You will need a glucose meter, alcohol pads, sterile finger lancets and sterile test strips. If your insurance plan doesn't pay for glucose meters, ask your doctor which meters he or she recommends. For someone who has severe diabetes, continuous blood sugar monitoring may be a viable option. The following are some suggestions on when to do SMBG testing and how to use the results to improve your blood sugar control.
If you get blood from your fingertip, try washing your hands in hot water to get the blood flowing. Recommendations for the best time of day to test your blood sugar depend on your medicine, mealtimes and blood sugar control. Portions of this article were developed as part of an educational program made possible by an unrestricted educational grant from LifeScan, Inc., makers of OneTouch Blood Glucose Meters.
Portions of this article were developed by the American Academy of Family Physicians in cooperation with the American Diabetes Association. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Your use of this website constitutes acknowledgement and acceptance of our Terms & Conditions.
Insulin is a hormone that your pancreas produces to distribute glucose from the blood to the cells of the human body. To properly assess what type of insulin you need, your doctor will take into account varying factors. The type of insulin prescribed to you will depend on the specifics and severity of the diabetes.
Rapid-acting insulin will begin to work almost immediately and will peak for one hour and will last for 2 to 4 hours. Regular insulin will reach the blood stream 30 minutes after injection and will peak between 2 to 3 hours after injection and will continue to be effective for 3 to 6 hours.
Intermediate-acting insulin will reach the blood stream 2 to 4 hours after being administered, will peak 4 to 12 hours later and will continue to be effective for 12 to 18 hours.
Long-acting insulin becomes active in the bloodstream 6 to 10 hours after injection and is effective for 20 to 24 hours.

All insulin will come suspended or mixed in liquids and insulin can come in different strengths. One of these tests is called an A1C test, which reflects your blood sugar (or blood glucose) control over the past 2-3 months. Using a blood glucose monitor to do SMBG testing can help you improve control of your blood sugar levels. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved meters that work without pricking your finger. With these systems, blood sugar is measured constantly through a sensor placed beneath the skin that transmits information.
Testing times are based on the kind of medicine you take and on how well your blood sugar levels are controlled. When you are sick, even without eating, your sugar levels may run high, so testing is important. Continue testing more often until you have maintained your SMBG goal values for at least 1 week, or until your doctor advises you that more frequent testing is no longer necessary.
After you eat, carbohydrates break down into sugar (glucose) and this sugar is your primary source of energy. These will include what type of diabetes you have, your lifestyle, your eating habits and your glucose levels. The most common strength being used in the U.S is U-100, which means that it has 100 units of insulin per milliliter of fluid. Testing your A1C level every 3 months is the best way for you and your doctor to understand how well your blood sugar levels are controlled.
Different meters work differently, so be sure to check with your doctor for advice specifically for you. However, with some meters, you can also use your forearm, thigh or the fleshy part of your hand.
You may also want to keep track of what you have eaten, when you took medicine or insulin, and how active you have been during the day. If insufficient insulin is present in the body,the body will use fat as a source of energy. Type 1 diabetes sufferers have no natural insulin, so they need insulin shots to properly manage the glucose in their bodies.

It is important to note that in Europe and Latin America, U-40, which has 40 units of insulin, is still being used. Every person who has diabetes should have a blood glucose monitor (also called a home blood sugar meter, a glucometer, or a glucose meter) and know how to use it. You'll also check it more often when you feel sick or stressed, when you change your medicine or if you're pregnant. People with type 2 diabetes may produce insulin, but their bodies do not respond appropriately to it.
The first is the onset of the insulin.This is the time it takes for the insulin to reach the blood stream and being lowering the blood sugar levels. So if you are traveling outside of the U.S, make sure you are matching the insulin strength with the correct size syringe.
If you want to pay a little more money, you can get a meter that stores the results in its memory. Talk with your doctor about what is a good range for your blood sugar level and what to do if your blood sugar is not within that range. Often a change in diet and lifestyle can increase the effectiveness of the existinginsulin, but some many need diabetes pills or shots to help their bodies manage glucose.
Insulin therapy can be demanding and requires responsible monitoring, but it doesn’t need to take over your life. There are various types of insulin available and they vary on how long they control the blood sugar level for and how fast they act. The final characteristic is the duration of the insulin; how long it will continue to be effective in lowering blood glucose (see image below).
You and your doctor can decide which type of insulin is best for you and when to take each dose. Steve Redgrave, who won 5 Olympic gold medals has type 1 diabetes and still leads a healthy lifestyle and is an outstanding athlete.
With the right program and the right lifestyle, you can live with diabetes and still be healthy and active.

Snacks to prevent low blood sugar at night
Over the counter ways to lower blood sugar zippy


  1. 16.12.2014 at 18:16:30

    Nerve (one of the three main management of persons with hyperglycaemia and other features of the.

    Author: VASIF
  2. 16.12.2014 at 12:38:16

    History and my reading on the chart, your doctor will cause of type 2 diabetes.

    Author: BAKI_FC
  3. 16.12.2014 at 11:23:56

    With the thresholds recommended herein) could be managed with.

    Author: KURTOY_PAREN
  4. 16.12.2014 at 14:49:37

    100 mg/dL or more, people with.

    Author: RICKY