The diagnosis is confirmed on X-ray of the lungs, which shows increased fluid in the alveolar walls. The chest x-ray is the diagnostic modality of choice in the evaluation of the patient with suspected pulmonary edema.
Cardiogenic pulmonary edema can be distinguished from noncardiogenic pulmonary edema by the presence of redistribution of blood flow to the upper lobes (increased blood flow to the higher parts of the lung) and interstitial edema. In contrast, patchy alveolar infiltrates with air bronchograms are more indicative of noncardiogenic edema. Peribronchial cuffing is an abnormality on a chest x-ray whereby the usually thin bronchial walls are thickened and take on a doughnut-like appearance. Shown below is a chest x ray with the red arrows which demonstrate thickened bronchial walls that have a doughnut-like appearance.
The most common condition caused due to excess fluid in the lungs is called pulmonary edema. Even though pulmonary edema is fatal, it can be treated if detected early and if the underlying conditions are dealt with. The symptoms for pulmonary edema may vary depending on the respective cause and may appear suddenly or over a period of time. In case of the above symptoms, it is essential to contact medical help right away, else it may prove to be fatal. When the condition results from congestive cardiac failure, then it may lead to a build-up of fluids in the body, particularly the legs.
In prolonged cases of pulmonary edema, the pressure in the pulmonary artery may increase leading to the failure of the right ventricle. Fluid in the lungs caused due to heart problems occurs when the affected left ventricle is unable to pump out requite blood that it gets from the lungs. Fluid in the lungs is also caused due to congestive cardiac failure that results when the right ventricle is unable to bear the increased workload, hypertension of the pulmonary artery as well as persistent lung disease.
Any issues with the heart valves that prevent the complete closure of the heart valves or result in their decreased opening can lead to greater pressure on the coronary arteries. There are other reasons that are non-cardiac in nature and may result in fluid in the lungs. Once hospitalized, the doctor may prescribe medications such as preload reducers and afterload reducers to decrease the cardiac pressure, morphine to reduce the pain and shortness of breath as well hypertension drugs to control the blood pressure.
Heart Disease - Narrowing of the coronary arteries causing heart attacks due to blockages that interrupt blood flow. Atherosclerosis - Hardening of the arteries due to a build up of plaque on the interior wall of the coronary arteries.
Congenital Heart Defects - Occurs when the heart or blood vessels near the heart don't develop normally before birth.
What are the Symptoms?Symptoms of a heart condition can take many forms and vary from person to person.
What Can I do?If you suspect that you have a heart condition or heart disease and experience any of the symptoms related to it, your physician should be contacted immediately for evaluation and treatment. The blood vessels that supply the lungs can also constrict and their walls may thicken, so they can’t carry as much blood. Although primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is rare, diagnosing and treating PPH is often delayed and can be very complex.
With PPH, some patients will have many symptoms while other patients may only have a few clues to the problem.
When not accompanied by underlying heart and lung disease or other illnesses, it is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
December 17, 2014 by Ram Leave a Comment Deep vein thrombosis is the formation of blood clot called thrombus in one of the deep veins of your body.
In rare cases a condition called pulmonary embolism occurs when the blood clot breaks off traveling towards the lungs or heart thus blocking the normal blood flow. This condition also develops when the persona€™s blood has the tendency to coagulate faster than normal rate.
Surgery, injury or trauma to the veins of your legs can interrupt normal blood flow leading to formation of blood clots. Your doctor will observe the leg condition taking a closer look on the calf muscles, ankle and foot.
The ultimate aim of the treatment for deep vein thrombosis is to stop the blood clot to grow big and travel further and to prevent further clot formation. For more severe cases, clot-busters are given intravenously to break the big sized blood clots.

In case you are detected with deep vein thrombosis, follow the instructions of your doctor in taking medications.
A lot goes into examining a patient for a long list of risks and causes of Pulmonary Hypertension (PH), and thus for its treatment. CPAP is indeed sometimes used very effectively in patients with sleep apnea, but the effect on co-existing Pulmonary Hypertension is less certain, unless there is evidence of congestive heart failure, which you don't have. CAPTCHAThis question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. These lines represent distended interlobular septa, which are usually less than 1 cm in length and parallel to one another at right angles to the pleura.
It has been hypothesized that once the hydrostatic pressure exceeds 10 mm Hg, then fluid begins to leak into the interstitium of the lung.
It results in the collection of fluids in the various sacs of the lungs leading to difficulties in breathing.
But the fluids can collect in the lungs for various other reasons such as certain medication, excessive exercising, pneumonia, exposure to toxins as well as living at high altitudes.
This is because the right ventricle is less required to pump blood into the lungs and therefore has a thinner wall of muscle than the left side. This leads to an increase in the pressure within the left atrium which then spreads to the capillaries and veins in the lungs. This results in overworking of the heart muscles which in turn backs up the fluid into the lungs and eventually the air sacs.
Exposure to some toxins, abnormal drug reactions, kidney diseases, lung infections, high altitudes and inhalation of excessive smoke or water are some such reasons.
He will order specific tests to find the root cause of your heart condition symptoms and prescribe the appropriate treatment regimin. It is more noticeable if you experience breathing difficulty, dizziness or even fainting spells that some patients report.
The medical evaluation requires an in-depth understanding of lung and circulation problems because these same symptoms can also signal other types of health problems. This condition is relatively rare, with only about 500 to 1,000 new cases diagnosed every year in the United States.
But the same blood clot may develop inside the veins due to prolonged sitting hours or inactivity. For some people, it can cause sharp pain in the legs causing swelling on the ankle or foot. Deep vein thrombosis (as the name suggests) is the condition when blood clot develops on the deep veins and not on the superficial veins. Smoking, prolonged use of contraceptive pills, genetic predisposition, certain types of blood cancer and polycythemia vera can cause hyper-coagulability. If your job involves sitting for extended hours like that of driving or flying you are prone to develop this problem due to poor exercise to your calf muscles. I underwent pulmonary function testing, antibody testing for scleroderma, arterial gas, chest xray etc. Pulmonary Hypertension is often diagnosed when your doctor finds an elevated blood pressure in your lungs , as part of an examination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), blood clots in the lung, or forms of congenital heart disease. T” was listed as one of the Top 10 Heart Disease Blogs of 2012 by Healthline Networks.
They are located peripherally in contact with the pleura, but are generally absent along fissural surfaces.
Sometimes, conditions related to heart disease carry no symptoms at all, and can be deadly if not diagnosed, such as hypertension (HTN). If the pressure in the pulmonary artery is greater than 25 mm Hg at rest and 30 mm Hg during exercise, it is abnormally high and is called pulmonary hypertension. As the condition progresses, you may begin to notice swelling in the ankles or legs, bluish discoloration of the lips and skin, and chest pains.
For these reasons, patients with symptoms that suggest pulmonary hypertension should be evaluated at a medical center with expertise and experience in pulmonary hypertension.
People whose job involves sitting for long periods are prone to develop deep vein thrombosis. Some of the symptoms of pulmonary embolism are rapid pulse rate, excess of sweating, chest pain, shortness of breath and feeling dizzy.
Immobility due to prolonged hospitalization, extended hours of travel (flight or train), surgery (which can make you immobile temporarily), delayed pregnancy and obesity can cause deep vein thrombosis. Sudden injury or trauma to the vein like bruises on the leg, fracture can cause deep vein thrombosis.

Long hospitalization or condition of paralysis can make your leg immobile causing this problem. Heart problem, using of contraceptive pills for long, using pacemaker in vein, being overweight and smoking can induce this problem. These drugs are called anticoagulants which would reduce the chance of blood clot formation. Filters are inserted surgically into one of the large veins permanently which would prevent clot formation and also prevent blood clots to travel to the lungs. In case you are taking warfarin, you need to check the dosage of vitamin K in your diet since it can affect the effective functioning of this medicine. Individuals who are taking blood thinners should immediately consult doctor if they have excess bleeding from any wound or injury. Vasodilator therapy has been used for many years and heart-lung transplant remains as the ultimate therapy for patients who do not respond other treatments.
There are several reasons for the build-up of fluid in the lungs, but the most prominent cause is cardiac abnormality. Twenty-three million Americans have heart disease, 13 times the number of people with Alzheimer's. If the pressure is high enough, eventually the heart can’t keep up, and less blood can circulate through the lungs to pick up oxygen. These later symptoms indicate your body is not circulating enough oxygen-filled blood from your lungs which is a definite health problem that needs treatment. Several cases of primary pulmonary hypertension have been linked to the use of the appetite suppressants fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine.
In rare cases DVT may develop into complications like pulmonary embolism affecting the lungs. Sometimes the area becomes tender and warm to touch and the skin may lose its original color turning into pale color. If you experience any of the above symptoms, you need to visit your doctor without any delay. Blood circulation may get affected due to poor contraction of calf muscles which may cause deep vein thrombosis. Blood culture is to be done for detecting the level of D dimer (a substance that dissolves clot). It would also help in further development of fresh blood clots apart from reducing the size of existing clot.
Monitor your weight and blood pressure and wear compression stockings to prevent blood clots. The latest echo done last week shows no change in the Jan echo with pressure still remaining 57-60.
The ECHO of your heart shows that its function is well preserved and your heart valves work normally. Heart disease is the number 1 killer of women: nearly 500,000 a year, more than the next six diseases combined. In addition to this, your doctor may prescribe medications to decrease or alleviate your symptoms. But the problem occurs when the blood clot travels down and moves towards your heart affecting blood circulation. For some people venography test is done in which dye like material is injected into the vein of your foot and monitored for clots. Weight management and stopping smoking will go a long way to increase your sense of health and well being.Should you suddenly experience an increase in your heart condition symptoms, call 911 or have someone do it for you if you are unable. But it is necessary for you to follow the instructions of your doctor once you start taking these drugs to avoid unwanted side effects. For less severe cases like superficial thrombophlebitis warm compression is useful in addition to taking pain relievers like ibuprofen.
My cardiologist feels the cpap will lower it more over time along with weight loss as no other causes seem to be found. You will have to do periodic blood tests for determining the time interval for blood clot formation.

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