Please learn the signs and symptoms of diabetes and share this knowledge, as it could be a lifesaver. Of course, the reality is in stark contrast to public perception, and she and I both welcome opportunities to change her pump site in public, because it sparks the conversations which allow us to educate. The principal goal of the system is to reduce episodes of hypogylcaemia, which occur when a patient has too much insulin in their blood, dropping their blood glucose to potentially dangerous levels. The main psychological benefit of the artificial pancreas is the reduction in time and mental effort required to keep blood sugars in a near normal range. Not only would this system lessen episodes of hypoglycaemia, it should also detect and correct blood glucose levels which are too high, preventing levels that over time lead to serious complications in the diabetic patient.
So the benefits of the artificial pancreas are significant, especially by comparison to the quantity of finger pricks and insulin dosing decisions that have to be made over the course of a normal day. If you enjoyed this post, please leave a comment, share, or subscribe to have future posts delivered to your inbox. A recent study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that keeping a food diary may double your weight loss efforts. Pancreatic cancer is usually an adenocarcinoma that occurs most frequently in the head of the pancreas. The classic symptoms are abdominal pain that may radiate to the back, anorexia, jaundice, and weight loss. Percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy of the affected portion of the pancreas is used to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment for pancreatic cancer depends on the stage, the location of the cancer, the person’s age, and overall health. Reinforce to clients the need for small, frequent meals and to avoid overeating at any one meal. The prognosis is poor, because 80% to 85% of individuals have advanced disease at first diagnosis. There is no known prevention other than avoiding known carcinogens, reducing the amount of fat in the diet, and participating in a regular exercise program. This entry was posted in Digestive System Diseases and Disorders and tagged CANCER on by Doctor.
This glucose is transported around the body in the bloodstream to the various bodily tissues to be used as energy. When our bodies detect a rise in blood glucose, it responds by getting the beta cells of the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin levels influence the creation and storage of carbohydrate, fat and protein in the body. At certain times though, these nutrients may not be needed immediately and so we may end up storing them. When insulin acts on fat cells, it allows them to take in glucose in much the same way as it does with muscle cells. Insulin also does a similar job taking fatty acids that are circulating in the bloodstream and storing them within fat cells (i.e. Poor nutrition, a toxic environment and bad lifestyle choices can cause a breakdown in how we respond to insulin. Our cells respond to the presence of insulin because they have something called an insulin receptor on their surface.
When things are ‘normal’ and the insulin receptors react with insulin as they should, we are said to be insulin sensitive. If there is a breakdown in communication between the receptors and insulin itself then we are insulin resistant. This state of insulin resistance means that the cell won’t recognise the presence of insulin and so the usual actions that insulin triggers are not carried out. In response to the still high blood glucose levels, the pancreas is told to release more insulin in order to clear it.
There are many potential causes of insulin resistance and still great debate over which are the main players.
In my opinion, this is where the conventional advice to eat small meals based around low-glycaemic carbohydrates throughout the day in order to keep blood sugar and insulin production ‘stable’ is counter-productive, especially to those trying to lose body fat. Insulin turns on anabolic processes like glycogen and fat storage and turns off catabolic processes such as releasing fat from fat cells. By extension, the larger and more consistent the insulin production, the more likely we are to be in an energy storing mode. As insulin is an anti-catabolic hormone, elevated insulin will help prevent muscle breakdown. A spike in insulin also means that the elevation above normal will drop off quicker than would a steadier rise (and therefore fall) in insulin.
If we then develop some resistance to the effects of insulin then it can no longer efficiently carry out it’s function. It seems every day that a new headline lands in the consciousness of my friends, reassuring them that a cure for diabetes is imminent. It consists of an insulin pump which delivers insulin via a cannula inserted under the skin, and a glucose sensor which continuously registers the glucose in the interstitial fluid (the fluid surrounding the blood cells).
Presumably it would also eliminate instances of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA, when blood sugar levels skyrocket) which needs urgent hospital treatment, and leads to death if left untreated. Quality of life is difficult to sustain for most patients with type 1 diabetes, as they find themselves tied down by medical tasks several times a day.


Cigarette smoking, exposure to occupational chemicals, and a diet high in fats and protein are associated with an increased incidence of pancreatic cancer. Other symptoms include weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and low-back pain. Ultrasonography, CT scanning, MRI, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are useful in establishing a diagnosis.
Treatment quite often is palliative because most pancreatic cancers are diagnosed after they have metastasized to the lungs, liver, and bones. Instruct clients to notify their primary care provider when signs of jaundice occur, when they experience significant weight loss, or when signs of bowel obstruction occur. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
It is involved in allowing these nutrients to be taken into cells and used for many different things.
For example, if glucose is not required for energy immediately, it can be converted into glycogen and stored in the liver or muscle tissue. Once in the fat cell, glucose can be converted into fatty acids and subsequently stored as body fat. It should be clear that it is very important that we produce insulin in certain situations in order to control blood sugar, build and repair muscle, and provide our various cells with nutrition.
We know that insulin is released into our bloodstream in response to a rise in blood glucose. Eat some food, break it down into glucose, transport it around the body in the blood and then move it from the blood into muscle and fat cells where we can either use it for energy or store it for use at another time. This vicious circle of events continues leading to glucose and insulin levels in the blood being chronically high. Obesity, nutrient overload in the mitochondria, excessive refined carbohydrate consumption, fructose consumption, leptin resistance, and inactivity have all been linked with insulin resistance.
Then after a meal have just enough insulin released to allow us to get certain nutrients into our cells for energy or storage. Although this advice prevents big ‘spikes’ in blood glucose and therefore insulin, it still results in constant low-level insulin production.
When insulin is elevated our bodies are not in a hormonal state that is particularly helpful for fat loss.
But with that in our minds, it is easy to fall into to the trap of then thinking the more elevated it is (i.e.
This means it will return to normal relatively quickly and so we can still spend most of the day at baseline insulin levels. The system also aims to prevent low blood glucose levels overnight, when may patients (including my daughter) are less aware of drops during sleep.
The devices are linked, with information from the subcutaneous sensor being delivered to the insulin pump round the clock.
The world of diabetes technology is moving faster than ever, and while the artificial pancreas may not actually be an artificial pancreas, it is a device which will make managing diabetes much less burdensome than it is at the moment.
I hope the technology advances help in some small way and make life just a little easier, if that’s possible.
If you are looking for professional copy that tells a compelling story for your website, do get in touch to discuss your needs. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Important things like supplying muscles with an energy source, repairing muscle tissue, and supplying cell membranes with necessary fatty acids are all reliant on the action of insulin. Thus a reason to re-think consuming lots of carbohydrate when our glycogen stores are already full as we may get some of this energy “spillover”. When insulin sticks to the receptor on the cell, this sends a message to the cell to start some process, for example to take glucose into the cell. The idea of ‘stable blood sugar’ is commonly discussed but it is perhaps efficient insulin production that should be the real goal. In fact, I am of the belief it only a side effect of a bigger metabolic problem starting at the mitochondria but again that’s a topic for another day! This may even be more beneficial than experiencing smaller elevations in insulin, as these tend to stay above baseline for a longer period of time. I created this blog because I want to educate myself and learn as much as I can about T1D, and share that knowledge with others.
She recently transitioned to insulin-pump therapy, and so we no longer have to think about diabetes. The clever part comes in an algorithm programmed into the system which allows insulin to be continuously decreased or increased in response to the blood glucose numbers it receives. Every single carbohydrate she consumes has to be dosed for with insulin, and the more accurate she is, the better the resulting blood glucose levels. But in the meantime, advances in technology give me hope that there will always be something better round the corner.
Radiation therapy and multidrug chemotherapy may be administered, but pancreatic carcinomas usually respond poorly. To avoid life-threatening complications, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin for their entire lives.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site.


This is useful to us as we can breakdown this glycogen back into glucose at a later stage to be used for energy, say during a workout.
However, now the insulin doesn’t trigger the insulin receptors as it should and the process of taking the glucose that is in the blood into the cells does not take place as it should.
So there is one key time when we can manipulate a large insulin spike to work FOR us, rather than against us. Ultimately, my goal is to share knowledge and to gain knowledge regarding T1D, since knowledge is power!
This means weighing food wherever possible (and yes we’ve weighed chips in restaurants), calculating the volume of a glass of milkshake before drinking it, and never grazing – party food goes on a plate, is measured and calculated, and woe betide anyone who pinches one of her sausage rolls post-calculation! A long soak in the bath is really rather a luxury, as sensors and adhesive dressings become loose from bubble baths and time in the water. Glucose sensor accuracy is variable, so dosing decisions are made on estimated levels rather than realtime blood glucose. Edging closer to perfection it may be, but is perfection ever really going to be a realistic goal? Ketones and KetoacidosisWithout treatment, type 1 diabetes deprives your cells of the sugar they need for energy.
This plus other changes in your blood can trigger a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Type 2 DiabetesIn type 1 diabetes, your immune system destroys cells in your pancreas that make insulin. The symptoms of the two forms are similar, but usually come on more quickly in people with type 1. Scientists have found 50 genes or gene regions that make you more likely to get type 1 diabetes. It affects boys and girls equally, but it's more common in whites than in other ethnic groups. According to the World Health Organization, type 1 diabetes is rare in most African, Native American, and Asian people. How Is It Diagnosed?Your doctor will probably check your fasting blood sugar or he may do a random blood sugar test.
He could also get your A1c level, which shows average blood sugar readings for the past 2-3 months. Long-Term ProblemsHaving high blood sugar for a long time can damage many of your body's systems.
You'll prick a finger, put a drop of blood onto a test strip, and slide the strip into a meter.
When your levels are near the normal range, you'll have more energy, fewer skin problems, and a lower risk of heart disease and kidney damage. Could a Continuous Glucose Monitor Help?This tool uses a sensor to measure the level of glucose in your body every 10 seconds.
Your doctor will explain how to adjust the amounts based on the results of your blood sugar tests. How to Spot an Insulin ReactionThis happens when insulin lowers your blood sugar to dangerous levels. Tell a friend or family member how to spot the signs of a reaction and show them how to give you the shot. Is Your Treatment Working?Your doctor will probably suggest you have an A1c blood test every 3 to 6 months. If the results aren’t good, you may need to adjust your insulin dose, meal planning, or physical activity. If Insulin Doesn't WorkIf insulin shots can’t control your blood sugar or you have frequent reactions, your doctor might suggest a pancreatic islet cell transplant. In this experimental procedure, a surgeon transfers healthy insulin-making cells from a donor into your pancreas. Hope for an Artificial PancreasResearchers are working on a system called the artificial pancreas. This combination of an insulin pump and continuous glucose monitor is controlled by a complex computer program.
That means it will adjust the insulin it puts out in response to rising or falling blood sugar levels. Early trials suggest it can improve blood sugar control.  Exercise With CautionYou need to get some physical activity, but be careful when you do it.
The key is to work with your health care team to balance your insulin shots, meals, and physical activity. If your diabetes isn’t well controlled, it can cause complications, including birth defects.
Good control of blood sugar before you get pregnant lowers your odds for these problems and for miscarriage. Parents must help children check blood sugar, plan meals, and adjust insulin doses around the clock. The disease requires 24-hour maintenance, so you also have to make plans for treatment during school and activities afterward.



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