In this lesson, we look at the classic novel 'Lord of the Flies' through the lens of Sigmund Freud's division of mind theory which describes the human psyche as a struggle between the id, ego, and superego. Add important lessons to your Custom Course, track your progress, and achieve your study goals faster. Sigmund Freud's Id, Ego, And SuperegoImagine you are taking a riding lesson on a very spirited horse.
Illustrative Question: Why is the missing boy at the close of chapter two the first indication of the problems associated with id-gratifying behavior? Because people cannot live by the id alone, Freud believed that we developed another part of the personality which intelligently releases and restrains the id.
It is important for all intelligent readers of Lord of the Flies to recognize the purpose of the human intellect. Illustrative Question: How can you tell that Ralph knows that certain behaviors must be governed in order to preserve human life?
Illustrative Question: Why can Piggy be successful only when the other boys obey the conventional rules of civilized society?

Tip: To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above. You are desperately attempting to stay on the rearing devil by following all of the directions your instructor is giving you. Until his death in London in 1939, he achieved many accolades for his groundbreaking work in psychology. The major shortcoming of the id is that it does not direct a person to make any provisions for the future. The ego is the “control center” of the personality; it holds the id back until an appropriate means of release can be found. The superego is the part of the human personality which tells the person what he should or should not do. To facilitate his explanations, Freud divided the human personality into three parts: the id (primal urge), the ego (intellect), and the superego (conscience). Throughout the novel, Jack’s behavior is id driven; however, from the moment Ralph mimics a fighter plane and shoots Piggy in chapter one, we realize that ALL the boys (with the exception of Simon) associate violence with pleasure.

However, the ego’s functioning is affected not only by the demands of the id (Jack), but also by the prompting of the superego (Piggy).
Your instructor is the superego who knows not only the rules of riding but can also empathize with the emotions that both you and your horse are feeling.
To the id-driven Jack, rescue is not important because rescue necessitates the maintenance of a signal fire, which necessitates hard work.
Although Freud's theory is not without criticism, it provides an interpretive lens for looking at how William Golding developed some of his main characters and their actions in his classic novel, Lord of the Flies. Piggy must depend upon the tools of civilization to survive because he is physically challenged. It is precisely the restraint of carnal pleasures which separates civilized human beings from animals.

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