Edema, a condition in which swelling occurs due to fluids in the body, is not an uncommon occurrence in lower legs and ankles.
Step 4Wear loose-fitting clothing and compression stockings to improve the circulation in your legs. Step 5Speak with your doctor if you are taking any prescription medications to determine if they might be the cause of your edema.
Swelling in the ankle and lower legs is a common complaint by the elderly, pregnant women and people who are obese.
If your job requires you to be seated all day with not much movement, try doing sitting exercises. Walking improves circulation and since the muscles of the legs are worked out, it forms the best form of exercise to reduce swelling. Keeping the legs in a raised position is an excellent remedy for draining away the fluid collection.
Yoga is extremely beneficial for improving circulation and any pose that strengthens the leg muscles helps in reducing the pooling of blood and fluids to keep them supple.
Edema is the medical term used to describe the swelling of an area of the body as the result of the accumulation of an excessive amount of tissue fluid.
If you’re experiencing fluid retention, you should consider taking steps to reduce or remove the sodium in your daily diet.
Edema of the legs can also be treated, and possibly prevented, by the wearing of compression socks.
This condition is associated with bacterial infection which develops below the skin’s surface.
Baker cyst is one of the major causes of leg edema, which occurs as a result of protruding of fluid from the knee joint to the knee’s back. Sufferers of high blood pressure are often seen to be suffering from the problem of leg edema. People who sit at one place for a long time period often complain about swelling in legs and feet. Most of the leg edema causes can be eliminated by following a healthy lifestyle, wherein you should do regular exercise, eat healthy and nutritious foods and engage in lot of physical activities. The material in this site is intended to be of general informational use and is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis, or recommended treatments. Swelling can occur as the result of any number of causes ranging from edema to food allergies, an insect bite, inflammation from gout or a sports injury. Homeopathic Arnica is indicated for internal bleeding, bruising and shock as well, injuries to the bodily tissues. Green tea may be helpful for reducing swelling internally due to digestive disorders or gallbladder colic.
Another herb used by herbalists in both Eastern and Western herbal medicine is burdock root.
Burdock root may be especially useful to help remove swelling from edematous tissues in the legs and feet.
Cranberries and cranberry juice have shown some efficacy in preventing the formation of certain kinds of kidney stones in those with kidney disease, reports British Journal of Urology.
The British Journal recommends combining 1 cup of pure cranberry juice with 3 cups water and drinking the total contents daily in several doses. Permission is granted to copy the title and first one hundred words with the provision that the author's name be included and a link to the original article be added. JB Bardot is trained in herbal medicine and homeopathy, and has a post graduate degree in holistic nutrition.
The information included on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose or treat disease. Step 1For swelling caused by an injury, rest, ice, compression and elevation are the most effective remedies. You stepped on the scale this morning and weighed three pounds more than you did a few days ago.
These are just a few of the possible signs of edema, the abnormal accumulation of fluids within the body tissues. Based on the kind of edema you have, as well as the accompanying signs and symptoms, you and your doctor can discern its underlying cause. Edema of the lower extremities (ankles, feet, legs) is not uncommon in individuals with an underlying condition, such as congestive heart failure, and in patients without heart disease as well. Because edema has so many potential causes, its treatment depends upon the underlying cause. Natural diuretics: A number of herbs act as diuretics, including buchu, dandelion, juniper, parsley, and uva ursi. Women are especially susceptible to edema due to the hormonal fluctuation of their menstrual cycle. The following conditions may include edema among their symptoms, but edema by itself should not lead you to conclude that you have a more serious disorder. Excessive salt intake: accumulation of fluids in the space outside cells in response to increased sodium in the diet, usually in conjunction with an underlying condition.
Gout: a condition of the joints, especially in the big toe, causing red, swollen, warm, and very painful joints.
Varicose veins: bluish-purple, knotted veins, usually in the legs, that cause itchiness or discomfort and possibly swollen feet and ankles.
Lymphedema: accumulation of fluid in cancer patients related to the removal of lymph nodes. Congestive heart failure: shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, cough, and swelling of the legs due to accumulation of fluids. Cardiomyopathy: a disease of the heart that reduces its ability to pump fluids, resulting in shortness of breath, swelling of the extremities, fatigue, chest pain, wheezing, and cough. Heart valve disease: usually does not have symptoms, but may cause fatigue, weakness, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, and swelling, depending upon the valve malfunctioning. Symptoms of peripheral edema include swelling of the affected area(s), which causes the surrounding skin to "tighten." The swelling from peripheral edema is gravity-dependent (it will increase or decrease with changes in body position).
In the case of pulmonary edema, there is often no evidence of fluid retention or noticeable swelling on examination of the patient's extremities.
Lymphedema is the swelling of one or more of the legs and arms caused by poor function of the lymphatic system. Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Edema »Congestive heart failure (CHF) is an imbalance in pump function in which the heart fails to adequately maintain the circulation of blood. Compression, or lymphedema, stockings can reduce the risk of getting blood clots in the lower legs by supporting blood circulation of the limbs. Compression wear may be purchased through a number of manufacturers, either online or at medical supply stores. This special type of hosiery is available as knee highs, pantyhose, thigh highs, and support socks. These particular stockings are often used for the chronic condition lymphedema, which causes swelling of the soft tissue in the limbs due to a build up of lymph fluid. Ever wonder what causes your legs to swell up and the thought of wearing that skirt you always wanted to wear to die out?You diet plays and important role in preventing unwanted leg swelling. Take off your socks, because if you have been searching, you are definitely in the right place. This column introduces 5 effortless ways to treat leg swelling at home that you can utilize right way and start seeing results before you have to go to work the next morning. The recommended amount of sodium consumption that people need is 10 and 8 grams for men and women, respectfully. Pressure points have been used for healing in China since accent times and remains today as traditional Chinese medicine.
The nerve ends in your body are connected and by applying pressure on specific parts of your body it is said to be connected to exterior conditions, such as constipation, tiredness, and pain tolerance. Although pressure point therapy is often done with the use of needles, the same effect can be achieved using only your fingers. Blowing out, apply pressure for 3 seconds, and then breathe in releasing pressure from the point. One reason why people suffer from feet swelling is through poor lymph circulation causing excess fluids to accumulate in certain areas of your body. This accumulation of water and waste products is exactly what causes unnecessary swelling in the legs. Lymphatic massages work to improve circulation in the lymph system; thus effectively healing the swelling in your legs. The back of your knees is where lymph ducts from legs (lymph node) accumulate, so apply pressure lightly in this area; it is sensitive.

It is most effective to massage yourself when blood circulation is particularly good, such as after or while taking a bath. The exercise that we are going to introduce next can be used to help drain lymph from extremities, your hands and legs.
Simply by raising your legs up high, is it easy to get your blood flowing back to your upper body.
Dangle your hands and feet in the air similar to the way you would shake water off when drying your hands. It's advantageous to do this exercise before going to sleep as you should already be lying down in bed. Raising your legs above the level of your heat is known to help return blood built of in your lower body back to your core. Using a thick towel or floor cushion lying around your house, make a pillow, or anything at all as long as it allows you to comfortably elevate your feet. Now that you are ready to get started, I am going to tell you how you can eliminate leg swelling, detox your body, and relieve fatigue and dizziness simply only by using a foot pillow. Before we start, I would like to note that the procedure may make you sleep (not a bad thing) and that you should experience relieve from lower back (lumbar) pain. It's important that you treat edema, the swelling in your legs, before the condition worsens and turns into cellulite. Changing your diet, routine maintenance (massage therapy, pressure points, and foot pillow placement) are the key to attacking leg swelling before undesired cellulite show its self in your precious skin. The contents of this article serve as a reference, a safeguard, to keep reduce leg swelling and keeping your skin clean. Water retention diet for leg edema roundup to treat swollen feet before it’s too late. Massage the nodes in your lymphatic system to flush out bodily waste and toxins detoxing your body.
Stop cellulite early on with natural fluid retention treatments that gets rid of unwanted leg swelling. It's hard to keep a positive attitude about things when the feet you stand on are turning into tree stumps. If so, your doctor can make recommendations or prescribe medication to help with this side effect.
Elderly people who cannot undertake other physical exercises can easily keep the legs raised on a stack of pillows. Virasana or the warrior pose, vajrasana or diamond pose, adhomukha shvanasana or downward dog pose are all excellent exercises.
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Edema can occur throughout the body but is most commonly found in the lower legs, ankles and feet.
Swelling in the legs and feet is generally worse at the end of the day or after prolonged periods of standing or walking.By raising the swollen limbs, you allow gravity to pull the fluid out of the tissue and return it to circulate throughout the body. Too much salt can throw off your fluid balance by preventing the water in your body from being excreted by the kidneys.
These can be found in most department stores or can be purchased online through medical supply companies. It is suggested to cut down on the intake of salt in the diet to reduce the blood pressure. It is very important for an individual to follow a healthy diet plan and include exercise in daily routine, so that optimum body weight is maintained.
Pain in the knee and swelling in the legs are the two most common symptoms associated with kidney failure.
Therefore, you need to be very careful of your daily routine activities and remain active throughout the day, so that the problem of leg edema does not occur. Regardless of why you have swelling, a variety of foods, herbs and home remedies may help reduce the pain, inflammation and swollen tissue.
The herb has diuretic properties and will increase kidney function and the rate of urination. Herbal Arnica extract is used only for topical applications such as a sprained ankle or swelling with bruising from muscle strain. Green tea helps reduce bloating and swelling due to its high content of polyphenols, antioxidants that lessen inflammation and irritation in the gut. It may relieve edema in swollen ankles and help clear the body of excess fluids during a woman’s menstrual cycle.
It can be mashed and applied topically as a poultice, eaten raw in salads, cooked like carrots and eaten as a hot vegetable, or the dried root makes an herbal tea. Cranberry juice is also known to be an effective agent in fighting lower urinary track infections due to its high vitamin C content, antibacterial properties and the presence of anthocyanin, a potent antioxidant.
Bardot retired from a 25-year natural healthcare practice caring for both people and animals. JB Bardot does not provide personal consultations, treatments or suggestions for individuals regarding dosing or experiencing any health conditions or diseases.
Sports injuries, poor circulation, arthritic conditions, insect bites and allergic reactions are some of the most common causes.
Pineapples contain a high amount of bromelain, which aids in blocking the compounds that cause fluids to pool and swell in the body. A compound named bradykininase is found in the aloe plant and helps to reduce swelling and bruising.
Edema is not an illness, but rather a symptom of many medical conditions, among them congestive heart failure, pregnancy, cirrhosis, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Hormones regulate the amount of interstitial fluid relative to cells in the surrounding area. For temporary edema, such as that in women during the premenstrual phase, preventive measures may be all that is needed. Below are some common diuretics, a class of drugs used in the treatment of high blood pressure to help clear the body of excess fluid. Teas made from these herbs may provide temporary relief; however, they are not a long-term solution because the body eventually compensates for their diuretic action. Lie with your feet above the level of your heart to help fluid move from the legs back to the heart. This causes water from within the cells to travel outside the cells in order to dilute the sodium concentration there. The monthly increase in the production of estrogen causes a secondary increase in the hormone aldosterone. Fluid accumulates in the spaces between cells when the vital organs collect more fluid within the body than they are able to eliminate. Some of these disorders have certain characteristic symptoms in addition to leg or ankle swelling, while some have no symptoms, at least in the early stages. You should not attempt to diagnose yourself with a medical condition, even if your symptoms match those characteristic of a certain disorder. Examples include the swelling that occurs during pregnancy as well as the premenstrual phase of a woman's monthly cycle. For example, if a person is lying on their back (supine), the swelling will not appear in the legs, but will appear in the area around the sacrum.
Also known as compression stockings, they fit very snugly and help the blood and lymph systems work more effectively by narrowing the veins in the affected leg. The reason for this is that unlike other foods listed; these three require less time to prepare and could be eaten as a snack.
When lymph circulation becomes bad, excess fluids and waste byproducts start to build up in your body, making it easy to hold water in your legs. Relieving bottle necks from inguinal lymph nodes, improves lymph circulation and reduces swelling in legs. For bigger people with larger bone structure than others, adjust this height (roughly the length from your shoulder blades to your rib cage) to fit your body profile for best results. This is why even though you are not bruised; your legs will swell up, leaving your legs unsightly beyond repair. Edema can be caused by pregnancy, salty foods, sitting still for long periods of time or certain medications. According to the FDA, food with over 20 percent daily value of sodium is considered high while a low sodium food contains 5 percent or less of the recommended daily amount of sodium. The increase in weight and strain on the veins, and the excess fluids that collect to ease joint and tissue expansion during childbirth can cause edema.
Of all these asanas, the viparitha karini or walking up the wall exercise restores energy and oxygenated blood to the legs.

Edema may be caused by a sudden elevation in blood pressure or can be a symptom of heart disease, but in many cases occurs without obvious reason.
Keep your legs up for 30 minutes at a time three to four times a day to keep the swelling down. To help move things along and expedite the processing of all the sodium, drink plenty of plain water. They come in a variety of heights, from mid-calf to full pantyhose and work by increasing the pressure placed upon the exterior of the leg.
Swelling occurs in the affected leg area because of the infection in the tissues below the skin. This disease poses the risk of being affected by various health disorders, with leg edema being one of them. If you over-exercise and have sore muscles, fall and bruise any part of your body, or experience any other kind of physical affront to your body, like a black eye or an auto accident, Arnica will relieve the shock and help reduce pain and swelling. If the leaves of the burdock plant are used topically, sometimes their small hairs may cause skin irritation and a rash upon contact.
Cranberry juice may also be helpful in reducing edema in the feet and ankles because it stimulates increased urination and flushing of the kidneys. Do not use any commercially prepared cranberry juices unless they are 100 percent cranberry.
Maybe you couldn't squeeze the ring off your finger, or your ankles looked puffy, or your pants were a little bit snug. Small blood vessels called capillaries supply the interstitial fluid with nutrients and oxygen. However, other underlying causes such as kidney disease, heart failure, and thyroid disorders require medical attention. If the leg muscles weaken or you don't get adequate exercise, fluid from the blood pools in your feet and ankles. When we eat salty foods, we usually become thirsty and drink more fluids than normal, thus worsening the problem.
Aldosterone causes the kidney to retain fluids, making some women temporarily gain a few pounds each month. The skin over the swollen area appears tight and shiny, and often when pressure is applied to the area with a finger, an indentation appears.
A proper fit is essential to effectiveness, so a trained professional should assist with fitting and selecting lymphedema stockings.
Normally, the body cells help in throwing out the excess fluids but certain disorders in the heart, lungs or kidneys can cause edema. Now tighten the top muscles of your thighs and try to press the back of the knee against the bed, or the chair if you are sitting. For this breathe deeply, and slowly raise one leg from the hip upwards towards the ceiling.
Calf exercises are very effective, again to improve blood circulation and tone the muscles and veins. If you find your legs are swollen, there are a number of things you can do to alleviate the symptoms. To increase circulation in the area and amplify the effect of elevation, gently massage the limbs with lotion or body oil. This increase leads to an escalation in circulation and helps to prevent the collection of fluid in the limbs.
With the help of a few prescribed antibiotics, this problem can be treated to a great extent. Harvest your own dandelion greens from your yard or in the wild as long as they are pesticide-free.
Caffeine can produce nervousness, irritability and sleeplessness; so if you are bothered by any of these symptoms, purchase decaffeinated tea. Stop using the burdock if this occurs and consult a health practitioner if symptoms persist.
Fortunately, there are several home remedies that are effective in treating this condition.
The capillaries also carry away the cells' waste products, which are floating in the interstitial fluid.
It can also happen when the amount of fluid leaving the capillaries is greater than the amount re-entering them. Read the nutritional values labels of foods carefully — you might be surprised at what you find.
Walking, cycling, dancing, and other activities involving the legs keep the leg muscles in shape to move fluid upward. And though many edema-causing conditions are age-related, it is never too late to get in shape and improve your overall health. To understand your symptoms and reach a diagnosis, your healthcare provider will consider your medical history, what symptoms you have, and the results of a physical examination and laboratory tests. The Mayo Clinic suggests that you contact a doctor if touching your skin leaves a pit or if it stays swollen several hours after inactivity or is accompanied by leg pain. For the majority of people, it is only the position of sitting or standing for a prolonged period that can cause this problem, maybe due to gravity. If you cannot spare time for going out for a walk, at least try to exercise your legs by walking as much as you can at your work place or the treadmill if that is more convenient for you.
If swimming is not suitable for you, there are several other aquatic leg raises and exercises that can be done which are as good as swimming. If you don’t have a handy patch of fresh dandelions, purchase either the extract or fresh greens at health food stores. Ginger works as a blood thinner and will help reduce the pooling of blood in a swollen region.
Congestive heart failure and cirrhosis usually cause swelling of the ankles because fluid has a hard time traveling up the legs against the force of gravity. Treatment is aimed at reducing swelling if it causes reduced mobility, skin breakdown, infection, or discomfort. If you have edema related to kidney disease, your doctor will likely recommend a diet low in fats and proteins.
There are several medications for treating this swelling but leg exercises like stretching, elevating, walking, swimming and yoga can easily reduce the swelling. Squeeze the buttock muscles and again hold for five seconds, then relax and repeat the exercises ten times.
In addition to specific yoga poses, a vinyasa flow of gentle aerobic activity helps in circulating the blood, free from stress. Parsley tea, in particular, is known to have a mildly diuretic effect, kicking the output of the kidneys into overdrive and helping to remove excess fluids from the body. Leave the ice packs on for 30 minutes, then remove the packs and wrap again with a bandage to compress the swelling. People on prescription blood thinners should contact a physician before taking a ginger supplement. If so, seek the assistance of a nutritionist, who can help you create a balanced diet within certain guidelines.
If the swelling does not reduce with these exercises, further investigation may be necessary. Raise yourself lifting the heels off the floor and supporting yourself on the balls of your feet and toes. Use alcohol in moderation, and if your edema is related to liver disease, abstain entirely. You can also swing the legs back and forth, stretching out and folding back as many times as you can. This helps in stretching the entire muscles at the back of the legs from the thighs to the calves and ankles.
When the legs get stronger, the distribution of fluids get better and prevents pooling of fluids.
When you are able to lift the leg high, you can try circling with the toes pointing upwards, for each leg. Mix with cool water for a topical application that you can apply to painful, swollen joints. Alternately you can fold and squiggle the toes whenever convenient, even while working on the computer.

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