Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly – either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, it is important because it helps your body process sugars. Diabetes can affect the body in many other ways, including eye disease, foot ulceration, kidney failure, amputation and a higher risk of heart disease.
Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems.
If diabetes is diagnosed and managed effectively, you can still live a long and happy life as long as you stay in control.
There are also many people in Fiji living with diabetes who may not even know it because they don’t have the symptoms, it is important to get your blood sugar tested regularly to avoid Diabetes related complications further down the track. The 2002 STEPS survey identified that out of the 16% diabetics, 50% of them were previously unrecognised which is an alarmingly high number.
Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes.
Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes. The best way to check if you have diabetes or are at risk is to visit your local health centre.
This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate. Even if you have no symptoms at all, it is important to get tested as you may still have diabetes. You can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes through adopting a healthy lifestyle.
By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells have become insulin resistant or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep you healthy. Human body requires glucose for the production of energy and carbohydrates are the main source of glucose. If you notice symptoms like excessive thirst and hunger, excessive urination, low energy, weight loss, a wound not healing quickly (despite medications), etc.
You must have noticed that the normal blood glucose levels for men and women are slightly different. My blood glucose was 170 5 hours after eating and right after having an alcoholic beverage. Shown below is a Blood Sugar Level Chart, simply designed for basic glucose and blood sugar testing.


For more nutritional information, charts, health stats, worksheets, and other free printable items, visit any of the links shown on this page. Click this link to exit the Blood Sugar Level Chart page, and visit the Main Health Info Page.Hit this link for a collection of Great American Recipes.
Normal glucose levels are those levels that you should expect if you have a checkup or a glucose tolerance test. If your levels are slightly high and out of the above range, you may be at risk for diabetes.
Reactive hypoglycemia can be a little more tricky to diagnose — you may appear to have normal glucose levels with a regular blood test. You can experience symptoms of reactive hypoglycemia even if your glucose levels remain within normal levels. Can you please give the source of the 5 hour glucose tolerance test figure above and also give some description of the items? These chewy flapjacks are a tasty snack that have not been loaded with extra sugar and fat.
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Currently almost 1 in every 3 Fijians is being diagnosed with diabetes, that’s 30% of the population. You can always visit your nearest diabetes hub to get your sugar checked ad learn how to stay in control of your diabetes. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have. Normal blood sugar levels chart presented in this article can be helpful in understanding what your blood sugar level should be.
A diabetic person or a person who is diagnosed with borderline diabetes (prediabetes) should follow a diabetic diet to control the levels of glucose in blood. A blood sample is needed to test glucose levels, either in a clinical setting or by using a home monitor. The oats provide slow releasing carbohydrates that keep you going without causing a surge in blood sugar, and the sweetness comes from natural sugars in the apples & raisins. Stir the grated ginger, cinnamon, oats, sunflower seeds and raisins into the apple puree and mix well, then tip it into the tin and spread out evenly. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, it is also more easily avoided if the correct healthy lifestyle is adopted.


However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional.
Take a look at the other charts in this article which describe normal, high and low blood sugar levels for men, women and kids.
Usually, an endocrinologist will recommend a hyperglucidic breakfast test or you could monitor your blood sugar (when you experience symptoms) with a home testing kit. The apple skins have been left on because they contain pectin, a soluble form of fibre that is thought to lower cholesterol. While glucagon is a hormone used by the body to control blood sugar levels and energy intake; it stops your blood sugar from dropping too low. Not only low glucose levels but elevated glucose levels also can lead to serious health complications, for example, diabetes and stroke. Blood sugar is checked twice, first after fasting for about 8 hours (generally overnight) and then two hours after lunch.
Increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, nausea, excessive fatigue, blurred vision, frequent infections, weight loss, dry mouth, slowly-healing wounds, tingling sensation, numbness in fingers are some of the commonly noticed symptoms of diabetes. Glucose tolerance tests for people with reactive hypoglycemia can be distressing, uncomfortable and sometimes dangerous — leading to seizures if your glucose gets too low. Reduce the heat and simmer , uncovered and stirring occasionally, for 25 to 30 minutes until the liquid is absorbed.
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If serious fluctuations in the levels of blood sugar are not treated promptly, they can prove to be fatal.
The first one is known as fasting blood sugar level and the latter is known as postprandial blood sugar level.
Significantly high blood sugar indicates hyperglycemia and abnormally low blood glucose levels indicate hypoglycemia.
Blood sugar measured randomly, at any time of the day is referred to as random blood sugar.
Avoiding refined carbohydrates which cause sudden rise and fall in blood sugar level and incorporating complex carbohydrates that help maintain normal blood sugar level in diet is essential. Insulin, produced by pancreas plays an important role in the process of absorption of glucose by the cells. This adversely affects the process of breakdown of glucose and leads to an abnormal rise in blood sugar levels.



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