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Author: admin, 11.11.2014. Category: Quote About Positive Thinking

On a morning walk, I picked up a sales flyer for a luxury building--luxurious except for the missing hyphens.
We use a hyphen to connect two or more parts of a compound adjective that comes before the word it modifies. For the 25 years I have taught business writing classes, I have heard and rejected a few myths.
Is each of the five statements below a truth, a myth, or a mix of both depending on the situation? But since I have been married nearly 20 years to my husband, Michael, I guess I should commit. Kate Michaels has asked me to write a reference for her in support of her internship application and I am delighted to do so. Professor Donaldson if you need any additional information about Kate Michaels please contact me by phone or email. I know the problem was the instructions and not the burrito because I gave it a second try.
The new four story condominium development on Bank Street features homes with state of the art appliances and the latest in furnishings. Buyers and their agents should stop by the sales office on Bank Street or request a copy of the four color brochure to learn more about this very special property. The question before the Supreme Court involves states rights, and governors around the country will be watching.
Final Event: Race to the Finish As quickly as you can, add hyphens, apostrophes, commas, and semicolons to the passage below.
College professors encourage their students extensive vocabulary and 50 word compound complex sentences. Much college writing includes perfectly structured paragraphs with an introduction three or more supporting sentences and a conclusion. Did you insert two semicolons, five to seven commas (depending on whether you use the serial comma), three apostrophes, and five hyphens?
Many middle-aged (not middle-age) people plan to work beyond the age of 65 (not age 65). Our system administrators have identified an issue with one of our mail arrays related to a hardware failure of one storage member in the SAN. A creative yet pragmatic communicator with award-winning experience in narrative storytelling and news production. Extensive experience in film production, with works featured in regional, national, and international film festivals. Proficiency in handling sensitive matters and communicating diplomatically with people of differing views.
Strong skills and experience in research and in communicating through letters, emails, op-eds, social media, and speeches. Supervised support staff of 14, including legal secretaries, paralegals, and general office support.
Consistently maintained Number 1 or 2 ranking for order fulfillment in a team of 32 order pickers.
Created a system for finance managers that generated and emailed monthly financial reports and spreadsheets for on-time budget planning.
Review your older jobs and accomplishments to be sure the language still communicates well. For instance, if you are more than 10 years out of school, drop your college activities unless they communicate something unique and amazing. Imagine this situation: That job you held from 1993 to 1996 was once a significant part of your resume, worthy of five bullet points of accomplishments. Just as emptying your closet of old clothes helps you focus on and build a new wardrobe, eliminating old resume details helps you focus on and build a case for the newest phase of your career. Replace some of the text with concise bullet points if you have chunks of text that are longer than three lines. Replace typefaces such as Times New Roman and Book Antiqua with a sans serif typeface like Trebuchet, and see if you like the difference. Experiment with incorporating a strong left alignment rather than centered headings, to communicate energy rather than formality. College instructors sometimes ask me to recommend a text to use in their business writing classes. Beyond the NegativeIt is unclear to me whether it were Henry Fox Talbot or Louis Daguerre, or possibly some other unnamed fellow who first transferred a positive image onto paper from a negative. 1906: Availability of panchromatic black and white film and therefore high quality color separation color photography. G+ #Read of the Day: The Daguerreotype - The daguerreotype, an early form of photograph, was invented by Louis Daguerre in the early 19th c. The first photograph (1826) - Joseph Niepce, a French inventor and pioneer in photography, is generally credited with producing the first photograph. Easy Peasy Fact:Following Niepcea€™s experiments, in 1829 Louis Daguerre stepped up to make some improvements on a novel idea. Rich teaches Constitutional Law, Constitutional Litigation, Civil Liberties, and Jurisprudence. Pierce received a law degree from Washburn University School of Law in 1977 and a master of laws from University of Utah College of Law in 1982.
After receiving a law degree from the University of Kansas School of Law, Concannon served as a law clerk in the Office of the Kansas Attorney General and the Office of the Kansas Insurance Commissioner and as a research attorney for Justice Alex Fromme of the Kansas Supreme Court. Westbrook's teaching and research focus on financial, international, and transactional subjects. The article asserts that with nearly every phone call, text, Facebook post, and store purchase humans are adding to huge databases containing their personal information.
The couple became pregnant without using the services of a licensed physician; they separated after giving birth to a girl three years ago. In the January 2, 2013 Washington Post article "-->Kansas sperm donor fighting effort by the state to make him pay child support," Elrod "said the law seems clear: Sperm donors who don't want to be held liable for child support need to work with a doctor. Professor Glashausser said "The president would simply announce that Congress had created a 'Catch-22' situation requiring him to both borrow and not borrow the money." The President would take the position that the appropriation bills amount to an implicit repeal of the debt ceiling because newer law trumps older law. Powell, of Wichita, currently serves as a Judge for the Sedgwick County District Court and was first elected in 2002. Schroeder, of Hugoton, began his practice in rural southwest Kansas and has served as a district court judge for the 26th Judicial District since 1999.
Some donors had their children write messages to the intended recipient child or donated multiple items that were to be kept together for one child that were themed, such as school supplies or art.
After a fun day of packing and preparing the boxes with labels, they were delivered to a local collection center. This Article bridges a gap in existing literature by evaluating, from an empirical perspective, the impact of conflict among the lower courts on the Supreme Court’s decision to grant or deny a petition for a writ of certiorari. The case involved same-sex partners who had entered into an agreement to coparent children who were conceived by artificial insemination and born to one of the partners. The Kansas Supreme Court issued its opinion in this case on Friday, February 22, 2013, including mention of the Center's brief. The decision upheld the right of a same-sex nonbiological partner to continue parenting the two children born to the relationship.
The case was returned to the district court to hear evidence pertaining to the best interests of the children and reconsider matters of visitation time. Professor Rory Bahadur has been selected the National Academic Curriculum Consultant by the Council on Legal Education Opportunity (CLEO), a division of the American Bar Association. The CLEO program seeks to expand legal education opportunities to minority, low-income, and disadvantaged groups. Advancing again this year to at least the quarter-final round, the team lost on a split-decision to the University of Montana. Graeme Austin is chair of private law at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, and professor of law at Melbourne University Law School, Australia.
On February 13, 2013, at the end of its two‐day event, KCSDV held its 10th Annual Safe Homes Safe Streets Benefit Reception at the Topeka Performing Arts Center. Becky Price, of KCSDV, was grateful that Washburn Law students volunteered and was excited that the dinner helped to educate so many on the important work that KCSDV does.
The Kansas Association for Justice established an award in remembrance of Raymond Spring, '59, former professor and dean of the law school.
Amy currently represents clients through her general practice office in Tonganoxie, Kansas. While surveys show a majority of Americans are sympathetic to this young man's situation and would be in favor of some form of immigration relief for the Dreamers, Congress has not approved legislation to revise the immigration code. Having graduated from high school or obtained a GED, being in school or a GED program now, or being honorably discharged from military service in the U.S. Not having a felony conviction, significant misdemeanor, or three or more misdemeanors and not posing a threat to national security. Interns in the Law Clinic help clients gather documentation to prove the elements of their case and file all of the necessary forms for deferred action. Washburn University School of Law's Legal Analysis, Research, and Writing Program is ranked 11th among all law schools in the U.S. From its inception, the strength of Washburn Law's LARW program has been its commitment by faculty to provide integrated skills education essential in producing competent, practice-ready graduates committed to serving their clients, the legal profession and society at large. Washburn Law legal writing professors regularly teach a seminar session in the Washburn Law Clinic, helping students to make a smooth transition between classroom and practice, and our legal writing students regularly observe oral arguments before state and federal appellate courts. Washburn Law was named a top law library, ranked at #19, in the National Jurist's list of Great Law Libraries. Washburn Law is one of the nation's most outstanding law schools, according to The Princeton Review. Washburn Law has offered one of the most extensive oil and gas law curricula in the nation and is recognized as a premier learning institution with a focus on oil and gas law. The oil and gas industry has been a significant part of the Kansas economy since the early 1900s, and oil and gas law continues to be a major area of practice in Kansas and throughout the world.
Many of the significant scholarly resources used in the practice and teaching of oil and gas law are associated with Washburn. As Professor Glashausser explains, however, the text, context, and drafting history of the Extension Clause reveal the fallacy of those conventional justifications. As the many Native American nations gamer economic strength and come into increasing contact with state and local forums, so do the chances that those forums will come face to face with questions of tribal law. It may be possible for tribal courts to gain some of the advantages and ameliorate some of the dangers by entering into a variety of cooperative arrangements with state courts.
The purpose of this article is to bring together the various options for tribal and state court cooperation for the analysis of tribal law questions. Jargon can be the perfect form of communication among experts and people who work together.
You should not write the way you talk if your talk is rambling, silly, mean spirited, or filled with errors--unless you are a character in a novel. If you use the language your readers expect, they can move through your message quickly, almost finishing your sentences. And I know that many readers, followers of AP and Chicago, wonder why I am not using the commas.
Kate worked with me from January, 2014 through August, 2015 as a teaching assistant in our marketing program, I was her direct supervisor.
She used creative approaches to help students' understand complex concepts in marketing statistics. Perhaps my carelessly following rather than interpreting the instructions wrecked the meal?


Buyers looking for beautifully appointed two and three bedroom contemporary homes with open floor plans will want to visit this high end development.
Whether they live in New York, New York or Cairo, Egypt, people like to feel included and informed. Professors and teachers admire academic writing however readers needs on the job are different.
Although business writing contains elegantly structured chunks of text it also features one sentence paragraphs.
Proven ability in written and visual communication, with particular expertise in social media. Eliminate early jobs such as working in a frozen yogurt shop (unless you are applying for a fast-food management position) and acting as a camp counselor (unless you are still in the counseling field). For example, the SUMMARY OF QUALIFICATIONS shown in Tip 1 above includes this list, which might include links to online samples (indicated by underlining): letters, emails, op-eds, social media, and speeches. Your resume should make you feel pleased, proud, and confident as you move into your future. Both instructors and students can benefit from the tips on completing the assignment--tips about the purpose of the message, its audience, the communication strategy, and content. Talbot was active from the mid-1830s, and sits alongside Louis Daguerre as one of the fathers of the medium.
Niepcea€™s photograph shows a view from the Window at Le Gras, and it only took eight hours of exposure time!The history of photography has roots in remote antiquity with the discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light. Again employing the use of solvents and metal plates as a canvas, Daguerre utilized a combination of silver and iodine to make a surface more sensitive to light, thereby taking less time to develop. He received a law degree from the University of California at Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law in 1975.
He began his legal career as a solo general practitioner in Neodesha, Kan., and worked as city attorney for Cherryvale, Kansas.
Dean Romig indicated that instructors at Washburn Law explain to first-year students how Facebook entries posted years ago could come back to haunt them in Internet searches done by future employers or clients. In the future, drones flying overhead on routine traffic patrols may pick up something in a person's backyard that looks illegal; would this information be admissible in court? The birth mother sought and received assistance from the State of Kansas when the non-birth mother became unable to work because of an illness. Other than that, the general rule is strict liability for sperm." Elrod also provided comments to Kansas First News for their -->January 3, 2013 report-->. The Children and Family Law Center and the five student organizations originally set a goal of ten boxes but as donations poured in, it became apparent that more boxes would be filled. Professor Elrod kindly donated multiple plastic containers which were used in lieu of a standard cardboard shoebox. The volunteers there packed the shoeboxes into larger cardboard boxes which were taken by box truck so they could be shipped from the distribution center. Specifically, this Article looks at the political ideology of the lower courts involved in a split of authority on federal law and compares those positions to the political ideology of the Supreme Court itself.
Following the couple's breakup, joint custody was granted to the non-biological parent; the biological parent argued her parental rights were violated when the district court awarded parenting time to the ex-partner.
In role as consultant, Professor Bahadur will be assisting CLEO with program development and oversee all of CLEO's programming for entering and first-year law students.
Hatcher, Marissa Frederick, Kaitlin Marsh, Megan Williams, and 1L support-member Norah Avellan. Attendees will have the opportunity to discuss how the New Zealand tribunal's decision affects the debate about intellectual property protection in the context of indigenous societies.
He is co-author, with Professor Laurence Helfer (Duke University School of Law) of "Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface," (Cambridge University Press). The event provides an opportunity for community members, legislators, and professionals to become more informed about the prevalence of sexual and domestic violence. In one case, Amy worked long hours on a post-conviction petition that remained pending beyond her clinic semester. On June 15, 2012, President Obama issued a controversial administrative policy allowing Dreamers to apply for deferred action.
As one can imagine, it is not always easy to come up with an actual document to prove you have been in the United States every month since 2007 or even that you were actually here on the exact day of June 15, 2012. Our clients are grateful for the representation as they navigate an immigration system that can be very intimidating to someone who must come forward and openly reveal his undocumented status. Our full-time LARW professors co-direct the first-year program and are members of the Association of Legal Writing Directors (ALWD) and the Legal Writing Institute (LWI). The education service company features the school in the 2012 edition of its book, The Best 167 Law Schools.
Creating the Oil and Gas Law Center will provide a structure for the existing oil and gas curricula and reflects Washburn's institutional commitment to these programs. The Center structure will allow Washburn Law to more effectively attract students, obtain grants and other financial support for Center programs, and attract alumni and other oil and gas lawyers to assist with the Center's educational mission.
Pierce is the author of the Kansas Oil and Gas Handbook, a co-author of the West casebook Cases and Materials on Oil and Gas Law, and the West hornbook Hemingway Oil and Gas Law and Taxation. Legislators have repeatedly introduced bills seeking to prevent the Court from hearing cases on politically charged topics such as marriage, religion, and abortion. Just as other constitutional provisions guarantee the jurisprudential independence of federal judges so that they can do their jobs without fear of reprisal, the Extension Clause prevents Congress from taking certain cases away from the Supreme Court and thus secures the Court’s jurisdictional independence. The challenges posed by an AngloAmerican court answering questions of tribal law present both danger and opportunity. In an arrangement of true parity, these options may also provide avenues for tribal courts to obtain assistance in answering important questions of state law in tribal court cases. Professor Kowalski further concludes that each option has costs and benefits, and that individual tribal nations must each undertake their own cost benefit analyses to determine which action - or none at all - is the most likely to benefit tribal sovereignty and institutions based on their goals, history, relationships with state and local entities, and even relationships between individual leaders in the state and tribal justice systems. Just be careful that you define or replace jargon when your audience may not understand it. But when you use language they don't see regularly--for example, circumvent rather than bypass--they may think you intend something you do not. If you use an unusual word because it is the best word for the situation, define it and use it regularly. In contrast, 40- and 50-word sentences force readers to wait until the period, or full stop, to get the point. Carefully remove from oven, peel off plastic film and allow to sit for 1 minute before serving. In reply, they sent me a coupon for a free frozen entree, and I bought the same burrito. When new things come to light in your job search or profession, share them with your network.
Business writers will use a one sentence paragraph when they want a statement to stand out. Apply these tips to make your resume fresh and representative of who you are today, with an eye to tomorrow. Assignments cover explanations, requests, bad-news messages, inquiries, solicitations, messages saying no, complaint resolutions, a range of job-search messages, and other pieces. Instructors can never be sure where students may go wrong with a writing assignment that requires them to imagine themselves communicating on the job.
Porta (1541-1615), a wise Neapolitan, was able to get the image of well-lighted objects through a small hole in one of the faces of a dark chamber; with a convergent lens over the enlarged hole, he noticed that the images got even clearer and sharper. Though he is most famous for his contributions to photography, he was also an accomplished painter and a developer of the diorama theatre. As far as is known, nobody thought of bringing these two phenomena together to capture camera images in permanent form until around 1800, when Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented although unsuccessful attempt.
Prior to joining the Washburn Law faculty, he was a law clerk for Chief Justice Donald Wright of the California Supreme Court and he served as a staff attorney at the Legal Aid Society of Wichita.
He asks "What is personal information and what is professional?" Employers looking at Facebook accounts, or asking all job applicants if they can look, is a big issue. Each box was filled with candy, toys, school supplies, soap, a toothbrush, toothpaste, and other various items. The postage for each box was $7.00 which was covered in part by donations and largely by the student organizations. The team finished 3rd overall in the preliminary phase of the tournament, with a 4-0 record against Louisiana State, William Mitchell, Iowa State, and Michigan State. Amy wanted to see the case through, so she volunteered her time in the clinic during the holiday break and spring semester in order to fulfill her professional responsibility to her client. The child grows up speaking English, attending public schools, making friends, playing sports, learning and enjoying American culture. The Department of Homeland Security was directed to exercise, as appropriate, prosecutorial discretion for those who are approved and not use enforcement resources on these low priority cases. All of these documents must be organized in a logical way to make sure immigration officials will see that each element is met. The LARW program at Washburn Law is the only law school specialty program in Kansas and the Kansas City metro area to receive a national ranking for 2014. As experts in their field, LARW faculty members have shared their teaching expertise with peers at the Free University of Tbilisi in the Republic of Georgia and with visiting Chilean law professors.
We are training the future lawyers governmental agencies will need to effectively regulate the industry," Pierce said. Oil and gas law, as an elective field of study, has always enjoyed a strong student following. He is a co-editor and upkeep author of the multi-volume treatise Kuntz, A Treatise on Oil and Gas Law and co-editor of the Oil and Gas Reporter. Opportunities come with strengthened inter-sovereign relationships and with the acknowledgement of tribal legal potency by other forums. When I talk in a professional setting, I try not to open my mouth unless I have thought first--if even for just a moment--about what I am going to say. When we were younger and in school, our short subject-verb sentences did show a lack of skills. She took initiative to enhance online outreach to students, showed evidence of a keen understanding of both short term results and long term benefits of various marketing strategies, and consistently delivered professional, high-quality work. My friend Sarah began a job search on September 1, 2007 and ended it three months later, nevertheless, she still networks.
Schulze mixes chalk, nitric acid, and silver in a flask; notices darkening on side of flask exposed to sunlight. A daguerreotype, produced on a silver-plated copper sheet, produces a mirror image photograph of the exposed scene.
Ahrens Chair was endowed by the law firm of Michaud, Cordry, Michaud, Hutton and Hutton, named in honor of former Washburn Law professor James R.
He served as associate dean of Washburn University School of Law for five years and was acting dean in the fall of 1985 and interim dean during the 2006-2007 academic year. Pierce teaches Oil and Gas Law, Advanced Oil and Gas Law, Energy Regulation, and Drafting Contracts and Conveyances. Sager Memorial Professorship was established by Stan, '57, and Shirley Sager in memory of their son Kurt Sager, '76, who died in 1998 at the age of 44. In her previous position at the University at Buffalo Law School, Westbrook taught courses on international finance, securities regulation, international trade, the North American Free Trade Agreement, acquisition transactions, and transactional practice. She and other victims have been working with KCSDV to eliminate the 5 year Statute of Limitations for rape. He is a past president of the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, which awarded him the 2012 Clyde O.
Dangers inhere in crosscultural illiteracy and particularly in the temptation to ignore abstention principles and to attack tribal jurisdiction.


We were taught to vary our sentence lengths and structures to create a blend of simple, compound, and compound-complex sentences that made our writing more interesting. The alchemist Fabricio, more or less at the same period of time, observed that silver chloride was darkened by the action of light. Chemistry student Robert Cornelius was so fascinated by the chemical process involved in Daguerrea€™s work that he sought to make some improvements himself. For several years he worked with Washburn Law Clinic students representing inmates in constitutional challenges to Kansas prison conditions. He has also taught the core courses in Contracts, Business Associations, and Environmental Law. It is awarded to a faculty member considered to be an excellent teacher, who may be a traditional academic or an individual with prominence in the field of law, with preference given to a professor in the area of International or Commercial Law. She also served as the director of the University of Buffalo New York City Program in International Finance and Law.
Another focus of the event is the benefits of creating safe homes and streets for everyone. There were a total of 16 student volunteers who signed up for various tasks before and during the reception. Pozez Chair in Business and Transactional Law and Professor of Law, will be the Center's director.
Being concise--that is, expressing much in few words, being clear and succinct--is a great virtue in business communication. Yet when I type something unusual--for example, the restaurant name Plaka Estiatorio--my phone will change it, in this case to Plaza Estimator Iowa. It was only two hundred years later that the physicist Charles made the first photographic impression, by projecting the outlines of one of his pupils on a white paper sheet impregnated with silver chloride.
It was commercially introduced in 1839, a date generally accepted as the birth year of practical photography.The metal-based daguerreotype process soon had some competition from the paper-based calotype negative and salt print processes invented by Henry Fox Talbot. And in 1839 Cornelius shot a self-portrait daguerrotype that some historians believe was the first modern photograph of a man ever produced. Rich's publications address a wide range of constitutional law topics, including federalism, sovereign immunity, prison conditions and race relations. Pierce is the author of the Kansas Oil and Gas Handbook, a co-author of the West casebook Cases and Materials on Oil and Gas Law, and the West treatise Hemingway Oil and Gas Law and Taxation. Senator Dole is clearly one of the most well-known and distinguished graduates of Washburn Law. She teaches Business Associations, Financial Institution Regulation, International Business Transactions, and Securities Regulation. The Children and Family Law Center provided Family Law Certificate credit for several students who volunteered their time. He is undocumented and could be removed from this country and sent back to a place he does not know.
Pierce has been the driving force behind the oil and gas program at Washburn Law since its inception nearly a quarter of a century ago in 1989. This award recognizes excellence in teaching natural resources law, by fostering a broad understanding of the law, mentoring students, and for innovative teaching style. Brevity can be a virtue, but make sure you have written enough to communicate what your reader needs. For example, the funding allows them to hire research assistants, travel to conferences or invite speakers to the law school.
He also authored the three volume treatise, Modern Constitutional Law (3rd Edition), published in 2011. The Professorship is awarded to a faculty member considered to be an excellent teacher, who may be a traditional academic or an individual with prominence in the field of law   Professor Concannon has achieved both. Jessup International Moot Court Competition held at Denver University Sturm College of Law, February 15-16, 2013.
The photos were turned into lantern slides and projected in registration with the same color filters.
He is a past president of the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation and a member of the American Law Institute. He was a senior contributing editor of Evidence in America: The Federal Rules in the States and serves on the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. He dreams of one day being able to work and live in the United States without fear of removal. In 1802, Wedgwood reproduced transparent drawings on a surface sensitized by silver nitrate and exposed to light.
During the current academic year, he has received the Outstanding Service Award from the Kansas Bar Association, the Distinguished Service Award from the Washburn University School of Law Alumni Association, and the Clyde O. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) has increased opportunities for private plaintiffs to bring collateral civil actions.
Hatcher is Top OralistThe Washburn Law Jessup Moot Court Team competed in the Rocky Mountain Super-Regional Round of the Philip C. Nicephore Niepce (1765-1833) had the idea of using as sensitive material the bitumen, which is altered and made insoluble by light, thus keeping the images obtained unaltered.
Long before the first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE.
In response to FCPA investigations, shareholders now routinely file derivative suits, securities fraud class actions, or both.
He communicated his experiences to Daguerre (1787-1851) who noticed that a iodide-covered silver plate - thedaguerreotype -, by exposition to iodine fumes, was impressed by the action of light action, and that the almost invisible alteration could be developed with the exposition to mercury fumes. In the 6th century CE, Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a type of camera obscura in his experimentsIbn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (965 in Basra a€“ c.
The Righter Professorship is awarded to a faculty member who has made extraordinary contributions to the law school primarily in the areas of teaching, scholarship, and service. It was then fixed with a solution of potassium cyanide, which dissolves the unaltered iodine.The daguerreotype (1839) was the first practical solution for the problem of photography. Nevertheless, a number of the suits have been settled, some for amounts exceeding the government penalties paid by the company for the FCPA violations. In 1841, Claudet discovered quickening substances, thanks to which exposing times were shortened.
Shareholder litigation based on company behavior that violates the FCPA is significant because the threat of private litigation increases the impact of an FCPA violation by increasing a company's liability, parallel shareholder litigation may subtly expand FCPA liability, and shareholder lawsuits may also be of more general doctrinal significance. More or less at the same time period, EnglishWilliam Henry Talbot substituted the steel daguerreotype with paper photographs (named calotype). Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694. Professor Westbrook examines recent shareholder litigation based on company behavior that violates the FCPA, introduces the FCPA and the current surge in its enforcement, examines the increase in shareholder actions based on FCPA violations, analyzes shareholder derivative and securities fraud class action lawsuits in terms of what shareholders are alleging and how their suits are faring, and draws preliminary conclusions about the legal consequences of increased collateral shareholder litigation based on FCPA violations. Niepce of Saint-Victor (1805-1870), Nicephorea€™s cousin, invented the photographic glass plate covered with a layer of albumin, sensitized by silver iodide.
The novel Giphantie (by the French Tiphaigne de la Roche, 1729a€“74) described what could be interpreted as photography.Around the year 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first known attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance.
Maddox and Benett, between 1871 and 1878, discovered the gelatine-bromide plate, as well as how to sensitize it.
As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed.
A strong hot solution of common salt served to stabilize or fix the image by removing the remaining silver iodide. On 7 January 1839, this first complete practical photographic process was announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, and the news quickly spread. At first, all details of the process were withheld and specimens were shown only at Daguerre's studio, under his close supervision, to Academy members and other distinguished guests.
Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image. Unlike a daguerreotype, which could only be copied by rephotographing it with a camera, a calotype negative could be used to make a large number of positive prints by simple contact printing.
The calotype had yet another distinction compared to other early photographic processes, in that the finished product lacked fine clarity due to its translucent paper negative. This was seen as a positive attribute for portraits because it softened the appearance of the human face. Talbot patented this process,[20] which greatly limited its adoption, and spent many years pressing lawsuits against alleged infringers.
He attempted to enforce a very broad interpretation of his patent, earning himself the ill will of photographers who were using the related glass-based processes later introduced by other inventors, but he was eventually defeated.
Nonetheless, Talbot's developed-out silver halide negative process is the basic technology used by chemical film cameras today. Hippolyte Bayard had also developed a method of photography but delayed announcing it, and so was not recognized as its inventor.In 1839, John Herschel made the first glass negative, but his process was difficult to reproduce. The new formula was sold by the Platinotype Company in London as Sulpho-Pyrogallol Developer.Nineteenth-century experimentation with photographic processes frequently became proprietary.
This adaptation influenced the design of cameras for decades and is still found in use today in some professional cameras.
Petersburg, Russia studio Levitsky would first propose the idea to artificially light subjects in a studio setting using electric lighting along with daylight. In 1884 George Eastman, of Rochester, New York, developed dry gel on paper, or film, to replace the photographic plate so that a photographer no longer needed to carry boxes of plates and toxic chemicals around. Now anyone could take a photograph and leave the complex parts of the process to others, and photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie.A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning. Results were demonstrated by Edmond Becquerel as early as 1848, but exposures lasting for hours or days were required and the captured colors were so light-sensitive they would only bear very brief inspection in dim light.The first durable color photograph was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue color filters and shown superimposed by using three projectors with similar filters. It was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861 for use in a lecture by the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had proposed the method in 1855.[27] The photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to most of the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was soon forgotten.
Maxwell's method is now most widely known through the early 20th century work of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii.
Included were methods for viewing a set of three color-filtered black-and-white photographs in color without having to project them, and for using them to make full-color prints on paper.[28]The first widely used method of color photography was the Autochrome plate, commercially introduced in 1907. If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs. Autochrome plates had an integral mosaic filter layer composed of millions of dyed potato starch grains. Reversal processing was used to develop each plate into a transparent positive that could be viewed directly or projected with an ordinary projector. The mosaic filter layer absorbed about 90 percent of the light passing through, so a long exposure was required and a bright projection or viewing light was desirable. Competing screen plate products soon appeared and film-based versions were eventually made. A complex processing operation produced complementary cyan, magenta and yellow dye images in those layers, resulting in a subtractive color image. Kirsch at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a binary digital version of an existing technology, the wirephoto drum scanner, so that alphanumeric characters, diagrams, photographs and other graphics could be transferred into digital computer memory. The lab was working on the Picturephone and on the development of semiconductor bubble memory.
The essence of the design was the ability to transfer charge along the surface of a semiconductor. Michael Tompsett from Bell Labs however, who discovered that the CCD could be used as an imaging sensor.




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