Carbohydrates, fats and other food groups are broken down into glucose and other components during digestion.
Actually the glucose level in our blood varies, depending on the time of the day and the time since our last meal. If this balance is somehow disturbed, it can lead to a host of health issues, the most common being diabetes. There are certain simple lifestyle choices you can make that go a long way in helping your body maintain a normal blood glucose level.
Whether you had diabetes before you got pregnant or you developed diabetes during your pregnancy, you'll need to keep a close eye on your blood sugar levels.
You're eating differently because your body needs more energy to help your baby grow and be healthy. Pregnant women with diabetes need to see their doctor at least once a month, perhaps as often as once a week. Kecia Gaither, MD, director, maternal-fetal medicine, Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center. Blood sugar, or glucose, is an important source of energy and provides nutrients to your body's organs, muscles and nervous system. Normal blood sugar varies from person to person, but a normal range for fasting blood sugar (the amount of glucose in your blood six to eight hours after a meal) is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter.
These variations in blood-sugar levels, both before and after meals, are normal and reflect the way that glucose is absorbed and stored in the body. As the small intestine absorbs glucose, the pancreas releases insulin, which stimulates body tissues and causes them to absorb this glucose and metabolize it (a process known as glycogenesis).
When glucose levels drop between meals, the body takes some much-needed sugar out of storage. When there isn't enough glucose stored up to maintain normal blood-sugar levels, the body will even produce its own glucose from noncarbohydrate sources (such as amino acids and glycerol).


Too much glucose over an extended time (hyperglycemia) can result in the destruction of nerves, lowered resistance to infection, and heart and kidney disease. If the amount is too high (Hyperglycemia), or even too low (Hypoglycemia), our body stops functioning properly. So, the glucose level is lowest in the morning, when we wake up, and continues to be low till we have the first meal of the day. This also happens when we consume alcohol – there is a huge surge of glucose in the body which later falls drastically. Other problems could include memory loss, heart disease, infertility and even coma (in case of extreme hypoglycemia). When you eat bread with simple carbohydrates, it dumps a huge load of glucose in your blood which the body finds difficult to regulate. People who have one grapefruit every day (ideally split up between two meals) tend to lose weight and have a normal blood sugar level. But make sure that each of these meals are about half of what your regular meals are today. Tight control will help you avoid complications and long-term health problems for both you and your baby. The Art and Science of Diabetes Self-Management Education Desk Reference, 2nd Ed., American Association of Diabetes Educators, 2011. The body gets glucose from the food you eat, and the absorption, storage and production of glucose is regulated constantly by complex processes involving the small intestine, liver and pancreas. After you eat, your body breaks down the carbohydrates in food into smaller parts, including glucose, which can be absorbed by the small intestine.
This stored glucose (glycogen) is used to maintain healthy blood-sugar levels between meals. The process is kicked off by the pancreas, which releases a hormone known as glucagon, which promotes the conversion of stored sugar (glycogen) in the liver back to glucose.


This process, known as gluconeogenesis, occurs most often during intense exercise and instances of starvation. When the blood glucose level rises, the Pancreas produces Insulin which facilitates the breakdown of glucose bringing the level down. This ensures a steady flow of sugar into your blood and helps in maintaining a normal blood glucose level. Stress relief activities can go a long way in ensuring that the body becomes more capable of maintaining normal blood glucose level. In the later parts of your pregnancy, you may become more insulin resistant, so blood sugar builds up to higher levels. When the level goes lower than normal, Glucagon, also secreted by the Pancreas, induces the liver to release stored glucose bringing the level back to normal. No: People who have a glass of wine every day have less chance of having abnormal blood sugar level. Not only will you be maintaining your blood sugar at a normal level, but you will be on your way to living a healthier life as well.
Elizabeth has traveled throughout the Americas, studying political systems and indigenous cultures and teaching English to students of all ages. Walking can not only keep your blood sugar levels normal but also increase HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol).



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