For type 2 diabetes patients doctors usually recommend to test their blood sugar levels once a day.
FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar): As the name indicates, this test will be conducted after the fasting of 8 hours.
Proper maintenance of the blood sugar test equipment is absolutely necessary to prevent the errors. Type 2 diabetes: What is it?Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body's ability to convert sugar into energy. To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. Upswing: CaffeineBlood sugar can rise after drinking coffee, even black coffee with no calories,  thanks to the caffeine.
Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth, MSPH, PhD, RD, professor of nutrition and medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Blood sugar – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. Blood glucose monitoring – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Blood glucose monitoring is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood . High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) causes, symptoms, High blood sugar symptoms a high blood sugar level itself is a symptom of diabetes. Normal blood sugar levels chart for adults, This simple chart shows target blood sugar levels for before and after meals, after fasting, before exercise, and at bedtime, as well as an a1c target..
To prevent the long-term health complications and to design a treatment plan, the diabetes patients need to undergo blood sugar tests very regularly.
Patients need to test their glucose levels before meals and after meals, before and after workout, before going to the bed etc. This helps a lot in designing the treatment plan for diabetes after 2 to 3 months of the initial treatment.
This allows sugar levels to build up in the blood, which can lead to heart disease, blindness and other serious complications. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
Likewise, black tea, green tea, cola and energy drinks can hinder blood sugar control in people with diabetes. If the patient is able to manage type-2 diabetes with the daily diet, routine and work out, he may not need to test his blood sugar regularly. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Each person reacts differently, so it's best to track your own responses to foods and activities.
Diabetes UK estimates that over 600,000 people with type 2 diabetes don't know they have it. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. Human body is naturally capable of maintaining the optimal blood sugar levels under a healthy metabolism. The highs and lows in blood sugar levels may lead to different kinds of health complications. If you have more than a glucose level of 11.1 mmol per L, it indicates that you have diabetes. Diabetes may not have symptomsIn most cases type 2 diabetes doesn't cause any symptoms, or the symptoms are mild, which is why many people have it for years without knowing it, and why it's important to get tested. Warning sign: ThirstOne of the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be an increase in thirst. This is often accompanied by additional problems, including dry mouth, increased appetite, frequent urination – sometimes as often as every hour -- and unusual weight loss or gain. You should also pay attention to artificial sweetners or nutritive sweeteners such as sorbitol and xylitol.
Warning sign: Blurred visionAs blood sugar levels become more abnormal, additional symptoms may include headaches, blurred vision and fatigue.
They add sweetness with fewer carbs than sugar (sucrose), but may still have enough carbs to raise your blood sugar levels.
Warning sign: InfectionsIn most cases, type 2 diabetes is not discovered until it takes a noticeable toll on health.
Diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and nerve endings in the genitals, leading to a loss of feeling and making orgasm difficult. Seek medical advice if you've had diarrhoea or vomiting for more than two hours or if you've been ill for two days and aren't getting better. Some medications, such as antibiotics and the decongestants used to clear your sinuses, can affect your blood sugar. Risk factors you can controlYour habits and lifestyle can affect your odds of developing type 2 diabetes. When you're under stress, your body releases hormones that can cause your blood sugar to rise.  This is more common for people with type 2 diabetes, than those with type 1 diabetes. Risk factors for womenHaving gestational diabetes when you're pregnant puts you seven times at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on. Having a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also cause insulin resistance that can lead to diabetes.


Type 2 diabetes in childrenAlthough older people have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes, the condition is affecting more young people. Diabetes UK says around 35,000 children and young people in the UK have diabetes, with around 700 of these having type 2 diabetes. The leading risk factor for children is being overweight, often connected with an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity. If you yearn for a bagel, choose a wholegrain mini bagel or just eat half a normal size bagel.
Once children are overweight, their chances of developing type 2 diabetes more than doubles. Often a urine test is carried out first, and if it contains glucose, or a person is at risk of diabetes, one or more blood tests to check levels of glucose in the blood are performed. Upswing: Sports DrinksSports drinks are designed to help you replenish fluids quickly, and some of them contain a lot of sugar. How does insulin work?In healthy people, after a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body.
But check with your GP, diabetes nurse, or dietitian first to see if the calories, carbs and minerals in a particular sports drink are suitable for you.
Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to help them process blood glucose into energy. Upswing: Dried fruitsFruit is a healthy choice, but dried fruit will pack more carbohydrates in a smaller serving size. People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver and fat cannot use insulin properly, called insulin resistance.
Just 2 tablespoons of raisins, dried cranberries or dried cherries have the carbs of a small piece of fruit.
Type 2 Diabetes: Metabolism mishapsIn type 2 diabetes, the cells cannot absorb glucose properly. Upswing: Steroids and water pillsOne large family of drugs, corticosteroids such as prednisolone, can cause your blood sugar to rise, and may even trigger diabetes in some people. If you've developed a condition called insulin resistance, the body makes insulin, but the muscle, liver and fat cells cannot use insulin, or do not respond to the insulin, properly. Steroids can be given to treat certain skin rashes, arthritis, asthma and other conditions. With long-standing, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the pancreas will reduce the amount of insulin it produces. Diuretics used for high blood pressure, called water tablets, can also raise blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. Managing diabetes: DietFortunately, people with type 2 diabetes can significantly reduce the risk of damage to their bodies, including damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes and feet. Upswing: Cold medicinesDecongestants that contain pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine can raise blood sugar.
People with type 2 diabetes should carefully monitor carbohydrate consumption, as well as total fat and protein intake and reduce calories. Managing diabetes: ExerciseModerate exercise, such as strength training or walking, improves the body's use of insulin and can lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Although the sugar content is small, it is best to use products that are sugar-free and alcohol-free.
Being active also helps reduce body fat, lower blood pressure and protect against heart disease. Try to do at least 150 minutes of exercise a week, with some exercise on most days of the week.
Ask your pharmacist about the possible effects of over-the-counter products before you buy them.
It can also increase glucose levels in your blood as part of your "fight or flight" response. It also notes that birth control injections and implants are suitable for women with diabetes, and that hormone-releasing IUDs, called intra-uterine systems (IUS) although also suitable, can affect blood sugar levels. Lower: HouseworkCleaning the house or mowing the lawn can have an added bonus for people with diabetes - lower blood sugar.
Instead of letting stress take its toll, try relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation or just talking to a friend or relative. Many of the jobs you do around the home count as moderate physical activity, with plenty of health benefits.
Managing diabetes: MedicationWhen people with type 2 diabetes are unable to control blood sugar sufficiently with diet and exercise, medication can help. There are many types of diabetes medicines available and they are often used in combination.
Some work by stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin, while others improve the effectiveness of insulin, or reduce the liver's production of glucose, or block the digestion of starches. Managing diabetes: InsulinMany people with type 2 diabetes eventually develop 'beta-cell failure'.
This means the cells in the pancreas no longer produce insulin in response to high blood sugar levels.
Lower: Vegan dietPeople with type 2 diabetes who switched to a vegan or entirely vegetable-based diet had better blood sugar control and needed less insulin, according to one study.
In this case, insulin therapy – injections or an insulin pump – must become part of the daily routine.


A boost in fibre from eating wholegrains and beans might play a role by slowing down the digestion of carbs. Whereas insulin pulls glucose into the cells, these medications cause the body to release insulin to control blood sugar levels.
Promising: CinnamonSprinkling your food with cinnamon can add flavour without adding salt, carbs, or calories.
Glucose testingTesting your blood glucose level will let you know how controlled your blood sugars are and if you need to take action to change your treatment plan.
Some studies suggest it also can improve the body's ability to use insulin and may lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. How often and when you test will be based on how controlled your diabetes is, the type of therapy used to control your diabetes and whether you are experiencing symptoms of fluctuating sugars.
However, such foods are not magic pills for your diabetes diet and more research is needed to confirm these promising studies. Your diabetes team will suggest how often you should use a glucose meter to check your blood sugar. Common testing times are first thing in the morning, before and after meals and exercise and before bedtime. Long-term damage: ArteriesOver time, untreated type 2 diabetes can damage many of the body's systems.
Caution: SleepBlood sugar can dip dangerously low during sleep for some people with type 1 diabetes. People with diabetes are likely to develop plaque in their arteries, which reduces blood flow and increases the risk of clots.
People with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke. For some people, blood sugar can rise in the morning even before eating, due to changes in hormones or a drop in insulin levels.
Long-term damage: KidneysThe longer you have untreated diabetes, the greater the risk of developing kidney disease or kidney failure.
Long-term damage: EyesHigh blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of the eye. Rollercoaster: ExercisePhysical activity gives a terrific health boost for most people, but people with diabetes should tailor it to their individual needs after medical advice.
This is known as diabetic retinopathy and it can cause progressive, irreversible vision loss. When you work out hard enough to sweat and raise your heartbeat, your blood sugar may spike upwards, then drop. People with diabetes are up to 20 times more likely to go blind than those without diabetes.
Intense or endurance type exercise can make your blood sugar drop for at least 24 hours afterwards. Long-Term Damage: Nerve PainOver time, uncontrolled diabetes and elevated blood sugars create a very real risk of nerve damage.
Symptoms can include tingling, numbness, pain and a pins and needles sensation -- often in the fingers, hands, toes or feet.
Rollercoaster: AlcoholAlcoholic drinks contain plenty of carbs, so at first they will raise your blood sugar. Diabetes UK recommends daily limits of no more than three units a day for men and two for women. One unit is about half a pint of normal strength lager, a small glass of wine or a single measure of spirits.
Rollercoaster: HeatDuring the next summer heat wave or on holiday abroad, you'll be safer inside, cooling off, during the hottest time of day.
Preventing type 2 diabetesOne of the most astonishing things about type 2 diabetes is that such a life-altering condition is often preventable.
Rollercoaster: Female hormonesWhen a woman's hormones change, so do her blood sugar levels.
Keep a monthly record of your blood sugar levels to get a better idea of how your menstrual cycle affects you.
Hormone changes during menopause may make it even harder to control your blood sugar levels. Talk to your GP or diabetes nurse about the best ways to manage your blood sugar levels at this stage in life. Sugar will raise your blood sugar levels more quickly than other carbohydrates, but diabetes experts now say the total amount of carbohydrates is most important.
Just be sure to keep your serving sizes small and take into account the total carbs and calories.
What about the glycaemic index?Your daily carb total, spread steadily across the day, is one key to good blood sugar control.
Some people also monitor the glycaemic index (GI) of foods, a rating of how individual foods raise blood sugar.
Related readingDiabetes diet: 6 foods that may help with blood sugar levels10 diabetes diet mythsSweet tooth?



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