High blood pressure (HBP) is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems. This is why knowing your blood pressure numbers is important, even when you're feeling fine.
Blood pressure numbers include systolic (sis-TOL-ik) and diastolic (di-a-STOL-ik) pressures.
The ranges in the table apply to most adults (aged 18 and older) who don't have short-term serious illnesses. If you're being treated for HBP and have repeat readings in the normal range, your blood pressure is under control. People who have HBP can take steps to control it and reduce their risks for related health problems. When HBP has no known cause, it may be called essential hypertension, primary hypertension, or idiopathic hypertension. When another condition causes HBP, it's sometimes called secondary high blood pressure or secondary hypertension. Certain medical problems, such as chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, and sleep apnea, may cause blood pressure to rise. In some women, blood pressure can go up if they use birth control pills, become pregnant, or take hormone replacement therapy.
Women taking birth control pills usually have a small rise in both systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Taking hormones to reduce the symptoms of menopause can cause a small rise in systolic blood pressure. Children younger than 10 years who have HBP often have another condition that's causing it (such as kidney disease). The older a child is when HBP is diagnosed, the more likely he or she is to have essential hypertension. African American and Mexican American youth are more likely to have HBP and prehypertension than Caucasian youth. Some people only learn that they have HBP after the damage has caused problems, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, or kidney failure.
Arteries throughout the body to narrow in some places, which limits blood flow (especially to the heart, brain, kidneys, and legs). Your doctor will diagnose high blood pressure (HBP) using the results of blood pressure tests. To measure your blood pressure, your doctor or nurse will use some type of a gauge, a stethoscope (or electronic sensor), and a blood pressure cuff. Most often, you will sit or lie down with the cuff around your arm as your doctor or nurse checks your blood pressure.
The ranges for normal blood pressure and HBP are generally lower for youth than for adults. To find out whether a child has HBP, a doctor will compare the child's blood pressure numbers to average numbers for his or her age, height, and gender. The sooner you find out about HBP and treat it, the better your chances are to avoid problems like heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. If you combine these measures, you can achieve even better results than taking single steps. Some people can control their blood pressures with lifestyle changes alone, but many people can't. The DASH eating plan focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy and lower in sodium (salt). Regular physical activity can lower HBP and also reduce your risk for other health problems. Moderate-intensity activities include brisk walking, dancing, bowling, riding a bike, working in a garden, and cleaning the house. If your doctor agrees, you also may want to do more intense activities, such as jogging, swimming, and playing sports. Staying at a healthy weight can help control blood pressure and also reduce your risk for other health problems. If you're overweight or obese, aim to reduce your weight by 7 to 10 percent during your first year of treatment.
After the first year, you may have to continue to lose weight so you can lower your body mass index (BMI) to less than 25. BMI measures your weight in relation to your height and gives an estimate of your total body fat. Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve your emotional and physical health. Today's blood pressure medicines can safely help most people control their blood pressures. ACE Inhibitors: ACE inhibitors keep your body from making a hormone called angiotensin II.
Alpha-Beta Blockers: Alpha-beta blockers reduce nerve impulses the same way alpha blockers do. Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers: Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are newer blood pressure medicines that protect your blood vessels from angiotensin II. Calcium Channel Blockers: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) keep calcium from entering the muscle cells of your heart and blood vessels. Nervous System Inhibitors: Nervous system inhibitors increase nerve impulses from the brain to relax and widen blood vessels.


If lifestyle changes don't control blood pressure, children and teens also may need to take medicines. Follow a healthy eating plan that focuses on plenty of fruits, vegetables, and, for children older than 4 years, low-fat dairy products.
Make these habits part of a family health plan to help your child adopt and maintain a healthy lifestyle. During checkups, you can ask your doctor or health care team any questions you have about your lifestyle or medicine treatments. IMPORTANT: The information on this website is NOT intended to substitute for the expertise and advice of a qualified healthcare professional.
Neither the author nor the publisher shall be responsible for any damage or harm caused by the improper use of information in this website. Any diagnostic or treatment options presented herein are for general informational purposes and may NOT necessarily represent tests or treatments that your healthcare professional performs, provides, or would recommend. Furthermore, any tests or treatments presented herein may NOT be comprehensive with regard to all the diagnostic or therapeutic options that may be available for any given medical condition or disease. Artistic renderings of any medical condition, disease, or treatment in this website are for illustrative purposes only and may NOT be a realistic depiction of actual medical conditions, diseases, patients, or treatments. Individuals who have disorders that affect the number or function of red blood cells may experience fatigue. People who present with a low red blood cell count may suffer from malnutrition and lethargy. Anemic patients will need to undergo frequently blood testing to monitor their red blood cell count. Scientists created a working guitar the size of a red blood cell to illustrate the possible uses of nanotechnology. A low red blood cell count may be indicative of certain health problems, including anemia, blood loss, or malnutrition. The majority of people typically have no idea that their red blood cell counts are low until a complete blood count (CBC) test is performed.
When medical professionals determine that their patients have abnormally low red blood cell counts, they usually try to understand the cause. A low red blood cell count, particularly if the count is low due to anemia, can normally be remedied with an increase in the amount of iron a person consumes. I have a friend who is constantly complaining about her low red blood cell count, and I think she sometimes get low white blood cell counts as well, but she also basically lives on potato chips and nothing else. Evidence shows that the earlier diabetes is identified the better the prognosis, experts sayIf you don't qualify for this, some chemists, such as Lloydspharmacy, will do a risk assessment involving a questionnaire looking at such factors as weight, age, diet and family history.If this indicates you are at risk of diabetes, you will be given a simple finger-prick blood test which checks your levels of glucose and gives immediate results.
The list of complications linked to poorly controlled diabetes make for alarming reading.The damage is thought to be caused by AGEs, formed when glucose (sugar) attaches to proteins in the blood vessels, causing them to swell or leak. A diet high in sugary drinks not only makes you fatter but creates more sugar than the cells can take inWhen this happens in the muscles, it makes them more prone to insulin resistance.Inactivity is another factor.
If your blood pressure is normal, you can work with your health care team to keep it that way.
Following a healthy lifestyle helps some people delay or prevent this rise in blood pressure.
Key steps include following a healthy lifestyle, having ongoing medical care, and following the treatment plan that your doctor prescribes.
Certain medicines, such as asthma medicines (for example, corticosteroids) and cold-relief products, also may raise blood pressure.
If you already have high blood pressure (HBP) and want to use birth control pills, make sure your doctor knows about your HBP. If you already have HBP and want to start using hormones, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits. However, it occurs more often in African American adults than in Caucasian or Hispanic American adults. For instance, Puerto Rican American adults have higher rates of HBP-related death than all other Hispanic groups and Caucasians.
But, younger women (aged 18–59) are more likely than men to be aware of and get treatment for HBP. However, among treated women aged 60 and older, blood pressure control is lower than it is in men in the same age group. During this time, HBP can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of the body. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood throughout the body. Newborn babies often have very low blood pressure numbers, while older teens have numbers similar to adults.
You also will need to have your blood pressure tested again to see how treatment affects it.
This means choosing low-salt and "no added salt" foods and seasonings at the table or when cooking.
Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, try to get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most or all days of the week.
Your heart pumps less blood through your blood vessels, and your blood pressure goes down. When the cause of a child or teen's HBP isn't known, the first line of treatment is lifestyle changes (as it is for adults). The more steps you take, the more likely you are to lower your blood pressure and avoid related health problems.


Lifestyle measures (listed above) and medicines can help you live a longer, more active life. It can help you prevent or delay coronary heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and other health problems. This means making lifestyle changes, taking prescribed medicines, and getting ongoing medical care.
We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care with a qualified healthcare professional. The information is simply provided for educational purposes and in a good faith effort to help patients make a more informed decision about their healthcare. Accordingly, you should always discuss any decisions about treatment or care with a qualified healthcare professional. Actual outcomes of any medical condition or actual results achieved by any treatment may be significantly different due to variations in the delivery of healthcare and the individual circumstances of each patient. People who have a low level of red blood cells may also be deficient in certain nutrients, particularly iron. A patient may be asked about his symptoms and how he feels every day as part of the diagnosis process. Healthcare professionals might also advise their anemic patients to eat a healthy, well-balanced diet overall containing the necessary vitamins and minerals. When we move around, our muscles become more sensitive to insulin, lowering blood-sugar levels.
If your blood pressure is too high, you need treatment to prevent damage to your body's organs.
For example, if your systolic number is 160 and your diastolic number is 80, you have stage 2 HBP. Talk to him or her about how often you should have your blood pressure checked and how to control it while taking the pill.
If you decide to take hormones, find out how to control your blood pressure and how often you should have it checked. If your numbers are too high, you can take steps to lower them and control your blood pressure.
If your numbers are high, your doctor may have you return for more tests to check your blood pressure over time. It can prevent or delay the problems linked to HBP and help you live and stay active longer. If your doctor prescribes medicines as a part of your treatment plan, keep up your healthy habits. The DASH eating plan suggests less red meat (even lean red meat), sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages.
A low count may be normal for some people, including pregnant women or young women who have just begun menstruating.
If symptoms are experienced, they might include pale skin, fatigue, and a reduced energy level.
If a patient is not having any symptoms that might indicate serious health problems, medical professionals often make a diagnosis of anemia because it is the most common cause of this test result.
She's always saying it's just her bad luck and her lot to have bad health, and maybe she is intrinsically ill with something, but her diet certainly isn't helping matters. The first time, rear disease castleman's was diagnosed, then on the second biopsy, they said it probably just reactive lymph nodes.Now in the past few months, my knees keep swelling up with a weird rash from my legs to my arms. Insulin is made in the pancreas a€” in a healthy body, cells in the pancreas sense when sugar levels in the blood rise after wea€™ve eaten. During this time, though, it can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. Leukemia and most other types of cancers might also be a cause, but a person who has cancer will normally be experiencing other symptoms as well depending on how far the disease has progressed. A person who is anemic will probably have to visit a healthcare provider frequently for blood cell count tests until it has been determined that his levels have returned to the normal range. Once you're eating the best diet you can and getting exercise and so forth, there's really not much more you can do until you know what's wrong. Red blood cell (RBC) test results that are only slightly below the normal level are fairly common and are usually of no concern to most medical professionals. A person who is experiencing these symptoms may want to visit his healthcare provider to get a CBC test done to determine his blood cell count levels. Family history puts you at greater risk, regardless of your weight, as does polycystic ovarian syndrome (a hormonal disorder where cysts grow on the ovaries) regardless of your weight. DON'T BE SO SURE As many as one in three of us has pre-diabetes, research suggests. Nonetheless, the consensus is that raised blood-sugar levels are not healthy.The problem is that initially you may have no symptoms of raised levels.
The vast majority have type 2 diabetes, the kind that develops in adulthood and is linked to lifestyle and being overweight.



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