There are two different tests your doctor can use to measure your blood glucose to determine if you have pre-diabetes or diabetes: the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) or the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The FPG test is a blood test that determines the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood after an overnight fast (not eating for at least 8 hours). With the OGTT test, a person's blood glucose level is measured after fasting and then 2 hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage.
See the chart below for the ranges of blood sugar levels and how they are used to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes. To learn more about Type I diabetes, and Type II diabetes, visit our Health articles and Pharmacy news section today!
Gestational diabetes or also called GDM (gestational diabetes mellitus) is a medical condition in which expecting mothers’ blood sugar levels become higher than normal. The author is not a doctor and the information in the article is general in nature with no medical advises given or imply. In general, it is recommended that any blood test that is outside the normal range be repeated on a different day to confirm the diagnosis. Identify your HbA1c test score, mean blood and glucose level to know if your blood glucose is in the optimum level.
Therefore, it is better to make the appointment in the early morning and do not eat after you had your diner.


The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster, and less expensive to perform. Moreover, expecting mothers were not diagnosed prior to pregnancy with diabetes and in about 60% of all cases it should go away following delivery. When you arrive to the lab they make a blood sample right away in order to check what your fasting blood glucose level is.
Normally diabetes treated with just a diet and physical activities which are good for your health whether you have diabetes or not, anyway.
Now all pregnant women are subject to take the blood glucose test because of a potential risk of miscarriage or other problems during pregnancy and labor.
In addition, gestational diabetes does not cause the kinds of newborns’ birth defects that can be seen in some babies whose mothers had type 1 or 2 diabetes before pregnancy. Since, diabetes might affect mothers in late pregnancy your health care provider will do the glucose check about on 28 week or third trimester. After that the nurse will ask you to return in one hour to collect blood samples and then in 2 hours and 3 hours.
Despite the fact that you don’t feel like sick and might don't believe that they give you right result, it is still better to follow doctors' and midwives' advices. Monitor your sugar level every day and follow the diet that your doctor will recommend you.


50 gm of a high glucose beverage will be offered to you that should be drunk in front of a nurse within 5 minutes. So, it is a good idea to take a snack from home that you can eat right after they take your last blood sample. Analyzing and controlling your everyday blood sugar levels might help you to avoid any further problems even without medication. If two out of four tests will be not good or higher than normal limits, your health care provider will diagnose you with gestational diabetes. Your health care provider will help and teach you how to control gestational diabetes during pregnancy and insure that everything will be fine while in labor.
While waiting you can go on your regular doctor or midwife checkup in order not to waste time.
If this one hour test will show not good result it doesn’t necessary mean that second three hour test should be bad as well.



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