Abstract: Transient electromagnetic fields (dirty electricity), in the kilohertz range on electrical wiring, may be contributing to elevated blood sugar levels among diabetics and prediabetics. Alert: Don't be deceived by imitation filters!Beware of imitation or knockoff filters.Know the differences and get genuine Stetzerizer Filters! Our free blood pressure chart and blood pressure log allow you to track your blood pressure, aiding you in being aware of and gaining control over your blood pressure and health. These blood pressure charts will give you a quick reference of blood pressure levels for adults 18 and older. Print this blood pressure log and attach it to your fridge or bathroom mirror or close to wherever you typically test your blood pressure. This blood pressure chart spreadsheet lets you track your systolic (SBP) & diastolic (DBP) blood pressures over time. Remember to enter notes next to your entries regarding diet, exercise, and stress level, so you can see the affects they may have your blood pressure. The Blood Pressure Chart can be a great aid in gaining control over your blood pressure, and ultimately your health. Enter your target blood pressure (this should be given to you by your doctor or caregiver).
Next, each time you take your blood pressure, use the printable blood pressure log to simply fill in the date, time, pressure readings and any notes. Finally, create a visual representation of your blood pressure readings over time using the spreadsheet to enter the dates, times, SBP, and DBP.
Medicine, herbal remedies, caffeine, exercise, diet and many other things can affect your blood pressure. Wait at least half an hour after having consumed caffeine, alcohol, medicine, or herbal remedies. Follow the correct process of taking your blood pressure, based on the type of device you're using (digital blood pressure monitor or manual blood pressure methods). Blood Pressure Levels at americanheart.org - Information about blood pressure, how to control it, and many other articles about your health in relation to blood pressure.
The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or an animal. The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels (with the help of insulin that is secreted by pancreas) as a part of metabolic homeostasis. If blood sugar levels are either increased or decreased by a greater margin than expected this might indicate a medical condition. Dramatic changes of blood sugar levels have significant physical symptoms and will increase your risk of diabetes-related complications. Download your blood sugar levels log and keep track of your own blood sugar levels – write down all of your measured values.
Please note that you should perform several consecutive blood glucose tests and not rely on one single measurement.
The next chart displays all possible blood sugar (glucose) levels along with a short explanation of what the indicators are.
Chronically high blood sugar (diabetes) is caused by a number of abnormalities in the body, one of them being the affected vascular walls of small and large arteries (diabetic micro-and macro-angiopathy) in a process called atherosclerosis. High blood sugar levels affect the arteries throughout the body, especially the organs which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidney, senses, nerves and other organs. If the high blood sugar is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism (blood fat), the abnormalities are more intense. Typical symptoms of high blood sugar levels (diabetes) are thirst, frequent urination and unexpected weight loss. Type 1 diabetes symptoms are severe and last for a short time before the disease is diagnosed.
There are basically two main tests which are conducted to determine whether someone has diabetes.
When being tested for diabetes by a impaired fasting glycemia test, blood sugar levels will normally be taken after around eight hours of fasting.
An impaired glucose tolerance test involves taking a concentrated amount of glucose and then measuring blood sugar levels after two hours. Medical alcohol to clean the skin where you will prick your finger, a sterile tool to prick your finger, some test strips and a glucose meter to read the test strip. The fact is that with Diabetes type 1 body’s cells that produce insulin are destroyed. With type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly (also known as insulin resistance). Refer to this article for more information on how brown fat tissue may help control your disease or even revert it! A patient with diabetes is at a 5 times greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patient without diabetes.
Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar levels are mainly the consequence of heredity (diabetes in the family), age (over 40), poor diet, excessive body weight (obesity) and physical inactivity. People with high blood sugar levels can lower their blood sugar levels by maintaining normal body weight, eating healthy and by physical activity. Related posts:Dark chocolate and oxidative stress25 Interesting Facts About the Human BodyWhat Is Hypotension and is it Dangerous?
I am trying to provide useful information on several topics regarding health, food, diet, weight loss and sport!If you like my articles, please do subscribe and share the content! MY BLOOD SUGAR WAS 129 THIS MORNING SOME TIMES IN THE 30S ONCE IN A WHILE BELOW 100 THE REST OF THE DAY SEEMS TO BE OK MY 90 DAY AVE. Is it possible to get any graphical method of say weekly or some times 10 days irregular days with NORMAL graphical line.Soas to check and be precautionary by diabetic patient itself.
This is inspite of the fact that she is not given any medicine after lunch and no food after 10p.m.
Can anybody tell from where insulin comes after midnight and from where sugar comes after 5 a.m.? A fasting reading this morning I did was 83 then I ate and checked again after and hour or so it was 110.
My normal blood sugar reading is between 102 to 110 before breakfast my goal is to keep it from going any higher 126 in the morning before breakfast is high to me .I am type 2 diabetic.
Nigel Smith, look at what you are eating in the morning and try something with a bit more fibre. Being new to this, and someone who does not do things by halves, I have been tracking my glucose levels some 4 or 5 times a day. SORY ABOUT SPELING I NEVE COOD.i was told by doctors 9 muths ago I had tipy 2 and givin metermothin 500mg 4 times a day ime falling asleep in the afternoon as ime finding it hard to keep awake can eney one help. What you can do is to change your diet and delay the possible development of this disease by following some simple diet rules.
A beating heart creates the pressure when it pumps fresh blood to the organs and tissues of your body, providing oxygen and nutrients.
The BP (short for Blood Pressure) value does not only depend on lifestyle, but also on factors which can not be influenced – for example your genetics. While very often elevated blood pressure shows no symptoms, it still causes damage to your arteries (atherosclerosis) and weakens your heart. Blood pressure is the pressure with which blood acts against the walls of your blood vessels.
Beats per minute value can vary depending on many factors (age, overall physical condition, genetics).
When the heart shrinks and pushes the blood into main arteries (aortas), blood pressure rises for a moment – this is known as systolic blood pressure (sys blood pressure).
The reason for permanent increase in blood pressure in majority of cases (more than 95%) is not known – this is primary or essential arterial hypertension.
Prolonged high blood pressure can lead to vascular damage and in worst case cause a heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and other complications. Numerous studies have shown that successful treatment of high blood pressure decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease and lowers mortality, thus, it is very important that you undergo a treatment when you are diagnosed with high blood pressure. Sometimes your blood pressure might be too low which may induce symptoms such as tiredness in the morning, lack of energy throughout the day, dizziness and sleepiness, headache, drowsiness, nausea, lack of appetite, cold hands and feet or even fainting (which can be dangerous, especially to pregnant women and the elderly). Breathe deeply and slowly as breathing is an effective technique to lower your blood pressure. A healthy diet that contains as little salt and animal fat as possible will lower your blood pressure as well.
Alternatively, you can browse Amazon yourself and find the most suitable item for you by clicking here. If blood pressure does not drop to normal levels after actions taken, drugs are usually prescribed.
Treatment of high blood pressure with drugs is usually life-long, so the awareness of the patient about the medical condition and cooperation with the chosen doctor is of utmost importance. Not only tofu, but eating all soy products can help people who struggle with elevated blood pressure as soy contains an ingredient called isoflavone which may help to lower blood pressure. Not expected to be on this list, but chocolate contains flavonoids, which may help to lower blood pressure. When we talk about blood pressure we usually think of high blood pressure and the dangers it poses to our health. Caution is required when using diuretics, which promote the excretion of water from the body. Be careful when getting up from sitting position suddenly as you might faint or feel dizzy. It is also important to be physical active, which in fact is recommended to anyone who wants to take care of their health.
When it comes to diet your food should contain enough water (at least 4 pints (1 litre) a day), meals should not be calorie rich because full stomach requires a lot of blood for digestion and will slow down your blood circulation even more.
Almost every garden grows beetroot, which may help relieve problems caused by low blood pressure. Sport drinks containing a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals can be useful when blood pressure is low. Alternatively, you can browse Amazon yourself and find the most suitable device for you by clicking here. The measurement should always be performed before eating (not on a full stomach) and every day at about the same time. Cuff must be placed correctly – if measuring on the arm cuff should be placed above the elbow (elbow and cuff should be 2 fingers apart).
It is very important to known that when performing measurement of blood pressure you need to set the meter to at least 40 mmHg higher pressure than your normal upper blood pressure is. Take a few minutes between two consecutive measurements as blood vessels needs to expand properly again otherwise the second measurement will always be lower than the first. Be aware that blood pressure normally fluctuates and two consecutive measurements will not show same result. Enter your daily measurements of blood pressure into a special chart (chart usually comes with a purchase of the device). For most reliable measurements it is recommended that you take your blood pressure meter to an authorized service center where they will re-calibrate it for you.
Blood pressure chart for children See what are the average values of blood pressure in children.
Blood pressure chart displays all possible levels of blood pressure and comes in very handy when determining whether you are at risk or not!
Hypertension (also referred to as high blood pressure – HBP), is a condition in which the arteries have persistently elevated blood pressure.
Hypotension (also referred to as low blood pressure – LBP) means that your blood pressure is lower than the normal reading. Below you can find blood pressure chart which displays values of blood pressure depending on age. Children normally have lower blood pressure which rises over the years, while heart beat rate usually drops over the years.
Blood pressure is a good indicator of your overall health although slightly elevated blood pressure does not necessarily indicates a medical condition or risk. It is a good idea to regularly check your blood pressure and consult your doctor in case you find your blood pressure levels to be elevated.
I am a 66 year old female with a blood pressure of 114 over 69 with a pulse of 74 is this a bit too low. What does it mean when my systolic is average for my age (122), but the diastolic is slightly low (67)?
I’ve never smoked, drink very little, never had surgery nor any medical problems beyond broken bones, and had none of the complaints reported by other people above.
I woudn’t say your BP level is high but it seems slightly increased due to diastolic value being over 85.
Maybe talk to your personal doctor and see what he or she has to say about your blood pressure level. Even though high cholesterol may lead to serious heart disease, most of the time there are no symptoms. LDL cholesterol is produced naturally by the body, but many people inherit genes from their mother, father or even grandparents that cause them to make too much. Keeping your cholesterol levels healthy is a great way to keep your heart healthy – and lower your chances of getting heart disease or having a stroke. The American Heart Association endorses the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) guidelines for detection of high cholesterol: All adults age 20 or older should have a fasting lipoprotein profile — which measures total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, HDL (good) cholesterol and triglycerides — once every five years. People with high blood triglycerides usually also have lower HDL cholesterol and a higher risk of heart attack and stroke.
Your other risk factors for heart disease and stroke help determine what your LDL level should be, as well as the appropriate treatment for you. High triglycerides are a lifestyle-related risk factor; however, underlying diseases or genetic disorders can be the cause. People with high triglycerides should substitute monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats —such as those found in canola oil, olive oil or liquid margarine —for saturated fats, limit added sugars, eat complex carbohydates and reduce fructose intake. This means control your weight, eat a heart-healthy diet, get regular physical activity, avoid tobacco smoke, limit alcohol to one drink per day for women or two drinks per day for men and limit beverages and foods with added sugars. We recommend using the absolute numbers for total blood cholesterol and HDL cholesterol levels.
Some physicians and cholesterol technicians use the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol in place of the total blood cholesterol. Too much cholesterol in the blood can lead to cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is the No. The good news is, you can lower your cholesterol and reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. As part of a complete prevention and treatment program for managing your cholesterol and lowering your risk of heart disease and stroke, your doctor may suggest that you make some lifestyle changes.
A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, high-fiber foods, lean meats and poultry, fish at least twice a week and fat-free or 1 percent dairy products — and low in saturated and trans fats and cholesterol — is a delicious way to help your cholesterol levels. For example, a sedentary female who is 31–50 years old needs about 2,000 calories each day.
It’s not hard to whip up recipes that fit with the low saturated fat, low-cholesterol eating plan recommended by scientists to help you manage your blood cholesterol level and reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.
The American Heart Association recommends eating no more than six ounces of cooked lean meat, poultry, fish or seafood a day for people who need 2,000 calories. When a recipe calls for browning the meat first, try browning it under the broiler instead of in a pan. Try meatless meals featuring vegetables or beans — think eggplant lasagna, a big grilled Portobello mushroom on a bun in place of a burger, or beans-n-weenies without the weenies. Try cooking vegetables in a tiny bit of vegetable oil, adding a little water during cooking if needed, or use a vegetable oil spray. Liquid vegetable oils such as canola, safflower, sunflower, soybean, and olive can often be used instead of solid fats such as butter, lard or shortening.
The cholesterol in eggs is all in the yolks — without the yolk, egg whites are a heart-healthy source of protein.
You can replace the oil in muffin, cookie, cake and snack bar recipes with pureed fruits or veggies to give your treats an extra healthy boost. Low-fat (1%) or fat-free (skim) milk can be used in many recipes in place of whole milk or half-and-half. Add lots of colorful veggies to your salad — carrots, broccoli and cauliflower are high in fiber and give your salad a delicious crunch.
About 75 percent of sodium in the typical American diet comes from processed foods and beverages.
To reduce the salt in canned vegetables, drain the liquid, then rinse the vegetables in water before eating. For some people, lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough to reach healthy cholesterol levels. Statins are also found in the combination medications Advicor®** (lovastatin + niacin), Caduet®** (atorvastatin + amlodipine), and Vytorin™** (simvastatin + ezetimibe). This relatively new class of cholesterol-lowering medications works by preventing the absorption of cholesterol from the intestine. The first medication of this class, ezetimibe (Zetia®)**, was approved in 2002 for the treatment of high cholesterol and certain inherited lipid abnormalities. This class of LDL-lowering drugs works in the intestines by promoting increased disposal of cholesterol. Fibrates are best at lowering triglycerides and in some cases increasing HDL (good cholesterol) levels.
Niacin comes in prescription form and as “dietary supplements.” Dietary supplement niacin must not be used as a substitute for prescription niacin. Keeping track of your prescribed medications can be challenging — especially if you’re taking several different medicines. By treating high blood pressure, you can help prevent a stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure and peripheral artery disease. Keeping  track of your cholesterol at each of your medical appointments, along with the efforts you’re making to manage your levels, to help you monitor your success.
Remember that one change — like switching from butter to soft margarine — is a good step, but may not be enough to reduce your cholesterol to healthy levels.
Nutrition labels on food are very helpful when choosing heart-healthy foods, but you need to know what to look for. Drug therapy is usually prescribed for those who — despite adequate dietary changes, regular physical activity and weight loss — still have elevated levels of cholesterol, or those who have elevated risks for heart disease and stroke. Modern medications have come a long way in helping to control blood cholesterol levels, and some can target the cholesterol that your body makes on its own. You should still eat a heart-healthy diet and get at least 30 minutes of moderately vigorous physical activity on five or more days of the week.
An egg can fit within heart-healthy guidelines for those people only if cholesterol from other sources — such as meats, poultry and dairy products — is limited. If you’re going to eat an egg every morning, substitute vegetables for some of the meat, or drink your coffee without half-and-half in the example above. Premenopausal women are usually protected from high LDL (bad) levels of cholesterol, because the female hormone estrogen tends to raise HDL (good) cholesterol levels.
Everyone should start getting a cholesterol test at age 20, but it’s a good idea to start having cholesterol checked at an early age. Even children, especially those in families with a history of heart disease, can have high cholesterol levels. Adverse outcomes of chronic kidney disease can often be prevented or delayed through early detection and treatment. The presence of chronic kidney disease should be established, based on presence of kidney damage and level of kidney function (glomerular filtration rate [GFR]), irrespective of diagnosis. Among patients with chronic kidney disease, the stage of disease should be assigned based on the level of kidney function, irrespective of diagnosis, according to the KDOQI CKD classification Table 10. The USRDS provides reliable nationwide data regarding the incidence, prevalence, treatment patterns, outcomes, and cost of kidney failure treated by dialysis and transplantation, the most severe stage of chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is defined according to the presence or absence of kidney damage and level of kidney function—irrespective of the type of kidney disease (diagnosis).
Table 12 illustrates the classification of individuals based on the presence or absence of markers of kidney disease and level of GFR, according to definition and staging of chronic kidney disease proposed by this guideline.
All individuals with kidney damage are classified as having chronic kidney disease, irrespective of the level of GFR. The methods to estimate GFR and assess markers of kidney damage are not completely sensitive or specific in detecting decreased GFR and kidney damage, respectively.
Other causes of chronically decreased GFR without kidney damage in adults include vegetarian diets, unilateral nephrectomy, extracellular fluid volume depletion, and systemic illnesses associated with reduced kidney perfusion, such as heart failure and cirrhosis. High blood pressure in chronic kidney disease and in individuals with decreased GFR without kidney disease (R). Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and level of kidney function in the general population (S). Definition (O) Kidney damage is defined as structural or functional abnormalities of the kidney, initially without decreased GFR, which over time can lead to decreased GFR. Albuminuria was persistent on repeat evaluation in only 61% of individuals; hence, these prevalence estimates based on a single spot urine are likely overestimates, especially for microalbuminuria.
Among adults, the prevalence of albuminuria varies by age (Table 19) and presence (Table 20) or absence (Table 21) of diabetes.
Similarly, the prevalence of increased urine albumin excretion on initial screening varies from 1% to 10% (Table 23). Data from NHANES III are shown in Figs 9 and 10; these include men and women in the general population, including those with chronic kidney disease. In part, the inclusion of women and individuals with chronic kidney disease may account for the slightly lower mean values observed in the NHANES III compared to the data from normal men in Fig 9.
As discussed earlier, individuals with decreased GFR should be evaluated for markers of kidney damage to determine whether they have chronic kidney disease and to determine the cause of reduced kidney function.
The KDOQI definition of kidney failure differs in two important ways from the definition of ESRD.
The Work Group anticipated that most kidney transplant recipients would be considered to have chronic kidney disease according to the proposed classification.
Nutritional indications for the initiation of renal replacement therapy are detailed in Guideline 27 of the KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines on Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure, part of which is reproduced as Guideline 2 of the PD Adequacy Guideline.
The CKD Work Group searched for studies of measures of kidney function, dietary intake, and nutritional status at the onset of kidney replacement therapy.
These data show that estimated GFR provides only a rough approximation of other measures of kidney function. Tables 30, 31, and 32 summarize other studies of the level of kidney function at initiation of dialysis. Overall, the results of these studies are consistent with the data from the MDRD Study (Table 27) and the large study shown in Fig 11. There are a number of limitations to the proposed definition and classification of chronic kidney disease.
First, as described later in Guideline 6, the known markers of kidney damage are not sensitive, especially for tubulointersitial and vascular disease and for diseases in the kidney transplant. There are a large number of clinical applications of the proposed definition and stages of chronic kidney disease. Implementation of a new approach to the patient, classification of severity, and assessment of risk for chronic kidney disease will require appropriate professional, patient, and public education effort, as well as administrative and regulatory changes.
Components of the implementation plan, which determined the success of KDOQI, are under development and will be applied to these guidelines. The Workgroup acknowledges that the proposed definition and classification chronic kidney disease and stages is arbitrary and can be refined by further research. Ask a Doctor Online Now!Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in that it is broken down into simple sugars like glucose and then transported via the bloodstream to all the cells of the body for energy production. Glucose can damage the cells in the body if the levels are not kept within a specific range. Body weight also impacts on the blood glucose levels and it is modifiable meaning that a person can change their body weight through diet and exercise.


High blood sugar levels means that the body is unable to keep the glucose levels within a normal range. Fasting glucose are those levels upon waking – essentially having not eaten for at least 8 hours.
Ask a Doctor Online Now!Pre-diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is the stage of abnormal blood glucose regulation before diabetes mellitus develops.
Whether high sugar levels are found in the blood, urine or even CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), it needs to be treated and managed. Losing weight to return to a normal BMI (body mass index) or at least 5% to 10% of total body weight.
Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis.
By closely following plasma glucose levels in four Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics, we find that they responded directly to the amount of dirty electricity in their environment. Since normal blood pressure levels can change with age, weight, height and many other factors, you should consult your doctor or caregiver to determine your appropriate target blood pressure, which can be entered into the blood pressure log.
This printable blood pressure log allows you to write down your results no matter where you are. Blood sugar level (or blood sugar concentration) is the amount of glucose (a source of energy) present in your blood at any given time. Diabetes is among the risk factors for major non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular diseases. Over the time a patient’s condition worsens as body cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar were present in 20% of adult Europeans during 2002-2005 a study showed. This way you might prevent or delay disease and enhance your health and physical performance. Definitely cut out the sweets, and especially the sodas but really you need to be controlling carb intake because carbs are sugar. I have been taking my readings every morning since I have been released (about 2 weeks) my Blood has been back in forth from 60 to 89 but this morning I didn’t wake up til 11:30 am and it was 138!
He is 4 ft tall and weighs 48lbs so as you can tell he is not over weight in fact his height and weight are perfectly proportionate to each other. Given the fact that your mother has type 2 diabetes you are under greater risk to develop diabetes type 2 as well (although this relation has never been confirmed by scientists). I know it recommends that you eat fruit, but my mother’s blood sugar only got under control after she stopped eating fruit?
Postprandial blood glucose levels should be higher not lower than random blood sugar levels. High blood pressure or arterial hypertension is a very common chronic disease in the developed world, affecting nearly every second adult.
A beating heart creates pressure when it pumps fresh blood to the organs and tissues of your body, providing oxygen and nutrients. If your heart rate (heart pulse) is higher or lower anytime, that does not necessarily mean you have a medical condition. A heart beat of 80 BPM or more (BPM stands for Beats Per Minute) can be treated as perfectly normal in some cases! The first number stands for systolic blood pressure, the second number stands for diastolic blood pressure. An ideal example of food that contains a lot of potassium and is not too expensive is a banana.
Do not buy a classic chocolate, but rather purchase a chocolate containing a high percentage of cocoa (at least 70%). But many times people who have low blood pressure find it really hard to start a new day full of energy. Sometimes, low blood pressure occurs during pregnancy which can be dangerous to the fetus (because of the reduced blood flow to the placenta), which can lead to a delay in the growth of the child. Morning coffee and other caffeine-containing drinks in can be a short-term help for low blood pressure.
If measured blood pressure is high that does not mean that you have hypertension, unless it is a very high value.
I suffer from chronic migraines, my Dr put me on a beta blocker to try to help prevent my migraines. My doctor added one more so I decided it was time again to get off my duff and start doing something before my first heart attack or stroke strikes.
I don’t run often (1-2 times per week, 3-6km) but ride often and hard (35-60km three times per week) and do some light weight lifting. Measure your blood pressure every day at the same time for 5 days and write down an average result.
In fact, cholesterol is just one of the many substances created and used by our bodies to keep us healthy. Too much of one type — or not enough of another — can put you at risk for coronary heart disease, heart attack or stroke.
Medical experts think that HDL tends to carry cholesterol away from the arteries and back to the liver, where it’s passed from the body.
When too much LDL (bad) cholesterol circulates in the blood, it can slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. A high level of Lp(a) is a significant risk factor for the premature development of fatty deposits in arteries.
To determine how your cholesterol levels affect your risk of heart disease, your doctor will also take into account other risk factors such as age, family history, smoking and high blood pressure. To raise your HDL level, avoid tobacco smoke, maintain a healthy weight and get at least 30-60 minutes of physical activity more days than not.
Progesterone, anabolic steroids and male sex hormones (testosterone) also lower HDL cholesterol levels.
Visit your healthcare provider to create an action plan that will incorporate all these lifestyle changes. Metabolic syndrome increases the risk for heart disease and other disorders, including diabetes. They’re more useful to physicians than the cholesterol ratio in determining the appropriate treatment for patients.
Knowing which fats raise LDL cholesterol and which ones don’t is the first step in lowering your risk of heart disease.
Therefore, she should consume less than 15 g saturated fat, less than 2 g trans fat and between 56 and 77 grams of total fat each day (with most fats coming from sources of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, such as fish, nuts, seeds and vegetable oils). Discover how easy it is to avoid excess saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol while enjoying mouth-watering dishes.
Most meats have about the same amount of cholesterol, roughly 70 milligrams in each three-ounce cooked serving (about the size of a deck of cards). Instead of basting with drippings, keep meat moist with wine, fruit juices or an acceptable oil-based marinade. Stews, boiled meat, soup stock or other dishes in which fat cooks into the liquid can be refrigerated. If your poultry dries out too much, leave the skin on for cooking but remove before eating. Or think of meat as a condiment in casseroles, stews, soups and spaghetti — use it sparingly, just for flavor, rather than as a main ingredient. Just 1 to 2 teaspoons of oil is enough for a package of frozen vegetables that serves four. Chopped parsley and chives, sprinkled on just before serving, also enhance the flavor of many vegetables. Many recipes calling for whole eggs come out just as good when you use egg whites or cholesterol-free egg substitute instead of whole eggs. Or, use a fat separator to pour off the good liquid from cooking stock, leaving the fat behind. In some people, this can lead to high blood pressure, which increases the risk of stroke, heart disease and kidney disease. Be aware of all your sources of sodium and aim to eat less than 1,500 mg of sodium per day. For your information and reference, we have included generic names as well as major trade names to help you identify what you may be taking; however, the AHA is not recommending or endorsing any specific products. Statins are most effective at lowering the LDL (bad) cholesterol, but also have modest effects on lowering triglycerides (blood fats) and raising HDL (good) cholesterol.
Muscle problems and liver abnormalities are rare, but your doctor may order regular liver function tests.
Selective cholesterol absorption inhibitors are most effective at lowering the LDL (bad) cholesterol, but may also have modest effects on lowering triglycerides (blood fats) and raising HDL (good) cholesterol.
From a dietary perspective, the major factor affecting blood cholesterol is how much saturated fat and trans fat is in the food. Overweight people are more likely to have high cholesterol, but thin people should also have their cholesterol checked regularly. But making diet and lifestyle changes — as well as taking the medication your doctor prescribes — is the best way to help prevent heart disease. It’s also very important to take your medication exactly as your doctor has instructed so it can work most efficiently.
The daily recommended cholesterol limit is less than 300 milligrams for people with normal LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. For example, eating one egg for breakfast, drinking two cups of coffee with one tablespoon of half-and-half each, lunching on four ounces of lean turkey breast without skin and one tablespoon of mayonnaise, and having a 6-ounce serving of broiled, short loin porterhouse steak for dinner would account for about 510 mg of dietary cholesterol that day — nearly twice the recommended limit.
And remember that many other foods, especially baked goods, are prepared with eggs — and those eggs count toward your daily cholesterol limit. But cholesterol levels tend to increase as you age, and postmenopausal women may find that even a heart-healthy diet and regular physical activity aren’t enough to keep their cholesterol from rising.
And evidence exists that these children are at greater risk for developing heart disease as adults.
Earlier stages of chronic kidney disease can be detected through routine laboratory measurements. Adverse outcomes of chronic kidney disease can be prevented through early detection and treatment.
This guideline provides a definition of chronic kidney disease as well as definitions and estimates of prevalence of earlier stages of kidney disease. Among individuals with chronic kidney disease, the stages are defined based on the level of kidney function. Among individuals with chronic kidney disease, the stage is defined by the level of GFR, with higher stages representing lower GFR levels. In addition, it includes columns for the presence or absence of high blood pressure, because of the complex relationship of high blood pressure and chronic kidney disease. The rationale for including these individuals is that reduction in kidney function to this level or lower represents loss of half or more of the adult level of normal kidney function, which may be associated with a number of complications (Part 6). Thus, misclassification is possible, and clinicians should carefully consider all aspects of the patient’s clinical presentation in interpreting test results and determining evaluation and management. High blood pressure is not included in the definition of chronic kidney disease or its stages. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease, based on the definition above, was estimated using data from NHANES III and USRDS (Fig 7 and Tables 13 and 14). As described earlier, markers of kidney damage include abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine or abnormalities in imaging tests. Proteinuria is an early and sensitive marker of kidney damage in many types of chronic kidney disease. Table 15 shows definitions for proteinuria and albuminuria, including gender specific cut-off values for microalbuminuria and albuminuria.
Table 18 shows the prevalence of albuminuria estimated from the albumin-to-creatinine ratio in a single spot urine collection in 14,836 adults studied in NHANES III.
On repeat examination, 73% of a subsample with albuminuria (n = 44) had a persistently positive test. NHANES III did not ascertain other markers of kidney damage, such as abnormalities of the urine sediment and abnormal imaging tests; thus, any estimate based on NHANES III data is likely to underestimate the true prevalence of chronic kidney damage. The level of GFR is accepted as the best measure of overall kidney function in health and disease.
Even if there is no evidence of kidney damage, individuals with chronically decreased GFR may be at increased risk for adverse outcomes (for example, toxicity from drugs excreted by the kidney, and acute kidney failure in a wide variety of circumstances). Decreased GFR is associated with a wide range of complications in other organ systems, manifested by high blood pressure, laboratory abnormalities, and symptoms. The Schwartz formula was used to estimate GFR in children aged 12 to 19 years in the NHANES III database. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an administrative term in the United States, based on the conditions for payment for health care by the Medicare ESRD Program, specifically the level of GFR and the occurrence of signs and symptoms of kidney failure necessitating initiation of treatment by replacement therapy. First, GFR is lower in patients with a solitary kidney and is even lower in kidney transplant recipients because of toxicity from immunosuppressive agents used to prevent and treat rejection, such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus.
A number of measurements, including GFR, have been used to quantify the level of kidney function among patients with kidney failure. Urea clearance should be normalized to total body water (V) and creatinine clearance should be expressed per 1.73 m2 of body surface area.
The largest and most comprehensive study is the one reported in abstract by the MDRD Study Group.76 This study included 88 patients who were referred to their physicians by the MDRD Study investigators for initiation of dialysis because of symptoms or findings of uremia prior to the end of the study.
Clinicians initiate replacement therapy based on the level of kidney function, presence of signs and symptoms of uremia, the availability of therapy, and patient or surrogate preferences.
Timing of initiation of replacement therapy varies by modality, clinical characteristics, and sociodemographic characteristics.
The incidence and the prevalence of reported ESRD have doubled in the past 10 years in the United States (Fig 2).
On December 31, 1998, there were approximately 75,000 adults over 70 years of age (97 per million) with kidney failure treated by dialysis, compared to approximately 1,800 children (2.1 per million). The Work Group believes that these limitations should be identified, but does not think that they invalidate the proposal. Thus, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease may be substantially higher than the Work Group has estimated, and recognition of patients with chronic kidney disease may be limited due to misclassification. An overall approach to evaluation and treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease is given in Guideline 2, and recommendations for individuals at increased risk of chronic kidney disease are given in Guideline 3.
For example, classification of kidney disease by the International Classification of Disease (9th Edition) (ICD-9) is based on duration (acute versus chronic), diagnosis, clinical presentation, markers of damage, and kidney function impairment.
It would be useful to conduct a large cross-sectional study of GFR in general population, across the full range of age, gender, race, ethnicity, protein intake, with adjustment for other factors, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and other conditions that affect GFR. A cohort study of patients with chronic kidney disease would enable definition of the relationship between factors and outcomes of stages of chronic kidney disease. Here it is processed further – some is broken down into simpler compounds, some is stored and others may be converted or even excreted.
When carbohydrates are in short supply, the body will use proteins or fats which can also be converted into glucose.
However, if these levels drop too low then it compromises energy production and normal cell activity.
A higher body weight not only increases the risk of diabetes mellitus, a condition marked by abnormally high glucose levels, but also negatively affects the glucose control in a person of normal tolerance or with diabetes.
It indicates a problem primarily with the insulin levels that are secreted in response to the blood sugar levels.
This is the range where the body is supposed to maintain the blood sugar levels at all times – whether upon waking, before and after eating, during sleep and the course of the day irrespective of physical activity or eating habits. Usually the 2 hour level is recorded although in pregnant women, the 1 hour and 3 hour post-prandial levels are also significant for testing.
It can last for months or even years before the onset of diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes is reversible.
This is a chronic condition which requires proper treatment and management by a medical professional. In an electromagnetically clean environment, Type 1 diabetics require less insulin and Type 2 diabetics have lower levels of plasma glucose. Accessing or using this website is restricted; user hereby agrees to the Terms and Conditions or must immediately cease use and end this session. The blood pressure charts below are a quick reference for low, normal and high blood pressures. This blood sugar levels chart is not 100% accurate due to different thresholds set in different countries around the world. I do take insulin (long acting) once in the morning and Glucophage 750 mg once in the evening as per doctor\’s advice. Do not use it though, unless you are monitoring your blood sugar levels and are already familiar with what those levels are.
My doc suggested I might be hypoglycemic because of some of the particular symptoms I’ve had.
Sometimes with exercise, glucagon is produced by your liver if your blood sugar is too low and this will increase the test result. As per your website, it states that fasting levels till 180 for his age group are fine whereas other websites like Wikipedia and Mayo clinic state that 100-125 is pre-diabetic. Any way the doctor just called me and told me that his blood glucose levels are high but his insulin levels are normal. I have an appointment for a HBA1C test, my doctor said it’s just routine (I am not diabetic). A visit to the doctor is necessary when problems arise suddenly, since only a doctor can make a diagnosis and prescribe an appropriate treatment. The diagnosis of high blood pressure is usually based on several measurements in a given time interval (for example multiple measurements within a week, every day at the same time). In semi-automatic blood pressure meter you can do this manually by pumping the air into cuff, on automatic meter this value is set by a button. In that case it’s better to buy a classic mercury pressure gauges to obtain proper blood pressure value.
Some of the cholesterol we need is produced naturally (and can be affected by your family health history), while some of it comes from the food we eat. Some experts believe that HDL removes excess cholesterol from arterial plaque, slowing its buildup. Together with other substances, it can form plaque, a thick, hard deposit that can narrow the arteries and make them less flexible. If high blood cholesterol runs in your family, lifestyle modifications may not be enough to help lower your LDL blood cholesterol. People with high triglycerides often have a high total cholesterol level, including a high LDL (bad) level and a low HDL (good) level.
Lp(a) isn’t fully understood, but it may interact with substances found in artery walls and contribute to the buildup of fatty deposits. Discuss your levels and your treatment options with your doctor to get the plan that works for you. It’s easier to gauge how much healthy and unhealthy food you are eating by using a food diary to keep track of what you eat for a period of time.
But the amount of saturated fat in meats can vary widely, depending on the cut and how it’s prepared. Lean pork cuts include the tenderloin or loin chop, while lean lamb cuts come from the leg, arm and loin. Shrimp and crawfish have more cholesterol than most other types of seafood, but they’re lower in total fat and saturated fat than most meats and poultry.
Place in a skillet with tight cover, season, and cook over a very low heat until vegetables are done.
You can also use low-fat cottage cheese, part-skim milk mozzarella or ricotta and other low-fat cheeses with little or no change in consistency.
If your prescription medication isn’t on this list, remember that your healthcare provider and pharmacist are your best sources of information.
Patients who are pregnant or who have active or chronic liver disease should not take statins. That’s why fibrates are generally used in people whose triglycerides are high or whose HDL is low, after reaching LDL goal.
Nonprescription immediate release forms of niacin usually have the most side effects, especially at higher doses.
Limiting food high in saturated fat and trans fat may help lower your LDL (bad) cholesterol. Often people who don’t gain weight easily are less aware of how much saturated and trans fat they eat.
Learn how to interpret all the numbers, including HDL (good) cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Follow all of your doctor’s instructions, and have your cholesterol retested as your doctor recommends. Look for the amount of saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol and total calories in a serving of the product.
The first ingredient listed is the one used most in the product, so choose products where fats and oils appear later in the ingredient listing. People with high LDL blood cholesterol levels or who are taking a blood cholesterol-lowering medication should eat less than 200 mg of cholesterol per day.
If lifestyle changes alone don’t work, your doctor may prescribe a cholesterol-lowering medication — be sure to take it as instructed.
Lack of regular physical activity, poor dietary habits and genetics can all affect a child’s cholesterol levels.
Identifying the presence and stage of chronic kidney disease in an individual is not a substitute for accurate assessment of the cause of kidney disease, extent of kidney damage, level of kidney function, comorbid conditions, complications of decreased kidney function, or risks for loss of kidney function or cardiovascular disease in that patient. For the definition of chronic kidney disease, the Work Group selected cut-off levels for GFR and markers of kidney damage that maximize specificity, acknowledging potential loss of sensitivity.
However, high blood pressure is a common cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease, and as reviewed later, patients with chronic kidney disease and high blood pressure are at higher risk of loss of kidney function and development of cardiovascular disease.
This section will emphasize proteinuria as a marker of kidney damage because it has been studied most thoroughly, including in NHANES III.
Albumin (molecular weight [MW] = 68,000 daltons) is the most abundant urine protein in most types of chronic kidney disease. Albumin excretion is increased by physiological variables, such as upright posture, exercise, pregnancy, and fever. Because protein excretion varies throughout the day, the normal ratio varies throughout the day. Although increased urine albumin excretion reflects glomerular injury better than other urinary proteins in both adults and children, many pediatric nephrologists continue to monitor levels of total protein rather than albumin in patients with proteinuria.
A compilation of studies shows that 1% to 10% of children may have proteinuria on initial screening using the urine dipstick, but that <1% have persistent proteinuria, as defined by positive results on repeated testing (Table 22).
In principle, the level of GFR is the product of the number of nephrons and the single nephron GFR. GFR estimated from serum creatinine using MDRD Study equation based on age, gender, and race (see Part 10, Appendix 3). The interpretation of decreased GFR varies depending on age, duration, and the presence or absence of markers of kidney damage. For example, it is well known that a brief period of mildly decreased blood flow to the kidneys or transient partial obstruction of the urinary tract may cause decreased GFR without kidney damage. Severity of complications worsens as level of GFR declines (Part 6, Guidelines 7 through 12).
The prevalence of persistent albuminuria by GFR level and age group have not been determined, preventing an accurate estimate of the prevalence of chronic kidney disease among the elderly. ESRD includes patients treated by dialysis or transplantation, irrespective of the level of GFR. Second, biopsy studies demonstrate pathologic damage due to acute and chronic rejection in virtually all transplant recipients, even if serum creatinine is normal.
The KDOQI Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure Guidelines75 and Peritoneal Dialysis Adequacy Guidelines Update 200016 recommend the decision to initiate dialysis in adults be based on a combination of measurements of kidney function, as well as nutritional status.


There is variability among individuals in the relationship of level of kidney function to signs and symptoms of uremia. Patients who receive a pre-emptive transplant or who are started on peritoneal dialysis begin replacement therapy at higher mean levels of GFR than patients starting hemodialysis. Data from the 2000 Annual Data Report of the USRDS documents the incidence of ESRD in 1998 of more than 85,000, or 308 per million individuals per year at risk. Instead, these limitations should serve to stimulate further research to refine the definition and classification.
The KDOQI classification proposes that both diagnosis and stage (severity) should be included in the classification of chronic kidney disease. This study would permit validation of prediction equations based on serum creatinine or other filtration markers within the normal range of GFR.
This would be particularly useful in defining the relationships among stages of chronic kidney disease, progression of chronic kidney disease, initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease, health service utilization, and barriers to care. It would be useful to conduct cross-sectional and cohort studies of elderly individuals with normal and abnormal blood pressure and GFR to assess the effect of high blood pressure and decreased GFR in this population.
The body has to therefore ensure that the blood glucose levels are neither to high nor too low. There are several other hormones and physiological processes in the body that can also impact on blood glucose levels but not to the extent as insulin and glucagon.
When the blood sugar (glucose) is too high, the pancreas secretes more insulin which then helps to lower the blood glucose levels to some degree thereby bringing it within a normal range.
There are certain times when the sugar levels are higher or lower but still within the normal range. Therefore only the breakfast pre-prandial level is taken into consideration since it is the same as the fasting glucose level. Medication is usually necessary and this is often for life since the condition is largely irreversible.
Dirty electricity, generated by electronic equipment and wireless devices, is ubiquitous in the environment. I have had symptoms of hypoglycemia in the past (dizziness, increased heart rate, fatigue), but overall, I’m a very healthy individual. Regrettably I have found that diabetes nurses have just told me that diabetes is a function of previous smoking ( I never have) and I am over weight ( I’m not) so I am lacking confidence in their ability to view me as an individual and advise accordingly. Would you please explain why is there so much of a difference and which one should I actually believe in? My family has a strong history of diabetes and I had gestational diabetes with her brother and sister, but not when I was pregnant with her. The only information she gave me was to change his diet and get the levels checked again in three months. I stopped taking the beta blocker after 2 weeks due to getting severe dizzy spells, I stand up, sit up even just turning around, bending over even just walking the dizzy spells would hit out of no were have gotten while driving. Everyone is different, so work with your doctor to find a treatment plan that’s best for you.
The most important thing you can do as a first step is to know your cholesterol numbers by getting your cholesterol tested.
A high triglyceride level combined with low HDL cholesterol or high LDL cholesterol seems to speed up atherosclerosis (the buildup of fatty deposits in artery walls).
Replacement of saturated fat and trans fat with monounsaturated fat and polyunsaturated fat might even help lower LDL cholesterol when eaten as part of a healthy diet.
For baking, you may want to add a tablespoon or less of liquid vegetable oil such as canola, safflower, sunflower or soybean for a moister consistency. It’s important to discuss all of the drugs you take with your doctor and understand their desired effects and possible side effects. Most vegetable oils and soft or liquid margarines have less saturated and trans fat than the solid spreads have, and are preferable to the stick forms of margarine for a heart-healthy diet. It is interesting to speculate whether the increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the elderly could be due, in part, to age-associated decline in GFR.
In clinical practice, it may be difficult to determine whether individuals with decreased GFR have chronic kidney disease. High blood pressure is also common in older individuals without chronic kidney disease and is associated with accelerated GFR decline with age and more marked pathological abnormalities in the kidneys. Elevated albumin-to-creatinine excretion was persistent in 61% of the subjects with albuminuria (n = 163). Low molecular weight (LMW) globulins are the most abundant urine proteins in some types of chronic kidney disease.
The ratio in a first morning specimen correlates most closely with overnight protein excretion rate, whereas the ratio in mid-morning specimens correlates most closely with 24-hour protein excretion rate. Hence, reports of normal albumin rates in children are relatively few in number, and most have been published in the past 15 years. Therefore, GFR can be affected by chronic kidney disease, which reduces the number of nephrons, or by hemodynamic factors that affect single nephron GFR. Pregnancy has a major effect on GFR, with GFR reaching values of 140% of normal during the end of the second trimester. However, a sustained decrease in blood flow or prolonged obstruction is often associated with kidney damage. Reliable estimates of prevalence of categories of decreased GFR (mild, moderate, or severe) in children are not available from NHANES III. The Work Group acknowledges that the level of GFR selected for this definition is arbitrary and may need to be modified based on advances in kidney replacement therapy. The median interval from final GFR to initiation of dialysis in the study group was 89 days. Notably, there is variability within and among health care systems in the availability of therapy. Dialysis is initiated at higher mean levels of GFR among patients who are older, or who have diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other comorbid conditions. The point prevalence of ESRD on December 31, 1998 was more than 320,000, or 1,160 per million population, of whom 72% were treated by dialysis (230,000 patients, or 835 per million population) and 28% had functioning kidney transplants (90,000 patients, or 325 per 100,000). Third, as described earlier, the cause of age-related decline in GFR and high blood pressure is not known. Finally, additional recommendations for evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic kidney disease are given in Part 9.
This would facilitate using administrative databases for epidemiological and outcomes surveys.
Often the concern focuses more around elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) which occurs in diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes). In conditions such as diabetes mellitus, there is either a deficiency of insulin or resistance to the effects of insulin. Pre-diabetes on the other hand can be reversed by eating right, exercising and losing weight. You might need to check your blood glucose before meals and get insulin coverage for meals. I’ve also experienced double vision and have passed out and came to with a type of convulsion. It’s perfectly normal for some people to have slightly increased blood pressure (due to genetics).
Here are some easy ways for you to understand what the testing involves, how it can help you and ways to improve your health by improving your cholesterol. Never stop taking a medication and never change your dose or frequency without first consulting your doctor. It may contain widely variable amounts of niacin — from none to much more than the label states.
When selecting a margarine, it’s best to choose one that has “0 g trans fat” on the Nutrition Facts label. Have your cholesterol checked regularly regardless of your weight, physical activity and diet. Trans fats are found in variable amounts in most foods made with partially hydrogenated oils such as baked goods, cakes, cookies, crackers, pastries, pies, muffins, doughnuts, fried foods, shortening and some margarines and dairy products.
Nonetheless, staging of chronic kidney disease will facilitate application of clinical practice guidelines, clinical performance measures and quality improvement efforts to the evaluation, and management of chronic kidney disease.
Recommendations for a clinical approach to elderly individuals with decreased GFR is given in Part 9. Individuals with high blood pressure should be carefully evaluated for the presence of chronic kidney disease, especially those with decreased GFR. Therefore, these estimates of prevalence should be considered as rough approximations of the true prevalence. In this and later guidelines, the term proteinuria includes albuminuria, increased urinary excretion of other specific proteins, and increased excretion of total urine protein.
Major constituents of normal urine protein are albumin, LMW proteins filtered from the blood, and proteins derived from the urinary tract.
Creatinine excretion is higher in normal men than women; therefore, the values in the general population (Fig 8) and cut-off values for abnormalities in urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio are lower for men than women (Table 15).
However, a literature search of articles describing albumin excretion in children revealed one study in 1970. On repeat examination, 54% (n = 102) of a subsample with albuminuria had a persistently positive result. In chronic kidney disease, as in normal individuals, GFR is modulated by hemodynamic factors. Although these definitions are arbitrary, evidence compiled in later guidelines supports these broad categories and cut-off levels.
Such patients would not be classified as having chronic kidney disease by the proposed classification. Because these patients were participating in a clinical trial, the mean level of kidney function and nutritional status may be higher than in patients beginning dialysis in the general population. This condition is on the rise globally and has a wide range of effects on different organs with at times fatal consequences.
However, in rare instances glucose can be passed into the urine from the kidney tissue despite the blood glucose levels being within the normal range – renal glycosuria. I must also add that my father is a diabetic (which explains why i have a blood glucose tester) and diabetes runs in my family. My jaw locked during one my brother said and had uncontrolled upper body and eye movement but I remember it happening.
The rationales for these assumptions and cut-off levels are discussed in more detail below. On the other hand, the term albuminuria has been used only when referring to increased urinary albumin excretion.
This original paper20 considered the best measurement of glomerular integrity to be albumin clearance factored by creatinine clearance.
The Work Group arbitrarily chose a cut-off value of greater than 3 months for the definition of chronic kidney disease. Tables 27 and 28 show measures of kidney function and nutritional status in these patients with kidney failure just prior to initiation of dialysis. This is done through several of the effects that these hormones have on almost every cell in the body. Based on estimates of people who suffer from symptoms of electrical hypersensitivity (335%), as many as 560 million diabetics worldwide may be affected.
I’m not able to get any answers and my doc is actually sending me to another specialist at CCF. Older laboratory methods, such as the urine dipstick or acid precipitation, detect most urine proteins. It concluded that the ratio of the concentration of albumin to creatinine in spot urine samples is the most accurate method for estimating albumin clearance and provides a better marker of glomerular permeability to albumin than the 24-hour albumin excretion rate.
Thus, all patients with a kidney transplant would be considered either to have chronic kidney disease or to be at increased risk of chronic kidney disease.
Exposure to electromagnetic pollution in its various forms may account for higher plasma glucose levels and may contribute to the misdiagnosis of diabetes.
The heart racing goes away within about a minute or so after it happens but it usually starts up after I feel light headed and dizzy. Microalbuminuria refers to excretion of small but abnormal amounts of albumin, which requires recently developed, more sensitive laboratory methods that are now widely available. The results were expressed as mg albumin per mg creatinine, but subsequent papers have used a variety of methods to express albumin excretion, making comparisons between studies very difficult. Fifth, the association of level of GFR with complications of chronic kidney disease does not prove a causal relationship between the two. Tables 16 and 17 give mean values and ranges for albumin excretion rate and albumin-to-creatinine ratio in children (neonates through age 20 years), and also emphasize some of the ways in which published reports have differed. Nonetheless, in many cases there is adequate evidence of a causal relationship, and even if there is not, the associations accurately describe the burden of illness associated with the severity of chronic kidney disease. Sixth, prevalence estimates for stages of chronic kidney disease and the associations of level of GFR with complications are based largely on an analysis of data from NHANES III that has not yet been peer-reviewed. However, the Work Group believes that Appendix 2 provides sufficient detail to evaluate the methods.
Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden.The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.Dirty Electricity Elevates Blood Sugar Among Electrically Sensitive Diabetics and May Explain Brittle DiabetesIntroductionDiabetes mellitus is increasing globally. According to the World Health Organization, in 1985 the global population of diabetics was 30 million (0.6% of the world population). Doctors attribute this rise in diabetes to poor diet and limited exercise, resulting in obesity, and seldom look for causes other than lifestyle and genetics.This article presents a paradigm shift in the way we think about diabetes.
In addition to Type 1 diabetics, who produce insufficient insulin, and Type 2 diabetics, who are unable to effectively use the insulin they produce, a third type of diabetes may be environmentally exacerbated or induced by exposure to electromagnetic frequencies.Our increasing reliance on electronic devices and wireless technology is contributing to an unprecedented increase in our exposure to a broad range of electromagnetic frequencies, in urban and rural environments and in both developed and developing countries. This energy is generated within the home by computers, plasma televisions, energy efficient lighting and appliances, dimmer switches, cordless phones, and wireless routers, and it can enter the home and work environment from nearby cell phone and broadcast antennas as well as through ground current.Although the position of most international health authorities, including the World Health Organization, is that this form of energy is benign as long as levels remain below guidelines, an increasing number of scientific studies report biological and health effects associated with electromagnetic pollution well below these guidelines (Sage and Carpenter, 2007). He also monitored the dirty electricity in his home using a Protek 506 Digital Multimeter connected to a ubiquitous filter (Graham, 2000) to remove the 60-Hz signal and its harmonics.
Low or no readings of dirty electricity were taken in an electromagnetic clean environment far from power lines and cell phone antennas (Fig. Three years later, the microsurge meter became available and Case 1 monitored his blood sugar levels once more (Fig. Insert shows the entire data set with one very high plasma glucose reading that was recorded during a period of high exposure to dirty electricity.
Lower chart: Three years later, fasting plasma glucose levels correspond to power quality measured in GS units. 1.Case 1 also documented rapid changes in blood sugar as he moved from a medical clinic (environment with dirty electricity), to his parked vehicle (no dirty electricity), and back to the medical clinic.
His endocrinologist classified him as pre-diabetic when his blood sugar was tested immediately upon entering the medical clinic and as a Type 2 diabetic after a 20-min wait in the medical clinic. Treadmills have variable speed motors and produce dirty electricity.Doctors recommend exercise for patients with diabetes.
However, if that exercise is done in an electromagnetically dirty environment, and if the patient is sensitive to this form of energy, it may increase stress on the body and elevate levels of plasma glucose, as in Case 2.This subject also measured her plasma glucose as she moved from an environment with dirty electricity to one that was clean, and back again.
Her elevated plasma glucose levels were associated with headaches, nausea, and joint pain in her home, where she was exposed to both dirty electricity and radio frequency radiation from nearby cell phone antennas.
These filters provide a short to high frequency, and, thus, reduce transients on electrical wiring with an optimal filtering capacity between 4 and 100 kHz (Graham, 2000, 2002, 2003). They are similar to capacitors installed by industry to protect sensitive electronic equipment from power surges and to adjust the power factor. Her evening blood sugar did not change appreciably during this period, although it did differ on days she was away from home. The headaches continued and a power quality expert measured high levels of dirty electricity and ground current, possibly attributable to the septic system installation.In December 2002, one child, a 12-year old male, was hospitalized and diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. His younger sister had been living with diabetes since the age of 3 months and was one of the youngest children diagnosed with diabetes in the United States.On January 14, 2003, the family installed GS filters to help alleviate their symptoms of electrical hypersensitivity. Shortly after the GS filters were installed, the mother had great difficulty controlling her sons blood sugar. She couldnt reduce the amount of insulin fast enough to keep it within an acceptable range and needed to give him sugar pills to prevent hypoglycemia (Fig. The honeymoon period cannot explain the response of the subjects sister, who had been living with Type 1 diabetes for years, and who also had lower plasma glucose levels and difficulty regulating her insulin within an acceptable range after the GS filters were installed and the dirty electricity was reduced.Case 4 had higher levels of plasma glucose at 8 am (fasting) than at 2 am on some days before the GS filters were installed. This was not observed with the filters, except when sugar pills were taken at 2 am to deliberately increase blood sugar (Fig. Case 4: Sequence of mean daily plasma glucose levels and total daily insulin injections for 12-year old male with Type 1 diabetes who was admitted to hospital in December 2002 and returned home on January 1, 2003. Case 4: Fasting (8 am) and 2 am plasma glucose levels for 12-year old male with Type 1 diabetes with and without GS filters.
Type 1 diabetics require less insulin in an electromagnetically clean environment and blood sugar levels for Type 2 diabetics increase with increasing exposure to dirty electricity.In May 2006, a long-term health care facility in Ontario, Canada installed GS filters to reduce dirty electricity.
Of the five diabetic residents, for whom data were available, two (aged 87 and 88) were insulin-dependent Type 1 diabetics. Their insulin intake did not change during this period and nursing staff had to give them orange juice on several occasions to prevent hypoglycemia.
The levels of plasma glucose of the remaining three, who were Type 2 diabetics, did not change during this period.The GS filters, used in this study have been tested at the Yoyogi Natural Clinic in Japan (Sogabe, 2006).
He had been unable to achieve such low values with medication alone.In this study, we classify diabetics whose blood sugar responds to electromagnetic pollution as Type 3 diabetics.
In contrast to true Type 1 diabetics who produce insufficient insulin and true Type 2 diabetics who are unable to effectively use the insulin they produce, Type 3 diabetics are responding to environmental triggers that affect blood sugar readings and blood viscosity. These individuals may be better able to regulate plasma glucose by controlling their exposure to frequencies in the low RF range, and thus differ from true Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics whose blood sugar is not affected by this type of electromagnetic exposure.The increase in blood viscosity with increasing exposure to dirty electricity is a critical observation. There was a significant linear correlation (R=0.99) between daily median RF exposure and incidence of diabetes.
These symptoms are typical of radio wave sickness or electrical hypersensitivity (Firstenberg, 2001). Failure of the transmitter for a 3-d period was associated with improved sleep and, hence, these reactions are biological not psychological.Beale et al. Epidemiological studies of power lines tend to focus on cancers, rather than diabetes, and, hence, limited information of this type is available.Litovitz et al.
No statistical tests were reported and no attempt was made to measure frequencies other than 60 Hz. Serum insulin levels decreased at the middle- and high-flux densities, which the authors associated with stress.Sakurai et al. Insulin secretion was reduced by approximately 30% when exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields compared to sham exposure.
The authors conclude: "it might be desirable for diabetic patients who have insufficient insulin secretion from pancreatic islets to avoid exposure to ELFMF". The magnetic flux density was exceptionally high in this experiment and is unlikely to be encountered in normal daily life. Studies of the incipient level of electromagnetic exposure, at which insulin secretion is reduced, would be useful.Li et al.
Studies with laboratory animals and in vitro studies with human cells show both low-frequency electromagnetic fields and non thermal RF radiation stimulates production of stress proteins, and that the biochemical reactions are the same over a range of frequencies and intensities (Blank and Goodman, 2004). Release of insulin is strongly inhibited by the stress hormone norepinephrine, which leads to increased blood glucose levels during stress. The "stress response" to electromagnetic energy may provide, yet, another mechanism that could explain Type 3 diabetes.Reduced insulin secretion and reduced binding capacity of insulin to its receptors may explain the elevated levels of plasma glucose in Type 3 diabetics exposed to electromagnetic fields. More research on mechanisms is needed.ConclusionsIn addition to lifestyle and genetics, the environment appears to be another factor contributing to high levels of blood sugar.
This concept presents a possible paradigm shift in the way we think about diabetes and the consequences may be far reaching. Doctors have long suspected an environmental component but it has not been until now that one has been found.The increasing exposure and ubiquitous nature of electromagnetic pollution may be contributing to the increasing incidence of this disease and the escalating cost of medical care.
Diagnosis of diabetes needs to be done in an electromagnetically clean environment to prevent misdiagnosis, and to properly assess the severity of this disorder. Most medical centers have electronic equipment and use fluorescent lights that produce dirty electricity, which is likely to cause abnormally high blood sugar readings for those with a combination of diabetes and electrohypersensitivity (Type 3 diabetes). Dirty electricity may also explain why brittle diabetics have difficulty controlling their blood sugar levels.Type 3 diabetes, as described in this study, is an emerging disease.
Unlike true Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics whose blood sugar is not affected by dirty electricity, Type 3 diabetics may be better able to regulate their blood sugar with less medication, and those diagnosed as borderline or pre-diabetic may remain non diabetic longer by reducing their exposure to electromagnetic energy. The GS filters and the microsurge meter provide the tools needed for scientific investigation of dirty electricity and may help diabetics regulate their blood sugar by improving power quality in their home, school, and work environment. Minimizing exposure to radio frequencies (kHz to GHz), flowing along the ground or through the air, also needs to be addressed. Large-scale studies are needed in controlled settings to determine the percentage of the population with Type 3 diabetes.These results are dramatic and warrant further investigation. Study on health effects of the shortwave transmitter station of Schwarzenburg, Berne, Switzerland.
Association of health problems with 50-Hz magnetic fields in human adults living near power transmission lines. Effects of ELF (1120 Hz) and modulated (50Hz) RF fields on the efflux of calcium ions from brain tissue in vitro. Therapeutic rescue of neurodegeneration in experimental type 3 diabetes: relevance to Alzheimers disease. Special Issue on Russian and Ukrainian Research, Cellular Phone Taskforce, Mendocino, CA.Graham, M. Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic energy: a critical review of the reports by the US National Research Council and the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences as they relate to the broad realm of EMF bioeffects. Studies in diabetes mellitus: changes in glucose, ketone and water metabolism during stress. Magnetic field effects on calcium efflux and insulin secretion in isolated rabbit islets of Langerhans. Interaction of microwaves and a temporally incoherent magnetic field on single and double DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells.
Pulsed electric field exposure of insulin induces anti-proliferative effects on human hepatocytes. ELF magnetic fields, breast cancer, and melatonin: 60 Hz fields block melatonins oncostatic action on ER+breast cancer cell proliferation.
Effect of 60 Hz magnetic fields on blood glucose levels of diabetic humans and its inhibition by EM noise. An Evaluation of the Possible Risks from Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMFs) from Power Lines, Internal Wiring, Electrical Occupations, and Appliances.
Biological effects of power frequency magnetic fields: Neurochemical and toxicological changes in developing chick embryos.
A Review of the Potential Health Risks of Radiofrequency Fields from Wireless Telecommunication Devices. Expert Panel Report prepared at the request of the Royal Society of Canada for Health Canada.
BioInitiative Report: A rationale for a biologically-based public exposure standard for electromagnetic fields (ELF and RF). An extremely low frequency magnetic field attenuates insulin secretion from the insulinoma cell line, RIN-m.
Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz. Impaired insulin and insulin-like growth factor expression and signaling mechanisms in Alzheimers diseaseis this type 3 diabetes?.



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Comments

  1. 12.02.2016 at 16:32:35


    The body tries to expel number that pops onto the screen.

    Author: INTELEGENT
  2. 12.02.2016 at 14:57:25


    Moderate, and severe pneumonia and carried out a test.

    Author: Romeo777