The digestive process of the human body performs various functions in order to digest the food and supply energy to other parts of the body. Diabetes-Type I: This condition occurs when little or no insulin is produced in the body leading to low levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes-Type II: In this condition the pancreas produce insulin but the body partially or completely fails in using it completely leading to high glucose in the blood. Gestational diabetes: A condition with high blood glucose usually observed in pregnant women. The treatment for diabetes is based upon the diagnosis of the disease, intensity of symptoms and other medical problems. The most important complication arising from diabetes is problems with kidneys, nerves, feet and eyes. Prior history of diabetes in the family needs focus on preventive measures to control the increased state of the disease. A juice of small bitter gourd every morning would be the best remedy for treating diabetes.
The best remedy to avoid diabetes is to maintain a balanced weight of the body and cultivate an active lifestyle. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.
Once people are diagnosed, the primary goals of type 2 diabetes treatments are to control glucose levels and to reduce other conditions that put patients at risk for major complications.
Some people find changes to diet and exercise sufficient treatments for type 2 diabetes, but many others require medication and insulin therapy. In general, weight loss can be achieved using a balanced diet that neither avoids nor focuses heavily on one food group.
Puede disfrutar de sus comidas mientras hace pequenos ajustes a las cantidades de alimentos en su plato. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder wherein there occurs a deficiency in the production of insulin hormone resulting in the increase of blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes may be caused due to the increase in blood pressure and blood triglyceride levels. Insulin resistance in type 2 can be seen in conditions like obesity, pregnancy, infections and stress.
The history of the patient to find any of the hereditary aspects of the disease is carefully analyzed at the first stage. The complications that correspond the diabetic condition include diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis. Keeping the body weight under control and maintaining a healthy lifestyle might prevent type 2 diabetes. However, a regular check up of blood glucose level and taking right doses of medicine of insulin can reduce its severity. In this process, sugar called glucose moves into the bloodstream which acts as the most important source of energy. The condition might cause severe damage to the eyes, kidneys or nerves and result in heart disease. Influence of genes, viruses and problems in the immune system might be some of the reasons for the disease.


A physical examination and other factors like diet, lifestyle and personal habits of the patient are also considered. Insulin injections would be suggested for diabetic patients to reduce the level of blood sugar in case oral medications fail to work. Healthy low-fat diet with high fiber and regular exercise might serve as the best preventive measure. It is advisable to have a thorough diabetic check up frequently in order to prevent serious complications. Generally, the goal is to keep one's blood sugar stable and doctors may set levels specific to each person.
While there is no one diabetes diet, patients are encouraged to eat nutritious, low-calorie foods. Medication regimes are individual, based on each person's medical history, other diseases, and individual factors. Diabetes mellitus type-2 is one such disease relating to high blood glucose due to insulin resistance.
Consumption of fatty foods and alcohol intake at a higher level would also result in such disease. Insulin treatment with a syringe of insulin pump and oral medicines decrease the levels of blood sugar. Long term complications include coronary artery disease, diabetic neuropathy, hypertension, skin infections, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and atherosclerosis. Low alcohol consumption and quit smoking would ideally be suggested as the best preventive measures.
The pancreas helps in providing insulin, a hormone that regulates the level of sugar glucose in the blood. It is popularly known as juvenile diabetes affecting children between the ages of 9 and 15. Lack of balanced diet and becoming obese without any exercise would lead to type 2 diabetes. The next step for diagnosing diabetes would be a series of blood tests given to the patient in the lab. A diabetic diet is also prescribed which includes low fat, cholesterol and with nutrients, rich fiber and simple sugars. Other complications include problems with digestion, skin allergies, sexual dysfunction and dental problems.
Quitting smoking and keeping alcohol consumption under control would reduce the increase of blood sugar. Treatments for type 2 diabetes are life-long – there is no pill to cure this chronic disease. Yet metformin (Glucophage) is often prescribed; this diabetes medication lowers glucose production in the liver.
There are many different types of insulin and doctors may prescribe a mixture based on individual factors. Doctors may recommend regular exercise, limiting alcohol, the cessation of smoking, among others. Patients with kidney disease (especially patients on dialysis) face many emotional and social stressors.


Food products which contains zinc are split peas, egg yolk, beef liver, lima beans, almonds, walnuts and buckwheat. Diabetes mellitus are disorders which fail in regulating the amount of glucose in the blood where the hormone insulin is not properly produced or utilized. People with an increase in blood cholesterol levels and obesity are often at the risk of getting the disease. Doctors may have people check their blood sugar daily or several times a week; it varies by individual.
They may also prescribe certain medications like ACE inhibitors and diuretics to lower blood pressure, statins and fibrates to lower cholesterol, or aspirin and clopidogrel to control clotting.
For me, there is no greater happiness than partnering with these patients in their health and emotional content.
Type 2 diabetes is popularly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin- dependent diabetes. Apart from medications reducing obesity and following a diabetic food plan is also suggested for such disease. Washing the feet and checking blisters or infection on the feet would be some of the methods of prevention. There is a constant raise in the level of blood sugar in case of diabetes which leads to serious problems. Some people can manage their diabetes with changes to diet and exercise, while others require medication.
Finger stick testing of blood is ideally suggested where in the blood sample is taken on a strip sticking it on the patient’s finger.
If patients are conscientious, they can still enjoy active, healthy lives, even with the disease.
Constant check over the levels of blood sugar and medication dosages might keep the levels under control. Always consult a doctor before beginning an exercise regime, but for most people, 30 minutes of aerobic exercise combined with strength training, most days of the week, is ideal. In some cases emotional disturbance might cause increase in blood pressure leading to the disease ultimately.
Fasting plasma glucose test helps in examining the level of glucose wherein the patient is asked not to eat or drink anything for eight hours before the blood is tested. A second test of the blood, oral glucose tolerance test is also done in 2 hours after consuming a sweet drink added with sugar.
Patients with diabetes are suggested to take hemoglobin A1C test every 3 to 6 months to check their ability to control the sugar levels.
An examination of the urine and regular checkup of the feet, lower legs and the level of cholesterol and blood pressure among diabetic patients help in diagnosing and treating severe complications of the disease.




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