Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood-glucose levels during pregnancy called gestational diabetes.
Almost all women have some degree of impaired glucose intolerance during pregnancy due to hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, increased levels of certain hormones made in the placenta help take nutrients from the mother to the developing fetus. Gestational diabetes starts when your body is not able to make and use all the insulin it needs for pregnancy. Because pregnancy causes certain types of hormones (that are made by the placenta) to be released.
Unlike type 1 and type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes is only temporary and usually disappears after pregnancy. In most cases, gestational diabetes is able to be managed by diet and exercise during the pregnancy. Some women with gestational diabetes require insulin to manage their blood sugar levels in a healthy range during the pregnancy.
It is very much better for both you and your baby to be in the care of a specialist team if you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
Remember, if you have had gestational diabetes you should be checked for type 2 diabetes every year for the rest of your life. The term diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases and is quite prevalent all over the world [2]. Type I Diabetes, in which the body is unable to produce the required amount of the hormone insulin.
Type II Diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, in which the body cells show resistance to the insulin hormone. Gestational Diabetes is another type of diabetes which is exclusively found in pregnant women. There is also another condition known as Prediabetes which is often diagnosed in individuals.
While Type I and Type II Diabetes prove to be chronic and long lasting conditions, both gestational diabetes and prediabetes are reversible conditions which can be treated completely by following adequate remedies and methods of treatment.
Type I Diabetes occurs when body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. In Type II diabetes, either the body produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin, or the body develops a resistance to the action of insulin. Gestational diabetes may be defined as hyperglycemia with its first presentation or onset during pregnancy. There are a number of symptoms which may help you to diagnose the presence of this metabolic disease. Increased thirst: Sufferers feel an increased urge of thirst in order to compensate for excessive fluid loss due to urination. Increased hunger: Also known as polyphagia, this condition is also noticed in diabetic patients.
Fatigue: Increased tiredness and fatigue are other important symptoms in a diabetic patient. Slow healing: Slow healing of wounds is also an important feature that is seen quite commonly in diabetic patients. Abnormal sensation: There may be occurrences of numbness or tingling sensation felt in the limbs in diabetic.
Increased risk to infections: A diabetic person is more prone to an infectious disease as compared to a normal person. Miscellaneous: There are some other symptoms of diabetes which may include a blurring of the vision, unexplained loss of weight, lack of interest and concentration while working or studying. Diabetic neuropathy: The excess sugar levels present in the blood stream can prove to cause damage to the blood vessels and capillaries. Diabetic nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis: Damage can be caused to the kidneys due to the excess glucose present in the blood in diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetes can also cause damage to the blood vessels surrounding the retina of the eye. Cardiovascular or macro vascular diseases like stroke or peripheral vascular disease: The risk of encountering cardiovascular diseases is greatly increased in diabetics. Muscle wasting and weakness: Due to the cells being unable to effectively absorb glucose, diabetic individuals cannot efficiently or effectively use their body muscles. Diabetic coma: While it is known that diabetic patients suffer from increased risk to nerve damage, in some extreme cases, this nerve damage can also lead to a condition of a coma. Others: There are many other complications which can be associated with diabetes and these include damage caused to the limbs, infectious skin diseases and conditions, an impairment of hearing and also the development of Alzheimer’s disease is some individuals. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test: This test measures blood glucose levels after going for at least 8 hours of fasting.


Random Plasma Glucose Test: In this test, the doctor checks the blood sugar level without observing to the last meal. Treatment of diabetes include use of medications [3] or correcting the underlying causes such as diet and exercise [4]. Diet: A diabetic should always take a balanced nutrition to maintain the short-term as well as long-term blood glucose levels under control. Physical activity: It is another important and effective method of treating as well as preventing diabetes especially in Type II Diabetes mellitus caused due to obesity or overweight.
Medications: Type I Diabetes can be treated with the insulin therapy where combinations of NPH and regular insulin or synthetic insulin analogues are administered to the patients with diabetes.
Whatever the method of treatment for diabetes may be, care must be taken to periodically monitor the sugar levels in the blood stream of diabetics. There are also a number of home remedies and lifestyle tips that can be used to provide relief to the symptoms of diabetes. Stress and strain on the body should be considered very seriously as they may adversely affect a diabetic. Regular visits to the doctor and frequent eye checkups are required to be a part of a diabetic’s life. While diabetes cannot be cured completely, following proper medication which is coupled with a healthy lifestyle with lots of physical activity can provide relief to sufferers. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy]. Therefore, it is necessary to diagnose; early diagnosis is always good for both mother and baby. That means that their blood glucose is higher than normal, but not high enough to have diabetes. High blood glucose is caused because the mother can’t produce enough insulin (a pregnant woman’s insulin needs are two to three times that of normal). However, a woman who has had gestational diabetes has an increased risk (50-60%) of developing type 2 diabetes in the future; therefore they should be tested for type 2 diabetes each year. It is needed to take the sugar from your blood and move it into your cells (where it is used as an energy source for the various things that cells have to do). This can happen because before being born your baby had been getting a very high level of glucose out of your blood (across the placenta). It usually disappears after the baby is born once the need for high levels of insulin (during pregnancy) has gone. If you do need insulin, It will help to keep both you and your baby healthy during the pregnancy.
This team can help you to learn the skills you need to know to manage your gestational diabetes. Whether you need to do this testing and if so how often, will depend on the results of your laboratory blood glucose levels.
Your best defence against developing type 2 diabetes is to try to keep your body weight lean and get plenty of physical exercise.
It is a rare form of diabetes and is prevalent in less than 10% of people with diabetes, mainly with children. In this condition, the glucose levels in the blood prove to be higher than normal, but the levels are not high enough for the condition to be classified under Type II Diabetes.
This results in the body cells being unable to effectively use up glucose, consequently leading to an increased concentration of sugar in the blood stream.
If cases of increased hunger coexist along with above two symptoms in a sufferer, diabetes is said to be diagnosed. This condition affects almost all diabetic individuals and is considered to be one of the easiest ways of diagnosing if diabetes has affected an individual.
This can eventually lead to damage of the nerves and loss of sensation in particular regions of the body such as the fingers and the toes.
There is also a high presence of ketones in the urine which is caused by deamination of some amino acids and also the improper breakdown of fatty acids. While this may result in some eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataract, over longer periods, it can also lead to permanent blindness.
These include potentially serious conditions and diseases such as a heart attack, a stroke, pain in the chest and also a constriction of the arteries in the body.
While this causes general fatigue and tiredness, over longer periods it may lead to a gradual wasting of the muscle tissues.
The test should be taken after at least eight hours of fasting and two hours after drinking a glucose containing liquid.
This test helps in assessment of symptoms and for diagnosing diabetes, but it does not diagnose prediabetes. Type II Diabetes can be treated effectively with the use of oral hypoglycemic medication like metformin.


While the treatment methods may prove to be effective on their own, diabetes should always ensure to monitor their glucose levels.
This is the first and foremost step and sufferers must ensure that they collect as much information about the condition as possible.
While regular exercise and diet can help in keeping these in check, measurements need to be taken regularly in order to avoid complications. Diabetes can have dire consequences on the gums and the teeth and regular brushing and flossing of the teeth should always be done.
The recommended limits are one drink of alcohol a day for women and two drinks a day for men. Smokers who also have diabetes have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and the smoking and other forms of tobacco should be stopped at the earliest. Prolonged stress can prove to be very harmful to the tiny blood vessels and can lead to serious complications such as a stroke. Following an effective treatment plan with a well-maintained lifestyle can help keep symptoms in check and can help diabetics lead a closer to normal life.
Monitoring and keeping track of your readings can be a hassle at times, but it doesn’t have to be. During the later part of pregnancy, these hormonal changes place a pregnant woman at risk for gestational diabetes. However, these hormones also block the action of the mother's insulin in her body, called insulin resistance. If your body cannot make enough insulin, sugars from the foods you eat will stay in your blood stream and cause high blood sugars.
The baby had adjusted to this high glucose level by making high levels of it’s own insulin. Diabetes is caused due to an increased level of blood sugar or glucose in the blood stream, which in turn can be caused by a number of different factors, most primarily, the role of the hormone insulin in the body. It is the most prevalent form of diabetes accounting for almost 90% of the total number of people with diabetes.
It is suspected that heredity and genes have a major role to play in an individual encountering Type I Diabetes as it is passed on from one generation to another. While this is the most common type of diabetes in individuals, the actual causes of Type II Diabetes are yet to be known. The human placental lactogenic hormone also known as Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin, which is released during the gestational period, reduces the insulin sensitivity in mothers and it may lead to an increased level of blood glucose.
There are other medications as well which include angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). This is the most effective way to ensure that targets are being met and that the medications or treatment remedies are proving to be effective. Carbohydrates on the consumptions of excess alcohol can upset the balance that is required in the dietary plan. However, diabetics must make sure to understand the fact that complications related to the disorder can spring up at any time and they need to always maintain a high level of care in order to keep symptoms in check. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.This website is for informational purposes only. You can use the Excel Blood Glucose Level Chart featured on this page to monitor your glucose readings daily!
When the placenta separates after birth this high level of glucose (from you) suddenly stops. It may also be triggered by environmental factors like diet, viruses, and some specific toxins.
While the body systems of most women counter this by increasing the production of insulin, some women are susceptible to the disorder. Diabetic sufferers do not have an easy time, but integrating a new lifestyle and adopting healthy measures as daily habits can greatly help in managing the symptoms of this disorder. Various factors that may trigger Type II Diabetes include dietary habits, lifestyle and genetic susceptibility.
Within each day is space for three individual readings.The first step in using the chart is to input the first date of your first reading and the remaining corresponding days of the week. You can add or remove spaces depending upon how you would like to monitor your glucose levels.Once the blood sugar levels have been added to the template, you can move on to the second page of the Excel blood glucose level chart. It’s critical to be as accurate as possible when placing information in the data page so you will get an accurate graph.
This graph will show your blood sugar levels throughout the day and week.Download: Excel Blood Glucose Level ChartNot what you were looking for?




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