The numbers are stunning: Four out of five 10-year-olds say that they're afraid of being fat. Where did these young children, not even out of elementary school, learn to dread being overweight? The anxieties they experience are the product of a society and media culture that prizes a thin image for women above anything else, and devalues any woman who strays outside the false "norm" of a skinny body. In the 1960s, toymaker Mattel released "Slumber Party Barbie," along with combs, hair rollers and a sleeping bag. Starting with their very first toy doll, girls are exposed to highly unrealistic images of female bodies, and are taught to model these images in their own lives.
With these proportions, a woman would not have the necessary body fat to menstruate at all, and her body mass index would approach the "severely underweight" range3. The Yale Center for Eating and Weight Disorders has calculated how much an average healthy woman's body would have to change in order for her to have the proportions of a Barbie doll. They found that women would have to grow two feet taller, extend their neck length by 3.2 inches, gain 5 inches in chest size, and lose 6 inches in waist circumference.
The impact of these dolls on the self-image and eating habits of girls is very real, and very measurable. When girls aged 6 to 10 were assigned to play with either a very thin doll or an average-sized doll, the children who had played with the thin doll ate significantly less food. In an effort to better understand the reality of how far Barbie really is from the average woman, we created an infographic featuring a photo-realistic rendering of what Barbie would look like compared to an average woman, along with an apples to apples comparison of her dimensions to that of average women, anorexic women, and fashion models6. In a one survey, teen girls were asked what they would wish for if they had three magic wishes.
Women are made to believe that these products, essential to their appearance, will only look good on a body that they can't have without seriously endangering their health.
As the average weight of American women has increased, the weight of models has been steadily decreasing for decades. In a study of anorexic women in outpatient programs, many reported using fashion and beauty magazines to compare their own bodies to the thin ideal portrayed within. Others reported seeking out the exact weight of women portrayed in magazines, and then dedicating themselves to ensuring that their own weight was lower. What many women don't realize is that the models in magazines often have bodies that are literally impossible.
When photo editors decide that a celebrity's body just isn't a good fit for their magazine, they'll sometimes cut and paste her face onto an entirely different body. If a model's ribs are very visible due to her extremely low weight, editors will brush over them to make them appear less prominent. Celebrity women themselves have often objected to how their photos have been edited in magazines.
In an issue of Self magazine devoted to "Total Body Confidence" and how to "Reach Your Dream Weight," Kelly Clarkson's body was retouched to appear substantially more thin than she actually is, hardly an encouragement for women to be confident with their bodies. This was the image they chose to use for their "1st Annual Figure-Flattery Issue" - a style created not through any real options available to women, but through the utter unreality of digital embellishment. In 1995, the province of Nadroga in Fiji had experienced only one reported case of an eating disorder.11 A very traditional culture, Nadroga held values that prized a robust body and appetite, while discouraging diets and exercises meant to change body shape. Contrary to Western societies, this was a culture that did not idealize ultra-thin body types as desirable.
In comparison, no girls reported vomiting for weight control in 1995, before television came to Nadroga. 40% felt that losing weight would help them advance their careers or make them more useful at home. Thin female characters aren't the only women represented on television, but they are far more common, and are treated much differently than average-weight or overweight female characters. In this study, 95% of the female main characters on sitcoms were of thin or average weight, whereas only 5% were of above-average weight.
Most shockingly, when these larger female characters were insulted by men, the sitcom "laugh track" depicted an audience laughing 80% of the time.12 These laugh tracks give the impression that degrading women for their weight is widely seen as comical, acceptable and praiseworthy, demonstrating to women that their society will mock and ridicule them if they can't make themselves thin. This is the even darker side of thin bodies being over valued - the bodies of heavier women are seen as having no value at all. These social attitudes toward weight and depictions of women's bodies have caused millions of women to develop eating disorders, yet the full extent of the damage is even more devastating. They believe that no matter the risks to their health, a thin body is so desirable that the pursuit of such a figure could never be a disorder - and nothing is too extreme when it comes to losing weight.
These proponents of anorexia and bulimia as a lifestyle have gathered under the "pro-ana" banner.
This disturbing movement has frequently received high-profile coverage in the media, and individual pro-ana websites and forums have often been shut down by their webhosts.
Their blogs and profiles are plastered with pictures of women with spindly arms, protruding hip bones, and thighs that don't touch. A 50-day "Ana Boot Camp Diet" is passed around, with each day's permitted food intake ranging from 500 calories, to nothing at all. The pro-ana community is a hotbed of potentially deadly habits and attitudes, yet its members' uniform agreement that anorexia is admirable can make disordered eating seem normal.
Yet the impact of pro-ana sites extends even further than negative self-image and weight-consciousness.
Much like images in the media, the encouragement of disordered eating affects people without them even knowing it. These are the fruits of a media culture that prizes dangerously skinny, digitally altered bodies over those of real, healthy women. From underweight and anatomically impossible Barbies, to jokes at the expense of normal-weight female characters on television, women are trained to hate their own bodies from birth until death - and pointed toward starvation diets as the only way to be loved and appreciated. While relapse is common, and full recovery can take years, it is possible to overcome anorexia. An awareness of the influences that distorted media images and marketing have on self-esteem can help prevent eating disorders before they even begin.
9% of the general population have a drug or alcohol addiction issue, a figure that's worrisome enough on its own.
A UTI can develop when bacteria gets into the urethra opening and moves upward into the urinary tract.
Emptying your bladder through urination will help to flush out the bacteria from the urethra, but this wont stop the bacteria spreading.A  If the bacteria reaches the kidney, it can cause kidney infections which can be a very serious problem if not treated. Maintaining proper hygiene and cleanliness is the best way to prevent the UTI, but if the UTI does develop, there are many home remedies that can be used. Apple cider vinegar has a rich source of enzymes, potassium and other minerals that help to prevent the bacteria causing the urinary tract infection from either multiplying or growing. Cranberries contain compounds called proanthocyanidins that helps to prevent the E.coli bacteria from entering into the urinary bladder lining and urethra. Drink plain, unsweetened cranberry juice and drink this daily to prevent the urinary tract infection. Marshmallow root is an herb that contains demulcent, emollient and diuretic properties that help to sooth the urinary system. Indian gooseberry or amla is rich in vitamin C that inhibits the bacterial growth and also keeps your bladder healthy. You may have to continually stir while drinking because cinnamon will not blend easily with the water.
Use a lower quantity while making the tea for older people or the people who are above 65 years of age. Tea tree oil has anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties that fight against the bacteria causing the bladder infections or UTI. Peppermint and ginger helps to alkalize the urine and makes it less acidic which in turn help to prevent the burning sensation that caused by UTI.
Chamomile has antibacterial, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that treats the infection and gives relief from the pain caused by it. Excessive heat of the body and high pitta dosha are responsible for the burning sensation when urinating.
Hot water compress will help to minimize the bladder pressure and finally gives you relief from the pain and the infection. Ginger contains chemical make-up that allows it to block prostaglandin synthesis to cure the urinary tract and other bladder infections by reducing the pain and inflammation.
Horseradish contains a natural compound called allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) which has a strong anti-microbial effect. Horsetail is a wonderful herb that soothes the UTI because of its ability to tighten the inflamed epithelial tissues with tannis. Cream of tartar will work by changing the pH of the urine making it hard for bacteria to thrive.
Blueberries and cranberries belong to same plant family, so have the same property of inhibiting the bacteria to cure the UTI.
Bromelain is an effective enzyme that has found in pineapple has strong anti-inflammatory and antibiotics properties. Uva ursi is a herbal remedy that contains a number of substances that fight against infections. Note: People suffering from kidney or liver problems, pregnant or nursing women and children should not take this without consulting your doctor.
Yogurt contains probiotics which is considered as good bacteria, so helps to keep the bad bacteria at bay.
Drinking a lot of water can help flush away bacteria and puts you in the right tract for complete recovery from UTI.
Fresh fruits and vegetables provide your body with the essential vitamins and minerals that are required to boost the immune system.
Eat vitamin C rich food (like lemons, banana, oranges, melon, raspberries, tomatoes, papaya, pineapple, kiwi, guava, etc.).
Cut off the irritants like coffee, alcohol, spicy food, nicotine, artificial sweeteners, carbonated drinks, etc.
Wearing comfortable cotton underwear (not too tight) will keep the area dry that prevent the bacteria growth. Always use sanitary napkins rather than tampons during your menstrual periods, and change regularly.
Ita€™s best to avoid chocolate, citrus, carbonation and the caffeine, as they will irritate the lining of the bladder.
Be sure to consult your doctor before using these natural or herbal remedies as they may cause some side effects. If you don’t notice any improvement in UTI and its symptoms within 3 a€“ 4 days after using these remedies and following these tips then make a trip to your doctor. Please share your experience with us after trying these remedies or if you know any other remedies for UTI. This list will detail ten unfortunate individuals who have suffered from severe disfigurements. Rudy Santos, a 69 year old from the Philippines, suffers from the ultra rare condition known as Craniopagus parasiticus or parasitic twin. Rudy became a national celebrity whilst traveling with a freak show during the 1970s and ’80s. Strangely, Rudy vanished in the late ’80s and ended up living in extreme poverty for over ten years. Minh Anh is a Vietnamese orphan who was born with a mystery skin disorder which causes his skin to flake and form scales. When Minh was young, he met Brenda, aged 79 from the UK and she travels to Vietnam annually to see him. Read about this classic case in the words of the doctor who had a first-hand look at the Elephant Man. Didier Montalvo, from rural Colombia developed congenital melanocytic nevus, which causes moles to grow all over the body at an incredibly fast rate.
Apparently, Didier was conceived on an eclipse and the locals believed his mole was the work of the devil.


Mandy Sellars, from Lancashire, UK, was diagnosed with proteus syndrome—the same medical condition as Joseph Merrick.
Doctors decided to amputate one of Mandy’s legs after she contracted deep vein thrombosis and MRSA.
Petero Byakatonda is a boy from a small, rural town in Uganda who suffers from crouzon syndrome.
Petero’s neighbors tormented and shunned him for his appearance and he locked himself away in his room, hardly ever leaving the house. Jose Mestre from Lisbon, Portugal, developed a huge facial deformity which started growing on his lips when he was fourteen.
In 2010, Jose travelled to Chicago to undergo four operations to remove his tumor and restore his facial features. Dede Koswara is an Indonesian man who, for most of his life, has endured the extremely rare fungal infection, Epidermodysplasia verruciformis.
In 2008, Dede received treatment in the USA to remove six kilograms of warts from his body. Fetus in fetu is an extremely rare developmental abnormality that occurs in one out of every 500,000 births. In 2003, Alamjan’s school doctor noticed the swollen abdomen and sent him to the hospital. Anarky Detective Comics #608 (November 1989) Anarky (Lonnie Machin) is a teenage prodigy who creates improvised gadgets in order to attempt to subvert government, hence his alias. Bane Batman: Vengeance of Bane #1 (January 1993) Masked villain Bane's immense strength comes from a steroid called Venom. Black Mask Batman #386 (August 1985) Black Mask (Roman Sionis) was a former businessman who hated both Bruce Wayne and Batman, wore a black mask (hence his alias), and led a vast organization of henchmen dubbed "the False Face Society" until Catwoman killed him. Blockbuster Detective Comics #345 (November 1965) Mark Desmond was a weak-bodied chemist until he experimented on himself and subsequently became a mindless brute who possesses super-strength dubbed "Blockbuster." However, he was eventually killed by a henchman of Darkseid. Calendar Man Detective Comics #259 (September 1958) Calendar Man (Julian Day) is known for committing crimes that correspond with holidays and significant dates (hence his alias). Catman Detective Comics #311 (January 1963) Catman (Thomas Blake) was a world-famous trapper of jungle cats who turned to crime because he had grown bored with hunting and squandered most of his fortune. Catwoman Batman #1 (Spring 1940) Catwoman (Selina Kyle) is an accomplished jewel-thief with a taste for luxury. Clayface Detective Comics #40 (June 1940) Actor Basil Karlo went mad when he learned that there would be a remake of one of his films with another actor in the lead role. Detective Comics #298 (December 1961) Treasure-hunter Matt Hagen was transformed into the monstrous Clayface II by a pool of radioactive protoplasm. Cluemaster Detective Comics #351 (May 1966) The Cluemaster (Arther Brown) was a game show host until he turned to a life of crime. Firefly Detective Comics #184 (June 1952) Firefly (Garfield Lynns) is an orphan who became a pyromaniac, developing a fireproof suit with a flamethrower to further pursue his "hobby." He was originally known as a cunning criminal who invented numerous weapons that involve light to commit crimes with.
Joker Batman #1 (Spring 1940) The Joker's clownish appearance and big smile hide a devious mind bent on creating as much trouble as possible for his archenemy, Batman. KGBeast Batman #417 (March 1988) While ruthless assassin KGBeast (Anatoli Knyazev) was on a mission to assassinate Ronald Reagan, Batman caught his left wrist in a loop of the bat-rope, but KGBeast cut off his own hand with an axe in order to escape. Killer Croc Detective Comics #523 (February 1983) Killer Croc (Waylon Jones) has a medical condition that warped his body into a massive crocodile-like form. Killer Moth Batman #63 (February 1951) Cameron Van Cleer was a minor criminal who adopted the alias of Killer Moth, a Batman-like villain-helper. Maxie Zeus Detective Comics #483 (May 1979) Maxie Zeus (Maximillian Zeus) was a former history teacher until he became an insane mob-boss with an obsession for Greek mythology.
Penguin Detective Comics #58 (December 1941) The Penguin (Oswald Chesterfield Cobblepot) is a devious crime-boss who is seldom seen without one of his trick-umbrellas, and performs crimes based on birds. Poison Ivy Batman #181 (June 1966) Poison Ivy (Pamela Lillian Isley), a former student of advanced botanical biochemistry, employs plants of all varieties and their derivatives in her crimes. Prometheus New Year's Evil: Prometheus #1 Prometheus is the son of two hippie criminals who committed murder and theft, Prometheus traveled across the USA with them until they were cornered and shot by local law enforcement. Ra's al Ghul Batman #232 (June 1971) Ra's Al Ghul ("demon's head" in Arabic) is a centuries-old eco-terrorist.
Red Hood Detective Comics #168 (February 1951) Red Hood was a petty criminal until he fell into a vat of chemicals.
Batman #635 (December 2004) Jason Todd, the second Robin, was killed by the Joker, who beat him half to death and left him in an exploding warehouse. Riddler Detective Comics #140 (October 1948) The Riddler (Edward Nigma) is a criminal mastermind who has a strange compulsion to challenge Batman by leaving clues to his crimes in the form of riddles, puzzles, and word-games. Simon Hurt Batman #156 (June 1963) Was originally an unnamed scientist in the story "Robin Dies at Dawn" and was later revived as Doctor Simon Hunt over 40 years later claiming to be Thomas Wayne and leads the Black Glove and later the Club of Villains. Solomon Grundy All-American Comics #61 (October 1944) Cyrus Gold was a Gotham City merchant who was murdered and thrown into Slaughter Swamp, where he was transformed into an undead, superstrong zombie-like creature. Tweedledum and Tweedledee Detective Comics #74 (April 1943) Tweedledee and Tweedledum (Dumfrey and Deever Tweed) are a pair of cousins whose similar looks often have them mistaken for identical twins. Two-Face Detective Comics #66 (August 1942) Former district-attorney Two-Face (Harvey Dent) is obsessed with committing crimes themed around duality and opposites. Ventriloquist Detective Comics #583 (February 1988) The Ventriloquist (Arnold Wesker) is a small, mild-mannered ventriloquist.
Detective Comics #827 (March 2007) The second Ventriloquist (Peyton Riley), called "Sugar" by Scarface, has surfaced in the pages of Detective Comics and has apparently been thought to be deceased (as part of her face is shown to be scarred). Big Top Batman and Robin #2 (September 2009) Big Top is a morbidly obese bearded lady in a tutu.
Jackanapes Batman #666 (July 2007) Jackanapes is a gorilla in a clown costume that wields a machete and submachine gun. Max Roboto Batman #666 (July 2007) Max Roberto is a cyborg with a partially cybernetic face. Professor Pyg Batman #666 (July 2007) Professor Pyg is a deranged gang leader who wears a pig mask and grafts synthetic doll faces onto his victims, whom he uses as henchmen. Siam Batman and Robin #2 (September 2009) Siam is a name used by conjoined triplets with a specialized fighting style. Villains: 2-Face-2 • Bane • Black Mask • Calender Man • Catwoman • ClayfaceDeadshot • Firefly • Harley Quinn • Hugo Strange • Hush • Joe Chill • JokerKiller Croc • Killer Moth • Mad Hatter • Man-Bat • Mr. At a time when they should be able to enjoy their childhood, what's making them worry so much about dieting and being thin?
By the time they reach high school, 1 in 10 students have an eating disorder2: an abnormal pattern of eating too much or too little food, with a potentially devastating impact on their physical and emotional health. 8-year-old Dana from the UK refused to eat more than 175 calories a day, and had to be fed through an IV and admitted to a 12-week inpatient program.
The ubiquitous Barbie doll is stated to be 5'9" tall and weigh 110 lbs -- about 35 lbs below a healthy weight for a woman of that height. No woman could ever hope to achieve such impossible dimensions, and yet young girls are shown that this is a body to emulate4. In a psychological study, girls from age 5 to 8 were shown images of either a Barbie doll, or a more realistic "size 16" doll. The bodies represented by these popular dolls - the toy that every girl must have - are directly influencing how children see themselves, as well as how they feed themselves5. In these teen and women's magazines, advertisements for diets and weight loss programs are 10 times more common than they are in men's magazines. In comparison, the average model is 5'10" tall and weighs only 107 lbs.8 These are the ubiquitously thin bodies used to advertise the clothes, the products and the fashions that women are told they need to purchase for themselves.
The clothes they want to wear are presented as being meant for someone much slimmer, and that's who they seek to become.
By the 1990s, idealized body images of women in the media had reached an average of 13% to 19% below their expected weight.
In recent years, the bodies of abnormally thin models have been even further distorted by the pure fiction of Photoshop. The waists of perfectly healthy women are digitally pinched to an unrealistic degree, and their thighs are slimmed down to resemble sticks - the perfect Barbie doll look.
Women are thus confronted with the conflicting demands of imitating this emaciated look, but without displaying any of the actual emaciation.
On the September 2008 cover of Elle, Jessica Simpson's hips were so dramatically pared down that her left one appeared to be entirely absent - even her hair was wider than her hips. In her Glamour cover shoot, America Ferrera's arms and shoulders were noticeably narrowed, with her skin blurred and glossed into an unrealistic shine.
Is it any wonder that women suffering from eating disorders often feel that they can never be thin enough? They were taught that dieting, exercise and a slimmer body were necessary for success and achievement in their lives.
However, only 31% of Americans are of average or below-average weight, and the remainder are considered overweight or obese.
Increasingly, an online culture has emerged of women who not only admit to suffering from an eating disorder, but don't consider themselves to be "suffering" at all. Together, they share diet "tips" that are indistinguishable from malnutrition and starvation, encourage one another to have the willpower to deny food, and trade in "thinspiration" or "thinspo" images of models and celebrities who represent the bodies they want to have.
Nowadays, "pro-ana" users congregate on social networks such as Twitter and Tumblr, forming a loose-knit and distributed community that's almost impossible to suppress. In one study, 84% of people who visited a pro-ana webpage had decreased their food intake by an average of 2,470 calories over the following week. For women who are struggling with anorexia, the pro-ana community can put their health in ever-greater danger at a time when they're most in need of help. 5% to 20% of people diagnosed with anorexia will ultimately die from its ravaging effects on the body and mind: cardiac complications, organ failure, and even suicide. With the proper treatment, people suffering from eating disorders can achieve a healthy weight and re-learn good dietary habits. However, a staggering 50% of those with eating disorders also abuse drugs and alcohol15, either to aid with taking weight off or to cope with body dysmorphia issues or weight loss failure. It also helps to feel comfortable while passing urine without pain or burning (or with less pain). You have to take 50 a€“ 150 ml of pure cranberry juice every day or increase the quantity to 16 a€“ 32 ounces if you want to dilute. It also soothes the irritated and inflamed tissues of the bladder and finally nourishes those tissues. It has a natural antibacterial property that kills the bacterial infection and flushes out the toxins from the body. This compress not only decreases the inflammation but also prevents the growth of the bacteria which is causing you the infection. This helps to flush out the bacteria and toxins from the urinary tract by filtering thoroughly throughout the kidneys, increasing urine production. It helps to get rid of the bacteria and other things which cause UTI and prevent the infection by increasing the frequency of urine. You can also take vitamin C supplements if youa€™re suffering from active urinary tract infection. A few of these people, with the help of modern medicine, have been able to live a more normal life. His condition is thought to have been caused by Agent Orange—the defoliate chemical used by the USA during the Vietnam War.
Born in 1836, the Englishman became a celebrity in London and also gained fame around the world. As a result of this disease, a mole grew so large that it covered Didier’s entire back. Proteus syndrome is extremely rare and it’s thought to affect only 120 people worldwide.
After the operation, the remaining section of leg kept growing and became too heavy for her prosthetic.
The tumor mass was removed completely in the first operation and the next three aimed to reconstruct the face.


This causes large, hard fungal growths to protrude from the skin which looks remarkably like tree bark. The reason for this condition is unclear, but many scientists believe that it occurs in the early stages of pregnancy, when one fetus is enveloped by the other. Batman has been considered by many in the comic book industry and fanbase to have the most unique and recognizable rogues gallery in all of comics, with many writers of other superheroes attempting to replicate some of the traits that these characters possess in their own villains. His power and intellect make him one of Batman's most feared adversaries, and he once succeeded in breaking Batman's back.
Later, Roland Desmond (the original Blockbuster's older brother) was mutated into the second Blockbuster when he was treated with experimental steroids that gave him super-strength. Adopting the alias of the film's villain, "Clayface," his role, he attacked several of the remake's cast and crew at the points in filming when they were supposed to die before being stopped by Batman and Robin.
1) #21 (July 1987) Lady Clay (Sondra Fuller) has superpowers similar to that of the second Clayface.
He is considered to be the second greatest assassin in the DC Universe, the first being Deathstroke. Harleen Quinzel was the Joker's psychiatrist at Arkham Asylum until she fell in love with him and subsequently reinvented herself as his madcap sidekick, Harley Quinn. Thomas Elliot) targets both Batman and Bruce Wayne (despite the fact that they were friends in childhood).
He uses his mind-control technology to bend people to his will, and is never seen without a large and fantastic hat. Kirk Langstrom invented a serum to give him echolocation (a sonar that bats use to guide them in the dark) to cure his growing deafness. He usually used electricity-based weaponry to emulate the Greek god Zeus and at one point formed the New Olympians consisting of characters based on Greek mythology. The Penguin uses his nightclub, the Iceberg Lounge, as a front for his criminal activities. She has the ability to control all plant life and can create new henchmen with her mutated seeds. His hair turns white because of this experience, and he makes a vow to “annihilate the forces of justice” in revenge for the death of his parents. The toxic brew turned his skin white, his hair green, and his lips bright-red, giving him the appearance of a crazed clown. Jason Todd was resurrected years later as the second Red Hood (which was ironically the Joker's old alias).
It is later revealed he is an ancestor of Thomas Wayne also named Thomas Wayne who has become immortal due to an encounter with Hyper-Adapter. Dressed symbolically as a scarecrow, he employs special weapons, equipment, and techniques designed to use fear to his advantage in his crimes. Solomon Grundy was initially an enemy of the Golden Age Green Lantern, the large amount of wood in his body giving him protection against the power ring, and the Justice Society, but has both battled and aided various heroes during his multiple resurrections. Fat, lazy, and cowardly, the pair prefer to have henchmen do all their dirty work, while they retire to a safe haven. He makes major decisions by flipping a two-headed coin on which one of the faces is scarred. Under his dummy Scarface's psychological influence, the Ventriloquist is a dangerous crime-boss.
She is a more compatible partner than the original Ventriloquist was, since Scarface does not substitute the letter "B" with "G" anymore and is much more compliant with the dummy's brutal strategies. Those who saw the Barbie dolls had less self-esteem and worse body image, and had a stronger desire to be thin5. For context, a weight 15% below expected is a major criteria for the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa.9 These unrealistic depictions are leading women directly into eating disorders.
Image retouching has become responsible for the creation of body types that could not be achieved by any real woman. Within three years, the effects of being saturated with diet ads and images of Western models were striking. 83% of girls said that television had influenced them to feel differently about their bodies and their weight, and many said they now wanted to change their bodies to be more like the images of Western characters on television. However, only 56% of them were consciously aware that they had been eating less, and 24% continued to restrict their diet even three weeks after a single visit to these sites. There are a number of prescription and over-the-counter medications that are used and abused to suppress appetite or inhibit fat absorption, but many women also find themselves using cocaine, crystal meth or other illicit substances for their appetite suppressing properties. Attached to Rudy’s pelvis and abdomen are an extra pair of arms and a leg, which developed when his twin was absorbed into his body during pregnancy. They concluded that they would be able to remove the parasitic twin, but Rudy decided not to have the operation. Unfortunately, after they were separated, the twin died as it used the blood supply of Manar and could not survive without her. This condition causes him to overheat and his skin can become very uncomfortable without regular baths. Brenda has helped Minh in many ways at the orphanage—she persuaded the staff not to tie him up when he is violent and she has found him a friend to take him swimming every week, which is now Minh’s favourite hobby. He was born with proteus syndrome—a condition which causes huge lumps to develop on the skin and the bones to deform and thicken. When British surgeon Neil Bulstrode heard about Didier’s condition, he travelled to Bogota so he could operate and remove the mole. It has caused Mandy’s legs to become extremely enlarged, weighing a total of 95 kilograms and measuring one meter in circumference. Crouzon syndrome causes malformation of the skull, which in turn pushes the eyeballs out of their sockets and the ears down, leading to problems with sight and hearing.
The doctor raised enough money for Petero to travel to Austin, Texas, for life-changing surgery.
It caused him to become blind in one eye and made it very hard for him to breathe, eat and sleep.
The operations were successful and Jose travelled back to Lisbon a few weeks after treatment.
This had become extremely uncomfortable for Dede, preventing him from performing basic functions with his hands, as they were so large and heavy. Unfortunately, this surgery did not stop the fungus from growing and he had further operations in 2011. The following week, Alamjan was operated on and to the doctor’s surprise, they found a baby measuring two kilograms in weight and twenty centimeters in length. The majority of Batman's foes do not possess super powers, being organized crime bosses or insane criminals, rather than powered villains. Jeremiah Arkham (the former owner of Arkham Asylum) was driven insane and subsequently became the second Black Mask. His best-known latter day appearance is in the miniseries Batman: The Long Halloween, where he is portrayed as a Hannibal Lecter-like figure, offering insight in Batman's search for Holiday, a vigilante who uses holidays as his modus operandi. Though known usually as a villain, she is seen as more of an "anti-hero" than a true villain.
He obtained a sample of the then-living Matt Hagen's blood, isolating an enzyme which he introduced into his own bloodstream. She met and fell in love with the third Clayface, and gave birth to Cassius "Clay" Payne (the fifth Clayface). Hugo Strange is an insane psychologist who uses his mastery of chemistry to create a serum that turns his victims into mindless brutes who obey his every command. He was amongst the villains who were executed by the second Tally Man in Batman: Face the Face. Unfortunately, the serum had an unforeseen side-effect, transforming him into the monstrous Man-Bat. Zsasz (Victor Zsasz) is a more-or-less "common" serial killer who cuts tally-marks into his body for every victim with his trademark carving-knife. He utilizes special pits known as Lazarus Pits which enable him to evade death, and live for centuries. Adopting the alias of "the Joker," he henceforth started committing crimes that involve jokes and puns.
Notoriously brutal in his run as Robin, he has proved the fact that he unsurprisingly does not have any problem with brutally punishing criminals whatsoever.
He recently learned Batman's identity, but kept it a secret to prevent Ra's al Ghul from learning he had used the Lazarus pits without permission. He has battled Batman on a number of occasions, notably in The Long Halloween and Dark Victory.
The pair often wear costumes modeled on their namesakes from Lewis Carrol's Through the Looking-Glass. She and Scarface seem to have a relationship similar to that of the Joker and Harley Quinn. Despite his name, as well as his pink uniform and vehicles, he is a sociopathic, mindless, killing machine, nicknamed "the eater of faces", a title he has lived up to. By 1998, 97% of girls in Nadroga had watched some television, and one in ten of them reported inducing vomiting to control their weight. When recreational use turns to habit and then into a full-fledged addiction, this deadly dual-diagnosis often leads to a whole host of other physical and psychological problems, where malnourishment becomes only one of many in a vicious downward spiral. Also connected to his body are an extra pair of nipples and an undeveloped head with an ear and hair. Less than a year later, Manar also died due to a brain infection which was caused by complications from the surgery. As her feet are so large, she has to buy specially fitted shoes which cost around $4000 dollars. In developed countries, the deformities caused by crouzon syndrome are usually treated very soon after birth but Petero did not receive this treatment as he lives hundreds of miles away from a hospital. Alamjan Nematilaev, from Khazakstan, had a parasitic twin that developed hair, limbs, teeth, nails, genitals, a head and a basic face.
The doctor who carried out the surgery said that Alamjan looked like he was in the sixth month of pregnancy. Calendar Man knows that Alberto Falcone is the Holiday Killer and keeps this information to himself, as he decides to taunt the heroes with cryptic clues instead.
However, his flesh began to melt, so he built an anti-melting exoskeleton to not only preserve himself, but to also prevent him from touching anyone, as he also gained the ability to melt people with a touch (although he soon learned that he needed to spread his melting contagion onto others to survive). He is the founder of the worldwide League of Assassins, though exactly when this occurred is unknown.
Over the years, he has reformed at various times, with his face being surgically repaired, only to later adopt the alias of Two-Face again. Minh used to be violent to staff members and other children at the orphanage, so they had to restrain him by tying him to his bed. The boy’s parents believed that his condition was caused by radiation from the Chernobyl disaster, but experts have dismissed this idea. He later met and fell in love with Sondra Fuller, and the two had a son named Cassius "Clay" Payne (who later became the fifth Clayface).
Victor Fries) is a scientist whose invention of a freeze-gun went terribly wrong when it accidentally caused cryogenic chemicals to spill on himself. Alamjan fully recovered from the operation, but to this day, he still does not know that his twin grew inside him. Complications occurred during the second surgery—he lost 80% of his total blood volume and his condition turned critical.



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