I knew many other women pregnant with twins and the vast majority did not have GD, but it does heighten the risk. That may seem like not many women to you, but when you think about how many pregnant women there are in the world at any give time you are NOT alone by far. GD does not mean for certain that your babies will be born prematurely, overly large, and does not mean you WILL have any further complications during labor and delivery. However, if you lose the weight postpartum and go back to your former size or close, you have lower than a 1 in 4 chance of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. If you look back in my pregnancy journal you will see I was completely devastated with the GD diagnosis.
Also admittedly, the thought of pricking my finger 6 times a day, changing everything about my diet overnight, running to extra doctor appointments, and walking a tightrope looking at my levels on a meter all day long made me scared and feeling overwhelmed.
It all may seem overwhelming but remember, it’s for such a short time when you think about it.
The urinary system’s ability to filter the blood resides in about 2 to 3 million tufts of specialized capillaries—the glomeruli—distributed more or less equally between the two kidneys. Characteristics of the urine change, depending on influences such as water intake, exercise, environmental temperature, nutrient intake, and other factors ([link]).
Specific gravity is a measure of the quantity of solutes per unit volume of a solution and is traditionally easier to measure than osmolarity. The kidney glomerulus filters blood mainly based on particle size to produce a filtrate lacking cells or large proteins.
Both diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus produce large urine volumes, but how would other characteristics of the urine differ between the two diseases?
Diabetes mellitus would result in urine containing glucose, and diabetes insipidus would produce urine with very low osmolarity (low specific gravity, dilute).
Detection of pre-diabetes is crucial as early intervention can help reduce the progression of disease.
Hundreds of physicians in the US have successfully used these clinically - proven, all - natural therapeutic formulations in tens of thousands of patients. I am 48 years old and like most others my age, I was increasingly concerned about my rising cholesterol level. Pre-disease or early disease is when we have a real opportunity to reduce the burden of chronic disease through evidence-based botanical therapeutic formulations.
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Anybody can potentially get gestational diabetes during pregnancy, more especially if you are carrying multiples. Only your testing will tell you for sure as I didn’t really notice any symptoms myself.
Normally the body makes and uses insulin for energy without any problem, but in the case of gestational diabetes you are not producing enough insulin and the sugar builds up in your blood and it doesn’t get used by your body for fuel. I believe it may show itself during pregnancy and you may be diagnosed later, but only if you were going to be diagnosed anyway. Because the glomeruli filter the blood based mostly on particle size, large elements like blood cells, platelets, antibodies, and albumen are excluded.
Some of the characteristics such as color and odor are rough descriptors of your state of hydration. Normally, only traces of protein are found in urine, and when higher amounts are found, damage to the glomeruli is the likely basis. Urine will always have a specific gravity greater than pure water (water = 1.0) due to the presence of solutes. If excessive protein is detected in the urine, it usually means that the glomerulus is damaged and is allowing protein to “leak” into the filtrate. Finding ketones in the urine suggests that the body is using fat as an energy source in preference to glucose. Gram-negative bacteria metabolize nitrate into nitrite (NO2–), and its presence in the urine is indirect evidence of infection. It may sometimes appear in urine samples as a result of menstrual contamination, but this is not an abnormal condition. Most of the ions and molecules in the filtrate are needed by the body and must be reabsorbed farther down the nephron tubules, resulting in the formation of urine.
I was skeptical about using an herbal product as treatment but after hearing about PreLipid I gave it a try, and the results speak for themselves! I couldn’t understand why I had it, and worried about the effects on my babies to be.
Just make sure to follow all instructions to assure both you and your babies are happy and healthy, ask questions and demand answers. The glomerulus is the first part of the nephron, which then continues as a highly specialized tubular structure responsible for creating the final urine composition. For example, if you exercise or work outside, and sweat a great deal, your urine will turn darker and produce a slight odor, even if you drink plenty of water. Unusually large quantities of urine may point to diseases like diabetes mellitus or hypothalamic tumors that cause diabetes insipidus. Chronically high or low pH can lead to disorders, such as the development of kidney stones or osteomalacia. Laboratories can now measure urine osmolarity directly, which is a more accurate indicator of urinary solutes than specific gravity.
Leukocyte esterase is released by leukocytes; if detected in the urine, it can be taken as indirect evidence of a urinary tract infection (UTI). In diabetes mellitus when there is not enough insulin (type I diabetes mellitus) or because of insulin resistance (type II diabetes mellitus), there is plenty of glucose, but without the action of insulin, the cells cannot take it up, so it remains in the bloodstream. Now that you understand what the normal characteristics of urine are, the next section will introduce you to how you store and dispose of this waste product and how you make it. Urine characteristics change depending on water intake, exercise, environmental temperature, and nutrient intake.
If you don’t allow all of that extra glucose to get to your babies, they will be of normal size.


All other solutes, such as ions, amino acids, vitamins, and wastes, are filtered to create a filtrate composition very similar to plasma. The color of urine is determined mostly by the breakdown products of red blood cell destruction ([link]).
Output below this level may be caused by severe dehydration or renal disease and is termed oliguria. Instead, the cells are forced to use fat as their energy source, and fat consumed at such a level produces excessive ketones as byproducts. Most people will be able to get through this with only diet changes and some increased exercise. The glomeruli create about 200 liters (189 quarts) of this filtrate every day, yet you excrete less than two liters of waste you call urine. This is good advice; however, it takes time for the kidneys to process body fluids and store it in the bladder. The “heme” of hemoglobin is converted by the liver into water-soluble forms that can be excreted into the bile and indirectly into the urine. Another way of looking at this is that the quality of the urine produced is an average over the time it takes to make that urine. Excessive urine production is polyuria, which may be due to diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus. Ketones may also appear if there is a severe deficiency of proteins or carbohydrates in the diet. Nobody wants to have gestational diabetes, but it’s not a death sentence or anything. Producing clear urine may take only a few minutes if you are drinking a lot of water or several hours if you are working outside and not drinking much. In diabetes mellitus, blood glucose levels exceed the number of available sodium-glucose transporters in the kidney, and glucose appears in the urine.
A kidney stone or a cancer of the urinary system may produce sufficient bleeding to manifest as pink or even bright red urine. Osmolarity ranges from 50 to 1200 milliosmoles, and is a reflection of the amount of water being recovered or lost by renal nephrons. Diseases of the liver or obstructions of bile drainage from the liver impart a dark “tea” or “cola” hue to the urine. In the case of diabetes insipidus, insufficient pituitary antidiuretic hormone (ADH) release or insufficient numbers of ADH receptors in the collecting ducts means that too few water channels are inserted into the cell membranes that line the collecting ducts of the kidney. Dehydration produces darker, concentrated urine that may also possess the slight odor of ammonia. Insufficient numbers of water channels (aquaporins) reduce water absorption, resulting in high volumes of very dilute urine.
Most of the ammonia produced from protein breakdown is converted into urea by the liver, so ammonia is rarely detected in fresh urine. The strong ammonia odor you may detect in bathrooms or alleys is due to the breakdown of urea into ammonia by bacteria in the environment.
About one in five people detect a distinctive odor in their urine after consuming asparagus; other foods such as onions, garlic, and fish can impart their own aromas!



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