Licence fees: A licence fee will be charged for any media (low or high resolution) used in your project. FBG alone cannot distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes thus to separate the two types some other definitive testes are necessary. A baseline fasting blood glucose level is drawn and then the patient is given a glucose drink.  The blood sugar is then taken at one hour and then two hours to see the body’s response to glucose. People with diabetes often use a blood sugar monitoring device to help them test and control sugar levels.
Diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, and Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease, and left untreated, it can cause serious health complications. Exactly why the body fails to respond to insulin, a phenomenon called insulin resistance, is not known, but risk factors include being overweight, inactive or older than 45. In contrast to Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas makes little or no insulin. According to the National Institutes of Health, early symptoms of Type 2 diabetes include increased thirst, increased urination, hunger, fatigue and more frequent or slow to heal infections, such as bladder, kidney and skin infections. After many years, Type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health issues, including eye problems and blindness, nerve damage that causes pain, tingling and numbness, kidney damage and poor blood flow to the legs and feet, the NIH says. Some people learn they have diabetes through routine blood testing, such as when a doctor checks blood glucose levels during an annual exam, or for diabetes screening, Sood said. Normal blood sugar varies from person to person, but a normal range for fasting blood sugar (the amount of glucose in your blood six to eight hours after a meal) is between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter. People who have a family history of Type 2 diabetes should talk to their doctor about being screened for the condition, Sood said, because a family history of the disease increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
It is important for people with Type 2 diabetes to manage their weight and have a well-balanced diet. Physical activity is also important, and those with Type 2 diabetes should aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes at day.


Weight loss surgery, or bariatric surgery, is also an option for very obese patients who have trouble managing their diabetes with diet, exercise and medications, the NIH says. Sood said she recommends people who are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes lose at least five to 10 percent of their current body weight. Type 2 diabetes has traditionally been seen as a progressive disease that is managed rather than cured.
But recent studies have suggested that in some cases, Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with weight loss surgery, or by following an extreme diet that mimics surgery. Another study, published in 2011 in the journal Diabetologia, found that people with Type 2 diabetes who followed an extreme diet of extreme diet of just 600 calories a day saw their blood glucose levels return to normal in about a week, and most were still diabetes-free three months after they stopped the diet.
A 2012 study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that some people may be able to return their blood sugar levels to normal by following a diet and exercise program, although this is very rare. So many things may cause increased levels, but it will suffice to state that in diabetes type 1, its levels are always low or absent. More than 29 million Americans have diabetes (the majority of which are Type 2), but 8 million don't know they have it, according to a 2014 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When the body's cells fail to respond properly to insulin, sugar builds up in the bloodstream, eventually leading to Type 2 diabetes. This is mostly done through the kidneys, and the body also gets rid of water along with the sugar, Sood said. People with Type 2 diabetes should consult with their doctor about how often they should check their blood sugar levels, which is done with a device called a glucose meter, according to the NIH. While some people can control Type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise alone, others may need to take medications, such as metformin, according to Mayo. Just because a patient can stop taking diabetes medications does not mean their diabetes is cured, the NIH says.
A 2011 study in the journal Science Translational Medicine said that about 50 to 80 percent of patients who have gastric bypass surgery (a type of weight-loss surgery) see a reduction in their blood glucose levels that's enough for them to be considered free of Type 2 diabetes. However, the study was small, with just 11 people, and experts say that such an extreme diet would be hard to keep up, and it's not clear how long diabetes will remain in remission after the diet is stopped.


In the study, which involved 4,500 people with Type 2 diabetes, 1.3 percent were able to achieve normal blood sugar levels with diet and exercise. She has a masters degree in journalism from New York University's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program. Hence when performed together with FBG and glucose tolerance tests, low levels of the hormone is definitive for type 1 diabetes.
This process releases a part of the pro-insulin molecule called C-peptide.  This molecule will be present in the blood. This symptom can sometimes be confusing to patients, because diabetes is associated with obesity and too much weight gain, Sood said. Keeping track of your glucose levels will let you and your doctor know if changes need to be made to your diet, activity or medications. She also holds a Bachelor of Science in molecular biology and a Master of Science in biology from the University of California, San Diego. The reasoning is that normal levels of C-peptide show normal secretion of pro-insulin from the pancreatic islets. It is important to note that diabetic patients with normal levels of C –peptide will often be type 2, otherwise it is type 1. Elevated levels will give information on tumors found in the pancreas and causes of hypoglycemia.
It is also used to determine if the normal levels of insulin found on the person is normal insulin or insulin injected into the body.



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