This is the second in a series of three articles about struggling with past tense -ed and instructional techniques to help.
We are continuing the discussion from the article published two weeks ago, Struggling with the past tense: Verbal acquisition of -ed forms of verbs. Once students learn to listen for and recognize all vowel sounds at the end of verbs, then –ed is simple to add. Make sure students remember that when determining which –ed sound to use for the past tense form of verbs, that they listen for the sound at the end of the verb rather than focusing on the letters used in the spelling of the word.

The simplest thing for teaching –ed pronunciation after vowels to students, is to teach that regardless of how the vowel sounds are combined or sound, the –ed sound will always be [d]. Instructional note: Diphthongs happen when two vowel sounds are made within the same syllable. Beth Crumpler is an ESL Instructor for ELS (English Language Services), a freelance curriculum writer and an e-learning course developer in various areas of TESOL. A verb expresses action, occurrence or state of being; a word that says something about either a noun or pronoun.

The irregular verbs worksheets and activities below provide entertaining exercises that reinforce irregular verbs, specifically their past and present tense as well as definition.

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