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Author: admin, 27.09.2015. Category: Positive Phrases About Life

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is probably the most widely used personality test in the world. About 2 million people take it annually, at the behest of corporate HR departments, colleges, and even government agencies.
But the test was developed in the 1940s based on the totally untested theories of Carl Jung and is now thoroughly disregarded by the psychology community. Yet you've probably heard people telling you that they're an ENFJ (extroverted intuitive feeling judging), an INTP (introverted intuitive thinking perceiving), or another one of the 16 types drawn from Jung's work, and you may have even been given this test in a professional setting. Even these rough categories, though, didn't come out of controlled experiments or data.
Raise two (the number of possibilities in each category) to the fourth power (the number of categories) and you get 16: the different types of people there apparently are in the world. It'd be one thing if there were good empirical reasons for these strange binary choices that don't seem to describe the reality we know. This is why some psychologists have shifted from talking about personality traits to personality states — and why it's extremely hard to find a real psychologist anywhere who uses the Myers-Briggs with patients.
There's also another related problem with these limited choices: look at the chart above, and you'll notice that words like "selfish," "lazy," or "mean" don't appear anywhere.
This isn't a test designed to accurately categorize people, but rather a test designed to make them feel happy after taking it. Theoretically, people might still get value out of the Myers-Briggs if it accurately indicated which end of a spectrum they were closest to for any given category.
That's because the traits it aims to measure aren't the ones that are consistently different among people. Another indicator that the Myers-Briggs is inaccurate is that several different analyses have shown it's not particularly effective at predicting people's success at different jobs. If the test gives people such inaccurate results, why do so many still put stock in it?
This is called the Forer effect, and is a technique long used by purveyors of astrology, fortune telling, and other sorts of pseudoscience to persuade people they have accurate information about them.
All this is why psychologists — the people who focus on understanding and analyzing human behavior — almost completely disregard the Myers-Briggs in contemporary research. Search for any prominent psychology journal for analysis of personality tests, and you'll find mentions of several different systems that have been developed in the decades since the test was introduced, but not the Myers-Briggs itself. CPP, the company that publishes the test, has three leading psychologists on their board, but none of them have used it whatsoever in their research.
But there is something wrong with CPP peddling the test as "reliable and valid, backed by ongoing global research and development investment." The company makes an estimated $20 million annually, with the Myers-Briggs as its flagship product. If private companies want to throw their money away on the Myers-Briggs, that's their prerogative. Correction: This piece previously stated that the military uses the Myers-Briggs for promotions in particular, rather than using it as a general tool. When I got the email from my kids’ middle school about a presentation called “Why teens shouldn’t drink; and how parents can make a difference,” I sighed, thinking, oh no, not another DARE, Just Say No talk.
For the longest time, the speaker, parenting expert Mike Nerney, didn’t even mention the word alcohol. Strip away the emotional charge, the fun, the kids-will-be-kids nostalgia for drinking and you end up with science.
First, Nerney talked about all the work that’s going on in the brain during the teenage years—namely, 200 billion cells are starting to connect. The most striking thing Nerney explained is this: When it comes to alcohol, teen brains and adult brains are worlds apart.
When you’re an adult, alcohol gets into the pathways and calms them down, making you feel better. Nerney believes that the drinking age should be 24, because that’s when the body is actually ready to handle alcohol.
Drinking erodes parts of your brain—the parts that make you smart, such as the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus.
The key, Nerney says, is to delay the onset of alcohol use long enough for teens’ brains to develop.
The other key is to verbalize to your kids that alcohol is dangerous—for their brains, and for their safety. Finally, the best thing we can do for teens, Nerney says, is to offer them thrilling alternatives to alcohol that satisfy their need for risk-taking and novelty. Drinking DiariesWe drink for different reasons: to quench thirst, to loosen up, because it tastes good, to enhance a meal, because we're addicted, as part of a ceremony, to celebrate, to mourn. This is a place where women can spill their drinking stories--from lamp-swinging hilarity to bottle-under-the-bed despair.
As Seen on ABC News NowCaren Osten Gerszberg, Drinking Diaries co-founder, is interviewed as part of a discussion on women and drinking.
The endocrine system is responsible for producing and regulating hormones in the bloodstream to control bodily functions.
The respiratory system is made up of the mouth, throat, nose, sinuses, bronchial tubes, and lungs. The purpose of this organ system is to convert the essential nutrients in food into a form that can be absorbed by the body. This system enables the body to absorb oxygen — which is required to extract energy from food — and to expel carbon dioxide, which is a by-product of this process that would otherwise reach toxic levels. The circulatory system is responsible for transporting nutrients and oxygen around the body to where they are needed, and for protecting the body against disease-causing organisms.


The digestive, and other, processes within the body produce a number of waste materials that are released into the bloodstream, and would build up to toxic quantities if not removed. As its name suggests, this system is essentially the skeleton, although it also includes ligaments and cartilage. The reproductive system is concerned with production of the cells that come together to form a new organism, with making possible the fertilization of egg cells, and with ensuring the safe early development of offspring.
This system is concerned with the production of various hormones that maintain body chemistry and influence many body functions. TAC has a small collection of mind-mapping and visual thinking books available for perusing in the faculty collaboration zone, located in 320B Waldo Hall.
If you're interested in creating mind maps digitally, there is a very broad range of existing mind mapping software available that vary in features and cost. Wikipedia has a much more extensive list if you are interested in seeing more software options.
The value of the program is MUCH higher, but if you register for the program during our launch, you’ll get the entire training for the amazingly low price of only $297. If you’d like to pay your tuition in 3 easy payments, you can put $99 down, and pay $99 per month for the next 2 months. If you answer the poll below while it's posted we will email you a copy of Dan Kennedy's Personality in Copy Report For Free. Please take 2- 3 Minutes to Download this Free Report we have put here for you and make a comment or two about what ya think!
And I just came across a small but incredibly Powerful report I wrote a few month's back that you have got to have.
Now there are a few of you that may have this already but for the many that don't please do yourself a favor and grab this.
It's Dan Kennedy's 8 Big Ideas Speech he gave at the Information Marketing Summit a few year back. Here's an explanation of why these labels are so meaningless — and why no organization in the 21st century should rely on the test for anything.
In it, he put forth a few different interesting, unsupported theories on how the human brain operates. The former group could be further split into people who prefer sensing and others who prefer intuiting, while the latter could be split into thinkers and feelers, for a total of four types of people.
To learn the techniques of test-making and statistical analysis, Briggs worked with Edward Hay, an HR manager for a Philadelphia bank.
It copied Jung's types but slightly altered the terminology, and modified it so that people were assigned one possibility or the other in all four categories, based on their answers to a series of two-choice questions. Myers and Briggs gave titles to each of these types, like the Executive, the Caregiver, the Scientist, and the Idealist. But they come from the disregarded theories of an early-20th-century thinker who believed in things like ESP and the collective unconscious. Tracking a group of people's interactions with others, for instance, shows that as Jung noted, there aren't really pure extroverts and introverts, but mostly people who fall somewhere in between.
This is one of the reasons it's persisted for so many years in the corporate world after being disregarded by psychologists.
Research has found that as many as 50 percent of people arrive at a different result the second time they take a test, even if it's just five weeks later.
Most of us vary in these traits over time — depending on our mood when we take the test, for instance, we may or may not think that we sympathize with people.
One reason is that the flattering, vague descriptions for many of the types have huge amounts of overlap — so many people could fit into several of them. Apart from a few analyses finding it to be flawed, virtually no major psychology journals have published research on the test — almost all of it comes in dubious outlets like The Journal of Psychological Type, which were specifically created for this type of research. And there's some evidence that this scheme may have some predictive power in determining people's ability to be successful at various jobs and in other situations.
There's absolutely nothing wrong with taking the test as a fun, interesting activity, like a BuzzFeed quiz. Among other things, it charges between $15 and $40 to each person who wants to take the test, and $1,700 to each person who wants to become a certified test administrator. But about 200 federal agencies reportedly waste money on the test too, including the State Department and the CIA. Thousands of professional psychologists have evaluated the century-old Myers-Briggs, found it to be inaccurate and arbitrary, and devised better systems for evaluating personality. If you’ve ever seen kids pound beers at Spring Break, you’ll understand how much alcohol reenergizes their brains, and gives them a powerful sense of entitlement. He cited research by the American Medical Association, and studies at Duke University, in case we wanted scientific proof.
Luckily, the brain is neuroplastic, and once you stop drinking, you can recover those parts that were lost. If you approach drinking in terms of brain development, rather than a vague lecture that they equate with killing their joy, you might have more success reaching teens. We think they’re not listening, but somewhere deep down inside, they’re actually internalizing our values.
At DRINKING DIARIES, you will read, and be able to share the details, the deep questions, the wide and wild range of experiences that pertain to women and alcohol.
Their interdependency on one another is critical for normal life functions, and if any one were to fail, it would subject the others to stress, possibly causing the whole group to shut down, with fatal results. These two functions are sometimes classed separately as the cardiovascular, and lymphatic, systems, respectively.


The urinary system, consisting of the kidneys, the bladder, and connecting tubes, provide the means to remove these substances. The most obvious purpose of the bones that make up the skeleton is to provide support for the body, but they also help protect vulnerable organs and function as levers that skeletal muscles pull on.
It is controlled by the hypothalamus gland in the brain, but involves many other organs, including the thyroid gland, the pituitary gland, the kidneys and the pancreas. Broadly speaking, those in birds and reptiles are not unlike those of mammals in terms of function.
While I think I am very healthy and have few potentially long term health issues, I probably exemplify your complaint that many of us barely know anything at all about our major organs, their systems, or how all of this connects. Feel free to curl up on the couch or in one of the comfy arm chairs available there and take a peek.
TAC is happy to provide one-on-one or group training sessions to fit your needs and schedule.Please contact Kimmy Hescock in order to schedule a mind mapping training session.
All four types, additionally, could be divided based on attitudes into introverts and extroverts.
But the test simply tells us whether we're "thinking" or "feeling" based on how we answered a handful of binary questions, with no room in between. Once certified, test administrators become cheerleaders of the Myers-Briggs, ensuring that use of the outdated instrument is continued. The military in particular relies heavily on the Myers-Briggs, and the EPA has given it to about a quarter of its 17,000 employees. Let's stop using this outdated test — which has about as much scientific validity as your astrological sign — and move on to something else. If you ask an adult to set their hair on fire, they’ll immediately synthesize everything into a hell no, whereas a teen will actually consider it (hmm, that might be cool. Some organs may be part of more than one system: for example, the pancreas is part of the digestive and endocrine systems in mammals. After food has been chewed, it passes into the stomach, where protein- digesting enzymes are released, then into the intestines, where nutrients are absorbed.
The air passages subdivide many times within each lung, ending in alveoli — tiny cavities from which oxygen is absorbed by red blood cells, and into which carbon dioxide flows, to be expelled when an animal breathes out. The kidneys filter the blood to remove waste products to form urine, which is then stored in the bladder, to be expelled at intervals.
Firstly, it allows external stimuli, such as sights, sounds, smells and sensations to be conveyed from the sense organs to the brain, where they are interpreted.
The skeletal muscles are under conscious control, and move when directed to do so by the brain. Other, less obvious, functions are the production of blood cells in the marrow, and storage of essential minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, which can be released when required. In the male, the main ones are the testes, prostate and penis, while in the female, the main organs are the ovaries, uterus and vagina. Hormones produced by the endocrine system affect growth, sexual development, water absorption and energy consumption, among other things.
More primitive animals may have only a few organs, and these might function in a different way from their more familiar counterparts in mammals.
Concepts and ideas associated with the central topic radiate out from the central topic on branches. If you've came today during our Pre-Launch phase you have either purchased one of our Reports before or expressed interest. Understand these are Beta Reports and not Fancy but the information stands the test of time.
These categories, though, were approximate: "Every individual is an exception to the rule," Jung wrote.
And then there are the non-drinkers, for whom abstaining may be as much of an issue as drinking.
Absorption is aided by fluids released by the pancreas and liver, which help in the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats.
The lymphatic system involves glands such as the spleen and thymus, which produce or modify cells called lymphocytes that are released into the bloodstream and destroy harmful organisms. Secondly, it allows signals to be sent from the brain, via the spinal cord and nerves, to the muscles, causing them to move as directed. For example, insects breathe through openings in the sides of their bodies, and earthworms do so by absorbing oxygen directly through their skins. Further associations can then be added to those branches and so on, so that the main topic remains central and the more remote details or associations end up at the edges of the map. Although the details may vary, all mammals, including humans, have the same ten organ systems in terms of function: the digestive, respiratory, circulatory, urinary, nervous, muscular, skeletal, reproductive, endocrine and integumentary. This also applies to the smooth muscles, which control various other internal processes, such as digestion. Jellyfish have little in the way of an organ system, but do have a network of nerves and a basic digestive mechanism. Mind maps are most effective when they incorporate the use of color and images, which stimulate the brain and aid in memory. These reports are the effort of over 100 hours of hard work gleaming the very best ideas from the Best Guru's in the fields of marketing, self development, and business.



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