Fasting blood glucose: A method for learning how much glucose (sugar) there is in a blood sample taken after an overnight fast.
Blood Glucose Levels: Testing and Normal RangeSeveral different types of blood glucose tests are used. The Chemcard? Glucose Test is an easy to use home screening test to identify high glucose or blood sugar levels. Diabetes can affect every organ system in the body, and is the leading cause of preventable blindness, lower extremity amputation, and end-stage renal disease. The American Diabetes Association recommends that all adults over the age of 45 receive a glucose test annually.
The Chemcard Glucose test - recommended for nondiabetics to measure the glucose level of your blood to make sure that you are not at risk. The Hemoglobin A1c test - recommended for known diabetics to help make sure that your diabetes is under control. As recommended by the ADA, Chemcard? Glucose measures plasma glucose level after a minimum fasting period of 8 hours.
Carbohydrates, fats and other food groups are broken down into glucose and other components during digestion. Actually the glucose level in our blood varies, depending on the time of the day and the time since our last meal. If this balance is somehow disturbed, it can lead to a host of health issues, the most common being diabetes.
There are certain simple lifestyle choices you can make that go a long way in helping your body maintain a normal blood glucose level.
Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly – either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, it is important because it helps your body process sugars. Diabetes can affect the body in many other ways, including eye disease, foot ulceration, kidney failure, amputation and a higher risk of heart disease.
Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems. If diabetes is diagnosed and managed effectively, you can still live a long and happy life as long as you stay in control.
There are also many people in Fiji living with diabetes who may not even know it because they don’t have the symptoms, it is important to get your blood sugar tested regularly to avoid Diabetes related complications further down the track.
The 2002 STEPS survey identified that out of the 16% diabetics, 50% of them were previously unrecognised which is an alarmingly high number. Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes.

The best way to check if you have diabetes or are at risk is to visit your local health centre. This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate. Even if you have no symptoms at all, it is important to get tested as you may still have diabetes. You can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes through adopting a healthy lifestyle.
By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells have become insulin resistant or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep you healthy. There are many different ways that one can diagnose diabetes and one of the top ones is by detecting glucose in the urine. There are many different things that can be detected all from urine such as cholesterol urine, starch urine and blood glucose urine all of these can alert a physician to take further action in either choosing to perform more tests or to start accurately treating a specific illness within a person. When a person is pregnant and if several factors have already came into play such as weight, age or family history a physician may ask the person to take a fasting glucose test while she is pregnant so that if diabetes is detected it can go ahead and be taken care of instead of running the risk in passing it on to the baby. The majority of diabetic tests that are performed in the physician office is done by asking that the patient comes in fasting and then drinks a certain amount of sugary liquid within a certain timeframe in which the doctor’s office documents and then either takes a blood sample or urine sample in order to detect glucose in the urine or not as many hopes to be the case. Glucose in the urine is one of the most modernly traditional ways that most doctor’s detect whether or not a person is a diabetic or not, so the next time you are asked to come in for a urinalysis you can rest assured that they may be checking for diabetes.
A significant portion of the adult population in the US between the ages of 20 and 74 suffers from undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. Persons with diabetes are also at an increased risk for hypertension, stroke and heart disease. Among those most at risk are overweight people over 40 who do not exercise, African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, and those with a family history of diabetes. This test can identify individuals with abnormal blood glucose levels which is often associated with diabetes or other carbohydrate metabolic disorders.
If the amount is too high (Hyperglycemia), or even too low (Hypoglycemia), our body stops functioning properly. So, the glucose level is lowest in the morning, when we wake up, and continues to be low till we have the first meal of the day.
This also happens when we consume alcohol – there is a huge surge of glucose in the body which later falls drastically. Other problems could include memory loss, heart disease, infertility and even coma (in case of extreme hypoglycemia).
When you eat bread with simple carbohydrates, it dumps a huge load of glucose in your blood which the body finds difficult to regulate. People who have one grapefruit every day (ideally split up between two meals) tend to lose weight and have a normal blood sugar level.

But make sure that each of these meals are about half of what your regular meals are today. Currently almost 1 in every 3 Fijians is being diagnosed with diabetes, that’s 30% of the population. You can always visit your nearest diabetes hub to get your sugar checked ad learn how to stay in control of your diabetes. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have. A glucose urine analysis is generally done if someone is having diabetic symptoms or medical symptoms related to diabetes. A sterile disposable lancet is used to obtain a single drop of blood which is placed onto the "Test Area". When the blood glucose level rises, the Pancreas produces Insulin which facilitates the breakdown of glucose bringing the level down. This ensures a steady flow of sugar into your blood and helps in maintaining a normal blood glucose level.
Stress relief activities can go a long way in ensuring that the body becomes more capable of maintaining normal blood glucose level. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, it is also more easily avoided if the correct healthy lifestyle is adopted. However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional.
A person may be asked to come in fasting so that they can take a urinalysis to see if glucose in the urine or not. After three minutes, the top layer of the card is peeled off and the results obtained by matching the color of the test area with a sliding color chart.
When the level goes lower than normal, Glucagon, also secreted by the Pancreas, induces the liver to release stored glucose bringing the level back to normal. No: People who have a glass of wine every day have less chance of having abnormal blood sugar level.
Not only will you be maintaining your blood sugar at a normal level, but you will be on your way to living a healthier life as well. Upon matching colors, the test card is turned over and the result appears on the back side of the test card.
Walking can not only keep your blood sugar levels normal but also increase HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). AnswersMy fasting plasma blood glucose levels always oscillate between 120 to 124 with 125 mg glycomet tablet.But the post lunch level never crossed 145 .

Normal diabetes readings
When to test blood sugar after meal 9.99


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