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Home About Live Cultures Live Cultures About Live Cultures Live Cultures What are Probiotics?
Due to the proximity of the vagina to the anus, it is much easier in women for pathogenic bacteria to cross over from the GI tract to the urogenital tract and cause a situation of dysbiosis there, than it is in men.
Beneficial flora, or probiotics, inhabit the urogenital tract (this spans the urinary tract and vaginal tract in women) as well as the gut. Clinical trials have shown that a number of strains of Lactobacillus are particularly effective at helping to treat and prevent female intimate health problems such as cystitis, thrush and bacterial vaginosis.
There have been a number of clinical trials that support this theory, including a 2004 study1 at the Canadian Research and Development Centre for Probiotics.
An article3 in the ‘World Journal of Urology’ in 2006 further validated this evidence, and stated that when it comes to the prevention of urinary tract infections, not all Lactobacilli are effective. As mentioned, the vaginal flora will require different strains to those recommended for gut health.
One symptom to look at when discussing probiotics specifically for female digestive health, is the problem of bloating, which is reported to be much more common in women than men. Whilst both situations have slightly different physiological causes, the result is the same; digestion is impaired and food is not effectively broken down, causing bloating and wind. If constipation is involved (again a condition reported to be much more common in women), a probiotic supplement containing B.
Foods that prevent constipation should also be considered, alongside specific herbs and nutrients that help to balance hormones, such as magnesium and vitamin B6.
For more information regarding probiotics and digestive health, read about probiotics and IBS here. When selecting a probiotic supplement each individual should choose a product based on their own personal requirements and symptoms. 1) Canadian Research and Development Centre for Probiotics ‘Nucleic acid-based diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis and improved management using probiotic lactobacilli’ 2004, J Med Food, p223-228. Probiotics is a term generally used for living microorganisms that upon ingestion exert beneficial health effects.
Probiotics have by tradition mostly been linked to gut health, and especially well proven for several different probiotics are the beneficial effects against antibiotic associated diarrhoea, and diarrhoea caused by Clostridium difficile, which make up the main part of the antibiotic associated diarrhoeas (meta-analysis, D'Souza et al., 2002). Probiotics also play an important role in modulating the immune system, 70% of which is located in the gut. You may think that in order to get the greatest percentage of active (live) cultures one should buy probiotics that require refrigeration. This one has twelve (12) strains of lactic acid bacteria, including powerful proprietary TH10, are used in a complex 3-year fermentation process. 2- The Jarrow Formulas, Jarro-Dophilus EPS, 5 Billion Organisms per Capsule, 120 Veggie Caps is very good and more affordable.
Jarro-Dophilus EPS is a Stable-Dophilus due to its stability at room temperature and enteric coating which protects the probiotic bacteria from stomach acid. Bifidobacteria longum BB536 (Morinaga strain) has been clinically shown to stimulate immune response and suppress intestinal putrefactive bacteria. This one contains a 5 billion CFU dose of ” True identity bifidobacteria & lactobacilli”. Probiotic Strain: Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 (Bifantis) is the patented probiotic ingredient in Align that can help build and maintain the body’s natural defenses. I'm required to say: The Information found here should in no way to be construed as medical advice.
Jarro-Dophilus EPS ProbioticsJarro-Dophilus EPS is a Stable-Dophilus due to its stability at room temperature and enteric coating, which protects the probiotic bacteria from stomach acid. Take 1 capsule up to 4 times per day, preferably on an empty stomach, through they may also be taken with food or as directed by your qualified health care consultant. The flora of a healthy vagina is made up of different strains of bacteria to the gut flora, and hence should be considered separately when you are choosing a probiotic. These specific strains (in particular Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1® and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14®) have been clinically trialled to survive transit through the gut, and then successfully colonise the vagina and bladder where they exert their beneficial effects. This study; a randomised, placebo-controlled trial, showed that the vaginal microflora in women with Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) was restored to a more favourable, Lactobacilli-dominant environment following 2 months of a daily oral intake of the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1® and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14®.
Whilst the question of the best probiotic strains for digestive health conditions is not gender specific, here we explore a few digestive conditions which are reportedly more common in women. This can either be a constant problem, or the bloating can be cyclical and worsen at certain points in the menstrual cycle, due to fluctuating hormone levels. If this is the case, healthcare professionals might be interested to read about our product 'One week flat' (formerly known as 'For a flat stomach'). Men and women have the same basic flora in the gut, so gender on its own is not a factor when it comes to selecting the right probiotic for digestive health.
Probiotics consist of one or several strains, mostly from species of the bacterial genera Lactobacillus, Lactococcus or Bifidobacterium. This agrees with the traditional explanation of the beneficial health effects of probiotics, i.e. Foods “cultured” with beneficial strains of probiotics such as yogurt and kefir have been used throughout history to improve overall health and vitality, and today, there are many studies reinforcing probiotics’ ability to balance and promote digestive health. Ohhira invested years of testing on subjects and came up with a non-refrigerated probiotic supplement line.


The nutrient rich cultures medium (an optimum natural pre-biotic) composed of vegetables, fruits, mushrooms and seaweeds is encapsulated along with the live lactic acid bacteria. The 8 different strains of probiotic bacteria are delivered directly into the small intestines where probiotic bacteria fully exert their beneficial effects. Organic Apples and Organic Jerusalem Artichoke Inulin provide prebiotic nourishment to enhance probiotic benefits.
Contains nine strains of live probiotics cultured together on a non-dairy whole-food medium and then combined with growth-stimulating prebiotic organic apples and organic inulin sourced from organic Jerusalem artichokes.
We add extra cultures to allow for the product to be out of refrigeration for shipping and manufacturing. Proof: Bifantis has been the subject of several clinical studies and has been featured in peer-reviewed journals. If you have a health issue, please consult your professional medical provider for a diagnosis.
Eight (8) different strains of probiotic bacteria are delivered directly into the small intestines where probiotic bacteria fully exert their beneficial effects. The delivery system ensures that a maximum number of viable cells are delivered into the intestinal tract, where they can fully exert their beneficial effects.
The only implication of gender on our balance of intestinal flora comes from the effect that the various sex hormones have on it, and the tendency for some women to experience GI upset at certain points in their menstrual cycle. Probiotic bacteria in Jarrow-Dophilus EPS are selected from the following 4 genera: Lactobacillus, Bifidobacteria, Lactococcus and Pedicoccus. Probiotic bacteria in Jarro-Dophilus EPS are selected from the following 4 genera: Lactobacillus, Bifidobacteria, Lactococcus and Pediococcus. Today we're proud to provide great quality supplements direct to your doorstep through an experience you'll enjoy. The strains in Jarro-Dophilus eps are selected from the following 4 genera: Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Lacto coccus and Pedi coccus.
Avoiding constipation is important when managing hormonally related conditions as ‘old’ or spent hormones that have been processed by the liver, are eliminated via the faeces.
With the exception of Bifidobacterium, these are microorganisms which spontaneously multiply to high numbers in traditional fermented foods. The benefits of probiotics don’t end there, in fact many have reported the disappearance of acne, better skin texture, better hair, the halting of male pattern baldness, ending Candida, even Fibromyalgia, migraines were stopped, and allergies and inflammation reduced by having good gut flora. Further, many of us also do not eat fermented foods such as sauerkraut, sourdough, kimchi, kefir, old fashion pickles, old fashion apple cider vinegar, etc.. If not, you have two choices you can try the other good ones listed below or (and I encourage you to do this) scroll all the way down to read about using a single-strain probiotic. Packaging: Align contains 1 x 109 (1 billion) CFUs of live bacteria when manufactured, and provides an effective level until the “best by” date on the package. If you're looking for the best probiotic, and not necessarily in terms of vaginal health, take a look at our recent blog post, 'Want the Best Probiotics?
When constipated, these hormones can be re-absorbed back in to the bloodstream from the faecal matter due to the longer transit time, leading to hormonal disturbances. When live bacteria are eaten, they will come into contact with the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract, where they can target different functions from the mouth to the anus: the immune system can be targeted through different receptors in the mucosa. Thus, probiotics support beneficial components of the microbiota and suppress adverse ones, e.g.
The fact that bacterial consumption and the resident gut microbiota can influence immune functions has often been neglected. Has urban living lead to an adversely altered bacterial flora in the gut, and can this change become a driving force for an over-reacting, dysfunctional immune system? Lactococcus and Pediococcus help reduce spoilage caused by unfriendly bacteria in fermented foods. Humans have from the start of existence consumed large amounts of live bacteria by eating fermented foods as this is the simplest way to preserve sensitive raw-material for food. In contrast, probiotics, and particularly Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, have been shown to suppress symptoms of acute, nonbacterial diarrhoea in small children, primarily rotavirus diarrhoea, where the probiotics appear to activate the immune defence in a supportive fashion (meta-analysis, Huang et al., 2002). Depending on how the fermentation is carried out and what raw materials are being fermented, the product will contain varying concentrations of carboxylic acids (mainly lactic acid) and ethanol. These strains have been clinically shown to have a positive influence on the composition of the intestinal microflora, promote intestinal health and support immune response. Fermentation occurs spontaneously if food materials are stored with limited access to air and at temperatures above refrigeration. EnteroGuard Ensures the maximum survival of probiotic bacteria to the small intestines, and hence enhances their effectiveness. Certain types of bacteria, but also fungi such as baker's yeast, will grow in the product and convert some of the carbohydrates of the raw material to lactic acid, and often also to ethanol, acetic acid and carbon dioxide.
The low pH together with organic acids and the high level of live bacteria keep away harmful microorganisms and protect from lipidoxidation.
Due to the production of lactic acid, these types of bacteria which are dominant in lactic acid fermented foods are called lactic acid bacteria (LAB) which, hence, refers to a functional group of organisms, and not to a group of phylogenetic relationships. When fermented products are consumed without heating, a large amount of living microorganisms are consumed. This, presumably, more or less daily supply of LAB that our ancestors have been exposed to through the centuries, has successively declined in industrialised countries.


Even several of the still remaining lactic acid fermented food products that today can be found in the shops are heat treated after the fermentation and, hence, do not contain any live LAB.
LAB dominating the bacterial flora in fermented plant-based products as, for example sauerkraut, olives and capers are, typically, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Pediococcus species. Both living and dead cells caused mucosal gene expression, but the expression profiles displayed differences in modulation of NF-??-dependent pathways. The urban consumer of today eats to a large extent either food that is free from living bacteria or food where bacteria have multiplied during storage in refrigeration, and these bacteria are primarily not LAB, but Gram-negatives, e.g. Gram-negatives have lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the cell-wall and LPS is a strongly pro-inflammatory compound which give a different message to the immune system. By designing probiotic food, the food industry in a way re-creates a more ancient diet, a diet lost somewhere in the Industrial revolution, a deficiency evolved by the requirements of long shelf-life and strictly standardised eating quality. The Bacterial HeritageIt can be hypothesised that (i) infants inherit the mother's bacterial flora, (ii) the mucosa associated bacterial flora of the GI-tract is important for tuning of the immune system, (iii) urban individuals frequently have a disturbed bacterial flora in the GI-tract, with an increased proportion of pro-inflammatory bacteria, and (iv) a high proportion of pro-inflammatory bacteria in the GI-tract increases the risk for inflammation and a dysfunctional immune system.
Under these presumptions, the bacterial flora of the gut becomes an important factor for the health status and may be especially important in infants. The first bacteria a baby will meet are probably those present in the vagina of the mother, and interestingly a healthy vagina is dominated by lactobacilli (Vasquez et al., 2002). Unfortunately the incidence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) is high (20-30%) in urban women (Allsworth and Peipert, 2007). BV is a syndrome linked to increased risk for urinary tract infection, miscarriage and preterm delivery. Megasphaera and Fusobacteria (includes Leptotrichia and Sneathia) can normally be part of the dominating flora in the colon (Wang et al., 2005). Other prominent fractions of the colonic flora with tendencies to be spread to the vagina are Enterobacteriaceae and Bacteroides. Obviously there is a risk that the immune system of that baby will misinterpret the message of the environment and overreact, for example with a subclinical inflammation, allergy or even autoimmunity. Interestingly, oral administration of Lactobacillus acidophilus, or a mixture of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus fermentum RC-14 for two months, resulted in the cure of BV (Falagas et al., 2007). Aggravated Immune ResponseRat dams that during pregnancy and suckling, had an increased proportion of Escherichia coli in the gut had off-spring that at the time of weaning showed increased levels of haptoglobin in the blood, i.e. This means that the baby is being exposed to (i) high levels of LPS-containing bacteria, and (ii) a bacterial flora of low diversity.
It has been shown that babies who at one week of age have a faecal flora of low bacterial diversity were likely to exhibit atopic eczema at the age of 18 months (Wang et al., 2008). In contrast, oral administration of Lactobacillus paracasei F19 to babies decreased the incidence of atopic eczema (West, 2008). Diabetes type 2, non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease (NAFLD) and obesity are examples of diseases that are characterised by a low-grade systemic inflammation. It has been shown in mice that LPS in the blood (endotoxemia) is a starting point for insulin resistance and obesity (Cani et al., 2007). In humans it has been shown that a high-fat meal can induce endotoxemia, which is suggested to be the reason for an observed post-pandrial inflammation (Erridge et al., 2007).
In mice, it was depicted that a high-fat diet increased LPS-containing organisms in the gut and increased transfer of LPS out into the blood which resulted in increased systemic inflammation (Cani et al., 2008). In men with somewhat increased cholesterol levels, the cholesterol decreased after administration and so did the fibrinogen levels (Bukowska et al.,1998). In smoking men, the systolic blood pressure was decreased together with the levels of leptin, fibrinogen and IL-6 in the blood (Naruszewics et al., 2002).
Also the adhesion of monocytes to non-stimulated or stimulated human endothel-cells was decreased (Naruszewics et al., 2002). Inflammation in the liver will, amongst other things, result in increased levels of inflammatory mediators not only in the liver but also in the blood.
In an open study where different categories of patients with liver problems (NAFLD, alcoholic liver cirrhosis and hepatitis C virus, respectively) were given orally a mixture of strains of the species Lactobacillus casei, L.
The increasing occurrence of obesity and limited physical activity have led to an increase in the prevalence of NAFLD.
NAFLD is currently considered as one component of the metabolic syndrome (Federico et al., 2006). The Gut Barrier The mucosa of the GI-tract makes up a substantial surface and the status of this surface is in many aspects crucial for the well-being of the individual.
A leaky mucosa will lead to translocation of pathological agents, for example LPS, and the consequence will be inflammation which characterises several diseases (fig.
In acute phases, mass-translocation can come about, leading to abscesses, sepsis and organ failure.
In a variety of animal models, probiotic administration has been shown to suppress translocation, e.g. Daily intake of live, harmless bacteria might be an overlooked dietary component of importance for the well-being.
Health claims for probiotics have so far mostly been associated with gut health, but interesting new fields to explore are the effects against systemic inflammation and immune-modulation, perhaps especially important in early life.



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Category: What Is Probiotic



Comments to “Probiotics exert their effects by quizlet”

  1. Aysel:
    Additional digestive enzymes in supplemental form from.
  2. JaguaR:
    And sugars, not as organic as I eat now, I had antibiotics right before custom.