Normally, blood glucose levels drop within the first 3 hours after birth and then begin rising.
Premature birth and stress during gestation are common causes of low blood sugar in newborns.
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Low blood sugar in newborns is a condition in which the amount of sugar, or glucose, in the blood is lower than it should be.
Premature infants and infants small for gestational age may also experience low blood sugar. Congenital conditions such as hypopituitarism, hyperinsulinism, and glycogen storage diseases may be a cause of low blood sugar in newborns. Blood sugar is the amount of glucose that is in your blood, and understanding what normal blood sugar levels after eating are can help you monitor this factor and prevent any medical complications. There is a link between sugar and immune system function, and if your blood sugar levels are high this can impair the ability of your immune system to be effective and fight off threats. Proper insulin production by your pancreas is essential for good health and normal blood sugar levels.
DisclaimerThe information provided herein is intended for a general knowledge only and is not a substitute for medical advice or a treatment for specific medical conditions.

During gestation, a baby's body becomes accustomed to producing extra insulin in response to the mother's high sugar levels. In hypopituitarism, the pituitary gland does not tell the other glands to secrete the correct amount of hormones. If the mother has poor eating habits during pregnancy, fasts, or produces inadequate breast milk, her baby may be more likely to develop low blood sugar. In situations where blood sugar remains low for a long period of time, seizures or brain injury may develop.
Glucose is used by your body as energy, and too much of this substance in the bloodstream can lead to medical complications which can become life threatening.
Keeping normal blood sugar levels will help you stay healthy, and prevent you from catching as many colds and bugs.
At birth, the baby's body — which is still producing extra insulin — uses up all of the sugar stored in the liver.
These babies either cannot store enough sugar in their livers or their livers are too immature to function well outside the womb.
In hyperinsulinism, too much insulin is secreted into the blood stream and stores of sugar in the liver are used up too quickly. Results which are higher than this could indicate early onset diabetes, and should be evaluated by a physician.

A fasting blood sugar level is done after you have not had anything to eat or drink for at least eight hours, and this is normally done first thing in the morning after fasting all night. Always consult with your doctor or other professional healthcare provider for a medical advice. Hypoglycemia, the medical term for low blood sugar, can be life threatening; close monitoring is essential for the health of at-risk babies. Glycogen storage disease consists of 14 different disorders that impact the ability of the liver to store carbohydrates as glycogen. Babies who are not fed regularly, or who eat sparingly, may also show signs of low blood sugar. Those who do show symptoms of hypoglycemia may become jittery, lethargic, have low tone, or a low body temperature.
Because the level of glucose in your blood can vary during the day your doctor may want to test both the fasting level and level after eating.
Caretakers of babies at risk for hypoglycemia need to be aware of the signs and symptoms so that they can respond quickly if the condition develops.

Diabetes sugar level symptoms checklist
Gestational blood glucose levels chart


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