About Speaking of DiabetesSpeaking of Diabetes is produced by Joslin Diabetes Center for people with diabetes and those who care for them.. Joslin Diabetes Center, a teaching and research affiliate of Harvard Medical School, is a one-of-a-kind institution on the front lines of the world epidemic of diabetes - leading the battle to conquer diabetes in all forms through cutting-edge research and innovative approaches to clinical care and education. This entry was posted in Diabetes Day2Day, Insulin and tagged exercise and insulin injections, injection sites, insulin injections. When it comes to injecting insulin, the stomach, the buttocks, the back of the arm and the thigh have something in common. If injected directly into muscle, aside from being painful, it will be absorbed much too rapidly.
Each of these approved areas absorbs insulin at a slightly different rate, and knowing this can help you make the best decision about where to inject depending on your blood glucose.
For example if your blood glucose is low before a meal, you may want to inject into the buttock area because insulin is absorbed most slowly here. Injecting insulin into the same site over and over again can lead to the fat below the skin becoming hard and lumpy. Inject at least 4 inches (or approximately one hand-width) above the knee and at least 4 inches down from the top of the leg. Inject into the fatty tissue in the back (not the side) of the arm between the shoulder and the elbow. To make sure that your insulin is absorbed consistently, it may be best to give all injections in one or two areas of the body and rotate where you inject the insulin within that site for a period of time. Hot temperatures tend to increase insulin absorption, while cold temperatures can decrease absorption. To the Point: Six Simple Tips to Overcome a Fear of NeedlesAsk Joslin: Lumps Near Injection SitesIs There A Better Way To Give an Insulin Injection?
As these are the specific sites, make sure that the injection spot varies within all these areas in order to prevent scarring under the skin.
Rashes from the injection sites and may extend to the whole body but this is a rare occurrence.
People with asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease may experience tightening of the lungs.
Il est preferable de stocker deux flacons d'insuline afin d'assurer la continuite d'utilisation.
Gerer votre diabete avant qu'elle gere a vous et vous donner toutes les pires complications qui vous affaiblira surtout. The insulin may reach your blood stream before your digestive system has the time to release glucose from the food you eat. In general, insulin is more quickly absorbed from the stomach followed by the arm, the thigh, and the buttocks.


On the other hand, if you are hyperglycemic the stomach may be the best choice as it has the fastest absorption rate. Aside from being unsightly, it can change the way your insulin is absorbed so you won’t easily know when the insulin will start working or peak.
For example, inject your morning insulin in your stomach and your evening insulin in your thigh. It’s best not to inject in your arm or thigh if you have just exercised or plan to exercise (your arms would absorb insulin quickly if you were doing a set of bicep curls, for instance). Be careful about injecting insulin after taking a hot shower, a bath or being out in the cold.
A healthy body will digest food and convert it into glucose, a chemical that fuels the cells of the body.
This variability is most prominent with NPH and regular insulin and not as much a factor with the rapid acting insulins. All materials contained on this site are protected by United States copyright law and may be used for personal, noncommercial use only. Insulin is needed in order for the body to have the energy it needs to grow and stay healthy. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from copies of the content. The causes of both types of diabetes are still unknown, however, type I is though to have genetic causes while type II is more strongly linked to lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of exercise and poor diet. My parents and I all had to learn about nutrition to make sure that I was eating in a controlled and healthy way. Being of African American, Hispanic American, American Indian, Native Hawaiian or some Pacific Island descent also increases the risk for type II diabetes. Now that I have a better understanding of how to control my glucose levels and a better understanding of what is in the foods I eat, I don't have to keep written records, but I do keep mental track of what I'm eating. This is expected to be 366 MILLION by 2030 - mainly due to a huge rise in the numbers in African and Asian countries.It is a very serious condition and is life-threatening. I try to stick to a routine so that I eat at the same times every day and maintain a balanced and consistent diet. I do still keep written records of my glucose level, which I measure every day."I also make sure that I take regular exercise for around 20 minutes each day and take the medication suggested by my doctor. Staying healthy and fit will reduce my risk of getting complications such as diabetic eye disease, kidney disease or damage to my cardio-vascular system."If you have already been diagnosed with diabetes, it is extremely important to maintain a healthy lifestyle which keeps your glucose levels as close to normal as possible. It's also important for you to know the risks associated with diabetes and the common complications that can arise from the disease.In this section, we will discuss how diabetes can affect the eyes and vision. Diabetes is a serious disease which, untreated, can result in permanent eye damage or even blindness.


The light from outside is projected onto the retina, much like light from a movie projector is projected onto a movie screen. A healthy retina is essential for good vision.Attached to the retina are a number of blood vessels.
In a person suffering from diabetic retinopathy, these blood vessels become damaged and swell. Some can become so damaged that they fail to perform their job as carriers of nutrients to the retina. In even more advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, the body will produce more, alternative blood vessels on the surface of the retina to replace those which have been damaged.
These new blood vessels are weak, however, and can leak blood into the main cavity of the eye. It is this leakage which causes vision loss and possibly even blindness.Don't wait for symptoms to appear! For this reason, it is necessary to have a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year-- even people who manage their diabetes well have a high risk of developing diabetic eye disease. This widens the pupil (the dark part of the eye) so that the doctor can see more easily to the back of your eye where the retina is.Treatment for diabetic retinopathy is available. Most commonly, a laser procedure can be used to prevent weak blood vessels from leaking blood into the eye. Blood that has leaked into the eye blocks light from clearly passing through the eye and onto the retina, causing blotchy vision and even blindness. But I do have to go the eye doctor more frequently to make sure that my condition is not getting worse.""I think it is important for people with diabetes to realize the risks that this disease can have for all parts of the body.
The eyes are especially important because problems can occur even before you feel any discomfort or changes in vision. I encourage everyone with diabetes to get regular (yearly) eye exams and to eat right and follow their doctor's recommendations on how to manage their diabetes. Even in people without diabetes, but who might have a risk of becoming diabetic, maintaining a healthy diet without too much sugar or salt and plenty of vegetables and fruits as well as exercise can greatly reduce the risk of contracting diabetes."Quiz1. Either existing blood vessels swell and possibly leak fluid or new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.C. Although blindness can result from diabetic eye diseases, the following are all ways of reducing this risk except:Select an answerA.



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Comments

  1. 29.12.2015 at 10:38:20


    And treat falling blood sugars.

    Author: ARXANGEL
  2. 29.12.2015 at 23:14:16


    This is a blood glucose level however, people with Type 2 diabetes also.

    Author: vahid050
  3. 29.12.2015 at 22:25:33


    Because the body is trying to get rid of excess sugar different.

    Author: ROCKER93