THE MEDICAL PROFESSION WOULD have you believe that diabetes is not reversible and only controlling your blood sugar with drugs or insulin will protect you from organ damage and death. The diabetes epidemic is accelerating along with the obesity epidemic, and what you are not hearing about is another way to treat it. Type 2 diabetes, or what was once called adult onset diabetes, is increasing worldwide and now affects nearly 100 million people — and over 20 million Americans. We are seeing increasing rates of Type 2 diabetes, especially in children, which has increased over 1,000 percent in the last decade and was unknown before this generation. In a report in The New England Journal of Medicine, Walter Willett, MD, PhD, and his colleagues from the Harvard School of Public Health demonstrated that 91 percent of all Type 2 diabetes cases could be prevented through improvements lifestyle and diet.
Here, I want to review in detail this new way of thinking about diabetes and outline the tests I recommend to identify problems with blood sugar. When your diet is full of empty calories, an abundance of quickly absorbed sugars and carbohydrates (bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, etc.), the body slowly becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and needs more to do the same job of keeping your blood sugar even.
Insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome associated with it is often accompanied by increasing central obesity, fatigue after meals, sugar cravings, high triglycerides, low HDL, high blood pressure, problems with blood clotting, as well as increased inflammation. These clues can often be picked up decades before anyone ever gets diabetes — and may help you prevent diabetes entirely.
If you have a family history of obesity (especially around the belly), diabetes, early heart disease, or even dementia you are even more prone to this problem. Most people know about the common complications of diabetes such as heart attacks, strokes, amputations, blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage. Diabetes and pre-diabetes ARE reversible by aggressively changing lifestyle, nutritional support, and occasionally medications. In fact many people with pre-diabetes never get diabetes, but they are at severe risk just the same. We were highly adapted to a nutrient-dense, low-sugar, high-fiber diet rich in omega-3 fats.
Now, in just one generation, they are nearly all obese and 80 percent have diabetes by the time they are 30 years old! New science shows that it’s possible, through an aggressive approach of lifestyle, nutritional support, and occasionally medications. It is important to diagnose Type 2 diabetes early, but it is often not diagnosed until very late.
In fact, all doctors should aggressively diagnose pre-diabetes decades before diabetes occurs, and before any damage is done to your body. Unfortunately, there is a continuum of risk from slightly abnormal insulin and blood sugar to full blown diabetes.
In a recent study, anyone with a fasting blood sugar of over 87 was at increased risk of diabetes. Most doctors are not concerned until the blood sugar is over 110 — or worse, over 126, which is diabetes. Insulin Glucose Challenge Test – This should be done with a 2-hour glucose challenge, 75 grams measuring fasting, 1- and 2-hour blood sugar AND insulin.
Hemoglobin A1C Test – This is an important measure of glycated hemoglobin, which can be an early indicator of sugar problems. NMR Lipid Profile – This test is slightly different from the one above as it identifies the size of your cholesterol particles. High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Test – This is a measure of inflammation, one of the classic conditions that is both the cause and result of insulin resistance and diabetes. Fibrinogen Test – This measures your risk of clotting, which can cause heart attacks and strokes. Please leave your thoughts by adding a comment below – but remember, we can’t offer personal medical advice online, so be sure to limit your comments to those about taking back our health! Mark Hyman MD is the Medical Director at Cleveland Clinic’s Center for Functional Medicine, the Founder of The UltraWellness Center, and a ten-time #1 New York Times Bestselling author.
This glycated hemoglobin test is carried out on people to find out how an individual reacted to diabetes controlling measures in last six to twelve weeks. People with diabetes often use a blood sugar monitoring device to help them test and control sugar levels. Type I diabetes is a disease where the pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that signals the body's cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream and convert it into energy.
Type I diabetes, which accounts for about 5 percent of all cases of diabetes, according to the ADA, is typically diagnosed in younger individuals. In some adults, the body simply doesn't produce enough insulin, which is known as Type 2 diabetes, a far more common disease. Additionally, the imbalance in sugar leads to the flow of fluid from the cells into the rest of the body.


Some of these symptoms can become more extreme without treatment, resulting in blindness, amputation of limbs or kidney failure, among other complications. The preferred test for diagnosing diabetes is the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test, according to the NIDDK.
Doctors diagnose the disease when a person has more than 126 milligrams of glucose per deciliter of plasma.
The oral glucose tolerance test allows doctors to evaluate how the person's body reacts to sugar.
The A1C test tracks average blood sugar levels over the past two to three months, but is not used for diagnosis.
The insulin used to treat diabetes can result in low blood sugar, which may cause feelings of weakness or hunger and headaches. Fast-acting insulin, which is absorbed quickly, corrects blood sugar when people eat meals or snacks, Mezitis said.
Blood glucose monitors allow a person with diabetes to determine if they need more insulin or if they need to eat more. While insulin is the frontline therapy to control diabetes, more drastic treatments may be recommended in some cases. The ADA notes that a pancreas transplant may be a treatment option for this type of diabetes; however, this is only done in extreme cases where complications of diabetes are very significant because the drugs necessary to allow the body to accept the new organ are severe and 10 to 20 percent of pancreas recipients die within a year.
In addition to taking insulin as advised, people with Type I diabetes can take a number of steps for healthy living. Eating properly and exercising regularly are important for people with diabetes in order to help maintain proper levels of blood sugar.
As a staff writer for Live Science, Laura Geggel covers general science, including the environment and amazing animals. Blood sugar tester to a diabetic is like having food on a daily basis or facing starvation. There are many different types of blood testers available to purchase such as ones that test blood glucose levels from your arm or finger. Blood sugar testers are a great little handy device that can be portable enough so that it can be carried with you so that you can test your blood glucose level anywhere that you go. So if you are a new diabetic or old diabetic why not check out all the new blood sugar testers out on the market today and see which one is the best for you.
But medication and insulin can actually increase your risk of getting a heart attack or dying. Insulin resistance, when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, is primarily what causes diabetes.
The high insulin leads to an appetite that is out of control, and increasing weight gain around the belly. Some may even know that it increases your risk of dementia and cancers and can cause impotence. Therefore, I recommend early testing with anyone who has a family history of Type 2 diabetes, central abdominal weight gain or abnormal cholesterol.
Your blood sugar should be less than 80 fasting and never rise above 110 or 120 after one to two hours.
It measures sugars and proteins combining into glycated proteins called AGEs (advanced glycation end products), like the crust on bread, or the crispy top on creme brule. An HDL or good cholesterol level under 60 and triglycerides over 100 should make you suspicious of insulin resistance.
With insulin resistance or Type 2 diabetes, you develop small LDL and HDL cholesterol particles.
I have seen this hundreds of times in my patients and there is no reason you can’t achieve the same thing if you apply these principles.
In some less frequent cases, children or even infants are diagnosed with this metabolic disorder. Those who find encouraging results of limiting their HbA1c values, thereby indicating controlled diabetes, can extend their time intervals of testing.
Weight loss is also a frequent symptom of Type I diabetes, as tissue will shrink without sugar being stored in it. Thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision and tingling in the body's extremities can all result from this situation. The NIDDK states, however, that a test should be repeated on a second day to confirm the diagnosis. The person fasts for eight hours, drinks water with 75 grams of glucose and then takes a blood test.
The test can determine the person's blood-sugar levels before diagnosis as well as after to see whether treatment plans are effective, Mezitis said.


These shots should be timed with meals and, once a routine is established, are done three or four times per day. There are different types of insulin, with some lasting an entire day and others 15 minutes to a few hours. The tests involve pricking the finger to get a drop of blood and placing the drop on a testing strip to be read by the meter. Kidney transplantation may become necessary if diabetes causes too much damage to the organs. She has written for the Simons Foundation, Scholastic, Popular Science and The New York Times. A diabetic needs their blood sugar tester in order to function properly on a daily basis as well as to maintain their diabetes. Blood sugar testers come in many forms but the most common and popular form is the blood glucose monitor which works by inserting a test strip into the machine and then you use a lancet or small needle to prick your finger or arm in order to take a small blood sample which is then laid on top of the test strip and the machine will measure and read the amount of blood glucose in your system. Blood sugar testers come in a wide variety of brand names, sizes, with carrying cases and without, price ranges and so much more so that they can make it convenient for you to check your blood glucose level anywhere that you want to go. There are so many different kinds of blood sugar testers you are sure to find one that is perfect for you. Your insulin should be less than 5 fasting and should never rise above 30 after one to two hours.
These create inflammation and oxidative stress throughout the body, and promote heart disease and dementia and accelerating aging.
They are much more dangerous than larger particles and lead to increased risk of atherosclerosis or heart disease. In fact, anyone with a high C-reactive protein has a 1,700 percent increased risk of getting diabetes. This is entirely due to sugar and carbohydrates in our diet that cause fatty liver, liver damage, and even cirrhosis.
This is one ailment where a person is found to have higher amounts of sugar in the blood stream. The main function of hemoglobin is to transport oxygen to all parts of the human body through the blood circulation cycle. However the tests must be carried out at least once in six months, even in such situations. If two tests show blood glucose levels of 200 milligrams per deciliter or more (2 mg per liter) after two hours, the person has diabetes, Mezitis said.
Laura grew up in Seattle and studied English literature and psychology at Washington University in St.
If you want to go on vacation, you can, if you want to travel or go to work you can test it there as well. I recommend this test for everyone over 50, and for anyone with any risk of insulin resistance, even children. Higher blood sugar results in increased frequency of urination and increased bouts of thirst or hunger.
When the sugar in the diabetes affected person is not controlled and is present in higher proportions, the excess sugar tends to get attached to hemoglobin. Studies have indicated that figures beyond 7.0 % indicate that the diabetic situation can lead to further complications. People who care about their health should follow the proper regimen of HbA1c testing to rid of complications. Status of anemia, the existence of a kidney or liver malfunction or presence or vitamin C or E supplements, higher cholesterol levels can adversely affect the results of this test.
One of the group called as Type 1, refers to patients having absence of insulin producing mechanism in the body. In case of such situations, thorough body check up is recommended, before arriving at definite conclusions. Another group known as Type 2, refers to people, who have insufficient production of insulin or whose cells do not react to insulin.
A third category called Gestational Diabetes is found in pregnant women, caused by complex reactions in their body. Persons diagnosed with diabetes are required to undergo some regular and some occasional tests to determine the severity of their disorder and for deciding corrective medication or treatment. HbA1c utilizes averages over longer periods and hence the results carry greater importance in medical terminology.



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