To learn more about Type I diabetes, and Type II diabetes, visit our Health articles and Pharmacy news section today! Prediabetes occurs prior to the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), as the body loses its ability to metabolize glucose normally. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the insulin-producing cells are mistakenly destroyed by the immune system, leaving the body with little to no insulin.
For people living with diabetes, several situations can lead to a sudden or gradual rise in FBG. Rebound hyperglycemia, also called the Somogyi effect, occurs when the liver floods the body with glucose in the early morning in response to a low blood sugar level during the night. Some diseases and illnesses can cause a high FBG in people with or without existing diabetes.
High blood sugar is also a possible side effect of certain medications in both people with diabetes and those without. If you have diabetes and experience high morning blood sugars but are otherwise feeling well, contact your doctor as soon as possible. Identify your HbA1c test score, mean blood and glucose level to know if your blood glucose is in the optimum level. Your fasting blood glucose, or FBG, is the amount of sugar in your blood after not eating or drinking fluids other than water for at least 8 hours. Prediabetes develops when the extra insulin isn't sufficient to keep blood glucose levels normal. T2DM develops due to a combination of insulin resistance and failing insulin production due to degeneration of the pancreatic cells that make the hormone.

T2DM may progress over time due to increasing insulin resistance, diminishing insulin production, or both -- causing higher blood sugar levels. Sorting out whether high morning FBG is due to the dawn phenomenon or the Somogyi effect usually requires checking blood glucose in the middle of the night.
Seek emergency medical care if you have high blood sugar accompanied by nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness, sleepiness or confusion.
Elevated FBG can mean the body's ability to regulate glucose is faltering, which most commonly indicates either prediabetes or diabetes.
Insulin resistance also causes the liver to overproduce glucose, further contributing to high blood sugar.
High morning FBG might also be due to a change in diet or not following your nutrition plan. Possible complications of diabetes include vision problems, blindness, kidney failure, stroke, heart disease, loss of sensation and even amputations. Less frequently, a high FBG may be due to another medical condition or a medication side effect. People with prediabetes have a metabolic abnormality called insulin resistance, in which the body doesn't respond normally to the hormone insulin.
An oral glucose tolerance test evaluates how the body handles a specific amount of glucose over several hours. This scenario occurs because the liver naturally produces glucose in the early morning, but the insulin that would normally keep it in check isn't abundant enough to do the job. Certain adrenal gland tumors and disorders, such as Cushing disease, are other possible causes of high blood sugar.

The earlier prediabetes or diabetes is diagnosed and treated, the better the chances are of avoiding complications. For those already living with diabetes or prediabetes, high FBG levels often indicate the condition is progressing or a medication adjustment is needed.
This pancreatic hormone enables body tissues to absorb blood glucose and use it to generate energy. But with modest weight loss, regular exercise and possibly a medicine called metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza), the development of T2DM can often be delayed or prevented entirely.
Inflammation of the pancreas, or pancreatitis, can damage the insulin-producing cells and lead to elevated blood glucose levels.
Whatever your current status, it's important to determine the cause of an elevated FBG so you can receive appropriate treatment.
Tumors that produce substances that interfere with blood sugar regulation are another possible cause of high FBG. Diabetes can lead to serious complications but doesn't have to interfere with a full life if well-managed.

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  1. 17.02.2015 at 10:10:16

    Indicate if what you are feeling meant 6.5 not 60.5 even.

    Author: 0110
  2. 17.02.2015 at 10:18:16

    I'm not sure what else I can do (apart.

    Author: Lady_BaTyA