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Author: admin, 27.03.2015. Category: Positive Thought For The Day

To help young kids who struggle with math, well-intentioned teachers often turn to non-traditional teaching methods. A new study concludes that those first-graders who are behind their peers would have learned more if their teachers had just taught them to add and subtract the old-fashioned way. Average and above-average students learn about as much with either the innovative or traditional approaches. The researchers found that the higher the number of struggling students, who scored in the bottom 15 percent in kindergarten, in a first-grade teacher’s classroom, the more likely the teachers were to use manipulatives (hands-on materials), calculators, music and movement (See Table 3 on page 12 in the study). Yet, at the end of first grade, the researchers found that struggling students who were given traditional instruction posted significantly higher math score gains than the struggling students who had been taught by the progressive methods. Understanding why the more innovative methods didn’t work spectacularly is a matter of conjecture. Innovative methods can also be more challenging to implement properly, and it could be that many teachers aren’t doing them right.
The Morgan study will be helpful to disseminate the message that practice is important for all learners. I had the opportunity to work with first graders this past school year and what research says is true. As and educator for more than 25 years, I enjoyed reading this article and will be sharing it with my 1st grade teachers.
I find the original article and the results very interesting, but I would advise caution in making generalizations about the findings from research that relies heavily on survey data and lots of regression analysis.
We have idiots administering education systems that force methods on teachers to feed a system whose sole purpose is to spend as much money as possible making as many C students as possible. A study that classifies a calculator as a manipulative along side of tens sticks is seriously flawed.
I can’t imagine moving to rote instruction if a child does not have an understanding of a concept.
As the editor who worked with Jill Barshay on this column, I’m fascinated to read these enlightening responses. I think we confuse arithmetic (number facility) with mathematical reasoning to every learner’s detriment. Also, we neglect offering a meaningful connection to numbers and counting and math by not sharing the rich history of their invention.
It is so great to see all the arguments against this articles assumptions about teaching learning and struggling students! I love the comment made about helping (young minds) learn about math being more than numbers but more about problem solving.
Math and language development ought to progress at the same time in order for the (mind) to have mobility in it’s understanding and expression of this understanding by communicating this understanding to others both in colourful language or complex math.
I totally agree that a reasonable amount of fluency with numbers should help students learn higher concepts more easily, and too much emphasis on precision of facts will quickly lead to boredom and negative feelings. How boring it would be to have to read a story like the three pigs , if you had to read each word perfectly before going to the next page. As I read this article, I found myself wondering if the writer has ever been in a first grade classroom. Before you write a letter of recommendation for another person, you should first check the following points to be sure how to write a good letter of recommendation. You should first understand the purpose of the recommendation, whether it is for a job, an academic admission, an academic post, a background check, a volunteer position, or just a personal reference. You should ask specific questions about the position for which the individual is applying and get a comprehensive job description.
You should remember that you are putting your individual reputation on line when you are writing letters of recommendation and recommending other people.
If you know that person but not too very well, you should get complete information about that person. Letters of recommendation are like other professional communications and they follow the same general guidelines and rules. If the person you are recommending had any weakness, you need not hide that but you should not be blunt about it. If you understand the above points about letters of recommendation, your doubts about how to write a good letter of recommendation would vanish. I am writing this letter to recommend Jack Robinson for the position of Production Manager at XYZ Company.
Jack had the technical knowledge and expertise to maintain the production running smoothly. Since he was a very good team man and inspired the workers, ABC was able to increase its production. With his technical knowledge, dedication, adaptability, and leadership qualities, Jack would definitely make a great Production Manager for XYZ Company. It is used for research papers in many classes at Richland College, including English, but it is not the only research paper format.
You can learn more about the MLA Format in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, available at your library reference desk. If you have not done so already, complete Acadia University's online plagiarism tutorial below.
Click on the DragNDrop Activity below to match the MLA guideline with the item it refers to.
Summarizing means to take the key ideas from another source and shorten them, using your own words. At the end of your paper, you must provide a Works Cited page that lists all the sources you cited in your paper. If you use more than 1 source by the same author, only provide the author's name for the first source.
Reprint sources gather information from other sources and reprint the information as a collection. If the reprint article title has not been changed from the original source, begin with the original and end with the reprint. If the reprint article title has been changed from the original source, begin with the reprint and end with the original. In-text documentation is sometimes called parenthetical documentation because it requires the use of parentheses ( ). Begin the quote or paraphrase with the author's last name and end the borrowed information with the page number in parentheses. Or, provide the author's last name and the page number inside parentheses at the end of the borrowed information.
If the source you borrowed information from does not list the author's name, use the first significant word of the title. Example: Since 1998, our earth has experienced the five hottest years in recorded time, with the hottest year being 2005 (Choo). Example: The evidence clearly proves that the benefits of a college education to an individual and society prevail over the cost of earning a college degree (Porter par.

In some cases, you might need to provide additional information within your parenthetical documentation. The fewer the struggling students, the more likely that teachers stuck with traditional methods, such as showing the whole class how to solve something one way from the chalkboard and then having students practice the method using worksheets.
Gains are measured by how much students math scores rose between kindergarten and the end of first grade. Morgan theorizes that, just as children need to practice reading a lot and become fluent readers before they can analyze texts, math students need to become fluent with basic operations before they can talk about multiple methods for solving problems or arrive at deep conceptual understandings. Too much traditional in math is not good, because first graders need lots of teacher-directed instruction.
Here’s a link to a 1995 journal, Effective Practices, devoted to the aftermath of Project Follow Through. Obviously repetition helps students learn, but simply reciting the words “two plus two equals four” is not synonymous with learning math and attaining a sense of how numbers work together.
I had the same initial reaction, why would you lump hands-on materials together with calculators?
In my experience of teaching all of the primary grades, some students need more time at the conceptual level of mathematical topics.
And, of course, Lena Green, Theresa Doerfler and others note, correctly that the teacher’s role and skills are of paramount importance. Here are my two-cents: I find this argument to mirror the pushback against using hands on and the use of manipulatives in math.
He is struggling in math, which is partially my fault and the school he attended for second grade. Morgan is implying that drilling and rote memorization are better than hands on concepts- but for struggling kids rote memorization may help increase their capacity for learning, whereas, some kids may not need that extra jog?! I’ve taught first graders for 20 years, and have swung back and forth with the pendulum.
You could discuss with the individual about the educational qualification and past experience. Your name, your designation and company name if any, and your address should be on the top right hand corner, followed by the date. The left hand side after that would have the name, designation and company name, if any, and the address of the recipient. The letter should open with a formal greeting, either personal or a business greeting, depending on the type of the letter of recommendation. The introduction paragraph should specifically state who you are, how you know that person whom you are recommending, and for what position you are making the recommendation. The body of the letter of recommendation should be specific about the talents, skills, and achievements of the person that you are recommending. Even though you should express your appreciation of the achievements and skills of that person, you should also ensure that there is no undesirable exaggeration in the letter of recommendation. You should be specific in recommending that person to the position which is under consideration. When you write a letter of recommendation, you should not be too brief, which would convey either the meaning that you do not have enough material to speak about that person or it would make the recipient think that you do not know too much about that person. He was able to motivate the workers under him without too much effort, since he always led by example and automatically inspired them to give their best in their jobs. His suggestions to make improvements in the products to provide more value addition to the customers were highly useful.
Alcanzandose niveles de aumento que bordean los 100.000x usando los microscopios modernos que permitirian ver en mas detalle la biologia molecular.
If you need a score summary, you must respond to all 8 Self Check questions in one sitting. Examples of other paper formats include APA (American Psychological Association), Chicago, and Turabian. When given the chance to select a player, choose Maiko for situations similar to the ones you will encounter at Richland College.
For example, a book in the Opposing Viewpoints Series may contain information that was originally published as a newspaper article, web page, and a speech transcript. For every fact or idea you borrowed from another source, you must provide the author's last name and the page of the source.
At the end of the sentence, begin the parenthetical documentation with the phrase "qtd. One complicated way could be starting with 10 + 10 and then taking 3 away (because 7 is 3 less than 10) and then taking 2 away (because 8 is 2 less than the other 10). But any random classroom is likely to have some strugglers in it; for them, the researcher conclude, traditional, teacher-directed instruction generally yields better results. Department of Education data from about 14,000 students across the United States who entered kindergarten in 1998. Six-year-olds are prone to goof around and stick popsicle sticks in their ears, taking away from precious teaching time. I will see you research study and raise you my 40 years plus of teaching to say I seriously doubt that the success you see has anything to do with learning mathematics. I saw teachers integrating manipulatives and small groups, but the students were not staying on task. Perhaps manipulatives are effective, but calculators aren’t and the calculator negative effect is drowning out the positive manipulative effect? When they don’t get it, their mathematical wall has a crumbly base and is weak from that time forward. I suspect we have all had learning experiences where sometimes we understood the concept first, but other times we didn’t understand the concept well until we could easily perform the procedural operations.
Please don’t try to change what we already know about child development to meet the needs of those that designed developmentally INappropriate learning standards in the first place and corporations that are making a mint off of tests and tutoring to support their lies. If we can engage the student about the process of discovering and inventing their own patterns. In second grade I did not know he needed to be learning his multiplication tables, so it set him back. By timing things we are constantly measuring and it may not actually mean that children aren’t learning what they are being taught. If the recommendation letter is for a job, you should focus on the professional qualifications, the personal skills and capabilities, and the attitude and conduct of the person whom you are recommending. If you happen to know the person who would be receiving the recommendation letter very well, you could talk to that person also and get job details. If you think that you do not know too much about that person or if you have even the slightest doubt that the person might not deserve your recommendation, you should decline the request for writing letter of recommendation. You could ask that person to provide you with the resume, degree and other education related certificates, proofs of previous employments, etc. This summary should inform the recipient about you especially, since the recipient would consider the recommended person favorably, if you are either a superior or a person who is in a position to have studied that person closely for a considerable period. You should use specific examples and instances, instead of being general or vague while describing that person.

If you try to put that person on a pedestal, it would be quite obvious to most recipients of your letters of recommendations.
It states “Before being promoted as Production Supervisor, Jack took pains to attend classes on interpersonal skills and leadership. When you clearly state that the person would be useful in the position, instead of being somewhat vague, the recipient would believe in the authenticity of your letter of recommendation. You could also invite the recipient to contact you if further details are required about the person you are recommending.
If you wish to know anything more about Jack, kindly feel free to write to me or contact me personally.
The MLA format requires that you provide information about the source so that somebody could find it. When you cite reprints, you must provide information about the original source and the reprint source. We all want kids to view mathematics as something that’s interesting and engaging and useful,” he said.
When children are on the rug in close proximity of the teacher, and the teacher is giving direct instruction, students can soak up like a sponge. They come from teachers’ misunderstanding of the innovative methods they have been advised to teach. When you have all these details and when you know how to write a good letter of recommendation, your letter would be specific and thorough.
The first paragraph of the sample letter provided below would give you an idea about the introduction portion. If that person has made significant contributions or had unique skills, you should expressly point them out. Moreover, this would make it more difficult for the candidate to perform in the new position, even if the recipient had believed your exaggeration, since the expectation would be too high and probably impossible to meet. I was the direct superior of Jack at ABC and we worked closely during the time Jack worked there.
He was able to ensure that quality never got compromised in spite of tough delivery schedules. He was able to put into practice effectively what he learned in those classes when he became Production Supervisor. Mientras mas largo sea el lente mas poderoso es, es decir genera un mayor aumento del objeto en estudio y mientras mas corto el lente menos aumento. And whatever we may think of the curtailment of other civil rights, we should fight to the last ditch to keep open the right to learn, the right to have examined in our schools not only what we believe, but what we do not believe; not only what our leaders say, but what the leaders of other groups and nations, and the leaders of other centuries have said. You must provide this information in a specific format based on the type and medium of the source.
You drill them enough on something they can repeat it, but do they really understand what they are doing and can they apply it to new situations.
Morgan if he thought his findings had implications for the first grade Common Core standards, and we both agreed that Common Core specifies only WHAT students should know, not HOW you should teach it. They can ask and answer questions about the skill; then go back to their seats and demonstrate what has been taught. Morgan, he said that teachers who reported using manipulatives also tended to say that they were using calculators. I wonder if developing a rich number sense involves a certain amount of rote-like repetition, e.g. Then introducing some well known patterns that have become the building blocks of Math, then giving them exercises to reinforce and memorize larger and more complex concepts, they will quite willingly want to move forward to explain and predict parts of the environment in which they live in. When you have all the information with you about the person you are recommending, it would make the process that much easier. We must insist upon this to give our children the fairness of a start which will equip them with such an array of facts and such an attitude toward truth that they can have a real chance to judge what the world is and what its greater minds have thought it might be (230-231).
Teachers who are good teachers ALL use methods that help kids think about the foundational concepts involved in the mathematics being taught, and they provide intellectually engaging support to the children no matter where they are conceptually.
Another aspect of Jack that impressed me was his clean habits and maintenance of good health.
Then the children get on and randomly select what they want to work on from the chosen list. I have a struggling student who is very slow to learn via common core, probably, I believe, because she needs to really get some good memory practice and it will enhance her ability to grasp the concepts they are trying to teach. We need to show them different strategies for solving problems, and let them decide what works best for them, with guidance from us, of course. My recollection of how this works (from my own grad school stats classes) is that you put all the teachers’ methods in a big metaphorical salad spinner, you start turning and see how the data clumps together.
Unfortunately it is our children most in need of opportunities to think and make decisions that get targeted for these misguided and misinformed teaching methods that abandon all thinking for rote instruction. And I always remind myself how much time children are at school versus at home- many people forget this and may fill up their kids schedules with activities and social events and not recognize that the role we have as parents is crucial! I think the problem that has been seen with this type of teaching is that many teachers put it out there and expect the kids to learn it on their own.
If a high percentage of teachers who say they teach one explicit method from the chalkboard also say that they use worksheets to reinforce the technique, that’s another data clump.
But if you work with the child and see what strategies they pick up on, and build on that, the kids are more likely to understand what they’re doing. But there are things we can to do preempt the crisis that it has created- we can find the time to enhance our kids education by attending museums, watching educational programming, go to zoos, seeing science exhibits or visiting planetariums.
Rote memorization is great for fluency and basic facts, but kids who just memorize often have problems understanding why the answer is correct. Researchers found sixth-graders who took an extra math class in a Florida school district performed no better than those who hadn’t by the time they reached high school.
Then when they get into higher grades, they have problems because they can’t figure out harder problems. I have expressed my opinions before but the teacher wants to pull him out of Spanish to work with him one on one. I teach math to first graders using different hands-on strategies, while expecting rote memorization to make them more fluent. I think the teacher should explain the subjects on a whole, then let the class roam free on KA.
I have no problem doing that but the teacher sends me text and let’s me know what my son needs to work on.
He is not failing math but he lives the subject and I think he is getting discouraged because he feels like he is not advancing in the subject.

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