An Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) may be done by your doctor to test for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes.
If you are a pregnant woman being tested for gestational diabetes, the liquid you must drink will have less sugar (glucose) dissolved in water.
Gestational diabetes or also called GDM (gestational diabetes mellitus) is a medical condition in which expecting mothers’ blood sugar levels become higher than normal. The author is not a doctor and the information in the article is general in nature with no medical advises given or imply. Carbohydrates, fats and other food groups are broken down into glucose and other components during digestion. Actually the glucose level in our blood varies, depending on the time of the day and the time since our last meal.
If this balance is somehow disturbed, it can lead to a host of health issues, the most common being diabetes. There are certain simple lifestyle choices you can make that go a long way in helping your body maintain a normal blood glucose level. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), there are nearly 18 million diabetics in the United States, with nearly 25 percent of them unaware that they have the disease. Diabetes is a serious metabolic disorder that is caused by the pancreas not making enough insulin, or the body's resistance to it. Type II is called insulin independent (also called adult onset diabetes) because the body may not produce enough insulin, or body tissues may be resistant to insulin and so it is perceived as a shortage, according to the Mayo Clinic. Inside the body, high concentrations of blood sugar can begin damaging sensitive tissues and organs and can ultimately cause a complete failure of systems, according to NIDDK. The easiest way to detect high blood sugar is by having your blood drawn as part of your annual physical examination. If your results are high during the second test, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) will likely be ordered.
While standard blood glucose tests measure the amount of glucose in your blood at that time, HbA1c represents the average amount of glucose in your blood over the entire lifespan of your red blood cells---about 120 days. Diabetes chart- convert hba1c to equivalent blood glucose, Free printable charts and tools to better understand, track and manage your blood glucose..
Hba1c – normal range, chart, blood test values, What is hba1c, this blood test helps find blood sugar levels and diagnose diabetes.
A1c chart, Another difference between different diabetes testing strips is that completely different strips need different amounts of blood to browse your blood glucose levels.. Diabe diabetes t management es in general practice, Goals for optimum diabetes management the chart on the flip side lists goals for optimum diabetes management that all people with diabetes should be encouraged to reach..
Here we discuss gestational diabetes blood sugar levels as well as normal blood sugar levels.
First, a few things you need to know about gestational diabetes so that you can understand what gestational diabetes blood sugar levels mean. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that is found for the first time when a woman is pregnant. There is also evidence that women that have gestational diabetes are at higher risk for developing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes later in life. The changing hormones and weight gain you experience in pregnancy can make it hard for your body to keep up with its need for insulin. Gestational Diabetes Diagnosis to find out more about the dangerous complications you want to avoid. If it turns out you have gestational diabetes blood sugar levels, you will need to regularly test your blood. Do have very specific or personal questions you don't feel comfortable discussing in public  forums? Get a glucose monitoring system that has no coding required (it will say so on the box) and includes a lancing device as well as a few test strips.
Typically this means using the lancing device on the inside of one of your finger tips to get a drop of blood which you apply to the test strip that you have already inserted into your blood glucose monitor. Blood sugar levels between the two scenarios above indicate grey areas that are less than optimal but may not mean you have diabetes.

If you test positive for gestational diabetes, you will no longer be considered a a€?low-risk pregnancya€?. In short, if you plan to deliver naturally, without pain relief medications or interventions, your ability to do so will be drastically reduced.
You may want to take steps to prevent being diagnosed with gestational diabetes, especially if you know your blood sugar levels are within a normal range and but the testing parameters will likely identify you as having gestational diabetes. An example of this is knowing that eating a bowl of ice cream will raise your blood sugar level to 160 where it will remain for over 45 minutes so likely the Glucola test will result in a similarly high reading.
We are not suggesting that you avoid being diagnosed with gestational diabetes when you really have it. As a natural childbirth advocate, you already know that maintaining your blood sugar levels thru diet and lifestyle modifications is better than taking simply taking insulin. Because we knew that our blood sugar levels were stable and we liked our birth center or midwife, we did not want to be erroneously diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Read Pregnancy Gestational Diabetes Diet for more information about how you can keep your blood sugar levels low by following a good pregnancy diet. Gestational Diabetes Testing for more information about how Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed as well as problems with the current testing. Therefore, it is better to make the appointment in the early morning and do not eat after you had your diner.
If the amount is too high (Hyperglycemia), or even too low (Hypoglycemia), our body stops functioning properly.
So, the glucose level is lowest in the morning, when we wake up, and continues to be low till we have the first meal of the day. This also happens when we consume alcohol – there is a huge surge of glucose in the body which later falls drastically.
Other problems could include memory loss, heart disease, infertility and even coma (in case of extreme hypoglycemia). When you eat bread with simple carbohydrates, it dumps a huge load of glucose in your blood which the body finds difficult to regulate. People who have one grapefruit every day (ideally split up between two meals) tend to lose weight and have a normal blood sugar level.
But make sure that each of these meals are about half of what your regular meals are today.
Type II diabetes is called adult onset diabetes because it typically affects adults later in life.
Hyperglycemia, or abnormally high concentrations of blood sugar for extended periods of time, are first detected after the sufferer experiences such symptoms as unusual thirst, constant urination and hunger, profuse sweating, dizziness and a general sense of disorientation or malaise, NIDDK reports. Hyperglycemia accelerates coronary artery disease, causes kidney failure and, if left uncontrolled, can lead to loss of vision, nerve damage and amputation of limbs. Blood glucose competes with oxygen by attaching itself to the hemoglobin in the red blood cells, according to the Mayo Clinic. Normal HbA1c concentrations should be less than 7 percent of your total hemoglobin, the Mayo Clinic Advises. What you may not realize is that you can go to your local pharmacy and purchase a blood glucose monitoring system without being diagnosed with gestational diabetes. We all used the information we received from testing and knowing our own blood sugar levels to ensure we did not test positive for pregnancy diabetes.
Moreover, expecting mothers were not diagnosed prior to pregnancy with diabetes and in about 60% of all cases it should go away following delivery. When you arrive to the lab they make a blood sample right away in order to check what your fasting blood glucose level is. Normally diabetes treated with just a diet and physical activities which are good for your health whether you have diabetes or not, anyway.
When the blood glucose level rises, the Pancreas produces Insulin which facilitates the breakdown of glucose bringing the level down. This ensures a steady flow of sugar into your blood and helps in maintaining a normal blood glucose level.
Stress relief activities can go a long way in ensuring that the body becomes more capable of maintaining normal blood glucose level.

Smith has a master's degree in exercise physiology and an exercise specialist certification with the American College of Sports Medicine at San Diego State University.
When there is a problem metabolizing blood glucose, its concentrations rise in the blood---a condition called hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. Type I diabetes is called insulin dependent because there is not enough natural insulin produced by the pancreas, so the diabetic is dependent on insulin injections. It accounts for over 90 percent of diabetics, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
It's important that the test be done while fasting, the American Diabetes Association says, because it's a good indicator of your normal level of glucose without the influence of exercise or food. Blood samples are drawn in the beginning and at 2-hour intervals throughout the day to determine how well the body processes glucose. High concentrations of HbA1c can interfere with the way that cells get oxygen from the blood.
There is no prescription required, although your insurance company will not reimburse you for the testing strips unless you have an official diagnosis. Over the next few hours, your doctor will test the sugar in your blood again and check your numbers against standard numbers. Now all pregnant women are subject to take the blood glucose test because of a potential risk of miscarriage or other problems during pregnancy and labor.
In addition, gestational diabetes does not cause the kinds of newborns’ birth defects that can be seen in some babies whose mothers had type 1 or 2 diabetes before pregnancy.
When the level goes lower than normal, Glucagon, also secreted by the Pancreas, induces the liver to release stored glucose bringing the level back to normal. No: People who have a glass of wine every day have less chance of having abnormal blood sugar level.
Not only will you be maintaining your blood sugar at a normal level, but you will be on your way to living a healthier life as well.
Type I diabetics often get the disease very early in life, hence its alternate name of juvenile diabetes. The good news is that there are a number of effective ways to treat high blood sugar, including medication, diet and insulin injections. Since, diabetes might affect mothers in late pregnancy your health care provider will do the glucose check about on 28 week or third trimester. After that the nurse will ask you to return in one hour to collect blood samples and then in 2 hours and 3 hours. Despite the fact that you don’t feel like sick and might don't believe that they give you right result, it is still better to follow doctors' and midwives' advices.
Walking can not only keep your blood sugar levels normal but also increase HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol).
Monitor your sugar level every day and follow the diet that your doctor will recommend you. 50 gm of a high glucose beverage will be offered to you that should be drunk in front of a nurse within 5 minutes. So, it is a good idea to take a snack from home that you can eat right after they take your last blood sample. Analyzing and controlling your everyday blood sugar levels might help you to avoid any further problems even without medication.
If two out of four tests will be not good or higher than normal limits, your health care provider will diagnose you with gestational diabetes. Your health care provider will help and teach you how to control gestational diabetes during pregnancy and insure that everything will be fine while in labor.
While waiting you can go on your regular doctor or midwife checkup in order not to waste time.
If this one hour test will show not good result it doesn’t necessary mean that second three hour test should be bad as well.

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