Fasting blood glucose is a measure of the quantity of glucose present in an individual’s blood stream after abstaining from eating for at least eight hours.1 This test is used to screen for diabetes.
The chart below provides fasting blood sugar numbers and descriptions as provided by the American Diabetes Association. For a comprehensive overview of Diabetes, see our Diabetes section under medical health issues. HDL Cholesterol and LDL Cholesterol The two basic types of cholesterol with which we are concerned with are LDL and HDL cholesterol. I was both confounded and surprised because my diet is pretty darn excellent, particularly concerning those pesky, debilitating high glycemic carbs that proliferate the Great American Diet. If you haven’t read My Blood Sugar Numbers Confound Me, you may wish to do so before continuing so that you can have context for the rest of this post.
The first thing that occurred to me when I got my blood test results was that both my father and uncle (his brother) developed adult-onset diabetes, which is called “Type 2 Diabetes”. I always thought that they both contracted that disease in their 60s because they ate crap, were overweight and didn’t exercise, but now I’m wondering if they had a genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes and therefore would have gotten it even if they ate and exercised…ahh… well… like me? As the video in “My Blood Sugar Numbers” describes, I borrowed my sister’s glucometer and began testing my blood. In addition to the favorable post meal blood glucose numbers, I have another blood measurement marker that’s in my favor. Hemoglobin A1(c) is expressed in percentage terms because it’s measuring the percentage of hemoglobin that’s bonded to sugar. In subsequent posts, I’ll report about some other unhappy blood result I got in my last Life Extension test, such has high VLDL, Pattern B LDL Density Pattern, high inflammation markers and low thyroid indications.
You're gonna get (1) the Newsletter, (2) the four-part guide, Transform Your Body and Mind, and (3) the 12 Ageproof Biohacks. An Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) may be done by your doctor to test for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes.
If you are a pregnant woman being tested for gestational diabetes, the liquid you must drink will have less sugar (glucose) dissolved in water. If you met most of the above-said criteria, then you need to undergo for diabetes screening. If the test result indicates that a person has diabetes, then should be re-confirming with a second test on a different day.
Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) – is a blood-glucose test after not having anything to eat or drink (except water - even do not drink a lot of water before the test) a minimum of eight hours before the test. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) – or glucose challenge test is a blood-glucose test before, and two hours after you eat a carbohydrate-rich food or drink a special sweet drink.
Random plasma glucose test – is a blood-glucose test at any time of the day no restrictions.


Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C) – is a test done at any time, there is no fast or drink anything, and it measures the average BS for the past two to three months.
People getting different results between tests may indicate diabetes is trying to get through the system.
For many, making few lifestyle changes such as losing some weight, increase in physical activity and eat healthy can help reverse diabetes or at least delay its onset.
Shown below is a Blood Sugar Level Chart, simply designed for basic glucose and blood sugar testing.
For more nutritional information, charts, health stats, worksheets, and other free printable items, visit any of the links shown on this page. Click this link to exit the Blood Sugar Level Chart page, and visit the Main Health Info Page.Hit this link for a collection of Great American Recipes.
Pre-diabetes diagnosis is by blood sugar tests, if your number is higher than most young-healthy people has, then you are diagnosing as prediabetes.
Based on the diabetes risk factors, certain standard is set for pre-diabetes screening criteria.
If you met most of the above-said criteria, then you require undergoing for pre-diabetes screening.
Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) – is a blood-glucose test taken after not having anything to eat or drink (except water - even do not drink a lot of water before the test) a minimum of eight hours before the test. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) – or glucose challenge test is a blood-glucose test before, one-hour and two hours after you eat a carbohydrate-rich food or drink a special sweet drink. A study "Impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance, what best predicts future diabetes in Mauritius," was published in Diabetes Care March 1999 vol. Numerous studies show both IFG & IGT has been associated with a modest increased risk towards CVD, with IGT being a slightly stronger risk predictor. A study shows the natural history of both IFG and IGT is variable; with 25% progressing to diabetes, 50% remaining in their abnormal glycemic state, and 25% reverting to NGT (normal glucose tolerance) over an observational period of 3 to 5 years. The popular institutions set ranges for healthy, pre-diabetes and diabetes based on the old study that say one who has knowingly diagnosed as pre-diabetes progress to diabetes early due to mental strain. However, many health professionals think their patients are intelligent, smarter, and brave enough. If your blood-glucose number is in the unhealthy range, then take this alarm towards prediabetes & diabetes.
I’ve been testing fasting blood glucose, and one and two hour post meal, the detailed results of which I’ll share in a future post. This measures how much glucose permanently gets glycated (bonded) to hemoglobin in red blood cells. I'm a big believer in sustainability, and am a bit nutty about optimizing my diet, supplements, hormones and exercise.


Alcohol and snacking (assuming the snacks are high glycemic) will boost blood sugar and over time that could cause insulin resistance. Diabetes diagnosing tests are Fasting Plasma Glucose FPG test, Oral Glucose Tolerance OGT test (most emphasized), Random plasma glucose test (not reliable) and A1C. Where blood-glucose levels have not risen high enough or not yet stabilizes to be higher level to show up on every test result.
Prediabetes also called as borderline diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), depending on which test has used to detect it. People with IFG along have hepatic insulin resistance and optimal muscle insulin sensitivity. Individuals who are older, overweight, and have other diabetes risk factors are more likely to progress. Additionally, preserving beta-cell function, and delay the likelihood of micro vascular, and cardiovascular complications. This measurement roughly indicates your average blood sugar over the previous three months, and the higher it has been over the past three months, the more likely it is that glucose (sugar) is permanently bonded to hemoglobin, which is not a good thing.
He reports that it’s not uncommon for people on restricted carbohydrate diets (like me) to have high fasting glucose serum numbers.
If you legitimately are on a low-carb diet and both the post meal and A1(c) numbers are good, then it could be that your situation is accurately described by Chris’ explanation quoted above.
People with IGT alone have been normal to slightly reduced hepatic insulin sensitivity and moderate to severe muscle insulin resistance. Moreover, low insulin secretion and severe insulin resistance identify individuals more likely to progress to diabetes.
However, prolong unhealthy blood glucose level can lead to diabetes complications even if not progress to diabetes.
Over the next few hours, your doctor will test the sugar in your blood again and check your numbers against standard numbers. The oral glucose tolerance test is no longer useful in hypoglycemia diagnosis because experts say the test can actually trigger hypoglycemic symptoms. It shows the higher sensitivity of IGT over IFG for predicting progression to type2 diabetes. Metformin was the first drug shown to be effective; however, it is just about the half of that of lifestyle modification.
Screening by the criteria for IFG alone would identify fewer people who subsequently, progress to type2 diabetes than would be the oral glucose tolerance test.



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Comments

  1. 29.05.2015 at 18:31:28


    With other diseases, so laboratory testing lead to hypoglycemia and what kind of symptoms this adequate exercise.

    Author: 8
  2. 29.05.2015 at 16:56:14


    Visiting your doctor is very such as frequent.

    Author: SCARPION