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Il s’agit principalement de l’hypertension arterielle, le diabete sucre, les cancers et la drepanocytose. L’annee 2010 a ete la 4e annee de la mise en ?uvre du plan national de la lutte contre les maladies chroniques non transmissibles (MNT).
Au Burkina Faso, l’ampleur des maladies non transmissibles (MNT) n’est pas suffisamment connue. Les donnees de routine fournies par les formations sanitaires sont actuellement fragmentaires et incompletes. Toutefois, l’exploitation des donnees compilees par la Direction generale de l’information et des statistiques sanitaires (DGISS) revele que les MNT sont en nette augmentation, constituant ainsi un probleme de sante publique de par leur frequence, leur caractere chronique et leur gravite.
L’exode rural et le developpement des villes en Mauritanie, la sedentarisation et les changements culinaires qu’a connu sa population, ainsi que l’expansion du tabagisme et des substances psycho actives, particulierement chez les jeunes, ont entraine l’emergence d’un certain nombre de pathologies. Les pathologies cardio-vasculaires, dominees par l’hypertension arterielle (HTA) est l’une des premieres causes de consultation chez les adultes ages, avec une prevalence estimee a 22%[1], seraient en forte croissance.
Elles regroupent les pathologies comme le diabete, l’hypertension arterielle (HTA), les cancers, les broncho-pneumopathies chroniques obstructives (BPCO). Le diabete et l’HTA sont associes dans 30% des cas selon une etude faite au CHUK et causent des complications degeneratives dans 73,17% des cas selon la meme etude. La situation epidemiologique du Gabon est marquee par l’importance croissante des maladies non transmissibles, particulierement l’hypertension arterielle, le diabete, l’obesite, les cancers et les demences. A cela s’ajoutent les accidents de la voie publique, l’alcoolisme, le tabagisme, les toxicomanies, les maladies professionnelles et nutritionnelles. Toutefois, le SNSR, bien que prevoyant le report des causes specifiques de mortalite et de morbidite, n’inclut pas des donnees de surveillance, de controle et d’evaluation des MNT, et il n’existe pas encore de Registre national du cancer. Em Cabo Verde regista-se doencas nao transmissiveis que sao consideradas importantes pela sua frequencia e gravidade, cuja incidencia e prevalencia nao estao ainda integralmente quantificadas, nomeadamente, as doencas cardiovasculares incluindo a hipertensao arterial, cardiopatias isquemicas e os acidentes vasculares cerebrais, insuficiencia renal cronica, diabetes, tumores malignos, particularmente gastricos e do foro genital, traumatismos diversos, deficiencias nutricionais.
A situacao nutricional e alimentar em Cabo Verde obrigou a programacao de accoes multissectoriais, que foram integrados no ambito dum plano nacional de desenvolvimento socioeconomico. Au Benin, la Direction Nationale de la Sante Publique a en son sein le programme national de lutte contre les maladies non transmissibles (PNLMT) qui elabore les politiques et strategies de lutte contre diverses maladies non transmissibles.
Noncommunicable diseases are now responsible for an increasing share of Africa’s disease burden, with about 62% of older Africans dying from this cause. Noncommunicable diseases principally affecting the WHO African Region are cancers, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and chronic lung and respiratory diseases.
Question: could you still consider not appropriate to link, for instance, "blindness" to "Eye and ear health"???
Noncommunicable diseases are an emerging problem in Uganda, as is the case in all developing countries. Unfortunately, Uganda does not have nationally representative data on noncommunicable diseases. In the context of the epidemiological transition in Ethiopia, a double burden of disease is already emerging with the mix of persistent infectious diseases and increasing noncommunicable diseases and injuries. The prevalence of blindness in Liberia is estimated at 1%, with an estimated total of 35 000 blind people. Owing to the high burden of morbidity caused by blindness and its bidirectional link to poverty, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare is committed to working with new and existing partners to ensure that eye health services are integrated into all county health systems, including school health services. A STEPS survey[7] conducted in Malawi in 2009 clearly demonstrates that noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors are a significant public health problem.
As in some developing countries, noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease are on the rise in the Gambia.[8] Unhealthy diet, lack of exercise and obesity are the risk factors that predispose to noncommunicable diseases in the Gambia. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and conditions represent a significant burden in Sierra Leone.

Shifting the conventional mode of addressing NCDs from the tertiary care level to primary care and focusing on risk reduction is a necessary but difficult approach for their prevention and control.
Although morbidity and mortality of noncommunicable diseases in Botswana is not well documented, they are estimated to account for 31% of all deaths in the country.
Evidence shows that NCD’s, long thought to be the burden of high-income populations, are affecting more low-and middle-income countries, including Namibia. Between July 2010 and July 2011, 3,650 new cases of the disease were recorded in the country’s public health facilities. Reducing risk factors is being pursued as one of the best ways to prevent chronic diseases. There is an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases in the country, which adds to the continuing burden of communicable diseases, perinatal and nutritional disorders. Zambia is currently experiencing a major increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Most of these health conditions are associated with lifestyles, such as unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, alcohol abuse and tobacco use, while some are also associated with biological risk factors, which run in families.
Zimbabwe is faced by the triple burden of communicable, re-emerging and non-communicable diseases, like other developing countries.
En Union des Comores l’augmentation des deces et complications lies aux maladies cardiovasculaires, le diabete et les cancers, observes ces dernieres annees interpelle le Ministere de la sante a disposer des donnees fiables sur les facteurs de risque des maladies non transmissibles. L’objectif de la presente enquete est de contribuer a l’elaboration des politiques nationales de surveillance, de prevention, de promotion et de soins de ces maladies. Medicine has been mostly focused on the diagnose and treatment of diseases that affect human bodies.
Because of this, I have developed a system that will help the patients to prepare for their infertility procedure, during and after.
Contrairement aux maladies transmissibles, il n’existe pas un systeme rigoureux de notification des cas de MNT. Elles regroupent entre autres, les affections cardio-vasculaires, les troubles et maladies mentales, les maladies metaboliques comme le diabete, la malnutrition et autres carences nutritionnelles, les cancers. Elles sont prises en charge dans le cadre d’un programme nouvellement cree au sein du MSPLS.
La prise en charge de ces maladies reste un probleme majeur du fait que les medicaments sont tres chers et doivent etre pris quotidiennement. Nesse contexto, foram reforcadas as intervencoes dirigidas as situacoes de mal nutricao e as alteracoes em micro nutrientes para a deteccao precoce e adequada de novos casos e adopcao das necessarias medidas preventivas e de recuperacao e a continuacao da promocao do aleitamento materno, exclusivo ate os 6 meses. In our phone conversation you explained that the "text linked" should "mirror" the section it is linked to. The country also lacks a comprehensive noncommunicable disease policy, strategic plan, and standards and guidelines for managing noncommunicable diseases. Noncommunicable diseases and injuries are already major contributors to the high morbidity and mortality burden of the country. Cataract is the major cause of blindness in Liberia, with an estimated backlog of 17 500 people or 50% of the total blind population.
These account for most of the health care resources used and present a significant economic burden in the country.
However, there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence of NCDs such as hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and sickle-cell disease.
The most common ones are cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes.
According to the demographic health survey series, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and chronic respiratory illnesses are among the top 10 diseases and top 15 causes of death in Namibia. To date, the major focus of health interventions in Namibia has been on communicable diseases, but in response to prevalence figures the health sector has now made the prevention of NCDs a priority.

The National Policy on Health Promotion, which is currently being drafted, outlines ways for reducing risk factors while improving health services to address the situation. A comprehensive analytical description of the magnitude of the burden of increasing of non-communicable diseases is hindered by lack of accurate and reliable information.
Available records from hospitals and health facilities in the country show that non-communicable diseases comprise the top five reasons for hospitals admissions. There are biological physical causes related to our bodies and non-biological related to our energy and well-being. These hormonal disorders may be related to genetic predisposition, disorders in our diet, tumours, injuries. It depends on the duration and type of the treatment this can be reversible or irreversible. Also, patients carrying mutations and deletions in certain genes may face a challenge to conceive. Also people who work with cadmium, mercury, lead, anaesthetist gases, and exposure to heat. However, some new research have concluded that men have more change to recover their normal sperm functioning after exposure to cancer treatment, more than women. However, I would like you to understand the fact that most of the unexplained infertility named in the biological area, it might not just be biological. Some very credited professionals discovered there is something else than just look for physical causes, diagnosis or treatments. Elles sont peu documentees car les donnees epidemiologiques de routine ne les prennent pas en compte et il n’existe pas non plus d’enquetes fiables dans ce domaine.
Pour ce qui est du diabete, il existe des centres specialises de prise en charge du diabete et des associations de lutte contre cette maladie. La mesure de la menace a ete prise, et plusieurs programmes sanitaires visent ces pathologies, malgre l’insuffisance des ressources tant humaines que materielles et financieres. An additionally 3% of the total population (10 500 people) suffers from visual impairment (WHO 2002 figures). Before the 1980s, common diseases in Botswana were infectious diseases and those associated with unsanitary conditions, poverty and inadequate hygiene. An integrated multi-sectoral NCD Task Force under the leadership of the MoHSS is now in place an NCD strategy is under development. The policy calls for a ‘whole-government’ approach, which is fundamental to addressing the crosscutting issues and underlying socio-economic determinants of health, such as the regulatory environment around alcohol and tobacco. Causes of these disorders can be related to polycystic ovarian disease, hyperprolactinemia, hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism. There are many publications relating it to the increase of temperature of the testis which occasion a damage in the area where the sperm forms and delivers. The report suggested a general increase in prevalence of diabetes mellitus with increase in age and a higher prevalence in women than in males (Fig. This cause a decreased number of sperm formed, morphological alterations and difficulty during delivery of the sperm because of their poor quality. Black hole of negativity How to make the decision about undergoing a fertility treatment or not?

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