A recent study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that keeping a food diary may double your weight loss efforts. Diabetic ketoacidosis develops when the level of toxic acids called ketones rises dramatically in the bloodstream. For diabetics, keeping the blood sugar level under control is the only option for preventing diabetes-related complications including diabetic ketoacidosis. Occasionally, physicians may ask their patients to check their blood sugar level during the night. People suffering from type 2 diabetes should check their blood sugar level one or more times daily. The risk of developing ketoacidosis is particularly high in people who have been recently diagnosed with diabetes or diabetics who do not monitor their blood sugar level regularly.
Therefore, when you are ill or under stress, your body uses its glucose reserve to release the excess glucose in the bloodstream. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be prevented by checking the ketone level in the urine and blood when you are ill, stressed, your blood sugar level is high or after you start a new diabetes medication.
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Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly a€“ either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin.
This diabetes-related complication occurs when abysmally low levels of insulin in your blood impairs absorption of glucose from the bloodstream, thereby depriving your body of its main source of energy. Ketones are produced as byproducts of fat metabolism. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal if left untreated. A healthy diet combined with regular physical activities can help to keep your blood sugar level close to the normal level. Type 1 diabetes patients should check their blood sugar level three or more times each day. Multiple blood sugar tested is usually needed to monitor the glucose level during illnesses, when a patient is introduced to a new diabetes medication or when the daily routine changes. The blood sugar level is usually tested before meals, especially in the morning or after fasting for eight or more hours.
It may occur after your physician changes the dosage of the insulin medication or changes your diabetes medication.
However, if you do not have enough insulin to absorb the glucose, your body will switch to fat as a source of energy. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems.
It can be prevented by keeping the blood sugar under control and monitoring the glucose and the ketone levels. For insulin-dependent diabetes, it is necessary to take insulin and other diabetes medications as directed by the physician. Blood sugar is normally tested before and after meals, before going to bed and before and after workouts or physical activities. Sometimes, your physician may instruct you to check your serum glucose level after meals, especially when your doctor changes the dosage of your insulin medication or introduces a new medication. You should seek emergency medical care if the ketone level in your urine is higher than normal.
It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes.
However, type 2 diabetes patients can keep their blood glucose level under control with diet, exercise and non-insulin medications may skip daily blood sugar testing.


To avoid life-threatening complications, people with type 1 diabetes must take some form of insulin for their entire lives. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate. By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Babies can develop candidiasis, a severe form of nappy rash caused by yeast that can easily spread from the nappy area to the thighs and stomach. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have. However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional.
More dangerous signs: KetoacidosisWithout treatment, type 1 diabetes deprives your cells of the sugar they need for energy.
Your body starts burning fat for energy instead, which causes ketones to build up in the blood and urine. High levels of these acids in the body and the other abnormalities that result from the change in your blood's pH level may trigger a life-threatening coma known as diabetic ketoacidosis. The symptoms of the two forms are similar, but usually come on more rapidly in people with type 1. What causes type 1 diabetes?Doctors aren't sure what makes the immune system turn against the pancreas, but most suspect a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors.
Scientists have identified 50 genes or gene regions that increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
But genetics alone doesn't account for all the risk, so having these genes doesn't mean that you'll develop type 1 diabetes. Some researchers believe that environmental triggers, such as a virus, or dietary or pregnancy-related factors may play a role as well. However, it accounts for two-thirds of the new cases of diabetes diagnosed in those under the age of 19.
There appear to be two peaks in the "age of onset": the first in early childhood and the second during puberty. The condition affects males and females equally, but is more common in whites than in other ethnic groups. According to the World Health Organisation, type 1 diabetes is rare in most African and Asian populations. A fasting blood sugar test or a random blood sugar test (plus the presence of symptoms) can be used. An HbA1c test, which reveals average blood sugar levels for the past 6-12 weeks, can also be used. A less convenient glucose tolerance test will also help determine whether you have diabetes. Long-term complicationsProlonged high blood sugar can damage many of the body's systems over time.
This involves pricking your finger, putting a drop of blood on to a test strip, and putting the strip into a glucose meter. When your blood sugar stays near the normal range, you'll have more energy, fewer skin problems, and a reduced risk of heart disease and kidney damage.
Continuous glucose monitoringAnother way to check blood sugar patterns is with a continuous glucose monitoring system. A sensor measures the level of glucose in the tissue every 10 seconds and sends the information to a cell phone-sized device called a "monitor" that you wear. The system automatically records an average glucose value every five minutes for up to 72 hours.


Diabetes treatment: Insulin injectionsEveryone with type 1 diabetes must take insulin to help the body process blood sugar.
Your doctor will explain how to adjust your insulin dose based on the results of your blood sugar testing. Insulin reaction warning signsTaking too much insulin can lower your blood sugar to dangerous levels. Always carry a few with you when you go out in case hypoglycaemia, or low blood sugar, strikes.
Skipping a meal, taking too much diabetes medication and exercising harder than usual without eating can trigger it.
Diabetes treatment: Insulin pumpOne way to reduce the odds of a ‘hypo’ is to use an insulin pump.
An insulin pump can help keep your blood sugar more stable and may allow more flexibility in planning your meals.
Insulin pumps do have some disadvantages, so talk to your doctor to learn if this option is right for you. How well is your treatment working?To find out how well your treatment is working, your doctor will probably suggest you have regular HbA1c blood tests. This test reveals how well your blood sugar has been controlled over the past six to twelve weeks.
If the results show poor blood sugar control, you may need to adjust your insulin therapy, meal planning or physical activity. Pancreatic islet cell transplantStill an experimental procedure, a surgeon transfers healthy insulin-producing cells from a donor, usually into the liver of someone with type 1 diabetes. The drugs required to prevent rejection of the transplant can have serious side effects, so the procedure is only suitable for people with extreme difficulty controlling their blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes and exercisePeople with type 1 diabetes need to take precautions when exercising. Type 1 diabetes and dietThere are many myths about what people with diabetes can and cannot eat.
The key is to work with your doctor to balance your insulin therapy, meals and level of physical activity.
When type 1 diabetes is poorly controlled, it can cause complications, including birth defects. Achieving good blood sugar control before conception lowers the risk of miscarriage and birth defects to a rate similar to that of the general population.
It also reduces the risk of complications, such as dangerous increases in blood pressure and damage to the retina in the mother.
Type 1 diabetes in childrenWhen a child is diagnosed with diabetes, it affects the whole family in a very practical way. Parents must help children monitor blood sugar, plan meals, and adjust insulin dosages around the clock. Because diabetes requires 24-hour management, arrangements must be made for treatment during school and after-school activities. Diabetes UK says it’s important to tell teachers about a child’s condition so they can help with care. Hope for an artificial pancreasResearchers are developing an artificial pancreas -- a combination of an insulin pump and continuous glucose monitor controlled by a complex computer program. The goal is for the system to automatically release insulin in response to blood sugar levels, and to reduce the release of insulin when blood sugar levels drop, just the way a real pancreas does.



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