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The number of dengue cases in the national capital and its adjoining areas has climbed to 55, civic officials said on Thursday.
According to figures from the municipal corporations, 48 cases of dengue have been reported from the capital.
A research team from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) has now come up with a possible alternative.
Peter Rainer Preiser of SMART and Nanyang Technical University in Singapore is also a senior author. With the traditional blood-smear technique, a technician stains the blood with a reagent that dyes cell nuclei.
After taking a blood sample and spinning it down to concentrate the red blood cells, the sample analysis takes less than a minute.
Hemozoin crystals are produced in all four stages of malaria infection, including the earliest stages, and are generated by all known species of the Plasmodium parasite.
In this paper, the researchers showed that they could detect Plasmodium falciparum, the most dangerous form of the parasite, in blood cells grown in the lab.
The researchers are launching a company to make this technology available at an affordable price. If people aren’t as concerned about climate change as they should be, one reason may be that the gradual rise of temperatures and ocean waters seems to give us plenty of time to take mitigating measures, such as seawalls to protect coastal cities and genetically-engineered crops that would be able to flourish in the altered environment. The latest concern: A newly-published study in BMC Public Health looked at dengue fever, a virus spread by mosquitoes that sickens 50 million people and kills about 12,000 people worldwide each year, mostly in tropical areas. The researchers found that dengue eventually could become a significant health problem in parts of Europe, including Mediterranean and Adriatic coastal areas that are popular with tourists. The researchers studied data from Mexico about the occurrence of dengue fever and the effect of climate variables such as temperature, humidity and rainfall, as well as socioeconomic factors, such as population density and income, on the spread of the disease. Almost all of the excess risk will fall on the coastal areas of the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas and the northeastern part of Italy, particularly the Po Valley, University of East Anglia medical school professor Paul Hunter said in a press release. That comes after a 2013 study warned that people in the United States are also at risk from dengue due to climate change. Malaria is extremely common and a serious disease that causes chills, shivering and high fever. People living in areas where malaria is common found usually develop immunity to the disease. Before traveling overseas or other areas of your country, you need to see your health care provider.
There are different types of anti-malarial medications prescribed for a different area of visit. The three main types of malaria, tertian fever, malignant tertian malaria and quartan fever, are caused depending upon the parasites which cause it. According to Naturopathy wrong feeding habits and unhealthy lifestyles are the real causes for accelerating malaria. Artemisia annua, also known as sweet wormwood is yet another effective natural agent that helps in fighting malaria. Cameroon is seeking ways to mobilise its citizens to support a government-led campaign against soaring malaria deaths, as worsening floods aggravate health risks. Government officials in the central-west African country say regular flooding due to erratic rains is partly responsible for the recent spike in deaths from vector-borne diseases, because standing water encourages malaria-carrying mosquitoes to breed. Hayatou said the 2014 campaign aims to step up official efforts to reduce the death rate from malaria by at least 75 percent before 2018, and to alleviate its heavy social and economic burden on the population. The annual death toll from malaria in Cameroon jumped from less than 2,000 in 2011 and 2012 to over 3,200 in 2013, according to statistics from Malaria No More, an international NGO fighting the disease in Africa. Government officials, health experts and environmentalists are unanimous on the need for a joint push to keep malaria at bay. According to Cameroon’s minister of public health, Andre Mama Fouda, Cameroon saw the distribution of free treated mosquito nets rise from 33 percent of the population in 2011 to 66 percent in 2013. In 2013, the government banned the production, sale and use of non-biodegradable plastic bags – which health and environment experts say have clogged up drains and gutters, contributing to floods. The government delegate to Douala City Council, Fritz Ntone Ntone, said at the malaria campaign launch that the council had completed a drainage project to channel run-off water during heavy rains into the River Wouri, in response to persistent flooding and pollution of some areas. The cities of Douala in the Littoral Region and Mokolo in the Far North Region, which suffered heavy floods in 2012 and 2013, accounted for over 40 percent of malaria deaths last year, pointing to the negative effects of weather extremes for public health, experts say. The problems of regular flooding and poor drainage need to be addressed to prevent mosquitoes breeding, said Olivia Ngou, Cameroon country director of Malaria No More.
Environmentalists have blamed Douala’s tendency to flooding on the exploitation of mangrove forests near the coast by fishermen who cut down trees to smoke fish, leaving the shore bare of vegetation and removing protection against storm surges and sea-level rise. Statistics from the public health ministry show that children younger than five and pregnant women are the groups most vulnerable to malaria, registering over 40 percent of deaths in 2013. The government is concerned that the population is not collaborating sufficiently with the anti-malaria drive.
Some climate change projects have either failed to take off, or have been poorly or partially implemented due to corruption and administrative bottlenecks, he said. Isaac Ebong, a doctor at Laquantini hospital in Douala, told Thomson Reuters Foundation that patients complain the nets are too warm to sleep under. The World Health Organization (WHO) country representative in Cameroon, Charlotte Faty Ndiaye, said at the anti-malaria campaign launch her agency stood poised to help the government, as in previous years. Globally, there were an estimated 207 million cases of malaria in 2012,  and an estimated 627,000 deaths. Malaria burden remains high in border towns in Zimbabwe, especially in areas close to Mozambique, health experts have said. Speaking during the launch of the Zimbabwean leg of the race against malaria (RAM) 2 campaign at Nyamapanda clinic last week, deputy minister of Health and Child Care, Paul Chimedza said the initiative was paying special attention to the worst affected areas.
Currently the Global Fund and a few other partners are contributing to malaria control programmes.
Initiated in 2003, RAM includes countries like Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.
The first RAM campaign was held in November 2003.Convoys of country malaria teams drove from Angola to Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania) through Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique and Malawi.
During the campaign, regional and local partners including the corporate world were instrumental in mobilising malaria commodities which were distributed to support activities for malaria prevention and control in the region.
RAM 2 campaign, which is a reverse of RAM 1, started from Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania on April 13 2014 and will end on April 25 2014 in Angola. The participants of RAM 2 include individuals, institutions or organisations that share the need for a malaria-free Africa and seek to achieve parasite-free communities. Although, malaria mortality rates have fallen by 42% globally and 49% in Africa, this life-threatening disease needs to be watched and treated in time. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

World Malaria Day (WMD) is observed on April 25 every year to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control. Avoid mosquitoes bites: This is the first and foremost line of defence for malaria prevention. Vaccines: As of now, there are no licensed vaccines against malaria or any other human parasite even as scientists are working on developing effective vaccines against the disease. Vector borne diseases are diseases caused by pathogens that are transmitted to humans through insects and ticks carrying the pathogen. Researchers have found that people living in the highlands of Africa and South America are at an increased risk of catching the mosquito-borne disease during hotter years. Areas at higher altitudes have traditionally provided a haven from this devastating disease. Both the malaria parasite and the mosquito that carries it struggle to cope with the cooler air. To investigate, scientists looked at densely populated areas in the highlands of Colombia and Ethiopia, where there are detailed records of both temperature and malaria cases from the 1990s to 2005. They found that in warmer years, malaria shifted higher into the mountains, while in cooler years it was limited to lower elevations. In Ethiopia, where nearly half of the population live at an altitude of between 1,600m (5,250ft) and 2,400m, the scientists believe there could be many more cases. The team believes that because people living in areas that have never been exposed to malaria are particularly vulnerable to the disease, attempts to stop the spread should be focused on areas at the edge of the spread. According to the latest estimates from the World Health Organization, there were about 207 million cases of malaria in 2012 and an estimated 627,000 deaths. Gains in fighting malaria in sub-Saharan Africa have left the highest risk for the disease concentrated in 10 countries, according to a study published by The Lancet medical journal. Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Guinea and Togo together account for 87 percent of areas that have the highest prevalence of malaria, it said.
The study assessed the effectiveness of the battle against malaria, which went into higher gear with the launch of the Roll Back Malaria initiative in 2000. Since then, financial support has risen from $100 million (73 million euros) annually to about $2 billion (1.46 billion euros). The researchers drew up a map of the changing face of malaria from thousands of surveys of prevalence of the disease among children in 44 countries. From 2000 to 2010, the number of people living in areas of high-risk infection fell from 219 million to 184 million, a decline of 16 percent. But the numbers living in moderate-risk locations rose from 179 million to 280 million, a rise of 57 percent. The good news was that the tally of people living in low-risk areas rose from 131 million to 219 million.
The researchers said the overall picture was mixed, and important gains had been partly offset by population increase — over the decade, an extra 200 million people were born in places with malaria. In its 2013 report on malaria, the World Health Organisation (WHO) last December said 3.3 million lives had been saved worldwide since 2000. Even so, the mosquito-borne disease still killed 627,000 people last year, mainly children in Africa and Southeast Asia. The agency pointed to a shortage of funding and a lack of access to artemisinin malarial medicines and basic remedies such as bednets remained a serious problem, it said.
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The remaining seven cases are from the adjoining areas in Uttar Pradesh and Haryana as of  13 Sep tember. After taking a blood sample from a patient, a technician smears the blood across a glass slide, stains it with a special dye, and looks under a microscope for the Plasmodium parasite, which causes the disease. The researchers have devised a way to use magnetic resonance relaxometry (MRR), a close cousin of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to detect a parasitic waste product in the blood of infected patients.
Red blood cells don’t have nuclei, so any that show up are presumed to belong to parasite cells. When the parasites infect red blood cells, they feed on the nutrient-rich hemoglobin carried by the cells. When exposed to a powerful magnetic field, hydrogen atoms align their spins in the same direction. The current device prototype is small enough to sit on a table or lab bench, but the team is also working on a portable version that is about the size of a small electronic tablet. Only about 10 microliters of blood is required, which can be obtained with a finger prick, making the procedure minimally invasive and much easier for health care workers than drawing blood intravenously.
Also, the amount of hemozoin can reveal how severe the infection is, or whether it is responding to treatment.
They also detected the parasite in red blood cells from mice infected with Plasmodium berghei. The team is also running field tests in Southeast Asia and is exploring powering the device on solar energy, an important consideration for poor rural areas. It’s harder to understand that climate change may endanger us in other ways that will be more difficult to combat. Europe is becoming hotter and more humid, conditions that foster the growth of the mosquitoes. They then used that data to model the infection rate in various regions of Europe over the next century. Traditionally, America has only had a few hundred reported cases of dengue each year, usually involving international travelers. However, some malaria parasites can survive as they are in your liver or they are resistant to medicines.
The consumption of tinned, flesh foods, alcoholic beverages and de-natured foods causes the development of malaria. These seeds can be obtained from any herbal store and preserved for use as and when required. The herb has to be steeped in cold water and the water should be consumed directly in order to get optimum results. One teaspoon of powdered cinnamon should be boiled in a glass of water with a pinch of pepper powder and a tea spoon of honey. Take 4 to 5 drops of lime, add the juice of one lemon and dissolve it in one glass of water.
A teaspoon of this powder needs to be consumed four hours before the expected fever attack and half a teaspoon after two hours of the attack. Make a paste using eleven grams of holy basil leaves with three grams of black pepper powder. The Cameroon government, however, is sparing no efforts to reverse the trend,” Alim Hayatou, secretary of state in charge of epidemics and pandemics, told the launch of a nationwide campaign against vector-borne diseases in March. PALU (Kick Out Malaria) with a door-to-door distribution of treated mosquito nets to families, especially with pregnant women and children, accompanied by environmental education. But the death rate has paradoxically increased, indicating the need to accompany net handouts with messages about the environment and good hygiene practices. The project, which began in January 2013 and ended this March, cost the council some 785 million FCFA ($1.57 million). Last June, on World Environment Day, environment minister Pierre Hele expressed regret that climate change was playing out in people’s lives,  yet few paid attention to ways of averting the potential risks. The minister cited the planned construction of a canal to stop flooding in Douala, which was announced by the government in 2012 but has yet to begin amid allegations over mismanagement of funds.

Thanks to efforts by WHO, some 337 million cases of malaria were prevented between 2001 and 2012,” she said. Of these, 1.2 billion are at high risk, in areas where more than 1 malaria case occurs per 1,000 people. While the overall national statistics indicate a major decline from 5 000 deaths to 300 per year, border districts like Mudzi are still recording high cases.
Chimedza said the disease burden was weighing heavily on the battered health delivery service. The provincial medical director for Mashonaland East, Simukai Zizhou said 28 000 cases of malaria had been recorded in 2013 in Mudzi, accounting for over 20% of the population.
Cross border movement was posing a challenge to programme interventions and RAM was initiated in Sadc to maximise efforts to control malaria.
RAM is a Sadc initiative to create awareness and mobilise resources for action against malaria and to strengthen malaria control infrastructure within the region. Countries taking part in RAM 2 include Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Swaziland, Namibia, Tanzania and Angola.
These include Government departments, UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, the Corporate world, private sector, health professionals, and uniformed forces.
You can avoid mosquito bites by following these guidelines such as by – using a mosquito net while sleeping, wearing protective clothing (long sleeved-shirts and long pants), spraying your home with insecticide, staying inside between dusk and dawn if possible. Tell your doctor which location you will be travelling so that he can prescribe you the right medicine depending on the type of malaria parasite most commonly found in that region. They are difficult to prevent because of several challenges facing the control of vectors and transmissibility of the pathogens. Kala Azar: Leishmaniasis or Kala Azar ranks second (malaria being the first on the list) on the list of fatal diseases caused by parasites. Plague: Plague had an explosive epidemic and was a major health concern at the beginning of the 20th century. Yellow fever: Mainly found tropical South America and sub-Saharan Africa region, yellow fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease. Japanese encephalitis: It is a viral disease that is spread through infected Culex mosquito.
The disease is easier to control there than at lower altitudes where it has already established. So to help you make the healthiest, most filling snack bar choice, here, dietitian Helen Bond looked at some leading brands and rate their health benefits. This technique could offer a more reliable way to detect malaria, says Jongyoon Han, a professor of electrical engineering and biological engineering at MIT. However, the technology and expertise needed to identify the parasite are not always available in some of the regions most affected by malaria, and technicians don’t always agree in their interpretations of the smears, Han says.
As hemoglobin breaks down, it releases iron, which can be toxic, so the parasite converts the iron into hemozoin — a weakly paramagnetic crystallite. When a second, smaller field perturbs the atoms, they should all change their spins in synchrony — but if another magnetic particle, such as hemozoin, is present, this synchrony is disrupted through a process called relaxation.
For example, it may cause a slew of deadly diseases, which are now seen mostly in poorer regions in the tropics, to spread to developed nations in temperate zones. In some places, they predicted that rate of dengue fever cases will quintuple, to up to 10 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. But the Natural Resources Defense Council says that the mosquito that transmits dengue now is found in 28 states. Malaria is most commonly found in Africa, Southern Asia, South America and Central America. You need to avoid mosquito bites by using mosquito repellents, creams, wearing protective clothing that will cover your arms and legs and using screens on windows. Two hours before the assumed time of attack take six grams of these seeds with a cup of water, and the same dosage should be taken one hour after the attack. Take the medication as prescribed by your doctor – before, during and after your trip to avoid getting malaria. In the recent years, transmission of dengue has significantly increased in urban areas and has become a major public health concern. Although the disease is quite widespread, it is neglected diseases because it is more disfiguring and disabling than fatal. The disease is caused by the yellow fever virus and spread by female mosquito of Aedes aegypti species. It is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by a large insect called ‘kissing bug’ (Reduviidae Tratominae). The virus mainly affects the central nervous system and causes headache, fever, meningitis, coma, tremors, paralysis and loss of coordination. In some parts of the world the mosquitoes carrying malaria have become resistant to insecticides and the parasites have developed resistance to antibiotics. The natural quinine-like substance can be extracted from the Grape fruit by boiling a quarter of it and straining its pulp. Take 250 ml of water, add 15 gm of chirayata, 2 cloves and a stick of cinnamon and boil them together. The most common species of Plasmodium responsible for most malaria cases are Plasmodm flaciparum and Plasmodium vivax. According to the current estimates of WHO, dengue infections have reached 50–100 million worldwide, annually.
Currently, more than 120 million people are infected and nearly 40 million people suffer from the fully developed disease. Upon entry, the bacterium attacks the central nervous system and causes neurological problems. The virus affects the cells of the immune system and causes symptoms like fever, chills, nausea and muscle pain.
This has made it much more difficult to control the spread of diseases and rate of infection. Dengue is caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans by the vector Aedes Aegypti mosquito.
But it is also spread through insects that acquire the infection from rats harboring the bacteria. Wuchereria bancrofti is the most common filarial worm, causing the disease in 90 percent of the cases. Keep yourself healthy by eating the right kind of food and by keeping away from mosquitoes. The parasite then attacks the red blood cells and reaches the liver causing symptoms like fever, chills and anemia. Upon entry, the parasite attacks the immune system and causes ulcers or sores at the site of entry. The bacteria enter the blood stream after a flea bite and attack the cells of the immune system.

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