It is time for African states to take urgent action to end arbitrary arrests and minimise the number of people in pre-trial detention.
Speaking on behalf of all the organisations, the Coordinator of the African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (APCOF), Sean Tait, highlighted the damage that arbitrary arrests and unnecessary police detention and called on the Commission to develop guidelines that will guide police agencies in their work and serve as a template for state parties to report to the Commission and conduct oversight visits.
Tait stressed that the decision to detain someone before he or she is found guilty of a crime is one of the most draconian a State can make.
He added that the Chair of the Commission had herself outlined the problems involved at a seminar on the margins of the previous session, when she noted that much more needs to be done to stem arbitrary arrests and that this would require greater internal oversight and accountability by the police, coupled with independent oversight by domestic institutions such as National Human Rights Institutions and regional and continental bodies such as the Commission and the UN bodies.
In a number of countries visited by the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, police lacked understanding about their role in carrying out arrest and were under the impression that they could both receive and give orders to carry out arrests on any basis – including orders from administrative authorities to arrest without suspicion of criminal activities or the production of an arrest warrant. In a recent study conducted by APCOF into the legislative and procedural safeguards for police arrest and detention it was found that while arrest may have a legal basis in domestic law, domestic legal frameworks do not always accord with international standards. Arrests must be carried out on grounds that are clearly established by law, in accordance with international standards.
Conditions of detention in police cells must accord with the right to life and should respect the inherent dignity of the human person. Tait concluded by saying that civil society organisations had already worked on the development of such guidelines and that the latest preliminary draft could be provided to the Commission for its consideration. The organisations supporting the submission included the Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC), Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, the Open Society Justice Initiative, Civil Society Prison Reform Initiative, Muslims for Human Rights and many more. This is excellent but you do not say whether the Commission agreed to draw up the new Guidelines as you recommended. The Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria has published a disability rights core curriculum for undergraduates. Sign up for our newsletter to receive stories, research, and news, delivered periodically to your inbox.
Currently the Mayor of London, he previously served as the Member of Parliament for Henley-on-Thames and as editor of The Spectator magazine. Johnson was educated at the European School of Brussels, Ashdown House School, Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Literae Humaniores. On his father's side Johnson is a great-grandson of Ali Kemal Bey, a liberal Turkish journalist and the interior minister in the government of Damat Ferid Pasha, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, who was murdered during the Turkish War of Independence.[5] During World War I, Boris's grandfather and great aunt were recognised as British subjects and took their grandmother's maiden name of Johnson. Try as I might, I could not look at an overhead projection of a growth profit matrix, and stay conscious.

He wrote an autobiographical account of his experience of the 2001 election campaign Friends, Voters, Countrymen: Jottings on the Stump. Johnson is a popular historian and his first documentary series, The Dream of Rome, comparing the Roman Empire and the modern-day European Union, was broadcast in 2006. After being elected mayor, he announced that he would be resuming his weekly column for The Daily Telegraph.
After having been defeated in Clwyd South in the 1997 general election, Johnson was elected MP for Henley, succeeding Michael Heseltine, in the 2001 General Election. He was appointed Shadow Minister for Higher Education on 9 December 2005 by new Conservative Leader David Cameron, and resigned as editor of The Spectator soon afterwards. A report in The Times[22] stated that Cameron regarded the possible affair as a private matter, and that Johnson would not lose his job over it. The Conservative Party hired Australian election strategist Lynton Crosby to run Johnson's campaign. Johnson pledged to introduce new Routemaster-derived buses to replace the city's fleet of articulated buses if elected Mayor.
I believe Londoners should have a greater say on how their city is run, more information on how decisions are made and details on how City Hall money is spent. Ken Livingstone presides over a budget of more than ?10billion and demands ?311 per year from the average taxpaying household in London.
Under my Mayoralty I am certain that London will be judged as a civilised place; a city that cares for and acknowledges its older citizens. The Mayor’s biggest area of responsibility is transport, and I intend to put the commuter first by introducing policies that will first and foremost make journeys faster and more reliable.
This was the message that 20 civil society organisations took to Banjul and presented at the 51st session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR). In many countries, there is blatant misuse of the rules around the maximum length of time a person can be kept in custody before being brought to court. It is also not clear to me that such soft law Guidelines will have much impact when as you say many of the problems are violations of much harder domestic law or even of Constitutional provisions.
In reference to his cosmopolitan ancestry, Johnson has described himself as a "one-man melting pot" — with a combination of Muslims, Jews and Christians comprising his great-grandparentage.[6] His father's maternal grandmother, Marie Louise de Pfeffel, was a descendant of Prince Paul of Wurttemberg through his relationship with a German actress. They have two sons—Milo Arthur (born 1995) and Theodore Apollo (born 1999)—and two daughters—Lara Lettice (born 1993) and Cassia Peaches (born 1997).[13] Boris Johnson and his family currently live in Holloway, North London.

In 1999 he became editor of The Spectator, where he stayed until December 2005 upon being appointed Shadow Minister for Higher Education.
He is also author of three collections of journalism, Johnson's Column, Lend Me Your Ears and Have I Got Views For You.
On 2 April 2006 it was alleged in the News of the World that Johnson had had another extramarital affair, this time with Times Higher Education Supplement journalist Anna Fazackerley. Yet Londoners have little confidence in the Mayor spending their money with care and prudence.
It was here that David Cameron and all his supporters gathered to congratulate him on becoming Mayor of London. The person detained loses their liberty and may also lose their home, job, income, family and community ties. Soft law however offers the opportunity raise awareness around this, to provide guidance accepted standards and advocate around domestic reform that may have become stuck. Through Prince Paul, Johnson is a descendant of King George II, and through George's great-great-great grandfather King James I a descendant of all of the previous British royal houses. His comic first novel Seventy-Two Virgins was published in 2004,[16] and his next book will be The New British Revolution, though he has put publication on hold until after the London Mayoral election.[17] He was nominated in 2004 for a British Academy Television Award, and has attracted several unofficial fan clubs and sites.
In 2004 he was appointed to the front bench as Shadow Minister for the Arts in a small reshuffle resulting from the resignation of the Shadow Home Affairs Spokesman, Nick Hawkins. The oversight mandate of the ACHPR provides additional opportunities to direct states towards necessary reform and to press home change. Failure to obtain such permission is a violation of international copyright and trademark laws subject to specific financial and criminal penalties. In 1995 a recording of a telephone conversation was made public revealing a plot by a friend to physically assault a News of the World journalist.

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