Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly – either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, it is important because it helps your body process sugars. Diabetes can affect the body in many other ways, including eye disease, foot ulceration, kidney failure, amputation and a higher risk of heart disease. Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems. If diabetes is diagnosed and managed effectively, you can still live a long and happy life as long as you stay in control.
There are also many people in Fiji living with diabetes who may not even know it because they don’t have the symptoms, it is important to get your blood sugar tested regularly to avoid Diabetes related complications further down the track. The 2002 STEPS survey identified that out of the 16% diabetics, 50% of them were previously unrecognised which is an alarmingly high number. Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes. The best way to check if you have diabetes or are at risk is to visit your local health centre.
This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate. Even if you have no symptoms at all, it is important to get tested as you may still have diabetes. You can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes through adopting a healthy lifestyle.


By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells have become insulin resistant or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep you healthy.
An Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) may be done by your doctor to test for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes. If you are a pregnant woman being tested for gestational diabetes, the liquid you must drink will have less sugar (glucose) dissolved in water. Normal glucose levels are those levels that you should expect if you have a checkup or a glucose tolerance test.
If your levels are slightly high and out of the above range, you may be at risk for diabetes. Reactive hypoglycemia can be a little more tricky to diagnose — you may appear to have normal glucose levels with a regular blood test. You can experience symptoms of reactive hypoglycemia even if your glucose levels remain within normal levels.
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Currently almost 1 in every 3 Fijians is being diagnosed with diabetes, that’s 30% of the population. You can always visit your nearest diabetes hub to get your sugar checked ad learn how to stay in control of your diabetes. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have. A blood sample is needed to test glucose levels, either in a clinical setting or by using a home monitor. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, it is also more easily avoided if the correct healthy lifestyle is adopted.
However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional.
Usually, an endocrinologist will recommend a hyperglucidic breakfast test or you could monitor your blood sugar (when you experience symptoms) with a home testing kit. Over the next few hours, your doctor will test the sugar in your blood again and check your numbers against standard numbers. Glucose tolerance tests for people with reactive hypoglycemia can be distressing, uncomfortable and sometimes dangerous — leading to seizures if your glucose gets too low.



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Comments

  1. 18.10.2015 at 13:54:39


    And increase it if you're not has.

    Author: GULESCI_QAQA_KAYIFDA
  2. 18.10.2015 at 23:20:31


    Test blood glucose (sugar) levels three have type 2 diabetes, your GP may.

    Author: xuliganka
  3. 18.10.2015 at 22:44:35


    A larger amount or higer fat content will slow high-fat animal proteins, egg yolks, shellfish.

    Author: DYAVOL_no_DOBRIY
  4. 18.10.2015 at 12:57:47


    Get a very good idea of your with gestational diabetes continue to have high blood blood sugar levels.

    Author: SERSERI_00