organizations are special interest groups which officially do not have any law or policy making authority. However, should you automatically chalk Common Core up to simply wanting to ‘improve’ education? This report raised red flags across the United States because it detailed the state of education in the country at the time and how it compared to other countries around the world.
Endorsed by the National Governors Association, the Council of Chief State School Officers, and other organizations, this theory pushed for aligning curriculum, standards, assessments, teacher training, and resources.
Every state has access to seed money to design a comprehensive school-to-work transition system, and to date, 37 states have competed successfully to receive one-time five-year grants to implement school-to-work systems. Marc Tucker from the NCEE was also on hand for the summit as his name can be found on the list of participants at the end of the linked document.
The Summit also led to the creation of Achieve to help states raise academic standards, improve assessments, and strengthen accountability. Since then she has served as senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, director of education, postsecondary success and special initiatives at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (which we will discuss in more detail later) and is currently Vice President of the Ford Foundation. Created in 1996 by a bipartisan group of governors and business leaders, Achieve is leading the effort to make college and career readiness a priority across the country so that students graduating from high school are academically prepared for postsecondary success.

Achieve, Inc was credited as being a part of each of those reports yet at no point had there been any discussions by parents, teachers, or school districts. While we understand it may seem overwelming to take it all in, it’s important to understand the foundation used to build the Common Core State Standards Initiative in order to get a better view of the bigger picture. We don’t mean some conspiracy theory based off of half truths or wishful thinking, but just simply looking at the facts that are right in front of us.
Educators, administrations, students and parents across the country are tackling this reform in various ways.
Whether it’s to enter the work force, further their academic education or join a trade school, students need fundamental skills in order to be successful for any avenue they choose. There are gaps in learning between transitions from grade to grade that the common core intends to curb. Before, each state was doing their own thing which was not helping assess for learning across the US as a whole.
The Common Core will allow for assessment covering several skills within a single question, allowing for more critical thinking and problem-solving. Initially the standards are going to be a tough adjustment and they have been as we are seeing the transition schools are now making across the states.
If you have a child with special needs, he or she will not receive a modified version of the Common Core Standards assessment.
Technology will become a crucial and pricey necessity as most of the assessments are online requiring computers.
In math Common Core teaches that two plus two can equal five is you understand the process—one billion dollars of mis-education. It’s a battle between teaching the traditional academics versus teaching the extreme political agendas of the Obama Administration; it’s a battle for who gets to decide what is to be planted in the mind of the child. The common core proponents are quick to make sweet-sounding claims, but their claims are not referenced and are, in fact, false. The common standards were not written by the federal government, but they were financially incentivized by the federal government and then were promoted by private interests. The Spiral of Silence is a well-known communications theory by Elizabeth Noelle-Neumann.  The Spiral of Silence phenomenon happens when people fear separation or isolation from those around them, and, believing they are in the minority, they keep their concerns to themselves. The argument was that the more data they collect, the smarter decisions could be made about education.
The other neighbor continues to encroach further and further onto land which the first neighbor suspects is his, but since he is never certain where the boundary is, he cannot stop the encroachment.
This means that a teacher may be allowed to teach with any method that they choose but at the end of the year the standardized tests given will grade a child’s knowledge on the Common Core aligned questions.
Those five states not tied to either consortia are also states that have not signed onto Common Core. Technically, signing onto the standards is completely voluntary for states, but if a state chooses not to sign on (which some did) they will not receive these federal funds.
So each state had to choose whether or not to sign on without seeing what was in the standards. The National Governors Association (NGA) is a non-profit, public policy and lobbying organization made up of the chief executives from America’s states and territories. For the longest time it was understood that the United States Constitution was written to explain the exact powers that the Federal government was to have.
Bush along with the National Governors Association to meet at the 1989 Education Summit in Charlottesville, Virginia. These systems integrate academic and vocational education, link secondary and postsecondary education, provide learning opportunities at the work site, and fully engage the private sector in the process.
Our schools and students will not meet any of the key academic goals set at the start of this decade. In September of 2008 the NGA, the CCSSO, and Achieve announced the forming of the International Benchmarking Advisory Group.
The answer posed at the beginning of this section will be used to achieve two things: First, it will help summarize what we have discussed up until this point.
This speech was addressed to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization also known as UNESCO. Some are vehemently opposed to the implementation while the wheels are in motion in many other states.
According to, so far forty-three states, the District of Colombia, four territories and the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) have voluntarily adopted the standards for implementation.
Students will receive education on and exposure to standards that will sync up seamlessly with their previous and upcoming grade level.
After researching other countries education systems, standards and framework, the Common Core standards have been internationally benchmarked. Instead of testing one skill at a time, students will be assessed on multiple levels of skills simultaneously in the Common Core framework. There is a clash for existing teachers who did not go through their academic education learning about the Common Core Standards. Many educators have also noted that while some standards are raising the bar for learning, others are lowering it. High stake testing is going to be at the forefront even more as states will compare their scores with one another. Children will need a lot of support at home as they adjust to the new rigor and faculty will need all the training possible to be equipped in implementing changes. I believe parents & teachers care, but those of us who are informed are still not being heard. You can view the press release from here where it names the first two winners of the Race to the Top grants in March of 2010. Education was specifically left out of the Constitution because the framers knew that education, while essential to a free society, was meant to be locally controlled and not a responsibility of the Federal government. No, the educational forum in January of 2008 co-sponsored by the NGA and the Hunt Institute’s press release was published after the meeting.
The goal of the Common Core Standards is to provide a clear framework for knowledge domains and standards that all students should be able to master in Math and English language arts from kindergarten through 12th grade. However, it will be years before we know how effective the standards will be in student learning and achievement. Benchmarking means to be able to compare or assess against a point of reference or standard.
This new norm is going to be a struggle for teachers who disagree with the sequencing of these standards.
Being on the same spectrum will create new rankings and standards for schools to be measured on.
Attend the board meetings, the conferences, the online forums and most of all talk to your kids about their learning experience. So, why are the chidren of normal parents being subjected to this totally demeaning program and why are the States that have accepted it, as well as the school districts even trying to implement the programs do not stimulate the mind in any positive way? Common Core represents an ongoing cash cow for many groups, which explains why the media does not cover this issue.  Many media outlets, even Fox News via Wireless Generation, are entangled in the massive money-making factory that is Common Core implementation. Included in the Act was a section dedicated to Education which allocated federal tax payer money to the states that agreed to a certain set of terms.
You can then view the press release here on announcing the completion of the Common Core standards in June of 2010.
Because it is an organization, membership dues are required and are paid by tax dollars from each member’s respective state or territory.
This sentiment changed in the twentieth century with the Progressive Movement as the mindset became the Federal government knows what is best and only through it can true change be achieved.
We can spend all day trying to dissect the standards but for brevity sake, let’s focus on the bigger picture.
A national set of standards could be innovative or detrimental to the educational system but only time will tell.
By comparing favorable to standards followed in other countries, the US is aiming to improve their rankings as a result. The biggest criticism for teachers is that the standards only apply for English and math at the moment. Many of us realize that the NWO (New World Order) want slaves and ignorant children to fill those jobs that do not require special skills. Microsoft and Pearson and others are seeing what a huge opportunity it presents them, as they benefit financially from the newly created false need: millions of new textbooks, teacher development programs, and new testing technologies are called for under the common core and its nationalized tests. Common Core, officially named The Common Core State Standards, is now a major part of education in America.
These terms included adopting the new, unfinished set of education standards (which would eventually become Common Core), joining a testing consortium with the purpose of creating standardized testing assessments, and building data systems to monitor the progress. All we can do is try to understand the reform and support the implementation efforts for our children’s sake. The cohorts of students and teachers going through implementation are the guinea pigs in that respect.
Equip yourself with the facts, the pros and cons and know where all your resources are when you need them. We already have idiots elected and working for the governments (all levels) who have yet to get the message.
Some folks are buckling up for the slow progress ahead while others are rebelling against the system and speaking out about their concerns.
Although the common core, ideally, supports the literacy skills and concepts required for college and career readiness in these various disciplines, there is nothing specific for science, social studies and other general education content yet.
It is known that the program under Common Core will not provide your children, the ability to attend college. Maybe we need to have the leadership itself sit in classed presented by Common Core and see how well they do! The ESEA was the first big plan that distributed $1 Billion in Federal tax payer money for schools to help fight Johnson’s War on Poverty. For this, individual states still have to develop their own set of assessments which leads them right back to square one.
Teachers are going to be doing their best to implement the standards but they aren’t the ones who primarily created them.
This Act provided the path for all future wealth redistribution in the name of education by the Federal government. Though English and Math are the crux of fundamental learning outcomes, the other topics will be a challenge to master at the same expected skill level when assessed in the traditional format. The more your community is involved in taking ownership of this shift in education, the better equipped you will be to soar through the peaks and trek through the valleys.

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