It’s important to treat hyperglycemia, because if left untreated, hyperglycemia can become severe and lead to serious complications requiring emergency care, such as a diabetic coma. If hyperglycemia goes untreated, it can cause toxic acids (ketones) to build up in your blood and urine (ketoacidosis).
During digestion, your body breaks down carbohydrates from foods — such as bread, rice and pasta — into various sugar molecules. When the level of glucose in your blood rises, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
This process lowers the amount of glucose in your bloodstream and prevents it from reaching dangerously high levels. Diabetes drastically diminishes the effects of insulin on your body, either because your pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or because your body is resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level (type 2 diabetes). Illness or stress can trigger hyperglycemia because hormones produced to combat illness or stress can also cause your blood sugar to rise. If blood sugar rises high enough or for a prolonged period of time, it can lead to two serious conditions. If you have trouble keeping your blood sugar within the desired range, schedule an appointment to see your doctor. Here’s some information to help you get ready for your appointment and to know what to expect from your doctor.
Illness or infections can cause your blood sugar to rise, so it’s important to plan for these situations. Your target blood sugar range may differ, especially if you’re pregnant or you develop diabetes complications. Routine blood sugar monitoring with a blood glucose meter is the best way to be sure that your treatment plan is keeping your blood sugar within your goal range. If you have any signs or symptoms of severe hyperglycemia — even if they’re subtle — check your blood sugar level. An A1C level of 7 percent or less means that your treatment plan is working and that your blood sugar was consistently within the target range. However, for some people, especially the elderly, people with other medical conditions, or advanced diabetes complications, a higher A1C level of up to 8 percent may be appropriate. How often you need the A1C test depends on the type of diabetes you have and how well you’re managing your blood sugar.
Talk to your doctor about managing your blood sugar and understand how different treatments can help keep your glucose levels within your goal range. Adjust your insulin doses to control hyperglycemia.Adjustments to your insulin program or a supplement of short-acting insulin can help control hyperglycemia. If you have signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome, you may be treated in the emergency room or admitted to the hospital.
As your body chemistry returns to normal, your doctor will consider what may have triggered the severe hyperglycemia. Pacific Eye Specialists has a team of doctors who can treat retinal problems stemming from diabetes, trauma or aging. The first thing a cat owner will notice when their feline has developed diabetes is an increase in appetite along with a reduction in weight. Generally, feline diabetes affects cats that are older and obese, and males are more likely to develop diabetes than females, although this disorder does not discriminate and can affect any cat at any time. A veterinarian will diagnose diabetes via lab tests, physical examination, and testing for high levels of sugar in the blood and urine. Of the two types of cat diabetes (insulin dependent and noninsulin dependent), approximately 75% of the cases are insulin dependent. Those cat owners faced with the dilemma of administering insulin shots to a cat on a daily basis should not fear. As with humans who are diabetic, cats that are diabetic are also prone to hypoglycemic episodes (bouts of low blood sugar). With so many factors that affect blood sugar levels, including food intake, hormone levels, and physical exertion, it can seem like a juggling act at times to keep blood sugar levels on an even keel. About Velita LivingstonVelita Livingston is the founder and editor of the Cat Lover's Diary blog. Cat Lover’s Quotes"Cat people are different to the extent that they generally are not conformists.
There are two types of diabetic retinopathy: early diabetic retinopathy and advanced diabetic retinopathy. Early diabetic retinopathy: In this form of diabetic retinopathy new blood vessels are not produced. Nerve fibers in the retina can begin to swell and even the central part of the retina may swell. Advanced diabetic retinopathy: Damaged blood vessels begin closing off, which causes abnormal blood vessels to grow and fluid to leak and can be a jelly-like substance in the center of the eye. As mentioned, in the early stages diabetic retinopathy may not present any symptoms, but over time you may begin to notice changes. Treatment is dependent on what type of diabetic retinopathy you have as well as how severe it is. In advanced diabetic retinopathy, treatment is required and can be done with focal laser treatment to stop leakage, scatter laser treatment to shrink abnormal blood vessels and vitrectomy, which removes scar tissue and blood from the middle of the eye.
If diabetes is still uncontrolled, even surgical procedures will not fix diabetic retinopathy, which is why it is so important to properly manage diabetes. Although diabetic retinopathy cannot always be prevented, there are still measures you can take to help lower your risk of developing it.
Diverticulitis diet: Foods to eat and foods to avoidYellow Tongue Causes, Treatment, and Home RemediesIs pneumonia contagious? On any matter relating to your health or well-being, please check with an appropriate health professional. We talked about some of the struggles we we face, getting the African American communities and all other people of color educated on the dangers of diabetes; as well as the fears and discrimination that still exist for diabetics today. Richard also talks about his wonderful family and grand children, in addition to participating in the Joslin Medalist Study, funded by the JDRF & National Institute of health..
US National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Weight-control Information Network.
Yes, provided the systemic parameters mentioned below are achieved by a healthy diet and physicians’’ consultation. Medical science has advanced a lot to find ways of managing this disease, but has not been able to cure diabetes completely.
Diabetes is mainly known to develop due to the rise in the blood sugar level, in which the body fails to effectively use the glucose produced in the body due to the lack of secretion of sufficient amount of insulin in the body. Some of the main complications of diabetes include delayed healing of the wounds, vision related problems and neuropathy. It is important to maintain a healthy blood sugar level and exercise regularly to prevent yourself from getting affected from diabetes related complications of the heart.
Diabetes related eye problems are common among diabetics who fail to control their blood sugar level through proper treatment and lifestyle modifications.
It may begin with eye pain and strain but gradually lead to bigger problems like blurry vision, duplicate vision and blind spots. People suffering from diabetes are considered to be at a very high risk for teeth and gum diseases. Several factors can contribute to hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, including food and physical activity choices, illness, nondiabetes medications, or skipping or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication. In the long term, persistent hyperglycemia, even if not severe, can lead to complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart.
The insulin, in turn, unlocks your cells so that glucose can enter and provide the fuel your cells need to function properly.
As your blood sugar level returns to normal, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.
As a result, glucose tends to build up in your bloodstream (hyperglycemia) and may reach dangerously high levels if not treated properly. If your doctor is going to test your blood sugar, he or she may ask you to refrain from eating or drinking anything but water for up to eight hours before your appointment.
Give your doctor a written or printed record of your blood glucose values, times and medication.
If your A1C level is higher than 7 percent, your blood sugar, on average, was above the normal range. If you consult a new doctor or use a different lab, it’s important to consider this possible variation when interpreting your A1C test results. If you have frequent episodes of hyperglycemia, your doctor may adjust the dosage or timing of your medication. A supplement is an extra dose of insulin used to help temporarily correct a high blood sugar level. Electrolytes are minerals in your blood that are necessary for your tissues to function properly. If a heart attack seems possible, your doctor may recommend further evaluation of your heart.
If you take insulin or oral diabetes medication, it’s important that you be consistent about the amount and timing of your meals and snacks.


Depending on your treatment plan, you may check and record your blood sugar level several times a week or several times a day. The adjustment depends on the blood sugar test results and on the type and length of the activity.
The retina is the tissue at the back of the eye that converts images to electric signals to the brain.
It has generally the same symptoms, causes, and dangers, making it just as important to treat and diagnose in a cat as it is a human.
This is due to the cat’s body breaking down proteins and fats in order to compensate for the inability to produce or utilize insulin. Feline diabetes has a good chance of resolving itself if the cat is encouraged to lose weight gradually, but immediate veterinary assistance to diagnose and treat this problem is imperative, as untreated diabetes is a life threatening condition. Increased sugar in the bloodstream causes the blood to become thicker, making it difficult to flow through veins. Insulin needles are very small and typically the cat is not even aware they are receiving a shot. Treating diabetes successfully is all about keeping blood sugar levels at an optimal level.
With the help of a veterinarian and a little observation and loving care from the owner, a feline with diabetes can live a healthy, happy, and active life. The site provides rich content with great advice on cat care tips and training, teaching you how to protect, pamper and live peacefully with your cat. Unmanaged diabetes can cause complications to the blood vessels of the light sensitive tissue in the back of the eye – the retina. The longer diabetes goes uncontrolled, the higher the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. Too much sugar can also cause blockages to the blood vessels in the retina, preventing oxygenated blood from reaching it.
The walls of the blood vessels going to the retina become weak and tiny bulges can begin to protrude. The new blood vessels block the flow of normal blood, causing pressure behind the eye that leads to nerve damage and can lead to glaucoma. In early diabetic retinopathy, treatment may not be done right away, but your doctor will monitor you and determine when treatment is required. With proper management you can give your eyes a better chance against diabetic retinopathy. No statement herein is to be construed as a diagnosis, treatment, preventative, or cure for any disease, disorder or abnormal physical state. She is just one of many positive diabetics making a huge difference in the diabetes community. He has showed us insulin dependent people, how to live healthy emotionally & physically by example, with either no, or the least amount of complications possible; coming from a time when life expectancy for a diabetic was no later than 40 years old. We all know how important exercise is to any diabetic, however, the music you exercise to is also just as important too! It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is located strategically at a premium location on Ramghat Road and is easily accessible to all parts of the town. The problem begins with increased thirst and urination, which multiplies with rising levels of blood sugar in the body and leads to complications of the heart, kidney, eyes, nerves and teeth to name a few. So, many times people who do not follow the diet plan strictly or get lazy and do not exercise regularly, face severe brunt of this ailment. Insulin is a very essential hormone that governs the levels of sugar in the body, as it helps the body to convert glucose into the fuel required by the body to function properly.
In addition, there are several complications that often gets multiplied or introduced due to diabetes such as burning sensation, loss of sensation, tingling effect and constipation. It can also cause loss of sensation, tingling effect or numbness and burning sensation in the feet.
Glaucoma, retinopathy and cataract are some of the main eye problems that affect people with diabetes.
You may get tooth pain, bleeding or painful gums due to uncontrolled levels of blood sugar in your body. Glucose is absorbed directly into your bloodstream after you eat, but it can’t enter the cells of most of your tissues without the help of insulin — a hormone secreted by your pancreas.
But people with diabetes may need to take extra diabetes medication to keep blood glucose near normal during illness or stress.
Using the record, your doctor can recognize trends and offer advice on how to prevent hyperglycemia.
If the urine test is positive, your body may have started making the changes that can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.
It works by measuring the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells. If you’re having trouble sticking to your meal plan, ask your doctor or dietitian for help. The fluids replace those you’ve lost through excessive urination, as well as help dilute the excess sugar in your blood. Along with fluids and electrolytes, you’ll receive insulin therapy — usually through a vein. Careful monitoring is the only way to make sure that your blood sugar level remains within your target range. Treatment may include laser surgery or vitrectomy, which removes vitreous gel from the eye and replaces it with a saline solution. Untreated diabetes will shorten a cat’s lifespan dramatically and could lead to several complications.
This leads to high levels of sugar in the bloodstream and urine, which causes increased thirst and urination. Noninsulin dependent means the cat must take oral medication, usually glipizide, which assists the body with utilizing insulin. The dosage and scheduling of the medication will be determined by the veterinarian based on a blood sugar profile over the course of a twenty-four hour period.
While humans do well on a diet of carbohydrates, cats are carnivores and are not physiologically suited to consuming high levels of carbohydrates, yet many popular cat foods have high concentrations of carbohydrates because it is more cost effective. Blood sugar levels that are too low or too high are both equally dangerous physical states. Diabetic retinopathy in its early stages may be symptomless and only mild vision impairments may be noticed.
Managing your diabetes at this stage is a good course of treatment to prevent the condition from worsening. The statements herein have not been evaluated by the Foods and Drugs Administration or Health Canada. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. A simple dilated eye examination by a retina specialist can help to determine the amount and severity of the disease. Advanced cases with non-resolving bleed in the eye or retinal detachment require vitreo-retinal surgery.
In addition, if you are addicted to smoking or live a sedentary lifestyle, or a combination of both, then it can prove fatal and can make you a victim of heart diseases or stroke. It may also limit you from going to the bathroom, doing small household chores and even cause problem in having sex.
It is recommended to consult the dentist regularly and take proper care of your gums and teeth to save you from loss of teeth and different gum diseases. However, some people who’ve had type 2 diabetes for a long time may not show any symptoms despite elevated blood sugars. Your blood sugar level rises, and your body begins to break down fat for energy.This process produces toxic acids known as ketones. You’ll receive electrolytes through your veins to help keep your heart, muscles and nerve cells functioning normally.
The early symptoms are obvious to the knowledgeable cat owner who knows what to watch for, and diagnosis and treatment are not difficult.
The four classic symptoms of cat diabetes are ravenous appetite, weight loss, increased thirst, and increased urination. A fatal complication of feline diabetes is ketoacidosis, marked by loss of appetite, lethargy, weakness, dehydration, and difficulty breathing. This will indicate to the veterinarian what times of days the cat’s blood sugar spikes or dips and to what degree. Any bout of low blood sugar can be confirmed by testing blood sugar and should be reported to the veterinarian immediately. Large blood vessels can also become irregular in diameter, and more blood vessels can become blocked. It's gentle on your joints and can help to relieve swollen ankles, and you'll feel light as a beach ball no matter how big your baby bump. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site.


High blood pressure in addition to diabetes, can make retinopathy worse, or progress more quickly.
With highly advanced technology, good visual results can be achieved in a fair number of advanced cases also. Diabetes can also lead to severe pain in the legs and hands and can lead to gangrene and amputation in the worst cases.
Left untreated, diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome can lead to life-threatening dehydration and a coma.
An affected feline who has reached this level should see a veterinarian immediately and will probably have to be treated with intravenous fluids. This is a common occurrence, as insulin dosages do indeed need to be altered from time to time. Marchione and the doctors on the Bel Marra Health Editorial Team are compensated by Bel Marra Health for their work in creating content, consulting along with formulating and endorsing products.
The above playlist consist of music I am listening to on my Anddroid when I exercise or power-walk. Nearly half of all people with diabetes will develop some degree of diabetic retinopathy during their life.
Another complication of diabetes in cats is peripheral neuropathy, which is a weakening of the extremities, especially the hind legs. People with untreated diabetes have a 25 times higher risk of going blind than other people. The best bet is to read the labels and look for less than 10% carbohydrate content, the lower the better. Try an antenatal class which is gentler and focuses on relaxation - good preparation for labour.
Cycling on a stationary bike is generally safe even if you're just starting an exercise routine. This is a good way to boost your heart rate without stressing your joints, but let the instructor know you are pregnant to ensure the class is suitable. Baby bump fave: Weight trainingLight strength training can help you stay toned before and after delivery. If you were lifting weights before you got pregnant, the chances are you can continue during pregnancy as long as you go steady.
Baby bump fave: Brisk walkingWhether you're on a nature trail or a treadmill, walking is a safe way to help tone your muscles and improve your mood.
Baby bump fave: Low-impact aerobicsAerobics keeps your heart and lungs strong, tones your body all over and gives you a burst of endorphins, a feel-good brain chemical. If you are an avid exerciser, the key is to lower the intensity of your workout to suit your changing body.
If you're a beginner, look for a low-impact aerobics class, like aqua aerobics, taught by a qualified instructor.
Modify: High-intensity sportIf you run or play tennis regularly, you don't need to stop - but you may want to ease up on your routine. As you get closer to your due date, run on flat, smooth surfaces to reduce impact and avoid falls. This may also be a good time to avoid racquet sports that require good balance and sudden changes in body position.
Fit tip: AbdominalsExercises for your abs can ease an aching back and help fight a "sway-back" posture that may develop as your uterus gets heavier. Fit tip: Pelvic floor exerciseThe beauty of pelvic floor exercises (Kegels) is that you can do them anytime, anywhere, without anyone knowing. These exercises strengthen the muscles that help hold up your uterus, bladder and bowels, which helps labour and delivery. To do them, squeeze your pelvic muscles as if you're trying to stop urinating or passing wind. Listen to your body: if you feel hot, short of breath or tired, take a break and take it easier next time. Should you slow the pace?As your middle gets more crowded, your lungs and heart have to work harder. As long as you can talk comfortably and aren't short of breath while exercising, you're moving at a good pace.
If you start to feel fatigued near your due date, consider changing to simple stretching and strengthening exercises.
There are no formal UK guidelines on appropriate weight gain during pregnancy, but your GP or midwife can advise you. Move smoothlyPregnancy puts you at risk of joint injuries, so steer clear of exercise that requires jerking, bouncing or high-impact movements. Remember that your centre of gravity shifts as your belly grows, so it's easier to lose your balance and fall. Caution: High temperatureAvoid overheating, which may increase your baby's risk of birth defects, especially during the first trimester. The NHS says to avoid exercising over 2,500 metres above sea level until you’ve acclimatised.
It puts your baby at risk of decompression sickness, which may cause birth defects, miscarriage or other complications. Caution: Risky sportsWhile exercise during pregnancy is good for you, some activities come with more risk than reward.
The NHS advises avoiding contact sports where there's a risk of being hit, such as kick-boxing, judo or squash. Also use caution if participating in activities that increase your risk of falling, such as outdoor cycling, roller-skating, skiing and horse riding.
It floods your body with feel-good brain chemicals like endorphins, and calming ones like dopamine and serotonin. Exercising during pregnancy may lower the risk of depression and anxiety and boost your self-esteem. Benefit: Increase your energyPhysical activity during pregnancy gives you more energy and stamina.
Strengthening your muscles and your heart can help you feel stronger and more capable of reaching your goals. Exercise also helps you sleep by relieving stress and anxiety that might otherwise keep you awake.
Benefit: Control gestational diabetesGestational diabetes affects up to 1 in 20 pregnancies. Exercise may help lower the risk of, and manage, gestational diabetes by lowering blood sugar levels. Benefit: Get ready for labourIn addition to easing aches and pains and helping to keep you regular, exercise also seems to help prepare women's bodies for labour.
Research shows that healthy pregnant women who exercise during pregnancy may have less risk of premature birth, a shorter labour, are less likely to need pain relief, and may recover from childbirth faster. Benefit: Healthy babyRegular, moderate exercise not only gives you the chance of a healthier pregnancy, it might give your baby a healthier start. Research shows that when pregnant women exercise, their developing babies have a much lower heart rate. Essential workout gearYou don't need to invest in a lot of expensive gear to stay safe and comfortable while exercising during pregnancy. The two workout must-haves are a supportive bra and trainers that are designed for the kind of exercise you're doing. Drink upDon't forget that your body needs water to support the foetus and to stay hydrated, especially during exercise.
A good rule of thumb: if you're thirsty or your urine is dark yellow, you're probably not getting enough liquids.
It's important to listen to your body, but if you find yourself often glued to the couch, you may need some support and motivation to get moving. Try taking an antenatal exercise class, working out with a partner or even joining a group to share workout tips and advice. Fit for two: After-baby exerciseOnce your baby arrives, you may be tempted to stop exercising.
Studies show that new mums who exercise feel better about themselves, adjust faster to being a mother and lose more weight.
Fit for two: AbsWith baby out of your tummy, you may be tempted to whip your abs back into shape with sit-ups, but slow down. As you strengthen your core, you can gradually start doing crunches, but always check when it's OK to start doing these, particularly after a caesarian.
Losing no more than a couple of kilos (around four pounds) a month is better for you and baby.
Eating too little can thin your bones, make it harder for your body to produce milk, dampen your mood and lead to fatigue. With exercise and a healthy diet, you'll probably be back to your normal weight within a year.



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