The below cancer facts were presented to survey participants to provide a basic understanding of these cancers and how they affect the Western Australian population.
Excessive red meat consumption, being overweight, insufficient fibre and alcohol consumption are all causes of bowel cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, with 1600 new cases reported each year in Western Australia. In 2012, there were a total of 1031 new cases and 849 deaths due to lung cancer in Western Australia.
Five year survival from lung cancer was 14% for men and 17% for women in Western Australia.
People with lung cancer spent a total of 82,914 days in hospital in 2012 in Western Australia. 86% of all lung cancer cases are directly related to smoking and therefore could be prevented.
Australia ranks the highest in lung cancer survival compared to Canada, New Zealand, The UK and USA. In 2012, Oesophageal and stomach cancer affected more than double the amount of men than women in Western Australia. Smoking and insufficient fruit and vegetable consumption are risk factors for both oesophageal and stomach cancer. SEER is an authoritative source of information on cancer incidence and survival in the United States.
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Cervical Cancer - Did you know that new diagnoses of cervical cancer have decreased by more than 50% from 1975-2010? Human Papillomavirus (HPV) - Did you know infection with about 15 HPV types is associated with cancer among both men and women? Expand All Collapse AllLifetime risk estimates are not available with the current statistics release, but will be added later when population data for older age groups are available.
Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2013, there were an estimated 248,920 women living with cervix uteri cancer in the United States. Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. The earlier cervix uteri cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. In 2016, it is estimated that there will be 12,990 new cases of cervix uteri cancer and an estimated 4,120 people will die of this disease.
Infection of the cervix with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer, although not all women with HPV infection will develop cervical cancer. Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments. Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new cervix uteri cancer cases have been falling on average 0.9% each year over the last 10 years. All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.
The statistics presented in this factsheet are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review. Use the form below to delete this The Chart Below Shows Survival Results Of 61 Advanced Stage image from our index. Use the form below to delete this e‚?a??a‚“a?®a????Yc—‡cS¶ CTa?§e¦‹a?¤a?‹a‚‹ image from our index.
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Use the form below to delete this New Clip From The Shallows Takes Us To Paradise Dread Central image from our index. IncidenceIn 2010, there were 116,580 new cases of cancer in Australia (65,983 new cases in men and 50,598 new cases in women), excluding non-melanoma skin cancer.In 2014, about 128,290 Australians are expected to be diagnosed with cancer (72,110 men and 56,180 women). About a month ago, I wrote a post congratulating Sharon Begley for her well reasoned reporting on a paper in Health Affairs that argues that the extra money we spend on cancer care is worth it because it buys us increased survival time. This criticism is somewhat puzzling since we also examine mortality trends in our paper, and the same story holds.
Their results were dependent on the data in the Appendix, yet the errors in it suggest that it was not critically reviewed. Even so, I’ll concede that we may have lower mortality rates than many other countries when it comes to breast cancer.
Ultimately though, people with cancer—and their physicians—are most concerned about their survival chances once they are diagnosed. This study showed that survival rates are increased for two cancers that are massively screened for in the US. Health conditions and issues that women experience over a lifetime are different to those of men. Social and economic disadvantage factors, such as poverty and low income, that women are more likely to experience than men, result in poorer health and well-being outcomes.
Equal access to health care and information may result in women in the ACT being able to fully participate and enjoy the feeling of inclusion and wellbeing in the ACT community.


Engaging in a healthy lifestyle can result in an individual having positive feelings towards their health and well-being. Indicators of self-reported health status, tobacco and alcohol consumption, overweight and obesity and participation in screening activities are reported in this first topic area. Proportion of ACT women aged 18 and older that smoke, are ex-smokers or have never consumed tobacco. Smoking and exposure to second-hand smoke are high risk factors for lung cancer, respiratory diseases, and other health problems. In 2011–12, there was a 6 percentage points difference between women and men in the ACT who were smoking, with men consuming more tobacco than women. There is an 8.7 percentage points difference between ACT women and men who are ex-smokers in favour of men. There is a 14.8 percentage points difference in favour of women between ACT women and men who have never consumed tobacco.
Note: current smoker includes daily smoker, weekly smoker (at least once a week, but not daily) and less than weekly.
ACT females aged 15 years and over consume alcohol at risky levels, 0.7 percentage points above the national female average.
Men in the ACT are 19.7 percentage points more likely to exceed recommended daily alcohol intake compared to women.
Proportion of women in the ACT with an overweight or obese self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI).
The increasing prevalence of overweight persons and obesity has emerged as an important health issue.
Note: It should be noted that studies comparing physical measures versus self-reported measures have shown that people tend to overestimate their height and underestimate their weight, which results in an underestimation of BMI.
Cancer screening is considered to be an effective technique in detecting and treating cancer, particularly in early stages. This topic evaluates and measures the health and well-being of mothers and children in the ACT. The proportion of live-born babies in the ACT to women residing in the ACT, with a birth weight of less than 2500 grams.
Low birthweight is an important population health indicator as it occurs with greater prevalence in disadvantaged populations. Caesarean sections involve risks and require longer hospital stays than uncomplicated vaginal births.
Between 2000 and 2008, the proportion of caesarean procedures has increased across all age groups. Trends in caesarean section births by hospital sector for 1997 to 2008 have also increased. The proportion of ACT women aged 18 years and over who self report and seek support for high or very high levels of psychological distress. High and very high levels of psychological distress is measured using the Kessler 10 Plus questionnaire. Early intervention and support in the community is essential for the best possible management of mental health and behavioural disorders, and the best possible health and social outcomes. The proportion of separations from the Canberra Hospital that include an ICD10 code (indicative of self-harm) of X71 to X83 in the diagnoses codes. Self-harm behaviour is fairly prevalent in a minority of the population, with higher rates reported for youth and females.
As of the year ending 30 June 2012, the separation rate from the Canberra Hospital due to intentional self-harm increased to 41 incidences of separation, up from 32 in the year ending 30 June 2009. For the year ending 30 June 2012, ACT women had nine additional incidences of separation from the Canberra Hospital due to intentional self-harm compared to men. Women experience health conditions and injuries, resulting in hospitalisation, that are different to those that men encounter. The proportion of ACT women and men who have reported one or more long-term health conditions. Long term conditions refers to illnesses, diseases or disabilities that have lasted for at least six months, or which the person reporting them expects to last for six months or more in the future.
Information and trends regarding the prevalence and types of long-term health conditions in Australia are important for healthcare planning, including assessing the effect of health prevention initiatives, as well as future planning and funding.
ACT women also had higher per cent in five of the conditions compared to the national rate. Of the ten commonly reported long-term health conditions, ACT women reported higher percentage points than men in seven of the conditions, with short-sightedness having the largest percentage gap of seven per cent (refer to Table 12).
The proportion of the total number of ACT women that were admitted to ACT public hospitals due to falls and transport accident injuries.
Injuries are a leading cause of premature mortality and can result in a variety of physical and mental disabilities that can impact on longer-term quality of life.
In 2009-2010, there was a 15.6 percentage gap with females in the ACT being represented in ACT public hospital for fall related injuries compared with men. Hospitalisations due to transport accident injuries have been increasing for both women and men in the ACT. 63 NHMRC, Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol, 2009, Canberra.
64 NHMRC, Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol, 2009, Canberra. 69 AIHW & NBCC, 2007, Breast cancer survival by size and nodal status, Cancer series no. 77 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Cesarean Delivery on Maternal Request, Committee Opinion, no.559.
SEER currently collects and publishes cancer incidence and survival data from population-based cancer registries covering approximately 28 percent of the U.S. Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). The number of new cases of cervix uteri cancer was 7.5 per 100,000 women per year based on 2009-2013 cases.


It is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be found with regular Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope).
Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. I have no idea if they’re responding to my criticism, but I wanted to address some of their points anyway. Moreover, the differences in mortality rate aren’t nearly as big as the differences in survival rates. While mortality rates in the population may be a focus of epidemiological research, they are not the statistics of greatest interest to those diagnosed with cancer.  Once diagnosed, a patient and her physician care more about how long she will live—hence our choice of survival as the primary endpoint. We have massive screening programs for prostate cancer and breast cancer, but not for most of those other cancers. Then it declared, in the manuscript’s discussion, that these differences are likely due to the increased health care spending in the US, specifically citing pharmaceuticals. Do you know what is commonly done to control for factors affecting incidence rates such as behavior, genetics, etc.
The most obvious areas of difference are the prevention, treatment and recovery needs regarding a women’s reproductive health, including maternal health, menopause and cancers affecting the reproductive organs. These factors can lead to mental illness and engaging in unhealthy behaviours such as alcohol and tobacco consumption.
However, there continue to be risk factors that are connected with behaviours and lifestyles that impact negatively on the health and well-being of people. Females aged 16 years and over rating their own health, and the health status of females aged between 10–15 years as reported by main carers or parents. Smoking is identified as a primary factor to having a negative impact on a person's health.
Long-term adverse effects of high consumption of alcohol on an individual’s health include alcohol-related accidents and injuries, a contribution to cardiovascular disease, various cancers, risks to unborn babies, mental health conditions and self-harm. BMI provides the most widely used indication of a population's bodyweight characteristics.
Maternal and child health will cover four indicators: breastfeeding, low birthweight, smoking during pregnancy and caesarean section births.
Furthermore, low birthweight babies are more likely to have health and developmental problems later in life, including learning difficulties, hearing and visual impairments, chronic respiratory problems and other chronic diseases. During this eight year period, the ACT remained significantly below the national average rate for tobacco consumption during pregnancy. Kessler 10 (K10) is a 10-item questionnaire that measures anxiety, depression, agitation and psychological fatigue in the most recent four-week period, with additional questions to establish the effects of the distress. Positive interventions within the community reduce the likelihood of hospitalisation for psychiatric conditions. Self harm may arise from complex life experiences including abuse and various forms of disadvantage and discrimination, which women experience at higher rates than men. Measuring the trends of falls and transport accident injuries that result in ACT residents being hospitalised, can assist in prevention strategies and the opportunity to reduce the burden of premature mortality and chronic disabilities.
Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your healthcare professional. No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly. This factsheet does not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although it provides links to information in many of these areas. If they’d done their calculations on these differences, the cost might not have appeared to be worth it.
Put another way, researchers do not abandon measuring survival in oncology trials because there is a well-recognized issue of attrition bias. Do you really think that has nothing to do with the massive differences in results between those two cancers and the others?
These risks contribute to an estimated one-third of Australia’s total of deaths, disease and disability.
A BMI of 25 and over is considered overweight and a BMI of 30 and over is considered obese. Conversely, an unhealthy bodyweight (being obese or overweight) is a modifiable risk factor for premature death and a range of chronic diseases. The largest increase in the percentage of caesarean section births is for private hospital elective caesarean sections which increased from 17 per cent to 26 per cent between 1997 and 2008.
For each item in the questionnaires there is a five-level response scale based on the amount of time the person experienced the particular symptom. Readers should note that over time currency and completeness of the information may change.
The bottom line is that looking at mortality also supports our finding of a widening gap between the United States and the European countries we investigated. A smaller increase was seen for public hospital elective caesarean section births from 10 per cent to 14 per cent. When scoring response, 1-5 points are assigned to each symptom, with 1 indicating none of the time and 5 indicating all of the time.
Measuring trends in self-harm may assist in understanding and preventing adverse mental health outcomes, particularly for men and women with complex mental health conditions and life circumstances.
All users should seek advice from a qualified healthcare professional for a diagnosis and answers to their medical questions. If you diagnose a cancer earlier in one country than in another, almost by definition survival time is increased, even if they die at the same rate at the same time. Small increases were also observed in the emergency caesarean section rates for public and private hospitals.
Survival estimates absolutely will be subject to lead time bias when there are different methods of diagnosis.



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