Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus) is one of the most common chronic conditions in the world and occurs when the body fails to process glucose appropriately. Diabetes is a chronic health condition where the body is unable to produce enough insulin and properly break down glucose in blood. Diabetes affects everyone  not only the patient, but also the families and communities at huge. The majority of people suffer from type 2 diabetes, a condition which in most cases could be avoided altogether by following a healthy diet and exercising regularly and going for routine blood glucose analysis.
The initial symptoms of type 2 diabetes (such as increased thirst and urination, frequent infections, fatigue,and blurred vision) are very mild and develop so gradually that many people often fail to recognise them as warning signs of diabetes. Take care of your family's health - and yourseft- by getting the facts on diabetes and spreading awareness. Glucose ,a simple sugar, comes from the food we eat, and it's an important energy source. Worldwide, an alarming number of people are becoming insulin resistant, a condition also known as pre-diabetes, that can eventually lead to type 2 diabetes. However, recent research has shown that some long-term damage to the body; especially the heart and circulatory system may already be occurring during pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes or insulin-resistance is a condition in which the body produces insulin but does not use it properly.
The body’s digestive system breaks food down into glucose, which then travels in the bloodstream to cells throughout the body.
Scientists have identified specific genes that make people more likely to develop insulin resistance and diabetes. The first one is the fasting plasma glucose test and the other the oral glucose tolerance analysis. The good news is that physical activity and weight loss can help the body respond better to insulin. You may have diabetes or pre-diabetes for years and not know – sometimes there are no obvious symptoms, or they may be faint. Combination therapies are often helpful for people who have type 2 diabetes (adult onset diabetes).
Insulin pumps are small computerized devices, base on the size of a beeper, that you wear on your belt or put in your pocket. Eye disease (retinopathy): All patients with diabetes should see an ophthalmologist yearly for a dilated eye examination. Nerve disease (neuropathy): Numbness or tingling in your feet should be reported to your doctor at your regular visits. Diabetes is not a disease with a cure as simple as taking prescribed medications for a short period of time. Living with diabetes means that you will have to take in consideration the food that you eat, the timing between your mealss, the medication and physical activity. There are three major types of diabetes: type I diabetes, type II diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type II diabetes occurs when the body can not use the insulin that’s produced, a condition called insulin resistance. Diabetes triggered by pregnancy is called gestational diabetes mellitus or GDM, and it also affects about 4% of all U.S. Whatever your risk factors for diabetes may be, there’s a lot you can do to delay or prevent diabetes. You may need to check your blood or urine for ketones if you’re sick or if your blood glucose levels are above 240.
Feedback – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Two types of feedback are termed positive feedback and negative feedback. Closed-loop insulin delivery: towards improved diabetes, The biostator established feasibility of closed-loop glucose control, but adopted the intravenous route for glucose sensing and insulin delivery limiting its use to. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious complications such heart disease, blindness, amputations, kidney failure, stroke, and death. Obesity is one of the strongest precursors of type 2 diabetes, therefore keeping your weight in check is crucial. Generally, the hormone insulin produced by the pancreas -an organ closely associated with the digestive system- assists the body in utilising glucose. However, very few of us are aware that this condition exists, and what serious impact it could have on our health. The blood glucose levels revealed in these tests show whether your metabolism is fuctioning normally, or whether you’ve diabetes or pre-diabetes. By losing weight, making have wise food choices, reducing stress and being more physically active, people with insulin -resistance or pre-diabetes may avoid developing type 2 diabetes altogether.


This is why it's so important to have your blood glucose tested, so you can know for sure.
People with diabetes must use home and office tests to monitor the levels of cholesterol, sugar, and triglycerides (a type of fat) in blood. The combination of insulin and an oral medication when taken as directed by your doctor, is extremely safe and effective in controlling blood sugar. And if you have been taking an oral medication, your medical doctor may change your treatment plan to include insulin injections. You program doses and make adjustments to your insulin, depending on your food intake and exercise programs. Beginning at diagnosis in people with type 2 diabetes, and after 5 years in people with type 1 diabetes after puberty.
Those factors are important for people with diabetes to help them better control and manage their glucose levels in a safe and comfortable manner.
Following all, keeping your blood sugar level within your target range can help you live a long and healthy life. But it’s not just what you eat that affects your blood sugar level and how much you eat and when you eat matters, too.
Though very common, individuals with diabetes have very different physiological and psychological needs, and hence all treatment plans are also different. We need to encourage people with diabetes and their families to learn as much as possible about the latest medical therapies and approaches, as well as healthy lifestyle choices. However, it’s important to talk to your health care provider about your individual blood glucose targets, and what level is too low for you.
Injectable glucagon kits are used as a medication to treat someone with diabetes that has become unconscious from a severe insulin feedback. High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly. Request your doctor how often you should check and what your blood glucose levels should be.
Work with your dietician (refer to the Directory for a list of nutritionists and dieticians) to make changes in your meal plan. And if you fail to treat hyperglycemia, a condition called ketoacidosis (diabetic coma) could occur. So your body can not tolerate large amounts of ketones and will try to get rid of them through the urine. All 3 types of diabetes share the same basic characteristic , the body’s inability either to make or to use enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone your body needs to be able to use the energy , glucose ,found in food.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that anyone with a first-degree relative with type 1 diabetes ,a mother, father, brother or,sister, should get screened for diabetes. Follow a line of investigation at the Harvard School of Public Health showed that the single best predictor of type 2 diabetes is being obese or overweight.
Note that this relates to American ethnic backgrounds, but that doesn’t make the risk factor any less applicable for Arab ethnicities.
Having had gestational diabetes puts you at higher risk of developing type II diabetes later in life.
A support group, member of the clergy, mental health counselor, friend, or family member who will listen to your concerns may help you feel better. Type 1 diabetes is a progressive autoimmune disease that is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, while type 2 diabetes is mostly caused by unhealthy lifestyle and usually starts in adulthood. It helps to move glucose from the blood into the cells and keep blood sugar levels healthy. The immune system mistakenly attacks the cells in the pancreas that manufacture this essential hormone. Unfortunately the majority of people have no idea that they have pre-diabetes as the condition develops gradually and without cautions.
When the blood glucose level rises after a meal, the pancreas releases insulin to help cells take in and use the glucose. Many people with insulin -resistance and high blood glucose have other conditions that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and damage to the heart and blood vessels, also called cardiovascular disease. The insulin helps the body to use sugars and fats that are broken down from the foods we eat. The typical combination therapy consists of taking an oral medication during the day and insulin at night. Some health care providers prefer the insulin pump over injections because its slow release of insulin mimics a working pancreas.


Since control of hypertension (high blood pressure) is essential in slowing kidney disease. Although the good news are that once you are familiar with how to best manage your glucose in a way that works for you, it’ll be like discovering the magic formula that will keep you in control.
And any medications you take for conditions other than diabetes can affect your blood sugar level, too. It’s important once you are diagnosed with diabetes to seek medical advice and to increase your knowledge about the different symptoms (for type 1 and type 2), causes and complications of diabetes. The only sure way to know whether you are experiencing hypoglycemia is to check your blood glucose, if possible.
Verifying your blood and then treating high blood glucose early will help you avoid problems associated with hyperglycemia.
Unfortunately, the body can not release all the ketones and they build up in your blood, which may lead to ketoacidosis.
Your body needs enough insulin, a hormone, to be able to use glucose  which comes from the food you eat, for power. The primary risk factor for type I diabetes is a family history of this lifelong, chronic disease.
Because of the current epidemic of obesity among children, type II diabetes is increasingly found in teenagers. With insulin resistance, the pancreas has to work overly hard to produce enough insulin so cells can get the energy they need for your body.
It is caused by hormones that are produced by the placenta during pregnancy or by too little insulin. If you have too many ketones, you are more likely to have a serious condition called ketoacidosis. Try taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, deep breathing, gardening, or listening to your favorite music.
When these cells are destroyed, less and less insulin is produced to process glucose, and blood glucose levels rise.
Most people with prediabetes don’t have any symptoms, but they are considered to be at high risk for developing heart disease. These conditions include having excess weight around the waist, high blood pressure, and abnormal levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
Once a person has diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin, makes only a little insulin or, makes insulin, but the insulin does not work as it should. Just the once you begin taking insulin, you will need to monitor your blood sugar more often to reduce the risk of low blood sugar reactions.
If you’re experiencing symptoms and you are unable to check your blood glucose for any reason, treat the danger hypoglycemia. Talk with your health care provider about whether you should buy one, and how and when to use it. People with hypoglycemia unawareness are also less likely to be awakened from sleep when hypoglycemia occurs at night. You’ll need to work with your doctor to find the safest way for you to lower your blood glucose level. Without enough insulin, your body can’t use glucose for fuel so your body breaks down fats to use for energy. The high blood sugar from the mother crosses the placenta, causing high blood sugar in the baby.
The oral glucose tolerance test measures a person’s blood glucose level after a fast and 2 hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage. Persistent leg or foot swelling may be a symptom of kidney disease and should be reported to your doctor. Over time, this buildup causes damage to your nerves, eyes, kidneys, heart, and other organs. If missing untreated, high blood sugarcan lead to serious problems: seriously damage various organs and raise risk for heart disease. With pre-diabetes, you are at a 50% higher risk of heart disease and stroke than someone who does not have pre-diabetes.The symptoms of type 2 diabetes ( increased appetite, weight loss, frequent urination, excessive thirstblurred vision and exhaustion) are not necessarily obvious when someone becomes pre-diabetic.
But even light activities such as gardening, housework, or being on your feet for extended periods that can lower your blood sugar level. It’s possible to live a healthy life with diabetes, and if you learn to recognise the symptoms of diabetes early, you can receive proper medical care and make healthy lifestyle changes.



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