For a growing number of people knowing and maintaining their blood glucose level normal range is the difference between a long and happy life and a short life filled with health problems. Diabetes is a disease in which the body, due to insufficient production of insulin or resistance to insulin, is not able to correctly process glucose and move it out of the bloodstream.
In order to maintain the blood glucose in the normal range the diabetic should check their blood sugar frequently, often many times daily, and keep a log of the findings. There are two different tests your doctor can use to measure your blood glucose to determine if you have pre-diabetes or diabetes: the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) or the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
The FPG test is a blood test that determines the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood after an overnight fast (not eating for at least 8 hours).
With the OGTT test, a person's blood glucose level is measured after fasting and then 2 hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage. See the chart below for the ranges of blood sugar levels and how they are used to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes. Shown below is a Blood Sugar Level Chart, simply designed for basic glucose and blood sugar testing.
For more nutritional information, charts, health stats, worksheets, and other free printable items, visit any of the links shown on this page. Click this link to exit the Blood Sugar Level Chart page, and visit the Main Health Info Page.Hit this link for a collection of Great American Recipes. Knowing what normal A1C levels for diabetics is a very important way to determine if you should be worry about your blood sugar test result. For those of you who are familiar with diabetes and the other factors related to diabetes, A1C level is the measurement of how good your body process blood sugar, or glucose, in your system, using its own insulin.
As explained above, normal A1C levels for a diabetics differ from country to country, and also differ from people to people. Recent Commentspatrice thompson on Free Diabetic Supplies – How to Get Them?munnaamalai on Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes ChartJessica I.
A1c chart, A diabetes check strip may be a small strip used to check the blood glucose levels in diabetics.
A1c chart: understanding the ac1 test, A brief, yet informative article explaining the a1c test, the a1c chart and how they are used in diagnosing, managing and treating patients with diabetes. A1c chart & calculator using the dcct formula, A1c chart has a1c to bs conversion using dcct formula.
Pre-diabetes diagnosis is by blood sugar tests, if your number is higher than most young-healthy people has, then you are diagnosing as prediabetes.
Based on the diabetes risk factors, certain standard is set for pre-diabetes screening criteria. If you met most of the above-said criteria, then you require undergoing for pre-diabetes screening.


Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) – is a blood-glucose test taken after not having anything to eat or drink (except water - even do not drink a lot of water before the test) a minimum of eight hours before the test.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) – or glucose challenge test is a blood-glucose test before, one-hour and two hours after you eat a carbohydrate-rich food or drink a special sweet drink. Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C) – is a test done at any time, there is no fast or drink anything, and it measures the average BS for the past two to three months. A study "Impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance, what best predicts future diabetes in Mauritius," was published in Diabetes Care March 1999 vol. Numerous studies show both IFG & IGT has been associated with a modest increased risk towards CVD, with IGT being a slightly stronger risk predictor. A study shows the natural history of both IFG and IGT is variable; with 25% progressing to diabetes, 50% remaining in their abnormal glycemic state, and 25% reverting to NGT (normal glucose tolerance) over an observational period of 3 to 5 years. The popular institutions set ranges for healthy, pre-diabetes and diabetes based on the old study that say one who has knowingly diagnosed as pre-diabetes progress to diabetes early due to mental strain. However, many health professionals think their patients are intelligent, smarter, and brave enough.
If your blood-glucose number is in the unhealthy range, then take this alarm towards prediabetes & diabetes. This is seen as the case in normal patients, with no other medical conditions, but the blood glucose level normal range can be affected by metabolic diseases like diabetes, as well as it may be affected by other factors such as the age or weight of the patient. By the numbers, diabetes cases are growing faster than any other disease, and as numbers increase the importance of the correct blood glucose normal range increases. While glucose is essentially the fuel that powers every cell in the body, when glucose levels are too high it becomes toxic and begins to damage organs and other body systems.
If this is done the diabetic can begin to see patterns in their blood sugar in relation to their diet and lifestyle and can make have medication and dietary changes in order to keep their glucose levels as close to normal as possible. In general, it is recommended that any blood test that is outside the normal range be repeated on a different day to confirm the diagnosis.
If you want to know the number for normal A1C levels for diabetics, you have come to the right place. This glycated hemoglobin will exist for around 120 days, that is why usually A1C test is good for 3 months.
Prediabetes also called as borderline diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), depending on which test has used to detect it. People with IFG along have hepatic insulin resistance and optimal muscle insulin sensitivity.
Individuals who are older, overweight, and have other diabetes risk factors are more likely to progress. Additionally, preserving beta-cell function, and delay the likelihood of micro vascular, and cardiovascular complications.


If blood glucose levels are not maintained as close to the normal range as possible the diabetic runs a very high risk of developing heart disease, kidney problems, stroke, glaucoma, and even coma and death. When it come to living a long and happy life knowing the blood glucose level normal range is of absolute importance.
The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster, and less expensive to perform. If there is a lack of insulin, or your body does not react well to insulin in such a way that its effectiveness in lowering the blood sugar is compromised, then your blood sugar level will remain high. So we have to take all these information with a grain of salt simply because these numbers are only indication. However, whatever your A1C level is, you must know how it works in order for you to understand what you need to do to handle it properly. After that your body will start to regenerate the red blood cells and the new blood cells will have a different A1C measurement since it will have a different level of glycated hemoglobin in it.
People with IGT alone have been normal to slightly reduced hepatic insulin sensitivity and moderate to severe muscle insulin resistance. Moreover, low insulin secretion and severe insulin resistance identify individuals more likely to progress to diabetes. However, prolong unhealthy blood glucose level can lead to diabetes complications even if not progress to diabetes. It has to be reviewed together with your lifestyle and habits and consulted with your doctor and dietician. So for instance if you have a 6.0 A1C test result, this test result will be good for about 3 months. It shows the higher sensitivity of IGT over IFG for predicting progression to type2 diabetes.
Metformin was the first drug shown to be effective; however, it is just about the half of that of lifestyle modification.
The reason is because some people who also have problems with their cholesterol and blood pressure, will be at risk for other problems when their A1C test shows a high number.
That is why it is quite common for doctors to suggest A1C test to be done at least twice a year, and more frequently if deemed necessary.
Screening by the criteria for IFG alone would identify fewer people who subsequently, progress to type2 diabetes than would be the oral glucose tolerance test.



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