Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes is a lifestyle related disease and a major risk factor for Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVDs).
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes among adults (aged 30 years and above) residing in Neyyattinkara taluk of South Kerala and to identify the diabetes Case Detection Rates across different age groups. Whereas rest of India is still grappling with communicable diseases and malnourishment, the state of Kerala stands out, with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) emerging as a major public health challenge.
To estimate the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes among adults (aged 30 years and above) residing in Neyyattinkara taluk of South Kerala. To study the fasting plasma glucose levels as an indicator of diabetes control in the community. Data Collection Tools: Structured questionnaire and Blood Sugar examination using Glucometer (DiabeCHECK- Jitron). Ethical clearance was obtained from Institutional Ethical Committee, Trivandrum Medical College. Diabetes Case Detection Rates across different age groups were examined and was highest (76%) between 60 and 69 years. 81 (18%) persons had blood sugar values above 125 mg%.  Of these 42 were already diagnosed and was on treatment.
A national study9 to determine the prevalence of Diabetes and Prediabetes in India done in three states (Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Jharkhand) and one union territory (Chandigarh) showed that the weighted prevalence of Diabetes was 10.4% in Tamil Nadu, 8. Studies from Kerala  also emphasized the need for life style modifications and community based programmes for early detection and preventive measures.1, 12  Diabetes Case Detection Rate in the present study was 50% in persons less than 50 years of age and more than 75% above the age of 50 years. Prediabetes is a significant risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes, micro vascular, and macro vascular disease. Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly – either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, it is important because it helps your body process sugars. Diabetes can affect the body in many other ways, including eye disease, foot ulceration, kidney failure, amputation and a higher risk of heart disease.
Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems.


If diabetes is diagnosed and managed effectively, you can still live a long and happy life as long as you stay in control. There are also many people in Fiji living with diabetes who may not even know it because they don’t have the symptoms, it is important to get your blood sugar tested regularly to avoid Diabetes related complications further down the track. The 2002 STEPS survey identified that out of the 16% diabetics, 50% of them were previously unrecognised which is an alarmingly high number. Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes. The best way to check if you have diabetes or are at risk is to visit your local health centre.
This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate.
Even if you have no symptoms at all, it is important to get tested as you may still have diabetes. You can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes through adopting a healthy lifestyle. By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells have become insulin resistant or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep you healthy. A very limited number of published studies indicate high prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in the state of Kerala. Ltd).  Calibration was done daily to ensure reliability and new pairs of DC cells were used every day. All Prediabetic were educated regarding lifestyle modifications for Diabetes prevention and motivated to follow up in local Primary Health Centres. Lifestyle change in Kerala, India: needs assessment and planning for a community-based diabetes prevention trial.
Report of the Committee on the classification and diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus.


Evaluation of non communicable disease control pilot programme of National Rural Health Mission in Thiruvananthapuram district.
High prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and other metabolic disorders in rural Central Kerala. Prevalence and risk factors of diabetes in a community-based study in North India: the Chandigarh Urban Diabetes Study (CUDS). Cluster randomised controlled trial of a peer-led lifestyle intervention program: study protocol for the Kerala diabetes prevention program.
Screening Performance of Diabetes Risk Scores Among Asians and Whites in Rural Kerala, India. Currently almost 1 in every 3 Fijians is being diagnosed with diabetes, that’s 30% of the population.
You can always visit your nearest diabetes hub to get your sugar checked ad learn how to stay in control of your diabetes. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have.
This study was done in the Neyyattinkara taluk of south Kerala by including coastal, mid land and high land regions to make it representative of the geographical profile of the state. Name Email WebsiteSubmit Comment Recent Posts One Size May Not Fit All on GI Foods Low GI Foods May Help You Sleep What Exactly Is the Glycemic Index Diet?
Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, it is also more easily avoided if the correct healthy lifestyle is adopted. However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional.




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Comments

  1. 05.01.2016 at 17:55:44


    Group Normally, the amount of sugar cup of cooked white rice.

    Author: Subay_Oglan
  2. 05.01.2016 at 11:44:47


    Develop Type II diabetes than those who remain in their original follow-up.

    Author: ILGAR
  3. 05.01.2016 at 14:58:56


    Long been known the injection of insulin children can prevent type-1 diabetes.

    Author: 13_VOIN
  4. 05.01.2016 at 18:19:27


    Choose to buy more fasting blood sugar levels 180 000 strips on their own, out of pocket any insulin, or not enough insulin, to help.

    Author: SERCH