Maintaining the normal glucose level in blood has become more important than ever for a growing number of people. For a healthy individual in normal circumstances the normal glucose level in blood should be somewhere between 60 and 100. If you have a family history of diabetes and notice that you are experiencing frequent urination, increased appetite, and increased thirst you may be developing diabetes. To learn more about Type I diabetes, and Type II diabetes, visit our Health articles and Pharmacy news section today! When this normal process goes wrong, there is either not enough insulin to do the signalling or the cells are "insulin resistant", that is, they do not seem to understand what the insulin is trying to tell them to do about the glucose. My name is Dr Iris Bell, and I am an alternative medicine doctor, researcher, and educator educated at Harvard and trained at Stanford Medical School, as well the University of California - San Francisco.
For normal people, their system keeps blood sugar in the range of 70-100 milligrams per deciliter while fasting (after not eating overnight, for instance). Different age groups may have somewhat different cut-offs that define what is "too high." If the blood sugar stays high for long periods of hours, someone can develop damage to their body's tissues, especially kidneys, blood vessels in the brain and heart and nerve damage in peripheral nerves that normally detect pain, vibration, and temperature in the toes and fingers. Once a person has been diagnosed with diabetes, they usually need to use a combination of diet, exercise, weight loss, and medications to control blood sugar levels.
The drugs are not always effective or are only partly effective in lowering blood sugar (and sometimes they overshoot and cause serious short term problems of very low blood sugar levels that can cause seizures, brain damage, or even death), and they can cause their own serious side effects, and so reducing the risk of diabetes is always preferable to taking drugs to treat it once it develops. Early retinopathy shows no signs or symptoms, so the diabetics need to be screened timely and regularly before they develop signs and symptom, as it is more difficult to treat once the symptoms develop. Visual acuity test, fundoscopy, retinal photography, fluorescein angiography are the commonly used screening modalities in screening of retinopathy. Also one should know the factors that increase the risk of retinopathy so that after screening a timely control of these factors reduces the risk for retinopathy. All these risk factors are associated and influence each other, with blood glucose control and blood pressure control being the focus of prevention and treatment.
For regulation of blood glucose, along with drugs (both oral and insulin as needed) and a regular visit to doctor, the diabetic should also develop a habit of systemic monitoring of blood glucose, self regulation. So diet (under the supervision of a dietician if possible) and a regular physical activity like a brisk walk of 15 minutes . High blood pressure can damage blood vessels supplying the retina of eye thus making it susceptible to retinopathy.
Smoking constricts the vessels supplying blood to the eye so smoking should be discouraged in diabetics.


A corrective treatment includes laser treatment and vitreous surgery but has its own limitations and cannot totally correct vision.
Stem cell offers a ray of hope in future to those with diabetic retinopathy, but the research is still in its nascent stage. Blood glucose in the diabetic rises and stays above normal.The healthy person regulates their glucose back to normal. Every cell in the body needs a supply of glucose to maintain respiration and generate energy for all of its processes.
Even as heart disease, stroke, and stroke levels continue to decline the number of people affected by diabetes is rising by leaps and bounds. This is not a hard and fast rule; however, as the normal glucose level in blood may vary from person to person based on such factors as age, weight, and other health problems.
If you experience any or all of these symptoms for any length of time you should visit your doctor. Identify your HbA1c test score, mean blood and glucose level to know if your blood glucose is in the optimum level. I know the daily challenges of diabetes first-hand, and I know where to look to find drug-free answers for you in working to reverse your diabetes or prevent pre-diabetes from becoming a diagnosed case of type 2 diabetes, and reduce your risk of complications.
Blood sugar can go up and down depending on diet, specific points in time (it may be highest in the mornings when the body naturally releases the most cortisol, an essential hormone that is also released under stress but that is in the system all the time in some amount), after exercise, and during infections. Lifestyle changes, if done thoroughly and properly, can work just as well as any drug and have a much safer long term outcome in terms of side effect risks. Retinopathy is a common complication in diabetics and it is estimated that almost all people with diabetes in their life time develop some grade of retinopathy. These factors are poor control of blood sugar level, high blood pressure, increased blood lipids, kidney disease. Again both the above said factors depend on the triad of drugs, diet and regular physical activity.
However one should keep in mind that the control should be gradually improved as a rapid decrease in blood glucose levels can actually worsen the situation. Aggressive treatment of blood pressure with drugs is of particular importance in delaying and controlling the same. So lipid lowering drugs along with diet management and exercise are helpful tools for prevention.
So, to sum up early detection and a proper management can prevent loss in vision in a diabetic due to retinopathy.


A drop of blood is placed on a test strip and the monitor displays the blood glucose concentration.
Levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are closely controlled by two hormones; insulin and glucagon. It causes the liver to convert glycogen back to glucose and to release glucose into the bloodstream. Diabetes, if not properly treated, can result in kidney failure, heart disease, liver problems, glaucoma, peripheral neuropathy, wounds that won’t heal, and an entire host of other health problems. The best way for the individual to determine what the normal glucose level in blood is for them is by visiting their doctor, as the doctor should be able to give the individual good information as to what their normal glucose level in blood should be.
Your doctor will administer a glucose tolerance test during which you will, after a short period of fasting, be given a glucose solution orally then your blood glucose level will be checked after an appropriate period of time to see if your body is managing glucose correctly.
Name Email WebsiteSubmit Comment Recent Posts One Size May Not Fit All on GI Foods Low GI Foods May Help You Sleep What Exactly Is the Glycemic Index Diet? Insulin is the main hormone in the body, secreted by the pancreas gland, as part of digestion to signal the body cells to take up glucose and use it to power the cells throughout the body. Check out this resource here. Or just start with the basics - a good glucose meter and test strips. Diabetic retinopathy can lead to loss of vision and a study reveals that nearly 60% of people with diabetes were not worried about losing their sight.
They are then given a drink containing 75g of glucose and their blood glucose level is monitored over the next two hours. Though there is, as yet, no cure for diabetes the key to managing the disease and stopping the worst effects is maintaining a normal glucose level in blood. After the test your doctor will be able to tell if the normal glucose level in blood is present and if not get you started with appropriate treatment. People whose fasting and 2-hour post-meal blood sugar levels are above those general cut-offs are considered either pre diabetic (if the value is high but not quite past the threshold level to diagnose diabetes) or diabetic.



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