Hypoglycemia is a condition in which there is an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood. Reactive hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar drops to abnormally low levels tow to five hours after eating a meal.
Protein: Select grass-fed beef, salmon, wild meats, pastured poultry, beans, legumes, raw unsalted nuts and seeds, raw goat or cow cheese. This is the best grass-fed whey for blood sugar due the addition of chia seeds and MCT oil.
Types of Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular diseases include: Hypertension Atherosclerosis heart attack Arrhythmia congestive heart failure stroke.
Atherosclerosis (ath uh roh skluh ROH sis) is a disease in which fatty substances, including cholesterol, build up on the inside walls of arteries. A heart attack occurs when some of the tissue in the heart doesnt receive its normal blood supply and dies. Heredity Having a family history of certain cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, may increase your risk of developing those diseases.
Slide 15 of 16 Cancer is a group of diseases that involves the rapid, uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Slide 16 of 16 Causes of Cancer Heredity Some people inherit genes that have a tendency to change, or mutate, into forms that allow cells to reproduce too rapidly.
Screening tests, such as mammograms and chest X-rays, can detect cancers before any symptoms appear. Cancer treatments depend on the type of cancer, its location, and its stage of development. Regularly examining your skin and breasts or testicles for abnormal lumps or growth is a good habit to start. Diabetes (dy uh BEE teez) is a disease in which the bodys ability to use glucose (blood sugar) is impaired. People with type 2 diabetes produce sufficient insulin, but their body cells do not respond normally to insulin. Allergies develop when foreign substances enter the body and set off a series of reactions. Slide 28 of 19 Asthma Asthma is a disorder in which a persons respiratory passages become inflamed and narrow significantly in reaction to certain triggers. Lesson 1 Cardiovascular Diseases Why should you establish and maintain healthful habits to care for your heart? Noncommunicable Diseases Journal Do you know anyone who has suffered from heart disease or cancer? Acetaminophen is a pain reliever that is used to treat mild to moderate pain from headaches, muscle aches, menstrual periods, colds and sore throats, toothaches or backaches. Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant that works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain. Carbamazepine should not be taken if there is a history of bone marrow suppression, if taking nefazodone or if allergic to antidepressants such as amitriptyline, desipramine, imipramine, or nortriptyline. Clozapine is an antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia or to reduce the risk of suicidal behavior in people with schizophrenia or similar disorders. Disulfiram is a drug used to support the treatment of alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Even only small amounts of disulfiram in the body can cause flushing, sweating, nausea or severe vomiting, increased thirst, swelling, neck pain, blurred vision, throbbing headache, chest pain or shortness of breath, pounding heartbeat, weakness, confusion, or dizziness. Dopamine is an adrenergic and dopaminergic cardiac stimulant that is usually prescribed for heart failure.
Side effects include abnormal heart rhythm, fast heart rate, chest pain, palpitations, slow heart rate, high blood pressure, narrowing of the blood vessels, difficulty in breathing, nausea, vomiting, elevated BUN (blood urea nitrogen), headache, anxiety, piloerection (erection of the hair of the skin), and gangrene of the extremities. Cimetidine (Tagamet) is used to treat ulcers of the stomach and intestines and prevent them from coming back. A hormone produced by the pancreas, glucaon controls the level of glucose in the blood, along with insulin. Early symptoms of low blood sugar include sweating, drowsiness, dizziness, sleep disturbances, palpitation, anxiety, tremor, blurred vision, hunger, slurred speech, restlessness, depressed mood, tingling (in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue), irritability, lightheadedness, abnormal behavior, inability to concentrate, unsteady movement, headache, and personality changes. An inotropic medication is a drug that alters the force or strength of the heart’s muscle contractions. Positive inotropic drugs make heart beat more strongly, while negative inotropic drugs make the heart beat less strongly.
Iron elixir is used to supplement iron in the diet, thus preventing or treating low levels of iron in the blood. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) are antidepressants that are used to balance certain neurotransmitters by reducing the amount of monoamine oxidase.
Potassium must never be administered via IV push or bolus, because it will result in the patient receiving too much potassium too quickly. Tegretol is an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug which is used to control and prevent seizures.
Thrombolytic agents are used to dissolve blood clots which are usually the cause of both heart attack and stroke.
Toxicity is a serious, often harmful, sometimes fatal, toxic reaction to an accidental overdose of a drug. Aim : To determine factors associated with poor outcome in children suffering traumatic head injury (HI). How to cite this article:Bahloul M, Chaari A, Chabchoub I, Medhyoub F, Dammak H, Kallel H, Ksibi H, Haddar S, Rekik N, Chelly H, Bouaziz M. How to cite this URL:Bahloul M, Chaari A, Chabchoub I, Medhyoub F, Dammak H, Kallel H, Ksibi H, Haddar S, Rekik N, Chelly H, Bouaziz M. This study was approved by an Internal Review BoardsPatientsIn this retrospective study, we included all consecutive patients with TBI aged less than 15 years and admitted to ICU of university hospital, during an 8-year period.


25.Melo JR, Di Rocco F, Blanot S, Laurent-Vannier A, Reis RC, Baugnon T, Sainte-Rose C, et al.
Symptoms include: blurred vision, being light-headed, cold extremities, heart palpitations, inability to concentrate, heachache, depression, nervousness, anxiety, quick temper, sweet cravings, night sweats, confusion, leg weakness and insomnia. When having potatoes, yams, sweet potatoes, carrots, corn, parsnips and beets, include a fat source like olive oil, butter, coconut oil or goat cheese. For example: bananas and almond butter, apples and cheese or peanut butter, oranges and almonds, cottage cheese and melon. It contains chia seeds that also help maintain blood sugar and hydration levels, along with being low in carbohydrates.
Heart Attack The cause is usually a blood clot that forms in a coronary artery that has been narrowed by atherosclerosis. Congestive Heart Failure Usually, years of atherosclerosis and high blood pressure can lead to congestive heart failure. Risks You Cannot Control Ethnicity Some diseases strike people of certain ethnicities disproportionately.
Environment The environment contains cancer-causing agents known as carcinogens (kahr SIN uh junz). Tests If cancer is suspected from screening test results, surgeons may remove a small piece of the tissue in question to examine it for signs of cancer.
Preventing Cancer Although the specific cause of most cancers is unknown, certain behaviors have been shown to decrease the risk of cancer.
Diabetes Diabetes involves insulin (IN suh lin), a hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates body cells to take up and use blood sugar. Type 2 Diabetes As with type 1 diabetes, the result is a high level of glucose in the blood.
Asthma attacks can be triggered by many things, including certain allergens stress cold weather tobacco smoke exercise During an attack, a person may wheeze, cough, or become short of breath.
Arthritis Arthritis is not life-threatening, but it can be extremely painful and disabling. We may associate cholesterol with fatty foods, but most of the waxy substance is made by our own bodies.
Abortion Spontaneous abortion – aka miscarriage – Loss of baby before 20 weeks of pregnancy Induced abortion. Cardiovascular Disease OBJECTIVES By the end of this session, the CHW should be able to: Recognize signs of heart disease Explain dietary. It inhibits acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which causes an unpleasant reaction when alcohol is consumed. It should not be taken if the patient has iron overload syndrome, hemolytic anemia, porphyria, thalassemia, liver or kidney disease, if patient is an alcoholic, or if receiving regular blood transfusions. It is better absorbed on an empty stomach, and should be taken with a full glass of water or juice.
They make the kidneys put more sodium into the urine, and the sodium takes water with it from the blood. Emergency side effects include troubled breathing, swelling of the face, hives, chest pains, altered heart rate, severe headache, stiff neck, and nausea or vomiting. It works by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain and restoring the normal balance of nerve activity.
Preferring one drug to another when both drugs are equally effective lowers the risk of overdose toxicity. Materials and Methods : A retrospective study over an 8-year period including 454 children with traumatic HI admitted in the Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital (Sfax-Tunisia). Outcome analysis and outcome predictors of traumatic head injury in childhood: Analysis of 454 observations. Relative risk of mortality after traumatic brain injury: A population-based study of the role of age and injury severity. Adding insult to injury: The prognostic value of early secondary insults for survival after traumatic brain injury. Brain injury in the Commonwealth of Virginia: An analysis of Central Registry data, 1988-1993. The injury severity score: A method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care. Evaluation of the traumatic coma data bank computed tomography classification for severe head injury. Arterial blood gases in patients with acute head injury at the accident site and upon hospital admission. The deleterious effects of intraoperative hypotension on outcome in patients with severe head injuries. Diagnostic efficiency of endotracheal aspirates with quantitative bacterial cultures in intubated patients with suspected pneumonia. Acute hyperglycemia is a reliable outcome predictor in children with severe traumatic brain injury.
Early predictors of unfavourable outcome in subjects with moderate head injury in the emergency department. Relationship between Glasgow Outcome Scale and neuropsychological measures after brain injury. One year outcome in mild to moderate head injury: the predictive value of acute injury characteristics related to complaints and return to work. Long-term outcomes and prognostic factors in pediatric patients with severe traumatic brain injury and elevated intracranial pressure. Longitudinal neuropsychological outcome in infants and preschoolers with traumatic brain injury.
A chi-square automatic interaction detection (CHAID) analysis of factors determining trauma outcomes.


Brain stem blood flow, pupillary response, and outcome in patients with severe head injuries.
Evaluating the prognosis of multiple, severely traumatized children in the intensive care unit. Cerebral oxygenation and systemic trauma related factors determining neurological outcome after brain injury. Trauma in the very elderly: A community-based study of outcomes at trauma and nontrauma centers. Survival and functional outcome of children requiring endotracheal intubation during therapy for severe traumatic brain injury.
The Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) Score and Injury Severity Score (ISS) for predicting resource utilization and outcome of intensive care in pediatric trauma.
Predicting outcome after traumatic brain injury: Development and validation of a prognostic score based on admission characteristics.
Prediction of outcome in traumatic brain injury with computed tomographic characteristics: A comparison between the computed tomographic classification and combinations of computed tomographic predictors. The influence of hyperglycemia on neurological outcome in patients with severe head injury. The Weastmead Head Injury Project outcome in severe head injury: a comparative analysis of pre-hospital, clinical and CT variables.
Long-term neural processing of attention following early childhood traumatic brain injury: fMRI and neurobehavioral outcomes. Atherosclerosis Angina pectoris (an JY nuh PEK tur is) is the chest pain that occurs when an area of the heart does not get enough oxygen-rich blood.
Four major risk factors: high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol in the blood, physical inactivity, and smoking. Arrhythmia Fibrillation (fib ruh LAY shun) is a life-threatening arrhythmia in which the heart twitches rapidly in an uncoordinated fashion. Stroke Strokes also can occur when a weakened artery in the brain bursts, flooding the area with blood. Symptoms are the same as for type 1 diabetes, but also include drowsiness itching blurred vision numbness in the hands or feet frequent, hard to heal infections Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include a family history of diabetes, being overweight, and a lack of physical activity. The immune systems overly sensitive response to an allergen causes large quantities of a chemical called histamine (HIS tuh meen) to be released. It is usually prescribed for the treatment of duodenal ulcers, active gastric ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pathological hypersecretory conditions, and the prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding. This decreases the amount of fluid flowing through the blood vessels, reducing pressure on the walls of the arteries. It may also be used to treat certain mental and mood conditions (such as bipolar disorder) and other types of nerve pain. Side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, mouth sores, black hairy tongue, sore throat, dizziness, and headache. Basic demographic, clinical, biological and radiological data were recorded on admission and during the ICU stay. Carpenter Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. People with hypoglycemia do best limiting carbohydrates to vegetables and fruits, and putting more emphasis on protein and healthy fats.
If the burst artery is located in the cerebrum, the main portion of the brain, the stroke is called a cerebral hemorrhage (suh REE brul HEM ur ij). 5 Nursing Jobs At Home You Can Consider 6 Easy Passive Income Ideas for Busy Nurses Today's Meme: Brace Yourselves 7 Easy Stain Removal Tips Every Nurse Needs To Know 5 Things You Should Know Before Becoming a Vocational Nurse Today's Meme: Am I Going Crazy? Prognosis was defined according Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) performed after hospital discharge by ICU and pediatric physicians. The spread of cancer from where it first develops to other parts of the body is called metastasis (muh TAS tuh sis).
Immunotherapy (im yuh noh THEHR uh pee) uses drugs to stimulate the bodys immune system to attack cancer cells.
Conclusions : A significant proportion of children admitted with HI were found to have moderate disability at follow-up.
Despite the unavailability of specific monitoring tools (jugular venous saturation, intracranial pressure monitoring and transcranial Doppler sonography) in our ICU, the mortality rate was 18.1%, which is somewhat similar to those reported in other studies [4],[37],[38] and in particular in developed countries .
In fact, important features of outcome such as neurobehavioral troubles were not fully studied in our patients. In fact, the GOS scale was performed within a mean delay at 7 months after hospital discharge, so we must mention that even 'good recovery' after pediatric brain trauma can be followed by poor long-term functional outcome.The main factors correlated with outcome were the severity of injury as assessed by the GCS score. The influence of the type of cerebral lesions on cranial pressure and mortality has been evaluated variously in the literature .
This can be explained by the high frequency of hyperglycemia and the high risk of this group, characterized by a low GCS and a high value of PRISM and ISS on admission. Brain shrinkage induced by hypernatremia can cause vascular rupture, with cerebral bleeding, subarachnoid hemorrhage and permanent neurological damage. A significant proportion of children admitted with mild HI were found to have moderate disability at follow-up. However, the outcome measure (GOS) is a very blunt instrument, especially for survivors who are not vegetative or severely impaired. There is now a large body of literature showing that neurobehavioral impairments are common in children with injuries in moderate to severe range, and have substantial impact on children's academic, social function and quality of life.



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Comments

  1. 31.08.2014 at 20:25:43


    Type 2 diabetes, your doctor may repeat the test.

    Author: Juan_Gallardo
  2. 31.08.2014 at 14:30:40


    Type 1 diabetes is still not much.

    Author: SEKS_MONYAK
  3. 31.08.2014 at 20:20:40


    Have lollies on hand at all t-test and.

    Author: Ledy_MamedGunesli
  4. 31.08.2014 at 23:21:42


    The date, time and result in your if your HgbA1c.

    Author: ELMAYE
  5. 31.08.2014 at 10:44:23


    Blood glucose level is 104 survived a blood sugar level.

    Author: Efir_Efirde