Pregnancy is associated with stress and weight gain, the common components involved in evolution of diabetes mellitus. The risk of birth defects in IDM increases with increase in the degree and duration of inadequate glucose control in the mother. Insulin resistance syndrome is a metabolic syndrome which is part of a group of diseases that tend to occur together. Insulin resistance may occur with other metabolic disorders, although insulin resistance is typically at the heart of the group of disorders. Risk factors for insulin resistance include age (nearly 40% of patients with insulin resistance are over 60), obesity, history of diabetes, additional diseases, and being either Asian or Hispanic.
Insulin resistance can lead to serious health complications such as stroke, heart disease, heart attacks, diabetes, and premature death. The overseeing physician should continually monitor the patient’s weight and blood pressure along with triglyceride levels, cholesterol, and blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which either insulin levels become too low than necessary level to maintain a normal blood sugar level or body cells cannot respond to insulin and do not absorb glucose. A person can have higher chances of becoming type 2 diabetic, if any or more of the close family members have it. Apart from the genetic factors, some modifiable risk factors like physical inactivity and obesity are also strongly associated risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Awareness of effects of diabetes mellitus on the fetus and the newborn can ensure good compliance of the to be parents.
High blood glucose level around conception disturbs fetal organs development at initial stages, which leads to major defects in vital organs formation.
Hemoglobin A1C (hemoglobin bound to glucose) evaluation at 14 weeks of pregnancy could determine the risk of birth defects in IDM. Onset of gestational diabetes after first three months of pregnancy can lead to ill effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinulinemia, but does not increase the chances of severe birth defects in the baby.


Insulin resistance calls for fast action and aggressive lifestyle alterations to lower the chances of becoming chronically and significantly ill. Symptoms may include obesity, especially obesity around the mid-section, high blood pressure, an elevated level of triglycerides (a fatty substance in the blood) as well as a high level of the good cholesterol known as lipoprotein, and the body’s natural resistant acceptance of insulin changes. It controls the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, which regulates the way a person feels. Patients with diabetes often do not realize they are suffering from insulin resistance and often administer too much insulin in the developing stages of insulin resistance.
Metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance should be treated with the respect given to these possible complications. Some lifestyle habits contribute greatly to metabolic syndromes and insulin resistance that making changes to the daily lifestyle may reduce or eliminate the need for medication. If lifestyle changes do not make significant health improvements, or only make health improvements to two or three health risks, the prescribing physician may prescribe medications to work with the remaining health risks such as blood pressure medications, cholesterol lowering medications, or even prescribe counseling with a nutritionist to assist with further weight loss. The reason is that genetic susceptibility of an individual is strongly correlated with the condition because the genes responsible for protecting or predisposing a person to diabetes are carried genetically from the family members. When a person adapts a sedentary lifestyle or doesn’t engage in regular physical activity, or gains more weight with a high body mass index (BMI), the person may eventually develop insulin resistance.
Yet more suffer lesser forms of glucose intolerance; enough to jeopardize fetal development and newborn health.
Only diligent preconception health care, necessary screening and timely interventions can prevent fetal morbidity, complications of child birth and newborn health issues attributable to diabetes during pregnancy. Therefore, all to be mothers should maintain optimal glucose control for some weeks before conception and thereafter. Adding fiber to the patient’s diet can facilitate a lot of the changes necessary for a healthier lifestyle. Multiple factors can influence the development of type 2 diabetes – especially genetic and environmental.


At 14 weeks of pregnancy Hemoglobin A1C levels below 7% (normal value is less than 5.7%) does not significantly increase the risk of birth defects of diabetes during pregnancy as compared to that in an infants of mothers without diabetes.
Without insulin, the cells can not receive the glucose necessary to provide the body with energy. Often these three changes in daily lifestyle are enough to correct metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance.
Avoiding tobacco and exercising daily is usually enough to alter the course of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Exact reasons for type 2 diabetes development are less understood, but there has been evidence showing some common factors that are likely to increase risk for type 2 diabetes. The term refers to a state where the body becomes less responsive to insulin, especially, muscle, liver and fat tissues. However, with mounting evidence to the impact of insulin resistance, more and more physicians are siding with those who believe insulin resistance is serious syndrome. While these may not be easy changes to make, the difference between living with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance and living without these health hazards is well worth the difficulty in changing these lifestyle habits. The cells gradually lose their ability to absorb glucose, thus retaining more sugar in blood itself. Hypoplastic left heart syndromeBrain and spinal cord defects: Failure of neural tube closure - 1. To maintain a normal sugar level, compensating the sugar, pancreas produces high amounts of insulin. But due to many factors, production of insulin decreases, leading to the conditions pre-diabetes and diabetes.



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