Crafted with British-made waxed cotton, and lined with a durable and hard-working waterproof canvas, these aprons will see you through all your gardening chores. Large 8 oz vegetable tanned leather pockets to carry your secateurs, phone or anything else. This delicious salad green fetches top dollar at the supermarket, but you can grow it for pennies at home. Lichens are a type of fungi that survive on air rather than being a parasite of their host. Some gardeners can’t tolerate lichens growing in their gardens and will treat these mosses with fungicides and sprays attempting to rid them. If you are growing ornamental trees for their bark you may find that the lichen detracts from this feature so removing it might be the best option.
For those of us who appreciate lichens and relish the idea of being able to make our gardens look older than they are, growing lichens is quite easy. Summer is probably the only season which is not suitable for trying this process but the other nine months are quite accommodating. Crustose – these lichen resemble dobs of paint an remain quite flat against their host. Foliose – these leafy lichens are more prone to growing on tree trunks in shaded areas. Growing lichens in your garden can have a positive effect predominantly aging it and adding another level of interest for your visitors. My father and I have been trying to grow lichen on rocks for a while, I found this sight and it helped a lot. Before I tried it I had a few questions, first, since I live in a moderately hot area, will the lichen still grow?
Hi, i really like lichens so I’d like to correct a few of the errors contained in your article. One component of this amazing partnership is a fungus which attaches to the tree, rock, or whatever the lichen is growing on and provides shelter from the harsh elements. I hope you will consider altering your article in light of this information as I think it’s really a fascinating example of different organisms working together. Once you have gained the basics of wildlife gardening, it’s easy to attract beautiful birds to your garden.
Bluebirds: Article discussing various landscaping methods used to attract bluebirds to your property. American Robins: Information on how to attract robins through an appealing habitat in your yard.
Northern Cardinal: Brief history on the northern cardinal and tips on how to attract it with food, water and plants. Carolina Chickadee: Description of the chickadee, bird house specifications and types of plants that attract chickadees.
Mourning Doves: Learn the types of flowers and plants that compose the diet of a mourning dove. Goldfinches: Information on the types of native plants used in gardens to attract American goldfinches.
Choosing which flowers, plants and trees are best for your garden depends on several factors.
Coyote Brush: Information on how the medium-sized shrub, coyote brush, can be used in landscaping to attract low nesting birds. Black Eyed Susan: Description of the Black-eyed Susan, growing conditions and the birds and butterflies it attracts. Bayberry: Learn about the small bayberry tree and the 85+ species of birds attracted to this type of tree. Boxwood Hebe: Find characteristics, description, adaptations and the types of creatures attracted to the boxwood hebe shrub, such as birds and bees. Spice Bush: Information on the spice bush, a fast growing plant great for attracting birds and wildlife. Chinese Dogwood: Benefits of planting a Chinese dogwood plant to attract birds due to its edible fruits that birds love to eat.
Sunflowers: Tips for growing sunflowers to provide color to a garden and to attract birds, especially goldfinches. Hawthorn: Guide to the sturdy species of plant referred to as the hawthorn, and how it is used as a hedge plant to attract wildlife.
Gardeners should remember that the species of birds drawn to their garden is often dependent on the type of food provided, as well as the placement of the feeder. Bird watching is an interesting and inexpensive past-time for families and individuals of all ages.
Bird Feeders: Learn how to select the proper types of seeds to attract various species of birds. Place Your Bird Feeders Carefully: Tips for gardeners on where to place bird feeders to avoid negative effects on plants.


Making Bird Feeders with Natural Materials: Instructions on how to create bird feeders only using natural materials.
Backyard Bird Feeding: Article discussing how to properly select a bird feeder, where to place it, how to clean it and other important details. Time to Think about Bird Houses: Tips on where to put a bird house and the importance of setting up a bird house for nesting. Homes for Birds: List of the types of birds you can attract to nest boxes if you set up a bird house. How to Set Up a Nesting Box: Guide to creating a sufficient nesting box to attract many species of birds to your yard.
Building a Birdhouse: Tips on planning and building a birdhouse to attract birds, such as the wood duck, purple martin, house wren and bluebird. Keep conversation to a minimum and avoid making abrupt movements so as to not scare away the birds.
Watch birds for signs of alarm, such as a freeze in posture, rising of the wings or a cocked head.
Listen for the calls or songs, as well as bill movements, of the bird to help identify the species. Learn the most you can about bird watching, the various species commonly found in your area, and when to look for them.
Bird Watching Basics: Identification information for bird watchers, including details on body size, silhouette, beaks and behavior.
Bird Watching Tips: List of tips for bird watchers to easily observe various species of birds without disturbing them. Great Backyard Bird Count for Kids: Bird watching activity for children that includes observing and counting birds to learn the various species.
Equipment for Bird Watching: Essentials required for bird watching, such as a pair of binoculars and the proper clothing.
Top Tips for Bird Watching: List of bird watching tips for beginners, including studying a good field guide.
Landscaping to Attract Birds: Article that discusses the benefits of landscaping for birds, best plants to incorporate and how to get started. Creating a Bird Garden: Everything you need to know about creating your own bird garden in your yard. Bird-Friendly Yard with Native Plants: Learn why it’s best to use native plants in a bird garden, where to find them and how to plan your garden.
Quick Tips for Bird-Friendly Plantings: List of tips on how to plant native trees, groundcover and plants for birds.
Landscaping for Birds: Ideas for developing a planting plan to attract birds to your backyard and how to implement and maintain that plan. A Bird-Friendly Garden: Advice on planning for birds, bird baths, boxes, tables, feeders, food, ponds and other types of wildlife.
Creating a Safe Garden for Birds: Article on how to create a safe environment for birds in your yard and garden. A favourite of so many of our gardeners, this Korean hand hoe (also called the Korean hand plow or known in Australia as the Ho-Mi) is one of the greatest tools for doing so many garden chores.
Available through Dewitaustralia, in mostly the right handed version and by special order left handed models,( just write on your order)  the korean hand hoe is hand forged from a single piece of hard boron steel and fitted with an Ash hardwood handle from FSC Certified forests. Based on a century old tools used in Asia the korean hand hoe does everything a small hand tool can do.
These aprons always receive great comments, and are appealing to both gardeners, florists and also fabulous relaxed alternatives to a more regimental uniform for smaller groups of colleagues working in a shopfront situation. These are sewn onto the apron and then reinforced with brass rivets and hand-punched leather washers.
Growing on walls, tree trunks and even along paths, lichen moss can age a garden quite dramatically regardless of its true measure. In fact, if lichens are growing in your garden it’s a good sign that the air quality of their environment is good. They just willing spread themselves across their host and wait for moisture to present itself.
However, the best way to remove lichen from a tree or a wall is to use a light scrubbing bush and warm water. I consider Flagstaff as too cold for me:) Anyways, at the Grand Canyon I would often see lichens on rocks and even small beard lichen (Usnea arizonica?) on the Pinon Pine. In fact the fungal hyphae (root-like structures) can penetrate rock and can also exude acids that also cause damage. To encourage arrival of your specific bird, first check the natural habitat of that species. Gardeners should plant according to the time of the year that they provide seed, fruit or flower.
Consider placing a variety of food sources and different feeders around the landscape to accommodate all needs.


Gardeners can reserve an area in their backyard just for bird feeders and enjoy watching the visiting birds throughout the year. Sufficient bird gardens can nearly double the number of bird species that use your property.
With a blade shaped like a plow, this Korean hand hoe right at home weeding, trenching or cultivating. This is hand forged from Swedish Boron steel and is very tough due to the forging manner in which it was created. The aprons have the Traditional English Apron Company name embossed on their label, however these could also display one’s own company name or logo, adding a real sense of style and luxury to any boutique or shop. Make a salad of arugula only or mix it with other greens.Arugula grows best in cool weather, becoming peppery and bitter when weather turns hot.
Most lichens appreciate, or at least tolerate, dappled shade but rarely do they survive in full sun unless its a really cold climate.
I have been keeping up with your blog via RSS but have had little time to comment so appreciate you stopping in. As a matter of fact they aren’t a single species but a partnership between two different species from different branches of the tree of life (neither of which are closely related to mosses). Many species of fungi and algae can form these partnerships, giving the vast array of different lichens we see. This can result in damage to painted surfaces and pitting of rocks and wood, although they don’t harm trees. Fruiting plants are generally divided into three time periods: late spring to mid-summer, late summer to fall and winter to early spring.
Bird watching can also be a great learning experience as beginners attempt to identify new and unusual species.
In order to make the most of your bird watching, know the times of day your favorite species are out. Begin by building a plan around your needs and the needs of the species you wish to attract. Boron steel is a tough steel and this korean hand hoe is simply the best small gardening tool.
Full heads mature in five to six weeks; baby greens may be harvested after three weeks of growth. Gardeners who create a diversified landscape can see a large rise in the number of bird species seen throughout the year. Bird houses play an important role in the conservation of birds in populated suburban locations where minimal nesting areas are available. Many species of birds can be spotted in the first several hours after dawn and briefly before sunset, such as songbirds. Develop a planting map that includes a combination of trees, flowers and shrubs that will attract a variety of bird species.
Bird gardens can also add beauty to the landscape and a place for bird watchers to observe and learn. Provide adequate housing, such as bird houses, to allow for nesting and safety or incorporate nesting ledges or natural shelters, such as hollow trees or thickets, into your landscape design. To supplement the birds’ diet to rear their young, plant red buckeye, birch, honeysuckle or bee balm.
Many species of birds require various behavioral and physical requirements so there is no one-size-fits-all birdhouse. For many species, the prime bird watching hours are just after dawn, while others are most visible at mid-day.
For a successful bird garden, you must provide wildlife with unique food requirements, water, shelter, diversity and protection. Gardening for Specific Birds Almost every backyard bird watcher has one species which is their favorite to spot, but refuses to visit their garden. This Korean Hand Hoe is an all round garden tool ideally suited for cultivating,weeding, digging holes, tilling soil and aerating loam.This is the best tool for working in the garden. Plant selections to consider for this time period include dogwood, elderberry, cardinal flower, bittersweet and sunflowers. When food supply is limited during the winter to early spring, choose plants that will provide a steady food supply.
Plants that have persistent fruit include crabapple, hawthorn, firethorn, chokeberry and shrub rose.




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