Cucumber (cucumis sativus) is a widely cultivated plant of the gourd family, originally from Southern Asia, but nowadays grown on most continents throughout the world. Greenhouse cucumber variety produces self fertile flowers thereby eliminating the need for pollination by insects. Novelties: Lemon Cucumber (fruit size and colour of a lemon), China or Kyoto (an extra long cucumber). Refrigerating the seeds or dipping them in water for at least 24-48 hours before planting aids in the germination process.
Sow cucumber seeds on their sides at a depth of 1cm (?”) in a free-draining potting mix. Cucumber seedlings can be prone to scorching so take care to shade them from direct sunlight. Make sure to water the plant well and place the container in a spot that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight. Cucumber saplings should be gradually acclimatised to outdoor conditions over 7-10 days before being transplanted into warm, well drained, humus rich soil. A trellis is basically an architectural structure with an open framework used as a support base for vines and other climbing plants. Firstly, place the trellis firmly on the ground shaped in the form of a tent covering your cucumber plant.
In case chemical fertilizers are being used select a reputed brand which is high in potassium (K) and apply it directly to the soil around the plants. Bacterial Wilt Disease is caused when the cucumber beetle, a small insect, injects bacteria into the cucumber plant as it feeds on it. The Cucumber Mosaic Virus presents itself, as thin pale yellow or white lines, on the surfaces of leaves.

If you want to make pickles then harvest your cucumbers when they are two to four inches long.
For normal consumption purposes cucumbers are ready for harvest in around 12 weeks from sowing.
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Its creeping vines bear cylindrical fruits that have a refreshing flavour and a crisp texture.
While the gynoecius type bears only female flowers and require pollination from separate male flowering plants.
Certain bush varieties of the plant like Sweet Success and Bush Slicer do well in containers compared to the other varieties that grow in the form of vines. Make sure the mix is such that it can retain moisture and at the same time has proper drainage as well. In case of a transplant, soak the roots in water and gently spread them before placing them in the container. After a few days the vines will be able to climb naturally upwards the trellis without any additional assistance. Besides the fact that it maximises your grow space; the fruits are cleaner, straighter and of a more uniform colour. Small, yellowish spots appear on the leaves and turn brown.The fungus spreads rapidly and is quite resilient.
Regularly spraying your plants with a combination of garlic, pepper and vinegar mixed in equal parts of water reduces the risk of diseases without adversely damaging your plant.

Look for fruits that are uniformly green and firm as those are the ones ready to be picked.
Moreover the fact that it can be made into pickles or used in salads makes it easier for us to infuse it into our everyday diet. Since cucumbers develop from flowers and have enclosed seeds they are botanically classified as accessory fruits, though, much like tomatoes they are often perceived, prepared and eaten as vegetables.
They are generally available in farm supply stores and usually come in 16 foot long panels that are 2-3 feet wide. This needs to be dealt with patiently as the same may not happen early in the plant’s life.
Vines produce more fruit the more you harvest, so check the vines daily for newly emerging fruits.
This enables the plant to carry fruits efficiently without exerting much pressure on the stems. Thus, a good way to maximize your yields would be to harvest cucumber as soon as they reach picking size, thereby, prompting the plant for subsequent production.
To remove the fruit simply cut above the stem using a clean pair of clippers or a sharp knife. Harvest Lemon cucumbers just before they begin turning yellow because if left on the vine for too long they’ll end up turning bitter.

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