This website is purely for information purpose and gives information that is general in nature.
Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis are degenerative processes that affect arteries throughout the body. Atherosclerosis is a patchy accumulation of fatty deposits called atheromas or plaques in the walls of large and medium sized arteries. Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is a diffuse degeneration and calcification of the arterial walls that occurs in arteries of all sizes. Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis can cause recognizable diseases when they affect the coronary arteries, the arteries to the brain, to the legs, or the aorta. Risk factors for arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis include male gender, increasing age, family history of early atherosclerotic disease before age 50, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, high blood cholesterol, obesity, and poor physical fitness. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose (sugar) or A1C levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Unfortunately, since there are typically no signs or symptoms, nine out of ten people with prediabetes don’t know they have it.
Despite these alarming statistics and broad risk factors, research indicates that individuals can cut their risk of getting type 2 diabetes by more than half through lifestyle modifications.
Several research studies suggest that lifestyle measures are the best way to dodge the diabetes bullet. With just a few lifestyle adjustments, prediabetes can be reversible for some individuals, returning their blood glucose levels back to normal. Carbohydrate: About 40 percent of calories should come from carbohydrates, including at least 20-35 grams of fiber.
For the greatest benefit, aim for 60-90 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days of the week. Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve leaving an individual completely blind. Risk Factors of glaucoma – Some of the common risk factors for glaucoma are age, family history, African or Hispanic descent, elevated eye pressure, past eye injury, and low blood pressure.
Open-Angle Glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma and accounts for 90% of all cases.  It affects nearly 2 million Americans. Often people do not encounter any symptoms or early warning signs.  However, if it is not diagnosed and treated, it can cause a gradual loss of vision.

Low-Tension or Normal-Tension Glaucoma – Optic nerve damage and narrowed-side vision are the two conditions that occur in people with normal eye pressure. Angle-Closure Glaucoma -The fluid in the front of the eye is not able to reach the angle and leave the eye. Acute Glaucoma – Unlike in open angle glaucoma, the intraocular pressure suddenly increases in people with acute glaucoma.
Pigmentary Glaucoma – occurs when pigment from the iris flakes off and blocks the meshwork, slowing fluid drainage. Recent statistics reveal that there are around 2 to 3 million people in the US who have glaucoma and about 120,000 of these people are legally blind.  Although the risk of glaucoma increases with age, it can strike any age group, even as young as newborn infants and fetuses. InnomomImportance of Mobile Compliant, SEO optimized Websites for Eldercare Service Providers. Please contact your health care provider for specialized medical advice, diagnosis and treatment. As the atheromas slowly increase in size over the years, they result in areas of narrowing (stenosis). Arteries supplying other organs such as the intestines or kidneys may also be affected but are much less commonly involved. However, symptoms may eventually develop, depending on the extent to which risk factors can be modified. One of the most significant was The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), a major clinical research study, that found lifestyle modifications reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58% over a 3 year period, while the drug metformin reduced risk by 31% overall. The best sources include fish, skinless chicken or turkey, nonfat or low-fat dairy products, and legumes (beans and peas). Physical activity is an important component to any healthy lifestyle, but those with prediabetes can especially benefit. If you are unable to start there, try to walk briskly for at least 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week. If you are overweight, losing 5-10% of your total weight is beneficial for improving insulin sensitivity and regulating glucose control. This type of glaucoma develops slowly and sometimes without noticeable sight loss for many years. If they lower their eye pressure at least 30 percent through medicines, it can slow the disease in some people. However, glaucoma may worsen in others despite low pressures.

It is sometimes associated with eye surgery or eye injuries, certain eye tumors, or uveitis (eye inflammation).
Corticosteroid drugs used to treat eye inflammation and other diseases can trigger glaucoma in some people. Sometimes there are no initial symptoms, so as many as 1 million people may have glaucoma but do not know they have it. In symptomatic disease, the prognosis depends on the specific diagnosis such as coronary, cerebrovascular, or peripheral vascular disease, or aortic aneurysm, the severity and extent of disease, the type of treatment, response to treatment, the presence or absence of complications, and the modification of risk factors.
Those with prediabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Not only does exercise help lower blood sugar levels, but it aids in weight loss which is another helpful factor in reducing your risk of developing diabetes. Again, if that is too challenging to start, just try to be more active throughout the day, such as parking further from the store entrance or taking the stairs.
Clinical Nutrition Guideline For Overweight and Obese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes, Prediabetes Or Those at High Risk For Developing Type 2 Diabetes. If this increased pressure is left untreated, it can lead to severe optic nerve damage resulting in progressive or permanent blindness. A comprehensive medical history is very crucial to identify potential risk factors, such as low blood pressure, that contribute to low-tension glaucoma. The risk increases for females who do not take estrogen after menopause or who have had both ovaries surgically removed (bilateral oophorectomy).
The Joslin Diabetes Center recommends achieving this goal by losing just one pound every one to two weeks through a reduction of 250 to 500 calories per day. It is one of the leading causes of legal blindness in the US but is also deemed as the preventable cause of vision loss. Without treatment to improve the flow of fluid, the eye can become blind in as few as one or two days.
However, if seniors follow treatment early enough, they can often protect their eyes against serious vision loss.

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